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orders, and send duly an account of their actions and proceedings, to determine all matters left undecided by the general assembly, their acts to be of force until rescinded by the next assembly: to command and punish all commanders of forces, magistrates, and all others, of what rank and condition soever; to hear and judge all capital and criminal causes (except titles to lands), and to do all kind of acts for promoting the common cause of the confederacy, and the good of the kingdom, and relating to the support and management of the war."

They used a seal,* which is thus described : it had a long cross in the centre, on the right side of it was a crown, and on the left an harp, with a dove above the cross, and a flaming heart under it, and round it was this inscription“ Pro Deo, PRO REGE ET Patria HIBERNIA UNANIMIS.”

66 The conduct of the war is no part of our present concern; but we must remark, that the Franciscans, Dominicans, Carmelites, and Jesuits now claimed their ancient possessions, and were generally reinstated; for one of the principal objects of this war was, the re-establishment of those orders, and the Romish hierarchy; that this point was accomplished we learn from a letter written by the confederates in 1644 to the Pope, wherein, among other enumerations of their good fortune,t they exultingly observe,“ Jam Deus optimus maximus Catholico ritu palam colitur; dum cathedrales pleræque suis antistibus; parochiales parochis; religiosorum multa cenobia propriis gaudent alumnis.”—Ledwich's Antiquities of Ireland.


* Borlase's Irish Rebellion, p. 97. They coined money. † Burke, Hibern. Dominic. Append. p. 876.


“ Daniel O'DALY, a Dominican friar, was (according to Dr. Smith) a native of Kerry. On his ordination he assumed the name of Dominick à Rosario, and retained it during his life. He lived for a time in the convent of Tralee, but was educated chiefly in Flanders ; from whence he was invited to Lisbon, in the reign of Philip IV. king of Spain, who then possessed Portugal, which was governed by the Duchess of Mantua, the king's first cousin. O'Daly, being a man of good address, soon became a favourite of that princess, by whose encouragement the new college, called Corpo Santo, was carried on with great success ; and when finished, he was made the first rector of it. He afterwards founded a monastery for Irish Dominican nuns at Lisbon, called the Convent of Bon Success.

“ When Portugal had thrown off the Spanish yoke, and John, Duke of Braganza, was advanced to the throne, O’Daly was appointed confessor to the new queen ; and was in such high esteem with the king, that he employed him in many weighty affairs during his reign. In 1655* he was sent ambassador to Lewis XIV. to treat of a league of affinity between the crowns of Spain and France. At Paris he lived at the convent of St. Honoratus, and would not depart from the rules of the order.

* Bibliothec. Dominic. ii. 617.

“On the death of his king, November 6, 1656, he celebrated the accession of his son and heir, Alphonsus, to the throne of Portugal, with great solemnity, at Paris ; gave public largesses to the people, and had splendid fireworks on the Seine. According to the writers of the Dominican Bibliotheque, he was recalled and died the same year, at Paris ; but it appears from an inscription upon his monument, at Lisbon, that he lived until 1662. Baronius,* who gives him a very high character, extends his life to 1666. He refused the bishoprick of Goa and Braga, and was afterwards promoted to that of Conimbria, but died before the bulls were dispatched from Rome.

censor of the Inquisition, Visitor-general, and Vicar-general of Portugal. He died on the 30th of June, 1662 (not 1666, as Baronius says), in the 67th year of his age, and was buried in the chapel of his convent, under a monument, on which may read the following inscription :

He was






“ He hath written • Initium, incrementum et exitus, familiæ Giraldinorum Desmoniæ, comitum palatinorum Kyerria in Hyberniâ, ac persecutionis hæreticorum descriptio, ex nonnullis fragmentis collecta, ac latinitate donata. Ulyssipone, 1655. 8vo.'

" This treatise gives a history of the families of the Earls of Desmond, which he brings from Troy, among the followers of Æneas into Italy, and in process of time into Ireland. He gives a short account of the actions of those Earls, but chiefly as they have a relation to the Roman cause, by skreening the emissaries of that church (particularly Saunders) from the just rewards of their treasons, to which he adds a relation of what he calls the persecution of the Catholics of Ireland under Queen Elizabeth and King James, which takes up half his book."-Smith's Kerry, 413, 415.

* Apologet. lib. 2. § 1. 4.

This small volume is of extreme rarity. A copy was sold in Bindley's sale for twenty guineas. Inferior copies have since been sold by Mr. Thorpe, at eight, ten, and twelve guineas.-(See his most interesting Catalogues.) C.


“ LORD ORRERY, in a letter to the Duke of Ormond, dated at Charleville, the 3rd of April, 1666, takes notice that there was then but one bridge over the Black Water, which he says is forty miles navigable for boats. “The bridge is at Mallo, where there is a castle of good strength, if it had a little reparation, and is one of the greatest passes and thorough fares in this province, and if seized on by any enemy, would in effect divide the country into two parts.” The repair of this castle was presented by the grand jury of the county ; but the judge reserved himself from answering, till he spoke with Lord Orrery, the Lord President, and again deferred the affair till he spoke with the Lord Lieutenant, the law only allowing presentments for bridges, causeways, highways, &c. when the kingdom was threatened with an invasion from France."-Smith's Cork, i. 327.

The castle is now a picturesque ruin in the grounds of C. D. O. Jephson, Esq., M.P.


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