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The Recorder stated, that he was do much of the figure of a whale. The cidedly of opinion that the existing mar. position and structure of its month riage was valid to all purposes whatever; enable it to browse upon the fuci and but in order to satisfy the anxiety of the submarine algæ, and the whole strucparties, his lordship directed the license ture of the masticating and digestive to issae, specially reciting the facts of organs shews it to be truly herbivorous. the case, and reqniring a specification It never visits land or fresh water, but that the marriage is contracted solely in lives in shallow inlets, where the sea is order to remove any doubts as to the two or three fathoms deep. Its nsual validity of that formerly contracted. length is eight or nine feet. The whole

Sir T: S. Raffles some time since sent adjustment of its parts is siogularly to England several skeletons of avimals adapted to its peculiar habits ; and fur. from Sumatra; among which is one of nishes a new instance to the many on the Dugong. This creature grazes, as

record of the wisdom of God in the it were, at the bottom of the sea : works of creation. it is, however, without legs, and is very


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CHRIST, OBSERV. No. 243. 2 A


has been considerable, and has been ata CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY. tended with beneficial effects. lo nine TWENTY-FIRST REPORT.

months, 1670 had been distributed, at (Concluded from p. 123.)

the expense of the Society; the greater The Madras and South India Mission part of them were Tamul tracts, with next claims our attention,

Testamevts and separate books of ScripAt the opening of the new church, tu're in that language. Tamul Testaat Madras, there were present opwards ments are much in demand. The supply of one hundred and fifty native child. having been exhausted, several hea. ren, belonging to the different schools thens and others were anxiously waiting in Madras and its vicinity, under the a fresh arrival Society's care: with the schoolmasters,

TRAVANCORE. catechists, and readers; and about one At the three stations, which at pre. hundred and fifty other male and female sent form the Society's Mission in Tra. adults, many of them avowed heathen, vancore-Cotym, Cochin, and Allepie also attended. . This church was erected the Corresponding Committee report, by the liberality of Government, for the that there is a steady progress, through accommodation of the Native Protes. the Divine blessing, toward the accomtant Christians of the Mission. A piece plishment of its designs. of ground for a burial place, was also For the more methodical coltivation granted.-Mr. Barenbruck bas begun of the wide field of labour opening beto preach in Tamul. Mrs. Barenbruck fore the missionaries resident at Cotym, has opened a girls' school. A Bible they have agreed to make a three-fold Society and Society had division of their work: Mr. Bailey de. been formed at Madras. The tracts votes his time chiefly to the, clergy; printed at this station, have found a Mr. Fenn to the college; and Mr. Baker rapid circulation, in Madras and at the to the schools. The work of trausladifferent provincial Missions.

tions proceeds with spirit and effect. TRANQUEBAR.

In the college the opmber of students, The Committee, in entering on the is forty-two; of whom, twenty one laye account of the schools connected with passed through the five initiatory ordi. this station, announce the death of the nations. Their improvement has been valued Superintendant, the Rev. Mr. tolerably good. The establislıment of Schnarrè; who was removed, in the midst parocbial schools to be attached to of his career of usefulness, by a sudden every church under the jurisdiction of and violent disorder. In the Seminary the Syrian Metran, has long beeu ardentfor preparing Schoolmasters, there ly desired by the Meuay and by the were, at the time of Mr. Schnarrè's Missionaries; and was early contemlast report, eleven youths; besides five plated by Colonel Munro, in his plans Christian and ten heathen boys, Tbe for the improvement of the moral and number of children in the schools was religious condition of the people. It 1627. Mr. Schparrè had composed, was in every point of view desirable, during bis residence at Tranquebar, a that the expense of these schools should pamber of sermons in the Tamul lan. be borne by the churches themselves, guage, of which a very high character is wherever sufficient local resources given; and it is thought they will prove existed : and several schools have been a valuable help to his fellow-mission- recently established on that footing. aries.

