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MEMORIAL ON THE CANAL DE HARO, &c.-Continued.

No. 8. Mr. Canning to Mr. King, April 20, 1826. The British Government

invite negotiations on the northwestern boundary....
No. 9. Mr. Clay to Mr. Gallatin, (extract,) June 19, 1826. The parallel of

49° the ultimatum of the United States..............

Mr. Clay to Mr. Gallatin, (extract,) August 9, 1826..

No. 10. Mr. Gallatin to Mr. Clay, November 25, 1826. Mr. Huskisson objects

to dividing Vancouver Island .......
No. 11. Mr. Gallatin to Mr. Clay, December 2, 1826. Mr. Gallatin proposes

to exchange Vancouver south of 490 for an equivalent on the main-

land ........ ... .
No. 12. Extract from “Vancouver's Voyage,” Vol. I, page 312. Spanish

explorers preceded Vancouver.....

No. 13. Mr. Everett to Mr. Webster, October 19, 1842. Lord Aberdeen

wishes to settle the Oregon boundary.......
No. 14. Mr. Everett to Mr. Webster, November 18, 1842. Lord Aberdeen

wishes to negotiate on the boundary without delay ....
No. 15. Mr. Everett to Mr. Upshur, (confidential,) August 17, 1843. Mr

Everett thinks the negotiation can be best carried on at Washington.
No. 16. Mr. Upshur to Mr. Everett, October 9, 1843. Full powers are sent

to Mr. Everett to negotiate on the Oregon boundary......

No. 17. Mr. Everett to Mr. Upshur, November 2, 1843, (confidential.) The

negotiation transferred to Washington.......

No. 18. Mr. Everett to Mr. Upshur, November 14, 1843. Mr. Everett argues

for the parallel of 49o. He suggests a deflection from 49° would leave

to Great Britain the whole of Vancouver Island........

No. 19. Mr. Everett to Mr. Upshur, (confidential,) December 2, 1843. Mr.

Everett and Lord Aberdeen discuss the boundary. Mr. Everett points

out on a map the deflection from 49° that would leave Vancouver to

Great Britain .....

Mr. Everett to Lord Aberdeen, November 30, 1843. Mr. Everett presents

his proposition to Lord Aberdeen in writing ....
No. 20. Mr. Everett to Mr. Nelson, April 1, 1844. Mr. Everett and Lord

Aberdeen continue the discussion. Mr. Everett thinks that Great

Britain will accept the line of 490 with the proposed deflection ......

No. 21. Extract of a lecture delivered by Mr. William Sturgis before the

Mercantile Library Association of Boston, January 22, 1845. Views

of Mr. Sturgis....................................................
No. 22. Mr. Everett to Mr. Calhoun, February 28, 1845. Mr. Everett

thinks that the line of 49° deflected, so as to give the whole of Van.

couver to Great Britain, is all that either party will concede........
No. 23. Mr. Everett to Mr. Calhoun, March 7, 1845. Lord Ashburton

thinks there will be not much difficulty in coming to an adjustment.

No. 24. Mr. Everett to Mr. Calhoun, April 2, 1845, (confidential.) Mr.

Sturgis's pamphlet regarded by a friend of the British ministry as

fair and candid................................................

No. 25. Lord Ashburton to Mr. Sturgis, April 2, 1845. Lord Ashburton

regards Mr. Sturgis's pamphlet as distinct and impartial....
No. 26. Mr. Bates to Mr. Sturgis, May 1, 1815, (confidential.) Lord Aber-

deen pronounces Mr. Sturgis's pamphlet clear and sensible...........

Extract from an article by Mr. - senior, in the [London] Examiner,

No. 1943, Saturday, April 26, 1845. The only real claim of the Brit-

ish rests on contiguity.............................................

No. 27. Narrative of the United States Exploring Expedition during the

years 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842, by Charles Wilkes, United States

Navy, commander of the expedition, in five volumes, and an atlas :

Philadelphia, 1845, vol. iv, chapter xiv, 1841, page 484. Wilkes sur-

veys Canal de Haro in July, 1841....................

No. 28. Mr. Buchanan to Mr. Pakenham, (extract,) July 12, 1845. Mr.

Buchanan offers the line of 490 with free ports on Vancouver......
No. 29. Mr. Pakenham to Mr. Buchanan, (extract,) July 29, 1845. Mr.

