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August, 1827, relative to the country on the northwest coast of America, westward of the Stony mountains, commonly called Oregon.

On motion by Mr. Johnson, of Maryland, To amend the resolution by striking out all after the word “ assembled,” in the second line, and, in lieu thereof, inserting:

“That by the convention concluded the twentieth day of October, eighteen hundred and eighteen, between the United States of America and the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, for the period of ten years, and afterwards indefinitely extended and continued in force by another convention of the same parties, concluded the sixth day of August, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty-seven, it was agreed that any country that may be claimed by either party on the northwest coast of America, westward of the Stony or Rocky mountains, now commonly called the Oregon Territory, should, together with its harbors, bays, and creeks, and the navigation of all rivers within the same, be “free and open to the vessels, citizens, and subjects of the two powers, but without prejudice to any claim which either of the parties might have to any part of said country; and with this further provision, in the second article of the said convention of the sixth of August, eighteen hundred and twenty-seven, that either party might abrogate and annul said convention, on giving due notice of twelve months to the other contracting party: that it has now become desirable that the respective claims of the United States and Great Britain should be definitely settled, and that said Territory may no longer than need be remain subject to the evil consequences of the divided allegiance of its American and British population, and of the confusion and conflict of national jurisdictions, dangerous to the cherished peace and good understanding of the two countries; and, therefore, that steps be taken for the abrogation of the said convention of the sixth of August, eighteen hundred and twenty-seven, in the mode prescribed in its second article, and that the attention of the governments of both countries may be the more earnestly and immediately directed to renewed efforts for the amicable settlement of all their differences and disputes in respect to said Territory:

“Sec. 2. And be it further resolved, That the President of the United States be, and he is hereby, authorized, at his discretion, to give to the British government the notice required by its said second article for the abrogation of the said convention of the sixth of August, eighteen hundred and twenty-seven.”

A motion was made by Mr. Allen, to amend the proposed amendment by striking out after the word “has,” in the second clause, the following words: “become desirable that the respective claims of the United States and Great Britain should be definitely settled, and that said Territory may no longer than need be remain subject to the evil consequences of the divided allegiance of its American and British population, and of the confusion and conflict of national jurisdictions, dangerous to the cherished peace and good understanding of the two countries; and, therefore, that steps be taken for the abrogation of said convention of the 6th of August, 1827, in the mode prescribed in its second article, and that the attention of the governments of both countries may be the more earnestly and immediately directed to renewed efforts for the amicable settlement of all their differences and disputes in respect to said Territory;' and, in lieu thereof, inserting: “become the duty of Congress to consider what measures it may

be proper to adopt for the sccurity and protection of our citizens, now inhabiting, or who may hereafter inhabit, Oregon, and for the maintenance of our just title to that Territory.

To
It was determined in the negative, Nays, ....
Antoined in the norsti S Yeas, . . . . . . . . 22

32 On motion by Mr. Allen, · The yeas and nays being desired by one-fifth of the Senators present,

Those who voted in the affirmative are,

Messrs. Allen, Ashley, Atchison, Atherton, Bagby, Benton, Breese, Bright, Cameron, Cass, Chalmers, Dickinson, Dix, Fairfield, Hannegan, Jenness, Niles, Semple, Sevier, Sturgeon, Turney, Westcott. · Those who voted in the negative are, · Messrs. Archer, Barrow, Berrien, Calhoun, Thomas Clayton, John M. Clayton, Corwin, Crittenden, Davis, Dayton, Evans, Greene, Haywood, Houston, Huntington, Jamnagin, Johnson, of Maryland, Johnson, of Louisiana, Lewis, McDuffie, Mangum, Miller, Morehead, Pearce, Pennybacker, Phelps, Rusk, Simmons, Speight, Upham, Webster, Woodbridge.

So the amendment proposed to the amendment was disagreed to. , On motion by Mr. Breese, to amend the resolution, sec. 2, line 4, by striking out the words “at his discretion :” ,

Yeas, · It was determined in the negative,

. .

Nays, . . . . . . . . 32 . On motion by Mr. Allen,

The yeas and nays being desired by one-fifth of the Senators present,

Those who voted in the affirmative are, | Messrs. Allen, Ashley, Atchison, Atherton, Bagby, Breese, Bright, Cameron, Cass, Dickinson, Dix, Fairfield, Hannegan, Houston, Jenness, Ņiles, Pennybacker, Rusk, Semple, Sevier, Sturgeon, Turney. .. Those who voted in the negative are,

Messrs. Archer, Barrow, Benton, Berrien, Calhoun, Chalmers, Thomas Clayton, John M. Clayton, Corwin, Crittenden, Daviş, Dayton, Evans, Greene, Haywood, Huntington, Jarnagin, Johnson, of Maryland, Johnson, of Louisiana, Lewis, McDuffie, Mangum, Miller, Morehead, Pearce, Phelps, Simmons, Speight, Uphạm, Webster, Westcott, Woodbridge.

