« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »
1. On the ground; from the height at My wily nurse by long experience found,
whịch any thing was to a lower situa- And first discover'd to my soul its wound; tion.
'Tis love, said she; and then my downcast eyes, Whom they hit, none on their feet might
And guilty dumbness, witness'd my surprize.
Dryden. stand, Though standing else as rocks; but down they
Thy doróncast looks, and thy disorder'd fell
thoughts, By thousands. Milton's Paradise Lost.
Tell me my fate: I ask not the success
My cause has found.
Addison's Cate. His pond'rous limbs oppress the trembling ground.
Dryden. Ruin; calamity; fall from rank or 2. Tending toward the ground.
Dar'șt thou, thou little better thing than earth,
We have seen some, by the ways by which Out of sight; below the horizon.
they had designed to rise uncontrollably, 'to How the night, boy?
have directly procured their utter downfal. -The moon is down; I have not heard the
2. A sudden fall, or body of things fallAnd she goes down at twelve. Sbaksp. is. To a total subjection : used of men
ing. and things.
Each downfall of a flood the mountains pour
From their rich bowels, rolls a silver stream. What remains of the subject, after the decoc
Dryden. tion, is continued to be boiled down, with the 4. Destruction of fabricks.
addition of fresh water, to a sapid fat. Arbuthn. 6. Into disgrace; into declining reputa
Nor more aghast the matrons of renown,
When tyrant Nero burn'd th' imperial town, tion.
Shriek'd for the downfal in a doleful cry, He shar'd ouç dividend o'th' crown,
For which their guiltless lords were doom'd to We had so painfully preach'd down ;
Dryden. And forc'd us, though against the grain, DO'WNFALLEN. participial adj. [dozen T' have calls to preach it up again.
Hudibras. It has been still preached up, but acted
and fall.] Ruined ; fallen. down; and dealt with as the eagle in the fable
The land is now divorced by the downfallea did with the oyster, carrying it up on high, that, DO WNGYRED. adj. [down and gyre.]
steep cliffs on the farther side.
Careu. by letting it fall, he might dash it in pieces.
Let down in circular wrinkles. There is not a more melancholy object in the
Lord Hamlet, with his stockings loose, learned world, than a man who has written him- Ungarter'd, and downgyred to his ancies. self down. Addison.
Sbakspeare. 7. (answering to up.) Here and there. Do'WNHILL. n. s. [down and bill.] De
Let them wander up and down for meat, and clivity ; descent. grudge if they be not satisfied.
Heavy the third, and stiff, he sinks apace; DOWN. interj.
And though 'tis downbill all, but creeps along
Dryden. 1. An exhortation to destruction or demolition.
Do'WNHILL. adj. Declivous; descendGo, some pull down the Savoy; others to the
ing. inns of courts : down with them all. Shakse:
And the first steps a downbill greensward If there be ten, shrink not, but down with
DO'WNLOOKED. adj. [down and look.] But now they cry, down with the palace, tire Having a dejected countenance ; gloo
it, Pull out th' usurping queen.
my ; sullen; melancholy, Dryden.
Jealousy, suffus'd with jaundice in her eyes; 2. A contemptuous threat.
Discolouring all she viewd, in tawney dress'd, Down, down to hell, and say I sent thee Downlook'd, and with a cuckoo on her fist. thither.
Shaksp. Down. (To go.] To be digested; to be DownLY'ING. adj. [down and lie.] received.
About to be in travail of childbirth. If he be hungry more than wanton, bread Downright. adv. [down and right.] alone will down; and if he be not hungry, 'tis 1. Straight or right down, down perpennot fit he should eat.
Locke, I know not how absurd this may seem to the
dicularly. masters of demonstration; and probably it will
A giant 's slain in fight, hardly down with any body, at first hearing.
Or mow'd o'erthwart, or cleft downright.
Locke. TO DOWN. v.a. [from the particle. ]
2. In plain terms; without ceremony. To knock; to subdue; to suppress ;
We shall chide downright if I longer stay: to conquer.
