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1. On the ground; from the height at My wily nurse by long experience found,

whịch any thing was to a lower situa- And first discover'd to my soul its wound; tion.

'Tis love, said she; and then my downcast eyes, Whom they hit, none on their feet might

And guilty dumbness, witness'd my surprize.

Dryden. stand, Though standing else as rocks; but down they

Thy doróncast looks, and thy disorder'd fell

thoughts, By thousands. Milton's Paradise Lost.

Tell me my fate: I ask not the success
Down sinks the giant with a thund'ring sound, Downfal. n. s. [from down and fall.]

My cause has found.

Addison's Cate. His pond'rous limbs oppress the trembling ground.

Dryden. Ruin; calamity; fall from rank or 2. Tending toward the ground.

3. From former to latter times : as, this Why dost thou say king Richard is depos'd?
has been the practice down from the

Dar'șt thou, thou little better thing than earth,
Divine his downfal!

Sbaks conquest.

We have seen some, by the ways by which Out of sight; below the horizon.

they had designed to rise uncontrollably, 'to How the night, boy?

have directly procured their utter downfal. -The moon is down; I have not heard the

Sente. clock,

2. A sudden fall, or body of things fallAnd she goes down at twelve. Sbaksp. is. To a total subjection : used of men

ing. and things.

Each downfall of a flood the mountains pour

From their rich bowels, rolls a silver stream. What remains of the subject, after the decoc

Dryden. tion, is continued to be boiled down, with the 4. Destruction of fabricks.

addition of fresh water, to a sapid fat. Arbuthn. 6. Into disgrace; into declining reputa

Nor more aghast the matrons of renown,

When tyrant Nero burn'd th' imperial town, tion.

Shriek'd for the downfal in a doleful cry, He shar'd ouç dividend o'th' crown,

For which their guiltless lords were doom'd to We had so painfully preach'd down ;


Dryden. And forc'd us, though against the grain, DO'WNFALLEN. participial adj. [dozen T' have calls to preach it up again.

Hudibras. It has been still preached up, but acted

and fall.] Ruined ; fallen. down; and dealt with as the eagle in the fable

The land is now divorced by the downfallea did with the oyster, carrying it up on high, that, DO WNGYRED. adj. [down and gyre.]

steep cliffs on the farther side.

Careu. by letting it fall, he might dash it in pieces.


Let down in circular wrinkles. There is not a more melancholy object in the

Lord Hamlet, with his stockings loose, learned world, than a man who has written him- Ungarter'd, and downgyred to his ancies. self down. Addison.

Sbakspeare. 7. (answering to up.) Here and there. Do'WNHILL. n. s. [down and bill.] De

Let them wander up and down for meat, and clivity ; descent. grudge if they be not satisfied.

Psalms. ,

Heavy the third, and stiff, he sinks apace; DOWN. interj.

And though 'tis downbill all, but creeps along

Dryden. 1. An exhortation to destruction or demolition.

Do'WNHILL. adj. Declivous; descendGo, some pull down the Savoy; others to the

ing. inns of courts : down with them all. Shakse:

And the first steps a downbill greensward If there be ten, shrink not, but down with


Congress thein.


DO'WNLOOKED. adj. [down and look.] But now they cry, down with the palace, tire Having a dejected countenance ; gloo

it, Pull out th' usurping queen.

my ; sullen; melancholy, Dryden.

Jealousy, suffus'd with jaundice in her eyes; 2. A contemptuous threat.

Discolouring all she viewd, in tawney dress'd, Down, down to hell, and say I sent thee Downlook'd, and with a cuckoo on her fist. thither.

Shaksp. Down. (To go.] To be digested; to be DownLY'ING. adj. [down and lie.] received.

About to be in travail of childbirth. If he be hungry more than wanton, bread Downright. adv. [down and right.] alone will down; and if he be not hungry, 'tis 1. Straight or right down, down perpennot fit he should eat.

Locke, I know not how absurd this may seem to the

dicularly. masters of demonstration; and probably it will

A giant 's slain in fight, hardly down with any body, at first hearing.

Or mow'd o'erthwart, or cleft downright.

Locke. TO DOWN. v.a. [from the particle. ]

2. In plain terms; without ceremony. To knock; to subdue; to suppress ;

Elves, away!