So the amendment proposed to the amendment was disagreed to. · On the question to agree to the amendment proposed by Mr. Johnson, of Maryland: It was determined in the affirmative, { Yeas, · · · · · · · 30

Nays, . . . . . . 24 i On motion,

The yeas and nays being desired by one-fifth of the Senators present, Those who voted in the affirmative are, Messrs. Archer, Barrow, Berrien, Calhoun, Thomas Clayton, John M. Clayton, Corwin, Crittenden, Davis, Dayton, Evans, Greene, Haywood, Huntington, Jarnagin, Johnson, of Maryland, Johnson, of Louisiana, Lewis, McDuffie, Mangum, Miller, Morehead, Pearce, Phelps, Simmons, Speight, Upham, Webster, Westcott, Woodbridge. . .: Those who voted in the negative are,

Messrs. Allen, Ashley, Atchison, Atherton, Bagby, Benton, Breese, Bright, Cameron, Cass, Chalmers, Dickinson, Dix, Fairfield, Hannegan, Houston, Jenness, Niles, Pennybacker, Rusk, Semple, Sevier, Sturgeon, Turney.

So the amendment was agreed to.

No further amendment being proposed, the resolution was reported to the Senate, as amended.

On the question to concur in the amendment,
It was determined in the affirmative.

On the question, Shall the amendment be engrossed, and the resolution read a third time?

SYeas, . . . . . . . 40 It was determined in the affirmative,

Nays, . . . . . . 14 On motion, The yeas and nays being desired by one-fifth of the Senators present, Those who voted in the affirmative are, Messrs. Archer, Ashley, Atherton, Bagby, Barrow, Benton, Berrien, Calhoun, Cameron, Chalmers, John M. Clayton, Corwin, Crittenden, Davis, Dayton, Dix, Greene, Haywood, Houston, Huntington, Jarnagin, Johnson, of Maryland, Johnson, of Louisiana, Lewis, McDuffie, Mangum, Miller, Morehead, Niles, Pearce, Pennybacker, Phelps, Rusk, Sevier, Simmons, Speight, Turney, Upham, Webster, Woodbridge.

Those who voted in the negative are, Messrs. Allen, Atchison, Breese, Bright, Cass, Thomas Clayton, Dickinson, Evans, Fairfield, Hannegan, Jenness, Semple, Sturgeon, Westcott,

So it was

Ordered, That the amendment be engrossed, and the resolution read a third time,

The amendment to the said resolụtion having been reported by the committee correctly engrossed, the resolution was read a third time as amended.

Resolved, That this resolution paşs, with an amendment.

Ordered, That the Secretary request the concurrence of the House of Representatives in the amendment.

. On motion, The Senate adjourned.', • 'i ...11

MONDAY, APRIL 20, 1846.

Mr. Evans presented the petition of Samuel Hartwell, representative of Edward Hartwell, deceased, a revolutionary soldier, praying a pension: which was referred to the Committee on Pensions.

Mr. Bagby presented the petition of Abraham P. Housman, administrator of Jacob Housman, deceased, praying the reimbursement of advances made for the public service during the Florida war: which was referred to the Committee on Military Affairs.. · Mr. Sevier submitted a letter from the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, communicating information in relation to difficulties existing in the Cherokee nation of Indians: which, with the accompanying papers, was referred to the Committee on Indian Affairs, and ordered to be printed...

Mr. Sevier submitted documents showing the appropriation required to carry into effect the treaty with the Kanzas Indians, and to negotiate a treaty with the Chippewa, Ottowa, and Pottawatomie Indians: which was ordered to be printed.,

Mr. Dickinson presented three petitions of citizens of New York, remon strating against the renewal of the patent heretofore granted to Jethro Wood for an improvement in the plough.

Ordered. That they lie on the table,

Mr. Dickinson presented a petition of citizens of Erie, New York, praying that the treaties of December, 1838, and May, 1842, with the Seneca Indians, may not be abrogated: which was referred to the Committee 'on Indian Affairs.

Mr. Miller presented the petition of Susan McCulloch, widow of a deceased naval officer, praying a pension: which was referred to the Committee on Pensions.

Mr. Webster presented the petition of Thomas Blanchard, praying an extension of his patent for a self-directing turning machine: which was · referred to the Committee on Patents and the Patent Office.