Sbakspeare The hidden beauties seem'd in wait to lie, 3. Completely; without stopping short. To down proud hearts that would not willing die.
This paper put Mrs. Bull in such a passion,
Sidney. that she fell downrigbt into a fit. DoʻWNCAST. adj. [down and cast.) Bent DOWNRIGHT. adj. . down; directed to the ground. 1. Plain ; open ; apparent; undisguised. Wanton languishing borrowed of her eyes the
An admonition from a dead author, or a cao downcast look of modesty."
veat from an impartial pen, will prevail nawe
Downwards.}adv. [dune peard, Sax.)
1. Toward the centre..
wards by the attraction.
than a downright advice, which may be mistaken Do'wNY. adj. [from down.]
Bacon. 1. Covered with down or nap.
By his gates of breach
There lies a downy feather, which stirs not: The merchant's wife, who abounds in plenty, Did he suspire, that light and weightless down is not to have downright money; but the mer- Perforce must move.
Sbaksyon cenary part of her mind is engaged with a pre- There be plants that have prickles, yet have sent of plate.
downy or velvet rind upon their leaves, as stock2. Directly tending to the point; plain ; gillyrlowers and coltsfoot; which down or nap artless.
consisteth of a subtle spirit, in a soft substance. I would rather have a plain downright wis
Bacon's Natural History.
In her hand she held
A bough of fairest fruit, that dewny smild,
New gather'd, and ambrosial smeli'diffus'd.
2. Made of down or soft feathers.
A side breeze from westward waits their sails
Belinda still her downy pillow prest,
Her guardian sylph prolong'd the balmy rest.
Rogers. 3. Soft ; tender ; soothing.
Banquo! Donalbain! Malcolm! awake!
Shake off this dowry sleep, death's connterfeit,'
And look on death itself.
The night's companion kindly cheating their
Of all their cares, tam'd the rebellious eye rising; thou understandest my thoughts afar off. Of sorrow with a soft and downy hand,
Stealing all breasts in a lethean band. Cresbar.
I could marry this wench for this dowre.
And ask no other dowry but such another 2. From a higher situation to a lower.
The king must die, that I may make you
great, With light from hence, shines.
a crown in dowry with my love. Hills are ornamental to the earth, affording
Tethys all her waves in dozury gives. Dryd.
Thine own hand
An hundred of the faithless foe shall slay,
And for a dewre a hundred foreskins pay.
3. A gift ; a fortune given. 3. In a course of successive or lineal de
form of giving glory to God.
David breaks forth into these triumphant praises and doxologies, Blessed be the Lord God
of Israel, who has kept me this day from shedFrom son to son, some four or five descents.
ding blood, and from avenging myself with my
would have been received in the christian church,
to conclude their books with a doxology to God
A whore ; a loose wench.
TO DOZE. v. n. [opæs, Saxon ; daes,
There was no sleeping under his roof: if he
happened to doze a little, the jolly cobbler waked
It has happened to young men of the greatest
so far, as to doze upon their work with too much
A ring the count does wear,
ward the centre ; tending
With downward force,
And rollid his yellow billows to the sea. 2. Declivous ; bending.
When Aurora leaves our northern sphere,
there. 3. Depressed ; dejected.
At the lowest of my downward thoughts, I pulled up my heart to remember,
that nothing is achieved before it be thoroughly attempted, and that lying still doth never go forward.
Now to the banks, where bards departed deze, Torfer them a surfeit of pure bread They led him şoft.
Whose appetite is dead! Chiefless armies doz'd out the cainpaign,
No, give them grains their fill; And navies yawn’d for orders on the main - Husks, draf, to drink and swill
. Ben Yonsent
I calia and drew them thither, TO DOZE. v. a.
To stupify; to dull. Miv hell-hounds to lick up the draff and filth, He was now much decayed in his parts, and
Which man's polluting sin with taint had shed with immoderate drinking dozed in his 'under
On what was pure.