We shall chide downright if I longer stay: to conquer.

Sbakspeare The hidden beauties seem'd in wait to lie, 3. Completely; without stopping short. To down proud hearts that would not willing die.

This paper put Mrs. Bull in such a passion,

Sidney. that she fell downrigbt into a fit. DoʻWNCAST. adj. [down and cast.) Bent DOWNRIGHT. adj. . down; directed to the ground. 1. Plain ; open ; apparent; undisguised. Wanton languishing borrowed of her eyes the

An admonition from a dead author, or a cao downcast look of modesty."


veat from an impartial pen, will prevail nawe

the race.




Plain ;

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Downwards.}adv. [dune peard, Sax.)

1. Toward the centre..

wards by the attraction.

than a downright advice, which may be mistaken Do'wNY. adj. [from down.]
as spoken magisterially.

Bacon. 1. Covered with down or nap.
It is dewerigbt madness to strike where we

By his gates of breach
have no power to hurt.


There lies a downy feather, which stirs not: The merchant's wife, who abounds in plenty, Did he suspire, that light and weightless down is not to have downright money; but the mer- Perforce must move.

Sbaksyon cenary part of her mind is engaged with a pre- There be plants that have prickles, yet have sent of plate.


downy or velvet rind upon their leaves, as stock2. Directly tending to the point; plain ; gillyrlowers and coltsfoot; which down or nap artless.

consisteth of a subtle spirit, in a soft substance. I would rather have a plain downright wis

Bacon's Natural History.
dom, than a foolish and affected eloquence.

In her hand she held
Ben Jonson.

A bough of fairest fruit, that dewny smild,
3. Unceremonious; honestly surly.

New gather'd, and ambrosial smeli'diffus'd.

When it came to the count to speak, old Fact
So stared him in the face, after his plain down-

2. Made of down or soft feathers.
right way, that the count was struck'dumb.

A side breeze from westward waits their sails

to fill,
without palliation.
And rests in those high beds his doruny wings,

The idolatry was direct and downright in the
people, whose credulity is illimitable. Brown,

Belinda still her downy pillow prest,
Religion seems not in danger from downright

Her guardian sylph prolong'd the balmy rest.
atheism, since racional meu must reject that for

wat of proof.

Rogers. 3. Soft ; tender ; soothing.
Do'wNSITTING. 1. s. [down and sit.)

Banquo! Donalbain! Malcolm! awake!
Rest; repose ; the act of sitting down,

Shake off this dowry sleep, death's connterfeit,'
or going to rest.

And look on death itself.

Thou knowest my downsitting and mine up-

The night's companion kindly cheating their

Of all their cares, tam'd the rebellious eye rising; thou understandest my thoughts afar off. Of sorrow with a soft and downy hand,


Stealing all breasts in a lethean band. Cresbar.
Do'wre. n. s. [douaire, Fr. It ought
Do'wry.) to be written dower.]
1. A portion given with a wife.

As you lift up the glasses, the drop will as- Dower.
cend slower and slower, and at length rest, being
carried doronward by its weight as much as up-

I could marry this wench for this dowre.


And ask no other dowry but such another 2. From a higher situation to a lower.


Look deurward on that globe, whose hither

The king must die, that I may make you

great, With light from hence, shines.


And give

a crown in dowry with my love. Hills are ornamental to the earth, affording

pleasant prospects to them that look downwards

Tethys all her waves in dozury gives. Dryd.
from them upon the subjacent countries. Ray. 2. A reward paid for a wife.
What would this man? Now upward will he

Thine own hand
And, little less than angel, would be more:

An hundred of the faithless foe shall slay,
Now, looking downwards, just as griev'd ap-

And for a dewre a hundred foreskins pay.

To want the strength of bulls, the fur of bears. DoxoʻLOGY. n. s. [obec and 2679.] A

3. A gift ; a fortune given. 3. In a course of successive or lineal de


form of giving glory to God.

David breaks forth into these triumphant praises and doxologies, Blessed be the Lord God

of Israel, who has kept me this day from shedFrom son to son, some four or five descents.

ding blood, and from avenging myself with my
own haud.

