Armenian Organization and Ideology under Ottoman Rule: 1908-1914
Transaction Publishers, 31 դեկ, 2011 թ. - 272 էջ
This book provides a comprehensive picture of Armeno-Turkish relations for the brief period of Ottoman Constitutional rule between 1908 and 1914. Kaligian integrates internal documents of the Armenian Revolutionary Federation, and existing research on the last years of the empire, as well as the archives of the British, American, and German diplomatic corps. By reducing the overemphasis on central government policies and by describing unofficial contacts, political relations, and provincial administration and conditions, Kaligian provides a unified account of this key period in Ottoman history. Kaligian sets out to resolve many of the conflicting conclusions in the current historiographyâ including the most central issue, the Armenian Revolutionary Federation relations with the Turkish Committee of Union and Progress. It is impossible to obtain a true picture of Armeno-Turkish relations without an accurate analysis of their two leading parties. This study finds that the ARF was torn between maintaining relations with a CUP that had failed to implement promised reforms and was doing little to prevent increasing attacks on the Armenian population, or break off relations thus ending any realistic chance for the constitutional system to succeed. The party continued to stake its reputation and resources on the success of constitutional government even after the trauma of the 1909 Adana massacres. The decisive issue was the failure of land restitution. This book sets the record straight in terms of understanding Armeno-Turkish relations during this short but pivotal period. Kaligianâ s study, the first of its kind, shows that the partyâ s internal deliberations support the conclusion that it did remain loyal and contradicts the view that the partyâ s only aim was to incite a rebellion against Ottoman rule. The author has done an excellent job of leading the reader through this rich history, using primary source information to bridge the gaps from theory, to analysis, to evidence.
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Adana Adana massacres Ahmad ARF bodies ARF members ARF-CUP Armen Garo Armenian community Armenian deputies Armenian Genocide Armenian population Armenian provinces Armenian villages arms army Balkan beneﬁts Bitlis British cabinet Caucasus conﬂict Constantinople Responsible Body Constitution cooperation CUP Central Committee CUP members CUP’s Daron Central Committee demands difﬁcult Diyarbekir Eastern Edward Grey Constantinople elected enclosure Erzerum European ﬁeldworker ﬁgure ﬁrst Foreign gendarmerie gendarmes Genocide German government’s Hnchakian Hnchaks Ibid inﬂuence Kharpert Kurdish Kurds lands issue Lowther Erzerum Lowther to Sir Marling to Sir massacres military Minister Muslim negotiations ofﬁcers ofﬁcials Ottoman Empire Ottoman government Papazian Parliament party party’s Pasha Patriarchate political region reported Rosdom Russian Salonika Section to Western Self-Defense Body Simon Zavarian Sir Edward Grey Sir G Sir Gerard Lowther Sivas Talat Trebizond Turkish vali Vice-Consul Molyneux-Seel vilayet Vramian Western Bureau Western Bureau-Turkish Section World Congress Young Turks