In the course of the year, the MisTINNEVELLY.

sionaries have visited Cochin, with as In the last Report it was stated, that much regularity as they were able, for at Midsummer 1819, there were eight the purpose of performing Divine Ser. schools, containing four hundred and vice to the European inhabitants of seventy-ove scholars. The number of that place. schools has been increased to eleven, The opening of the church at Allepie, but without a corresponding increase of was mentioned in the last Report. It children; the cholera having carried off is a substantial building, and will accomsome, and deterre l others from attend. modate from 700 to 800 persons. The ing.

service waș, at first, performed both in The circulation of books and traets English and Malayalim : at the date of the last advices, Mr. Norton was about ings of regard for the Missionaries of to add a service in Portuguese. The the Established Church."- The ArchEnglish congregation consisted of about deacou of Colombo, to whom the Society forty persous; and the Native of abont is under great obligations for his uniform one hundred, of all ages, Syrians, con• kindness to its missionaries, having verts from the Romish Church, and stated his want of means to publish the catechumens. Many persons might Liturgy and suitable Tracts in the native have been baptized; but Mr. Norton languages, the Committee placed the looks for sincere and dnly informed can- sum of 2001. at his disposal, in further. didates for that sacred ordinance. Mr. ance of this object. An extract from Norton has prepared several tracts, and the Archdeacon's letter will shew the wishes much for a printing-press. The seasonableness of this aid :-—" Some of New Testament and tracts have been the Homilies,” he remarks,“ printed in extensively circulated. Tamul tracts Ciugalese, would be very useful to those are in great demand.

who could read with facility. I am now The extent of the Society's exertions printing 1000 copies of Sellon's Abridgin the south of India, and the compa. ment of the Scriptures in Cingalese; rative expense of the different parts of but what are they among so many? Why the mission, may be ascertained from an should not the Tract Society assign some estimate of the expenditure of the cur. money to our disposal and discretion, in reot year. The calculation is made in printing Tracts in Cingalese and MalaMadras rupees, (pine of which are equal bar? I have po funds for accomplishing to a pound sterling and a few pence over,) a hundredth part of what is requisite. and is as follows:-Madras, 7115; We have just finished printing 1000 Tranquebar, $567; Tinnevelly, 4937; copies in quarto, of the Book of ComTravancore, 14,787 ; Tellicherry, 420 ;

mon Prayer in Cingalese, at the expense Printing Department, 840 ; Secretary's of the Society for promoting Christian Office, 420 : making a total of 32,086 Knowledge : but it is a work by no Madras rupees (somewhat more than means adequate to the demand; and I 36001.) for the ordinary expenditure. hope that the Society will give us a large The extraordinary expenditore of the edition in octavo." -An application from year is calculated at 5250 rupees for the the Missionaries, of a somewhat similar erection of the seminary at Madras, and nature, las met with a ready compli. the same sum for the payment of the ance on the part of the Committee. premises purchased for the 'Tinnevelly Many particulars are given by the Mission; making an entire total of 42,586 Missionaries of the state of the Natives, Madras rupees, or aboat 48001.

which forcibly urge the duty of perseThe Bombay and Western India Mis- vering exertions to liberate them from sion is too much in its infancy to furnish the bondage of their superstitions. Que any details of extensive importance.

of them writes: CEYLON MISSION.

“ You will meet, every day, with On quitting the government of Ceylon, numbers who bear about them the badges Sir Robert Brownrigg bore strong testie of their slavery and superstition. A mony to the prudence with which the piece of thread tied round the arm is Society's concerns had been conducted their preservative from disease; or a at that difficult station. His excellency ring of iron their protection from evil remarked ;