Sbaksp. Little did Athanasius imagine, that ever it

would have been received in the christian church,

to conclude their books with a doxology to God
to the
and the blessed virgin.

Stilling fleet.
Do'xy, n. s.

A whore ; a loose wench.
When daffodils begin to peer,
With heigh! the doxy over the dale. Shak..

TO DOZE. v. n. [opæs, Saxon ; daes,

1. To slumber; to sleep lightly.

There was no sleeping under his roof: if he

happened to doze a little, the jolly cobbler waked

2. To live in a state of drowsiness; to be

half asleep.

It has happened to young men of the greatest
wit, to waste their spirits with anxiety and pain,

so far, as to doze upon their work with too much
eagerness of doing well.


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A ring the count does wear,
That downward hath succeeded in his house,

Downward. adj.
1. Moving on a declivity ; tending to-

ward the centre ; tending

With downward force,
That drove the sand along, he tool his way,

And rollid his yellow billows to the sea. 2. Declivous ; bending.

When Aurora leaves our northern sphere,
She lights
the downward heaven,

and rises

there. 3. Depressed ; dejected.

At the lowest of my downward thoughts, I pulled up my heart to remember,

that nothing is achieved before it be thoroughly attempted, and that lying still doth never go forward.

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Now to the banks, where bards departed deze, Torfer them a surfeit of pure bread They led him şoft.


Whose appetite is dead! Chiefless armies doz'd out the cainpaign,

No, give them grains their fill; And navies yawn’d for orders on the main - Husks, draf, to drink and swill

. Ben Yonsent

. Pepe.

I calia and drew them thither, TO DOZE. v. a.

To stupify; to dull. Miv hell-hounds to lick up the draff and filth, He was now much decayed in his parts, and

Which man's polluting sin with taint had shed with immoderate drinking dozed in his 'under

On what was pure.

Milton. standing

Clarendon. Here rather let me drudge, and earn my
Two satyrs, on the ground

Stretch'd at his ease, their sire Silenus found Till vermin, or the draf of servile food,
Doz'd with his fumes, and heavy with his load.

Consume me.

Milton Dryden. 2. Refuse; sweepings. Perhaps improper. Doʻzen. n. s. [douzaine, French.] The Younger brothers but the draf of nature. number of twelve. It is seldom used

Dryden. but on light occasions.

DRA'FFY. adj. [from draf.] Worthless ; We cannot lodge and board a dozen or four

dreggy. teen gentlewomen, but we keep a bawdyhouse DRAFT. adj. [corrupt for draught.] Emstraight.

Sbaksp. ployed to draw. That the Indian igs bear such huge leaves, or Ulysses and old Nestor yake you like draft delicate fruit, I could never find; yet I have oxen, and make you plough up the wair. Sbaks. travelled a dozen miles together under them. TO DRAG. v. a. (orazan, Saxon.]

Raleigh. By putting twelve units together, we have the

1. To pull along ibe ground by main complex idea of a dozen.


force; to draw heavily along. The number of dissenters was something un

Such his aspect, when, foil'd with bloody dust, der a dozen with them.


Drags'd by the cords which through his feet Doʻziness. n. s. [from dozy.] Sleepi

were thrust.

Denban. ness; drowsiness. Little used.

While I have any ability to hold a commerce

with you, I will never be silent; and this chancA man, by a violent fit of the gout in his

ing to be a day that I can hold a pen, I will drage limbs, finds a doziness in his head, or a want of

it as long as I am able.

Swift. appetites

Locke. Doʻzy. adj. [from doze.] Sleepy; drow

2. To draw any thing burdensome, any

thing from which one cannot disengage sy; sluggish.

one's self. The yawning youth, scarce half awake, essays His lazy limbs and dozy head to raise. Dryden.

'Tis long since I, for my celestial wife, DRAB. n. s. (drabbe, Saxon, lees.]

Loath'd by the gds, have dragg’d a ling'ring

Dryden. whore ; a strumpet.

Can I, who lov'd so well,
That I, the son of a dear father murder'd, To part with all my bliss to save my lover,
Must, like a whore, unpack my heart with Oh! can I drag a wretched life without him?