Pakenham rejects Mr. Buchanan's offer...........
No. 30. Mr. Buchanan to Mr. Pakenham, (extract,) August 30, 1845. Mr.

Buchanan withdraws his offer.....................................

No. 31, Mr. MacLane to Mr. Buchanan, October 3, 1843. Lord Aberdeen

censures the rejection of the American proposition by Mr. Paken-

ham .........................................

No. 32. Mr. MacLane to Mr. Buchanan, December 1, 1845. Lord Aberdeen

would have taken Mr. Buchanan's offer as the basis of negotiations..

Page.

MEMORIAL ON THE CANAL DE HARO, &c.-Continued.

No. 33. Mr. Bates to Mr. Sturgis, (private,) December 2, 1845. Hudson

Bay Company prevent settlement. No American will concede moro

than the line of 49° and Fuca's Straits..........

No. 34. Mr. MacLane to Mr. Buchanan, February 3, 1846. Mr. Pakenham's

conduct strongly disapproved in England. Lord John Russell calls Mr.
Pakenbam's rejection of the American offer a hasty proceeding. Sir
Robert Peel says that Mr. Pakenham ought to have referred the
American offer to his Government. Sir Robert Peel for a peaceable set-
tlement of the Oregon question. Mr. MacLane reports that the British

Government will accept the line of 490 and the etraits of Fuca .......

No. 35. Extract from the speech of Mr. Calhoun, of South Carolina, in the

Senate, March 16, 1846. The line of 490 the only line admissible.....

Extract from the speech of Mr. Webster, of Massachusetts, in the Senate,

March 30, 1846. Great Britain cannot expect anything south of 49o...

Extract from the debate on the Oregon question in the House of Repre-

sentatives, February 9, 1846. John Quincy Adams regards American

title as clear to all territory on the Pacific, south of 54° 40'..........

Extract from the speech of Mr. J. Q. Adams, in the House of Representa-

tives, April 13, 1846.... ..............

Extract from tbe speech of Mr. Cass, of Michigan, in the Senate, June, 1846.

To accept the line of 49° regarded as a sacrifice.....................
Extract from the speech of Mr. Sevier, of Arkansas, chairman of the Com-

mittee on Foreign Relations, in the Senate, March 25, 1846. Many

Americans claimed 54° 40' as the boundary, and would fight for 490

No. 36. Extract from the (London) Quarterly Review for March, 1846, vol.

lxxvii, page 603. The Quarterly in favor of the line of 49° and Fuca's

Straits....................

...............................

No. 37. Mr. Bucbapan to Mr. MacLane, February 26, 1846. The President

may consent to consult the Senate on any British proposition. The

President wishes pot to leave open any source of new difficulties. The

President would submit to the Senate the line of 49° and the straits of

Fuca ............

...............

No. 38. Mr. MacLane to Mr. Buchapan, March 3, 1846. Mr. MacLane re-

ports that Great Britain will assent to no better partition than the line

of 49° and Fuca's Straits.....
No. 39. Mr. Bates to Mr. Sturgis, April 3, 1846. The Oregon question sure

to be settled on the American basis.........
No. 40. Mr. MacLane to Mr. Buchanan, April 17, 1846. The British Gov-

ernment wait for Congress to give notice of the abolition of the treaty

for the non-occupation of Oregon........
No. 41. Extract from the speech of Mr. Dix, of New York, in the Senate,

February 19, 1846. Wilkes's map of Oregon the map used by the

American Senate...................................................
No. 42. Mr. MacLane to Mr. Buchanan, May 18, 1846. Mr. MacLane and

Lord Aberdeen discuss the Oregon question. The British Government
will offer to divide the territory by the parallel of 49°, Birch's Bay,
Canal de Haro, and Fuca's Straits. The above proposed boundary-

line is that suggested by Mr. Everett ........

No. 43. The Earl of Aberdeen to Mr. Pakenham, (extract,) May 18, 1846.

Lord Aberdeen offers the forty-ninth parallel, retaining the whole of

Vancouver Island for England.........

No. 44. Extract from the speech of Mr. Benton, of Missouri, in the Senate,

June 18, 1846 ; debate on the ratification of the Oregon treaty. Mr.

Benton finds that the boundary-line passes through the Canal de

Haro .............................................................