spirits, who, they suppose, have a pe" The whole island is uow in a state culiar dread of this metal: others have of tranquillity, most favourable to the á small brass tube, containing some sort cultivatiou and improvement of the of medicine, fastened in a band round human mind. I cannot doubt that, the waist; which they expect will act as under the guidance of Providence, the a spell, and remove the most obstinate progress of Christianity will be general, malady. Their whole religion embraces if the zeal for propagating the know only two objects-deliverance from ledge of our redemption, among those temporal evils, and security of temporal who are ignorant of a Redeemer, be prosperity. To ensure deliverance, they tempered with such a sound discretion have recourse to the means already menas has been exhibited already by one of tioned: to obtain security, they make your mission in the centre of a heathen vows and oblations. Thus, previous to people. It is my sincere wish that you the time of harvest, while the paddy may all follow that example; and that (or rice-crop) is in blossom, they form your success way justify my partial fecl long bands with the leaves of the cocoa. Marsden's intercourse with the natives

put tree, and with these they surround “ Much has been done already to. à portion of the field. In the centre of ward the civillzation of the natives, in this circle, a lamp is set up, filled with those parts of New Zealand with which the expressed oil of a single cocoa-nut. we have had any communication ; and At night, this is lighted; and an assur. nothing has tended more to this object , ance given to persons called Cappoowah, than the chiefs and their sons visiting that, when the crop is gathered in, a

New South Wales. It is very pleasing portion shall be given away, in the name to see the sons of the rival chiefs living of the god of Kattnagamme; trusting with me, and forming mutual attachthat, in consequence of this vow, they ments. I bave some very fine youths shall be effectually preserved from blight with me now, who are acquiring the or mildew. Should this, however, not English language very fast. By the be the case, the priest has always a ready sons of chiefs living together in civi. excuse, and pretends that there was lized life, and all receiving equal atsome mistake in the performance of the tention, they will form attachments ceremony: šo the delusion still succeeds. which will destroy that jealousy which Nor is this custom by any means partial. has kept their tribes in continual war." it is adopted by every landholder around There were, at this time, twenty-five us, from the highest to the lowest." New Zealanders in the seminary. May

Of some favourable circumstances ree, a young New Zealander, who was rewith respect to the Natives, the Mis- tording to his owo country from England, sionaries thus speak :

died on the passage, aod, as the Com“ The most hopeful of all the natives uittee bave reason to believe, in the are the children and labourers—persons faith of Christ. During the passagė, who have no expectation of rising either he was very attevtive to the instrucby interest or merit. Kindness shewn tions given him, and particularly to the to them seems to encourage confidence reading of the Scriptures. About half and engage affection, without exciting an hour before his death, be requested pride and intlaming worldly ambition. a person present to pray with him. It is an advantage to us, at Baddagam. After the prayer be said, “ Now, Mrs. me, that the natives are not composed Cowell

, you make a write"-prepare a of persons professing different religions. letter. · Tell Mr. Pratt, Mr. and Mrs. We bave no Mohammedans, nor Hindoos, Bickersteth, Miss Hart, Mrs. Simpsov, nor Roman Catholics. In general, though and all my England friends, Jesus they are nominal Christians, having been Christ Mayree's frieud! Mayree die and left without instruction for so long a

go to beaven !" " Io a few minutes," period, they migbt more properly be adds the narrator," he expired-leaving called Budhists. They have no partica. the world, I hope, to dwell with Christ lar prejudice, however, in favour of the his Saviour." religion of their forefathers, but are Bay of Islands, New Zealand. well inclined to listen to the instruction

It was stated in the last Report, that of missionaries. Some regard is now

Mr. Marsden was about to sail with Mr. paid to the Sabbath; and their idola. Butler and bis associates, for New trous ceremonies are less frequendy Zealand. A gratifying journal of Mr. performed.

has been sent home by him-“ written," On the subject of the Australasia as he says," where I happened to be at Mission, the Committee congratulate the moment, often surrounded by the the Society, that there is a prospect of natives, and in the midst of noise and obtaining further assistance to its con- confusion ; for they let me bave little cerns, in the colony of New South Wales. rest, night or day, as they would be con. His excelleney Major - General Sir tinually talking on various subjects." Thomas Brisbane, before proceeding His intercourse with them, in various as Governor to New South Wales, as- quarters, and particularly in a joursey sored the Society of his hearty support from the Bay of Islands across the island of its plans in those seas, having made to its western coast, was highly enhimself well acquainted with Mr. Mars. couraging. den's proceedings, wbich he bighly ap- Mr. Kendall was admitted, while in proved.

