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1645

226

SECOND AND DEFINITIVE STATEMENT ON BEHALF OF THE GOVERNMENT

OF HER BRITANNIC MAJESTY.

Page.

Part I

195

Part II

197

Part III

199

Part IV

207

Part V...

209

Historical notes, 1818 to 1846 :

1818..

1824

217

218

218

219

220

223

1846 .......

Chronological list showing the names and dates of appointment of the

various Principal Secretaries of State for Foreign Affairs in Great Brit-

ain and British Ministers at Washington, and of the various Presidents

and Secretaries of State of the United States, and United States Minis-

ters at London, from 1818 to 1872 .....

........

238

Memorandum relative to the origin and privileges of the Hudson's Bay

Company

241

APPENDIX:

No. 1. Extract showing the views of Earl of Aberdeen and Sir Richard

Pakenham .....

244

Lord John Russell to Lord Lyons, August 24, 1859 .......

244

Inclosure in above memorandum by Sir R. Pakenham on the water-

boundary under the Oregon treaty of 1846. .... ....................

244

No. 2. Correspondence between Mr. Bancroft and Mr. Buchanan ....

245

Mr. Bancroft to Mr. Buchanan, November 3, 1846.....

245

Mr. Buchanan to Mr. Bancroft, December 2, 1816.......

245

No. 3. Letters of Mr. Crampton showing Mr. Buchanan's opinions...... 246

Mr. Crampton to Viscount Palmerston, January 13, 1848 .......

216

Mr. Crampton to Mr. Marcy, February 9, 1856. ......

247

No. 4. Conversation and correspondence between Mr. Bancroft and Vis-

count Palmerston .................

249

Mr. Bancroft to Mr. Buchanan, August 4, 1848

249

Mr. Bancroft to Viscount Palmerston, July 31, 1848........

250

Viscount Palmerston to Mr. Bancroft, August 24, 1848 ......

260

Mr. Bancroft to Viscount Palmerston, November 3, 1818......

250

Viscount Palmerston to Mr. Bancroft, November 7, 1848....

No. 5. Proposed amendment to Article II of treaty ....

251

Mr. Buchanan to Mr. MacLane, June 13, 1846 ......

251

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.... Forma

CORRESPONDENCE-Continued.

No. 6. Mr. Bancroft to Mr. Fish ........ Memorial of the United States on the

December 12, 1871. Canal de Haro as their northwest

boundary presented ................ 259

No. 7. Same to same.........

British Case and Evidence presented.. 260

December 15, 1871.

No. 8. Same to same. ......... ........ Receipt of the memorial acknowledged. 260

December 28, 1871.

No. 9. Same to same................. Replies of u

Replies of the United States and Great

June 11, 1872. Britain delivered to the German gov.

ernment ........................... 260

No. 10. Same to same. ....

..... Transmits copies of the replies and of

17, 1872. the correspondence attending their

delivery ........................... 261

No. 11. Same to same.... ........ Receipt of definitive statements by the

June 24, 1872. German government acknowledged.. 263

No. 12. Same to same.....

.. Appointment of gentlemen to examine

June 28, 1872. the Haro boundary question ........ 263

No. 13. Same to same...... ...... Decision respecting the northwest

September 30, 1872. boundary approaches its solution .... 264

No. 14. Same to same...

Announcement of award delayed by

October 4, 1872. death of Prince Albrecht ........... 264

No. 15. Same to same....

.. The imperial arbitrator decrees that the

October 23, 1872. claim of the United States is most in

accordance with the true interpreta-

tion of the treaty of June 15, 1846 .. 265

No. 16. Mr. Bancroft to Mr. Fish ........ Congratulations on award ........... 265

October 24, 1872.

No. 17. Mr. Bancroft to Mr. Fish ........ Award received and forwarded. Con-

October 24, 1872. gratulations on result. Thanks of

the President expressed to the Empe-

ror ................................ 265

No. 18. Same to same................... Importance

........ Importance of the award. Friendly

October 24, 1872. conduct of the British embassador

throughout the discussion .......... 268

No. 19. Mr. Nicholas Fish to Mr. Fish .... Re-imbursement of costs and expenses

November 2, 1872. of the arbitration declined by the

German government................ 268

No. 20. Mr. Fish to Mr. Bancroft ........ Friendly act of the German government

November 27, 1872. highly appreciated ................. 269

No. 21. Sir E. Thornton to Mr. Fish ...... Effect to be given to the award with-

November 21, 1872. out delay ..........

...... 270

No. 22. Same to same... ........ The detachment of royal marines bas

November 23, 1872. evacuated San Juan ................ 270

No. 23. Mr. Fish to Sir E. Thornton ...... Acknowledges note. Spontaneous ac-

November 25, 1872. tion of the British government in

accepting the award is highly appre-

ciated ....

271

....

...

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MEMORIAL

ON

THE CANAL DE HARO

AS

THE BOUNDARY LINE OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,

PRESENTED IN THE NAME OF

THE AMERICAN GOVERNMENT

TO

HIS MAJESTY WILLIAM I,

GERMAN EMPEROR AND KING OF PRUSSIA,

AS ARBITRATOR,

BY THE AMERICAN PLENIPOTENTIARY,

GEORGE BANCROFT.

10

MEMORIAL.

The treaty of which the interpretation is referred to Your Majesty's arbitrament was ratified more than a quarter of a century ago. Of the sisteen members of the British cabinet which framed and presented it for the acceptance of the United States, Sir Robert Peel, Lord Aberdeen, and all the rest but one, are no more. The British minister at Washington who signed it is dead. Of American statesmen concerned in it, the minister at London, the President and Vice-President, the Secretary of State, and every one of the President's constitutional ad. visers, except one, have passed away. I alone remain, and after finishing the three-score years and ten that are the days of our years, am selected by my country to uphold its rights.

Six times the United States had received the offer of arbitration on their Northwestern boundary, and six times bad refused to refer a point where the importance was so great and the right so clear. But when consent was obtained to bring the question before Your Majesty, my

country resolved to change its policy, and in the heart of Europe, 11 before a tribunal from which no judgment but a just one can *em

anate, to explain the solid foundation of our demand, and the principles of moderation and justice by which we have been governed.

The case involves questions of geography, of history, and of international law; and we are glad that the discussion should be held in the midst of a nation whose sons have been trained in those sciences by a Carl Ritter, a Ranke, and a Heffter.

The long-continued controversy has tended to estrange from each other two of the greatest powers in the world, and even menaced, though remotely, a conflict in arms. A want of confidence in the disposition of the British government has been sinking into the mind of the States of the Union now rising on the Pacific, and might grow into a popular conviction, not easy to be eradicated. After having secured . union and tranquillity to the people of Germany, and attained a happi. ness never before allotted by Providence to German warrior or states. man, will it not be to Your Majesty a crowning glory now, in the fullness of years and in the quiet which follows the mighty struggles of a most eventful life, to reconcile the two younger branches of the great Germanic family?

THE POINT FOR ARBITRATION.

The point submitted for arbitration is limited with exactness. By Article I of the Treaty concluded at Washington on the 15th of June, 1816, between the United States and Her Britannic Majesty, it was stipulated that the line of boundary between the territories of the United States and those of Her Britannic Majesty, from the point on the forty-ninth parallel of north latitude up to appendi

Appendix No. 1, p. 3. which it had already been ascertained, should be continued westward along the said parallel of north latitude " to the middle of the channel which separates the continent from Vancouver's Island, and

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