No. 45. Extract, from the speech of the Earl of Aberdeen, in the House of

Lords, Monday, June 23, 1846. Lord Aberdeen and Parliament are

aware of the interpretation given to the treaty by the United States

Senate. Lord Aberdeen's regard for Mr. MacLane...................

No. 46. Extract from the speech of Sir Robert Peel in the House of Com-

mons, Monday, June 29, 1846. The words of the treaty were chosen by

the British ministry. Sir Robert Peel's interpretation of the treaty.

Sir Robert Peel declares every cause of dissension between Britain

and America at an end......................

No. 47. Mr. MacLane to Lord Palmerston, July 13, 1846. The American

President regards the treaty of June, 1846, as establishing amity.....
No. 48. Extract from “Exploration du Territoire de l'Orégon, etc., exécutée

pendant les années 1840, 1841, et 1842, par M. Duffot de Mofras, at-

....

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REPLY OF THE UNITED STATES, &c.-Continued.

III. Proceedings under the treaty of 1846.....

*******

IV. Interpretation of the treaty of 1846..................

APPENDIX TO THE REPLY :

No. 51. Correspondence between Mr. Bancroft, Mr. Buchanan, and Lord

Palmerston ........

Mr. Bancroft to Mr. Buchanan, November 3, 1846. The straits of Haro

the treaty boundary .........

Mr. Buchanan to Mr. Bancroft, December 28, 1846. Instructs Mr. Ban-

croft that Haro is the boundary-channel..
Mr. Bancroft to Mr. Buchanan, March 29, 1847. Warns Mr. Buchanan

of the designs of the Hudson's Bay Company.

Mr. Bancroft to Mr. Buchanan, August 4, 1848. Mr. Bancroft's inter-

view with Lord Palmerston...

Mr. Bancroft to Lord Palmerston, July 31, 1848. Mr. Bancroft writes to

Lord Palmerston that Haro is the boundary...

Mr. Bancroft to Mr. Buchanan, October 19, 1818. Mr. Bancroft continues

the suggestion that unjust claims may be made.........

Mr. Bancroft to Lord Palmerston, November 3, 1818. Mr. Bancroft offi-

cially informs Lord Palmerston that the boundary runs through the

middle of the channel of Haro.......

Lord Palmerston to Mr. Bancroft, November 7, 1848. Lord Palmerston

gives the acquiescence of silence to the Haro Channel as the boundary
No. 52. Mr. Bancroft to Mr. Campbell, June 15, 1858. Mr. Bancroft refers

Mr. Campbell to his correspondence with Lord Palmerston ..........
No. 53. Declaration of Rear-Admiral Wilkes, February 16, 1872. Rear-

Admiral Wilkes on the channel of Haro .
No. 54. Commodore Case to the Secretary of the Navy, February 13, 1872.

Statement of Commodore Case on the Canal de Haro....
No. 55. Mr. Gibbs to the Secretary of State, February 20, 1872. Statement

of Mr. George Gibbs on the Canal de Haro........

No. 56. Extract from letter of Messrs. Campbell and Parke to the Secre-

tary of State, February 3, 1872. Why the vessels of the Hudson Bay

Company used the so-called Rosario Straits ....

No. 57. Mr. Campbell to the Secretary of State, January 19, 1872. The

Haro Channel the usual channel.......

No. 58. The Attorney-General to the Secretary of State, April 6, 1872....

Mr. Crosby to the Attorney-General, April 2, 1872. Why the so-called

Rosario Strait was used. The Canal de Haro used by the vessels of

the Hudson's Bay Company before 1846 ..

Canal de Haro the passage to the north....

Worthlessness of the middle channel.....

Difference between Haro and Rosario Straits...

No. 59. Brigadier-General Canby to the assistant adjutant-general at San

Francisco, April 2, 1872........

Why the so-called Rosario Strait was used .......

No. 60. Report of Captain G. H. Richards, October 23, 1858, in papers re-

lating to British Columbia, presented to both houses of Parliament,

by command of Her Majesty, August 12, 1859...

Description of Haro Channel by Captain Richards, British boundary

commissioner ......

No. 61. Affidavits concerning the navigation of the Canal de Haro ..

Remington F. Pickett .......

George Thomas Seymour........

Albert Henry Guild ..............................................

William J. Waitt: Haro Channel used exclusively for northern trade

since establishment of Fort Victoria, 1842 ......

Francis Tarbell: Haro Channel used by Hudson's Bay Company since

establishment of Fort Victoria ..........