Clarendon. Here rather let me drudge, and earn my
Milton Dryden. 2. Refuse; sweepings. Perhaps improper. Doʻzen. n. s. [douzaine, French.] The Younger brothers but the draf of nature. number of twelve. It is seldom used
Dryden. but on light occasions.
DRA'FFY. adj. [from draf.] Worthless ; We cannot lodge and board a dozen or four
dreggy. teen gentlewomen, but we keep a bawdyhouse DRAFT. adj. [corrupt for draught.] Emstraight.
Sbaksp. ployed to draw. That the Indian igs bear such huge leaves, or Ulysses and old Nestor yake you like draft delicate fruit, I could never find; yet I have oxen, and make you plough up the wair. Sbaks. travelled a dozen miles together under them. TO DRAG. v. a. (orazan, Saxon.]
Raleigh. By putting twelve units together, we have the
1. To pull along ibe ground by main complex idea of a dozen.
force; to draw heavily along. The number of dissenters was something un
Such his aspect, when, foil'd with bloody dust, der a dozen with them.
Drags'd by the cords which through his feet Doʻziness. n. s. [from dozy.] Sleepi
Denban. ness; drowsiness. Little used.
While I have any ability to hold a commerce
with you, I will never be silent; and this chancA man, by a violent fit of the gout in his
ing to be a day that I can hold a pen, I will drage limbs, finds a doziness in his head, or a want of
it as long as I am able.
Locke. Doʻzy. adj. [from doze.] Sleepy; drow
2. To draw any thing burdensome, any
thing from which one cannot disengage sy; sluggish.
one's self. The yawning youth, scarce half awake, essays His lazy limbs and dozy head to raise. Dryden.
'Tis long since I, for my celestial wife, DRAB. n. s. (drabbe, Saxon, lees.]
Loath'd by the gds, have dragg’d a ling'ring
Dryden. whore ; a strumpet.
Can I, who lov'd so well,
If your worship will take order for the druhs and the knaves, you need not fcar the bands.
thing unworthy to be carried.
He triumphs in St. Austin's opinion; and is
not only conin toitrag me at his chariot-wheels, Ditch-delivered by a drab.
but he makes a sho's of me. Curs'd be the wretch so venal, and so vain,
4. To pull about with violence and igPaitry and proud as drabs in Drury-lane. Pope." DRACHM. N. 5. [trachme, Latin.]
They shall surprise 1. An old Roman coin.
The serpent, prince of air, and drag in chains See here these movers, that do prize their
Through all his realm, and there confounded
The constable was no sooner espied but lie At a crack'd druchin.
Skalsp. was reproached with disdainful words, beaten and 2. The eighth part of an ounce.
dragged in so barbarous a manner, that he hardly DRACU'NCULUS. n. s. [Latin.] A escaped with his life.
Clarendon. worm bred in the hot countries, which 5. To pull roughly and forcibly. grows to many yards length between
To fall, that's justice; the skin and Aesh.
But then, to drag him after! For to die, Drad. adj. [for dread, or the part. pass
And yet in death to conquer, is my wish. Dryd. ive of To dread.). "Terrible ; formi.
In my fatal cause your sword was drawn; dable; dreaded.
The weight of my misfortunes dragg’d you down. Th'utmost sand-beach they shortly fetch,
To DRAG. V.n.
To hang so low as to
trail or grate upon the ground. DRAFT. 1. s: [drof, dirty, Saxon ; draf,
From hence are heard the groans of ghosts, 'Dutch, the sediment of ale.]
Of sounding lashes, and of dragging chains, 1. Refuse; lees; dregs : properly some.
Dryden. thing fluid.
A door is said to drag, when, by its iN liangYou would think I had a hundred and fifty
ing on its hinges, the bottom edge of the dwe tatter'd prodigals, lately. come from swinekeep
rites in its sweep upon the floor. ing, from eating drul and husks.