And fall a cursing like a very drah! Skaksp. 3. To draw contemptuously along, as 2

If your worship will take order for the druhs and the knaves, you need not fcar the bands.

thing unworthy to be carried.

He triumphs in St. Austin's opinion; and is

not only conin toitrag me at his chariot-wheels, Ditch-delivered by a drab.

but he makes a sho's of me. Curs'd be the wretch so venal, and so vain,

4. To pull about with violence and igPaitry and proud as drabs in Drury-lane. Pope." DRACHM. N. 5. [trachme, Latin.]

They shall surprise 1. An old Roman coin.

The serpent, prince of air, and drag in chains See here these movers, that do prize their

Through all his realm, and there confounded

leave. honours

The constable was no sooner espied but lie At a crack'd druchin.

Skalsp. was reproached with disdainful words, beaten and 2. The eighth part of an ounce.

dragged in so barbarous a manner, that he hardly DRACU'NCULUS. n. s. [Latin.] A escaped with his life.

Clarendon. worm bred in the hot countries, which 5. To pull roughly and forcibly. grows to many yards length between

To fall, that's justice; the skin and Aesh.

But then, to drag him after! For to die, Drad. adj. [for dread, or the part. pass

And yet in death to conquer, is my wish. Dryd. ive of To dread.). "Terrible ; formi.

In my fatal cause your sword was drawn; dable; dreaded.

The weight of my misfortunes dragg’d you down. Th'utmost sand-beach they shortly fetch,

To DRAG. V.n.
Whilst the drad danger does behind reinain.

To hang so low as to
Fairy Queen.

trail or grate upon the ground. DRAFT. 1. s: [drof, dirty, Saxon ; draf,

From hence are heard the groans of ghosts, 'Dutch, the sediment of ale.]

Of sounding lashes, and of dragging chains, 1. Refuse; lees; dregs : properly some.

Dryden. thing fluid.

A door is said to drag, when, by its iN liangYou would think I had a hundred and fifty

ing on its hinges, the bottom edge of the dwe tatter'd prodigals, lately. come from swinekeep

rites in its sweep upon the floor. ing, from eating drul and husks.

DRAG. n. s. (from the verb. ] "Twere simple fury, still thyself to waste T. A net drawn along the bottom of the On such as have no taste;



Stilling fleet.




the pains






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the water.


Casting niets were spread in shallow brooks; Or in his womb might lurk some hidden nest
Drags in the deep, and baits were hung on Of many dragonets, luis fruitful seed. Fairy Qx.

Dryder. DRAGONFLY. .s. (dragen and Hy: li-
The creatures are but instruments in God's

bello.) A fierce stinging fly.
hand: the returning our' acknowledgmients to The body of the cantharides is bright coloured;
them is just the same absurdity with theirs who and it may be, that the delicate coloured dras
burnt incense to the drag, and sacrificed to the

gorzkies may have likewise some corrosive quality.

Bacon's Natural History. :: An instrument with hooks to catch Dra'GONIS11. adj. [trom drogon.] Hav. hold of things under water.

ing ihe form of a dragon ; dragonlike. You may in the morning find it near to some

An arbitrary word, fixed place, and then take it up with a drag

Sometimes we see a cloud that's dragonish; beak or otherwise,


A vapour sometimes like a bear or lion. Shaksp.
A kind of car drawn by the hand.

DRAGONLIKE. adj. [dragon and like.]
The drag is made somewhat like a low car :

Furious; fiery,
it is used for the carriage of timber, and then is
drawn by the handle by two or more men.

He hghts dragonlike, and does achieve
Moxon's Mecbanical Exercises.
As soon as draw his sword.

1. Dra'Gole. v.a. [from drag.] To

n. 's. [dragon and
make dirty by dragging on the ground.

blocd.] So called from a false opinion You'll see a draggled damsel, here and there,

of the dragon's combat with the ele. From Billingsgate her fishy traffick bear.

Gay's Trivia.

Dragonshlood is a resin, so named as to seem to

wore the same gown five years without have been imagined an animal production. Hill.
drargling or tearing.

Swift. Takelrugorsblood, beat it in a mortar, and put
To Dea GCLE. V.n. To grow dirty by

it in a cloth with aqua vite, and strain them to-

being drawn along the ground.
His draggling tail hung in the dirt,

Dia'GONSHEAD. n. S. A plant.
Which on his rider he would flirt.