Hudson's Bay Company used Haro Channel before 1816.

Charles Willoughby.........

James S. Lawson .....

Thomas McManus .....

Wilkes surveys Canal de Haro in

Adam Benson .......

The steamer Beaver towed the ship Columbi throu

1845 ........

William N. Horton ..

John McLeod .

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REPLY OF THE UNITED STATES, &c.-Continued.

Canal de Haro regularly navigated by vessels of Hudson's Bay Company

since 1842........

169

W . H . G rav .........................................................

169

J. A. Gardiner.........................................

170

William H. Oliver..................................................

170

Canal de Haro regularly navigated by vessels of Hudson's Bay Company

since 1842.....................

171

Charles M. Bradshaw................................................

..... 172

Uriah Nelson........................................

173

No. 62. Extract of the report of the voyage of de Eliza, forwarded Decem-

ber 29, 1791, from San Blas, by Juan Pantoja y Arriaga..............

174

Survey of the Canal de Haro by the Spaniards in 1791............. 174

Discovery of the broad upper channel of Rosario.............

176

No. 63. Extract from the instructions to Commander George Vancouver,

by the commissioners, for executing the office of Lord High Admiral

of Great Britain and Ireland, &c ...........

177

Vancouver followed the lead of Americans. His instructions.......... 177

No. 64. Extract of voyage of Captain Vancouver. No soundings appear

on Vancouver's map where the water is of great depth .........

177

No. 65. Extracts from the remarks of Mr. Daniel Webster in the Senate of

the United States, March 30, 1846 ............

178

No. 66. Four years in British Columbia and Vancouver Island, by Com-

178

Where Fuca's Strait ends .....

178

Facts and figures relating to Vancouver Island and British Columbia, by

J. Despard Pemberton.............................................

178

Limited extent of Fuca's Straits......................................

178

No. 67. Extract from a letter of Sir J. Pelly, governor of the Hudson's Bay

Company, to the Lords of the Committee of Privy Council for Trade,

February 7, 1838 .................

179

The Hudson's Bay Company expel Americans from the fur-trade .......

Affidavit of W. H. Gray..

179

Extract from a letter of Sir J. Pelly, governor of the Hudson's Bay Com-

pany, to the Earl of Aberdeen .......

The Hudson's Bay Company suggest to Lord Aberdeen to draw the

boundary-line through the channel used by Vancouver .......

No. 68. Mr. Crampton to Mr. Buchanan, January 13, 1848.....

181

The British Government wishes the American to agree on the channel

used by Vancouver as the boundary ...............

No. 69. Extract from additional instructions to Captain Prevost, Decem-

ber 20, 1856 ...............

The British Government in 1856 does not claim the so-called Rosario as

the boundary .............

181

: No. 70. Captain Prevost to Mr. Campbell, (extract,) October 28, 1857..... 182

Admiral Prevost on the channel of the treaty ....

182

No. 71. Mr. Edward Everett to Mr. Campbell, (extract,) May 29, 1858 ....

Mr. Everett on the channel of the treaty......

182

No. 72. Mr. Campbell to Mr. Cass, (extract,) February 10, 1858........ 183

Lucid statement of Mr. Campbell on the channel of the treaty......... 183

No. 73. Lord John Russell to Lord Lyons, (extracts,) August 24, 1859. ..... 184

The British Government announces its intention of obtaining the Island

of San Juan....

.........

184

Sir Richard Pakenham on the water-boundary under the Oregon treaty

of 1846......

Sir R. Pakenham, in 1859, denies the Rosario to be the channel of the

treaty ...

Sir R. Pakenham misstates Lord Aberdeen's instruction by suppressing

his description of the channel of the treaty

185

No. 74. Mr. Cass to Mr. Dallas, October 20, 1859...

.......

186

Mr. Cass on the channel of the treaty ..................

186

No. 75. Lord John Russell to Lord Lyons, (extracts,) December 16, 1859.. 188

The British government in 1859 does not claim the so-called Rosario as

the boundary .......

188

Lord John Russell does injustice to the moderation of his own adminis-

tration in 1848. Lord Palmeston gave the acquiescence of silence....

No. 76. Abstract of the returns of the ninth census from the “ disputed”

islands in the county of Whatcom, Territory of Washington......... 189

The population of the Haro Archipelago more than two-thirds American 189

Charts and maps to memorial and reply............................

189

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185

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188

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