DRAG. n. s. (from the verb. ] "Twere simple fury, still thyself to waste T. A net drawn along the bottom of the On such as have no taste;
Casting niets were spread in shallow brooks; Or in his womb might lurk some hidden nest
Dryder. DRAGONFLY. .s. (dragen and Hy: li-
bello.) A fierce stinging fly.
gorzkies may have likewise some corrosive quality.
Bacon's Natural History. :: An instrument with hooks to catch Dra'GONIS11. adj. [trom drogon.] Hav. hold of things under water.
ing ihe form of a dragon ; dragonlike. You may in the morning find it near to some
An arbitrary word, fixed place, and then take it up with a drag
Sometimes we see a cloud that's dragonish; beak or otherwise,
A vapour sometimes like a bear or lion. Shaksp.
DRAGONLIKE. adj. [dragon and like.]
He hghts dragonlike, and does achieve
n. 's. [dragon and
blocd.] So called from a false opinion You'll see a draggled damsel, here and there,
of the dragon's combat with the ele. From Billingsgate her fishy traffick bear.
Dragonshlood is a resin, so named as to seem to
wore the same gown five years without have been imagined an animal production. Hill.
Swift. Takelrugorsblood, beat it in a mortar, and put
it in a cloth with aqua vite, and strain them to-
Dia'GONSHEAD. n. S. A plant.
DRAGONTRIB. 1. s. A species of palm.
DRAGO'ON. 1. s. [from dragen, Ger-
man, to carry.) A kind of soldier that
serves indifferently either on foot or were made to fish within the deep,
horseback. And castingnets did rivers bottoms sweep:
Two regiments of dragoons suffered much in
TO DRAGO'ON. v. a. [from the. noun.)
To persecute by abandoning a place to
the rage of soldiers.
In politicks I hear your’e stanch,
Directly bent against the French;
Deny to have your free-born foe a dragat, great and small.
Dragoon'd into a wooden shoe.
, To DRAIN. v. a. (trainer, Frènch.)
1. To draw off gradually.
Salt water, drained through twenty vessels of
earth, hath become fresh. Bacon's Natural Hist. Watts.
The fountains drain the water from the ground adjacent, and leave but suficient moisture to breed moss.
Bacon. In times of dearth it drained much coin of the kingdom, to furnish us with corn from foreign parts.
Bacon to Villiers,
countries into his own coffers, without increasing
what it contains..
Sinking waters, the firm land to drain,
Had the world lasted from all eternity, these
cornets must have been drained of all their fluids. DRAGONET. s. [from dragon.) A 3. To make quite dry.
conceit which came in his way, but swept, like
mnether it be shells or shell-fish, jewels or peb-
I go alone,
, swift, you dragons of the night! that
[dracunculus, Latin.) A
Boyle on Colours.
DRAIN: 1. s. (from the verb.) The DRANK. The preterit of drink.
channel through which liquids are gra- TO DRAPE. vin. (drap, French ; drapsu, dually drawn ; a watercourse ; a sink. low Latin.)
If your drains be deep, that you fear cattle 1. To take cloth. falling into them, cover them. Mortimer.
It was rare to set prices by statute; and this Why should I tell of ponds and drains,
act did not prescribe prices, but stinted them What carps we met with for our pains ? Swift. not to exceed a rate, that the clothier might DRAKE. 1.s. (of uncertain etymology.) drape accordingly as he might afford. Bacon, 1. The male of the duck. The duck should hide her eggs from the drake,
2. To jeer, or satirize. [drapper, French. who will suck them if he finds them. Mortimer.
It is used in this sense by the innovator 2. (from draco, dragon, Latin.) A small
Temple, whom nobody has imitated. piece of artillery.
DRA'PER. n. s. [from drape.] One who Two or three shots, made at them by a couple
sells cloth. of drakes, made them stagger. Clarendon. If a piece of cloth in a draper's shop be variDRAM. n. s. (from drachm; drachma, ously folded, it will appear of differing colours.