this country, into holy orders; and fur. of the influence of the Seminary at nished materials to Professor Lee for Parramatta on the Chiefs of New Zea the compilation of a Grammar and Vo. land, Mr. Marsden writes :

cabulary of the New Zealand language,


younger children.

which cannot fail greatly to facilitate Antigua, that he shall devote himself the objects of tbe Society in reference to the establishment and superintento these extensive islands. Part of the dence of schools, on the National plan, impression has been taken off on very in connexion with this Society, in those strong paper, for the use of the New islauds where it may be found pracZealand scholars; and the more ele. ticable and expedient. The Society's mentary portious have been printed off publications have been circulated, as on a separate card, for the use of the opportunities have offered, in various

islands; and the Conimittee are enIt was noticed in the last Report, couraged to look forward to an increase that an increase of food had led to a of their means of usefulness in the West more full development of the native, Indies, from a voluntary co-operation spirit, than when the settlers first ar- offered to the Society from the islauds rived; and more turbulence was, in con- of St. Christopher and Nevis. Mr. sequence, anticipated. This apprehen. Thwaites's journal shews that the sion appears not to have been ill-found. schools in Antigua are gradually work ed. It was known that they had beeu ing a bepeficial change among the slaves in the savage practice of eating human and their children flesh; but the practice was considered A commodious school-room has been very rare, and rather as connected with erected in Barbadoes: there were 160 the subtle superstition which enthrals scholars ou the list, and many applicatheir minds, than as a sensual indul- tions were made for admission. The gence. Instances, however, of this hor. rector of the parish, and other clergyrible custom have latterly been more men and gentlemen, state, that there is open and frequent. Several are mention.

a “ considerable improvement in the ed in the journals of the settlers. The discipline, readiness, and answers of warlike spirit of the natives occasions the children." great difficulties to the missionaries.

It has been wisely made a funda- NORTH-AMERICAN INDIANS. mental regulation of the Society, that no

(Continued from p. 58.) Implements of war shall be on any ac. Mr. Hodgson thus continues bis narracount employed as articles of barter in

tive: We proceeded through the woods, carrying on traffic for necessaries with

along an lodian path, till evening, when the natives.

we reached the dwelling of a balt;breed Mr. Marsden, a few days before he Choctaw, whose wife was a Chickasaw, left New Zealand, drew up a number and whose hut was on the frontier of the of queries addressed to the settlers who two nations. We found him sitting behad then lived about five years among fore the door, watching the gambols of the natives, with the view of ascertain- fifty or sixty of his horses, which were ing the degree of influence on the people frolicking before him; and of more than. which had attended their residence 200 very fine cattle, which at sunset among them. The answers to these were coming up as usual, of their, own queries satisfactorily shew, that iinder accord, from different parts of the sur. the peculiar circumstances and charac. rounding forest, where they have a, ter of the natives, important prepara-' boundless and luxuriant range. The tory progress has been made; and, ' whole scene reminded me strongly of taken in counexion with the advances pastoral and patriarchal times. He had. wbich have been made in fixing the chosen this situation, he said, for its relanguage and in compiling of elemen. tirement (in some directions he had no tary books, they hold out very consi- neighbours for fifty or a hundred miles), derable encouragement to look for the

and because it afforded him excellent blessing of God on that plain and af. pasturae and water for bis cattle: he fectionate declaration of the Gospel added, that occupation would give him among these islanders for which they and his family a title to it as long as they seem now to be prepared.


He told me, that great changes had It was intimated in the last Report, taken place among the Indians, even that the Committeewere taking measures his time ;-that in many tribes, when he to extend the benefit of education among was young, the children, as soon as they the West India Islands. With this view, rose, were made to plunge in the water, they have agreed with Mr. Dawes, of and swim, in the coldest weather; and

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