DRAGONTRIB. 1. s. A species of palm.
DRAGNET. n. s.' [drag and net.) A net

DRAGO'ON. 1. s. [from dragen, Ger-
which is drawn along the bottom of

man, to carry.) A kind of soldier that

serves indifferently either on foot or were made to fish within the deep,

horseback. And castingnets did rivers bottoms sweep:

Two regiments of dragoons suffered much in
the late action.

Sonne fishermen, that had been out with a

May's Virgil.

TO DRAGO'ON. v. a. [from the. noun.)
dragues, and caught nothing, had a draught to-
wards tpe evening, which put them in hope of

To persecute by abandoning a place to
i sturgeon at last.

the rage of soldiers.

One of our late great poets is sunk in his re-

In politicks I hear your’e stanch,
putation, because he could never forgive any

Directly bent against the French;

Deny to have your free-born foe a dragat, great and small.

Dragoon'd into a wooden shoe.

has conveyed down to us along the stream of ages,
oprever old Time, with his huge dragulet

, To DRAIN. v. a. (trainer, Frènch.)

1. To draw off gradually.
, sticks or straws, seaweeds or mud, these are

Salt water, drained through twenty vessels of

earth, hath become fresh. Bacon's Natural Hist. Watts.

The fountains drain the water from the ground adjacent, and leave but suficient moisture to breed moss.

Bacon. In times of dearth it drained much coin of the kingdom, to furnish us with corn from foreign parts.

Bacon to Villiers,
Whilst a foreign war devoured our strength,
and drained our treasures, luxury and expences
increased at home.

The last emperor drained the wealth of those

countries into his own coffers, without increasing
his troops against France.

2. To empty, by drawing gradually away

what it contains..

Sinking waters, the firm land to drain,
Fill’d the capacious deep, and form'd the main.

The royal babes a tawny wolf shail drain.

While cruel Nero only drains
The mortal Spaniara's ebbing veins,
By study worn, and slack with age,
How dall, how thoughtless is his rage! 'Prior.

Had the world lasted from all eternity, these

cornets must have been drained of all their fluids. DRAGONET. s. [from dragon.) A 3. To make quite dry.

When wine is to be bottled, wash your bottles,
but do not drain them.


conceit which came in his way, but swept, like

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mnether it be shells or shell-fish, jewels or peb-
lie ancierts, these are the fathers.
DRAGON. 1. s. [draco, Latin ; dragon,
1. A kind of winged serpent, perbaps
imaginary, mucli celebrated in the ro-
mances of the middle ages.

I go alone,
like to a lonely dragon, that his fen
Makes fear'd and talk'd of more than seen.

, swift, you dragons of the night! that
May bear the raven's eye. Sbaksp. Cymbeline.
And you, ye dragons of the scaly race,
Whom glittering gold and shining armours grace;
In other nations harraless are you found
Their guardian genii and protectors own'd.
On spiry volumes there a dragon rides;
Here, from our strict embrace, a stream he

2. A fierce violent man or woman.
- A constellation near the north pole.

[dracunculus, Latin.) A


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little dragon

Boyle on Colours.

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DRAIN: 1. s. (from the verb.) The DRANK. The preterit of drink.

channel through which liquids are gra- TO DRAPE. vin. (drap, French ; drapsu, dually drawn ; a watercourse ; a sink. low Latin.)

If your drains be deep, that you fear cattle 1. To take cloth. falling into them, cover them. Mortimer.

It was rare to set prices by statute; and this Why should I tell of ponds and drains,

act did not prescribe prices, but stinted them What carps we met with for our pains ? Swift. not to exceed a rate, that the clothier might DRAKE. 1.s. (of uncertain etymology.) drape accordingly as he might afford. Bacon, 1. The male of the duck. The duck should hide her eggs from the drake,

2. To jeer, or satirize. [drapper, French. who will suck them if he finds them. Mortimer.

It is used in this sense by the innovator 2. (from draco, dragon, Latin.) A small

Temple, whom nobody has imitated. piece of artillery.