Latin.] 1. In weight the eighth part of an ounce.
The draper and mercer may measure her,
Howel. The trial being made betwixt lead and lead, DRA'PERY. n. s. [drapperie, French,] weighing severally seven drams in the air, the balance in the water weigheth only four drams
1. Clothwork; the trade of making cloth; and forty-one grains, and abateth of the weight woollen manufacture. in the air two drams and nineteen grains: the ba
He made statutes for the maintenance of lance kept the same depth in the water. Bacon.
drapery, and the keeping of wools within the 2. A smail quantity, in a kind of prover- realm.
Bacon's Henry vil. bial sense.
The reverend clergy should set us an example, One loving hour
by contenting themselves with wearing gowns, For many years of sorrow can dispense;
and other habiliments, of Irish drapery. Swift. A dram of sweet is worth a pound of sour.
2. Cloth; stuffs of wool.
Fairy Quecr. The Bulls and Frogs had served the lord Strutt No dram of judgment with thy force is join'd; with drapery ware for many years. Arbudbrot. Thy body is of profit, and my mind. Dryden. 3. The dress of a picture or statue, 3. Such a quantity of distilled spirits as is Poets are allowed the same liberty in their usually drank at once.
descriptions and comparisons, as painters in their I could do this, and that with no rash potion,
draperies and ornaments.
Prior But with a ling’ring dram, that should not work DRA'PET. 1. s. (from drape.] Cloth; COMaliciously like poison. Shaksp. Winter's Tale. verlet. Not in use.
Every dram of brandy, every pot of ale that you drink, raiseth your character.
Thence she them brought into a stately hall,
Swift. 4. Spirit; distilled liquor.
Wherein were many tables fair dispred, A second see, by meeker manners known,
And ready dight with drapets feastival,
Against the viands should be ministred. And modest as the maid that sips alone; From the strong fate of drams it thou get free, Another Durfy, Ward! sball sing in thee. Pope
. DRA'STICK. a.). Copaclix.] Powerful'; To DRAM. v.n. (from the noun.] In low!
vigorous; efhcacious. language, to drink drams; to drink
It is used of a medicine that works with distilled spirits.
speed; as jalap, scammony, and the stronger
purges. DRAMA. η. 5. [δραμα.] A poem accommodated to 'action; a poem
Drave. The preterit of drive. Drove is
in which the action is not related, but re
more used. presented ; and in which therefore such
He drove them beyond Amon's flood,
And their sad bounds mark'd deep in their own rules are to be observed as make the
blood. representation probable.
The foe rued furious as he pants for breath, Many rules of imitating nature Aristotle drew Ard through his navel drave the pointed death. from Homer, which he fitted to the drama ; furnishing himself also with observations from the DRAUGH. n. s. (corruptly written for theatre, when it flourished under Æschylus, Euripides, and Sophocles.
draff:] Refuse swill. See DRAFE.
We do not act, that often jest and laugh: adj. [from drama.] DRAMA’TICK. } Represented by ac.
'Tis old, but true, still swine eat all the draugka . tion; not narrative.
DRAUGHT. n. s. [from draw.] I hope to make it appear, that, in the great 1. The act of drinking dramatick poem of nature, is a necessity of introducing a God.
They slung up one of their hogsheads, and I
Bentley drank it off at a draugbt; which I might well do, DRAMA’TICALLY. adv. [from dramatick.] for it did not hold half a pint. Gulliver's Trav. Representatively ; by representation.' 2. A quantity of liquor drank at once, Ignorance and errors are severally repre.
He had once continued about nine days withhended, partly dramatically, partly simply. Dryd. put drink ; and he might have continued longer; DRAMATIST. n. s. (from drama.] The
if, by distempering himself one night with hard author of dramatick compositions.
study, he had not had some inclination to take The whole theatre resounds with the praises
a small draugbt. of the great dramatist, and the wonderful art
Fill high the goblets with the sparkling food, and order of the composition.
And with deep draughts invoke our common