Mr. Dix presented a petition of citizens of Cayuga county, New York, praying the abrogation of the treaties of December, 1838, and May, 1842, with the Seneca Indians: which was referred to the Committee on Indian Affairs.

Mr. Dix submitted additional documents relating to the petition of Jacob B. Clark: which were referred to the Committee on Finance.

Mr. Dix presented a petition of citizens of Cayuga county, New York, also a petition of citizens of Erie county, New York, against the renewal of the patent heretofore granted to Jethro Wood for an improvement in the plough.

Ordered, That they lie on the table. Mr. Dix presented a memorial of the New York Historical Society, praying that books and scientific apparatus imported for the use of philosophical and literary institutions may be admitted free of duty: which was referred to the Committee on Finance.

Mr. Dix presented the memorial of the chamber of commerce of the city of New York, praying that the bill (H. R. 1) to provide for the better organization of the treasury, and for the collection, safe-keeping, transfer, and disbursement of the public revenue, may not become a law: which was referred to the Committee on Finance, and ordered to be printed.

Mr. Dix presented a memorial of citizens of New York, praying the repeal of the act of March 2, 1837, concerning pilots.

Ordered, That it lie on the table, and be printed.

Mr. Dix presented twenty memorials of citizens of New York, praying the repeal of the act of the 2d of March, 1837, concerning pilots.

Ordered, That they lie on the table. Mr. Cameron presented the petition of María Maxwell, daughter and executrix of James Maxwell, deceased, an officer in the revolutionary army, praying to be allowed commutation pay: which was referred to the Committee on Revolutionary Claims.

Mr. Crittenden presented the petition of the legal representative of William Grayson, deceased, an officer in the revolutionary war, praying to be allowed commutation pay: which was referred to the Committee on Revo· lutionary Claims.

On motion by Mr. Atchison, Ordered, That Alexander Coleman and Jacques Bon have leave to withdraw their petition and papers.

Mr. Semple submitted the following resolution; which was considered, by unanimous consent, and agreed to:

Resolved, That the Secretary of the Treasury be directed to communicate to the Senate a list of all such lands as had been confirmed to John Rice Jones, deceased, by the governors of the Northwestern and Indiana

Territories, and which were afterwards rejected by the commissioners appointed in pursuance of the act of the 20th of February, 1812, for the purpose of inquiring into the validity of claims confirmed by said gov. ernors.

Mr. Semple submitted the following resolution; which was considered, by unanimous consent, and agreed to.

Resolved, That the Committee on Private Land Claims be instructed to inquire into the propriety of authorizing the legal representatives of John Rice Jones, deceased, to locate certain lands confirmed to him by the governors of the Northwest and Indiana Territories.

The following message was received from the President of the United States, by Mr. Walker, his secretary: To the Senate of the United States :

I herewith transmit to the Senate, in answer to their resolution of the 8th instant, a report from the Secretary of State, with accompanying papers, containing the information and correspondence referred to in that resolution, relative to the search of American vessels by British cruisers subsequent to the date of the treaty of Washington.

JAMES K. POLK. WASHINGTON, April 20, 1846.

The message was read. Ordered, That it be printed. Mr. Pearce, from the Committee on the Library, to whom was referred the petition of Mrs. Elizabeth Hamilton, submitted a report, accompanied by a bill (S. 156) for the relief of Elizabeth Hamilton, widow of Alexander Hamilton.

The bill was read, and passed to the second reading. Ordered, That the report be printed. Mr. Semple, from the Committee on the Post Office and Post Roads, to whom was referred a resolution of the Senate respecting the transportation of the United States mail across the isthmus of Panama, submitted a report, accompanied by a bill (S. 157) to provide for the transportation of the United States' mail across the isthmus of Panama.

The bill was read, and passed to the second reading.
Ordered, That the report be printed.

A message from the House of Representatives, by Mr. French, their Clerk:

Mr. President: The House of Representatives have passed the bill from the Senate (S. 36) for the relief of David F. Williamson, of Pope county, State of Arkansas.

The House of Representatives have passed bills of the following titles:

H. R. 3. An act to amend an act approved February 24, 1843, entitled “An act to amend an act entitled · An act for the relief of George Mayfield,' approved July 27, 1842;"

H. R. 94. An act for the relief of James Hillman;
H. R. 96. An act for the relief of the heirs of William Evans;
H. R. 123. An act for the relief of Samuel Jorden;
H. R. 182. An act for the relief of John R. Williams;
H. R. 190. An act for the relief of Charles M. McKenzie;
H. R. 7. An act to protect the rights of American citizens in the territory

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