DRA'PER. n. s. [from drape.] One who Two or three shots, made at them by a couple

sells cloth. of drakes, made them stagger. Clarendon. If a piece of cloth in a draper's shop be variDRAM. n. s. (from drachm; drachma, ously folded, it will appear of differing colours.

Latin.] 1. In weight the eighth part of an ounce.

The draper and mercer may measure her,

Howel. The trial being made betwixt lead and lead, DRA'PERY. n. s. [drapperie, French,] weighing severally seven drams in the air, the balance in the water weigheth only four drams

1. Clothwork; the trade of making cloth; and forty-one grains, and abateth of the weight woollen manufacture. in the air two drams and nineteen grains: the ba

He made statutes for the maintenance of lance kept the same depth in the water. Bacon.

drapery, and the keeping of wools within the 2. A smail quantity, in a kind of prover- realm.

Bacon's Henry vil. bial sense.

The reverend clergy should set us an example, One loving hour

by contenting themselves with wearing gowns, For many years of sorrow can dispense;

and other habiliments, of Irish drapery. Swift. A dram of sweet is worth a pound of sour.

2. Cloth; stuffs of wool.

Fairy Quecr. The Bulls and Frogs had served the lord Strutt No dram of judgment with thy force is join'd; with drapery ware for many years. Arbudbrot. Thy body is of profit, and my mind. Dryden. 3. The dress of a picture or statue, 3. Such a quantity of distilled spirits as is Poets are allowed the same liberty in their usually drank at once.

descriptions and comparisons, as painters in their I could do this, and that with no rash potion,

draperies and ornaments.

Prior But with a ling’ring dram, that should not work DRA'PET. 1. s. (from drape.] Cloth; COMaliciously like poison. Shaksp. Winter's Tale. verlet. Not in use.

Every dram of brandy, every pot of ale that you drink, raiseth your character.

Thence she them brought into a stately hall,

Swift. 4. Spirit; distilled liquor.

Wherein were many tables fair dispred, A second see, by meeker manners known,

And ready dight with drapets feastival,

Against the viands should be ministred. And modest as the maid that sips alone; From the strong fate of drams it thou get free, Another Durfy, Ward! sball sing in thee. Pope

. DRA'STICK. a.). Copaclix.] Powerful'; To DRAM. v.n. (from the noun.] In low!

vigorous; efhcacious. language, to drink drams; to drink

It is used of a medicine that works with distilled spirits.

speed; as jalap, scammony, and the stronger

purges. DRAMA. η. 5. [δραμα.] A poem accommodated to 'action; a poem

Drave. The preterit of drive. Drove is

in which the action is not related, but re

more used. presented ; and in which therefore such

He drove them beyond Amon's flood,

And their sad bounds mark'd deep in their own rules are to be observed as make the

blood. representation probable.

The foe rued furious as he pants for breath, Many rules of imitating nature Aristotle drew Ard through his navel drave the pointed death. from Homer, which he fitted to the drama ; furnishing himself also with observations from the DRAUGH. n. s. (corruptly written for theatre, when it flourished under Æschylus, Euripides, and Sophocles.

draff:] Refuse swill. See DRAFE.


We do not act, that often jest and laugh: adj. [from drama.] DRAMA’TICK. } Represented by ac.

'Tis old, but true, still swine eat all the draugka . tion; not narrative.

DRAUGHT. n. s. [from draw.] I hope to make it appear, that, in the great 1. The act of drinking dramatick poem of nature, is a necessity of introducing a God.

They slung up one of their hogsheads, and I

Bentley drank it off at a draugbt; which I might well do, DRAMA’TICALLY. adv. [from dramatick.] for it did not hold half a pint. Gulliver's Trav. Representatively ; by representation.' 2. A quantity of liquor drank at once, Ignorance and errors are severally repre.

He had once continued about nine days withhended, partly dramatically, partly simply. Dryd. put drink ; and he might have continued longer; DRAMATIST. n. s. (from drama.] The

if, by distempering himself one night with hard author of dramatick compositions.

study, he had not had some inclination to take The whole theatre resounds with the praises

a small draugbt. of the great dramatist, and the wonderful art

Fill high the goblets with the sparkling food, and order of the composition.


And with deep draughts invoke our common


Fairy Queen.








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