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are 'such wherein various, and seem- The only standing test, and discriminative ingly opposite, judgments are made, characteristick, of any metal or mineral, must
be sought for in the constituent matter of it. wliose variety or distinction is noted
Woodward. by the particles but, though, yet, &c. as, 2. That observes distinction. travellers may change their climate, but
Discriminative Providence knew before the not their temper; Job was patient, though nature and course of all things. More. bis grief was great.
Watts. Discri'MINOUS. adj. [from discrimen, 2. (in grammar.] Discretive distinctions Latin.] Dangerous ; hazardous. Not are such as imply opposition : as, not
usual. a man, but a beast.
Any kind of spitting of blood imports a very DISCRIMINALBE. adj. [from discrimi
discriminous state, unless it happens upon the nate.) Distinguishable by outward
gaping of a vein opened by a plethory. Harvey. marks or tokens.
Dia. Discu'BITORY. adj. [discubitorius, Lat.] TO DISCRIMINATE. v. a. [discri
Fitted to the posture of leaning. mnino, Latin.]
After bathing they retired to bed, and re
freshed themselves with a repast; and so that 1. To mark with notes of difference; custom, by degrees, changed their cubiculary
to distinguish by certain tokens from beds into discutitory. Brown's Vulgar Erreurs. another.
Discu'M BENCY: n. s. [discumbens, Lat.] Oysters and cockles and muscles, which move The act of leaning at meat, after the not, have no discriminate sex.
ancient manner. Bacon's Nat. Hist.
The Grecks and Romans used the custom of There are three sorts of it, differing in fine
discumbency at meals, which was upon their lett ness from each other, and discriminated by the
side ; for so their right hand was free and ready natives by three peculiar names. Boyle. for all service. The right hand is discriminated from the left To DISCU’MBER. v. a. [dis and cumber.]
Brown's Vulgar Erreurs. by a natural, necessary, and never to be confounded distinction.
Soutb. To disengage from any troublesome Although the features of his countenance be weight; to disengage from impediment. no reason of obedience, yet they may serve to His limbs discumber of the clinging vest, discriminate him from any other person, whom He binds the sacred cincture round his breast. she is not to obey. Stilling fleet.
Pope's Odyssen: There may be ways of discriminating the To Discu'RE. v. a. [decouvrir, French:) voice; as by acuteness and gravity, the several
To discover ; to reveal. A word perdegrees of rising and falling from one tone or note to another.
haps peculiar to Spenser. 2. To select or separate from others.
I will, if please you it discurt, assay, You owe little less for what you are not, than
To ease you of that ill.
Fairy Queen. for what you are, to that discriminating mercy,
DISCU'RSIVE. adj. [discursif, Fr. from to which alone you owe your exemption from
discurro, Latin.) miseries.
Boyle. 1. Moving here and there ; roving; deDiscRIMINATENESS. n. s. (from discri. sultory.
minate.] Distinctness; inarked dif- Some noises help sleep; as the blowing of the ference.
wind, and the trickling of water : they move a DISCRIMINA’TION. 1. s. [from discri.
gentle attention ; and whatsoever moveth at
tention, without too much labour, stilleth the natio, Latin.]
natural and discursive motion of the spirits. 1. The state of being distinguished from other persons or things.
2. Proceeding by regular gradation from There is a reverence to be shewed them on premises to consequences; argumentathe account of their discrimination from other tive. This is sometimes, perhaps not places, and separation for sacred uses. Stillinfl.
improperly, written discoursive.) 2. The act of distinguishing one from
There is a sanctity of soul and body, of more another; distinction; difference put. efficacy for the receiving of divine truths, than
A satire should expose nothing but what is the greatest pretences to discursive demonstracorrigible ; and make a due discrimination be
More's Divine Dialogues. tween those that are, and those who are not, the
There hath been much dispute touching the proper objects of it.
knowledge of brutes, whether they have a kind By that prudent discrimination made between of discursive faculty, which some call reason.. the offenders of different degrees, he obliges
Hale's Origin of Mankind. · those whom ke has distinguished as objects of Discu'rŚIVELY. adv. [from discursive.] mercy.
Addison's Frecbolder. By due gradation of argument. 3. The marks of distinction,
We have a principle within, whereby we Take heed of abetting any factions or apply. think, and we know we think; whereby we do ing any publick discriminations in matters of re- discursively, and by way of ratiocination, deduce ligion.
King Charles, one thing from another. Letters arise from the first original discrimi- Discu’RSOR Y. adj. [discursor, Lat.) Arnations of voice, by way of articulation, where
gumental ; rational. by the ear is able to judge and observe the differences of vocal sounds.
DISCUS. n.s. [Latin.] A quoit; a Discri’MINATIVE. adj. [from discrimi
heavy piece of iron thrown in the nate.] 1. That makes the mirk of distinction ;
From Elatreus' strong arm the discus fies, characteristical,
And sings with unmatch'd force along the sk.es.
Erding test, and duaisitte
Providence knew before the
gerous; hazardous, Not
nitting of blood imports a very -, unless it happens upon the pened by a plethors. Hans
. adj. (discubitorius, Lat. Dosture of leaning. ther retired to bed, and to
with a repast; and so that res, changed their cubicunt 3. Brown's Vulgar Erra : 1. s. (discumbens
, Lat. ning at meat, after the I.
Ronians used the con i als, which was upon the hi right hand was free and rezi
Brown's Vulgar Erman V. a. (dis and camer. froin any troublesort ? gage from impedimen -berd of the clinging vest, dcincture round his break
Pepe's Usui a. [decouvrir, Frenck)
co reveal. A word per
TO DISCU'SS. v. a. (discutio, discussum,
There will come a time when three words, Latin)
uttered with charity and meekness, shall receive
a far more blessed reward, than three thousand 1. To examine; to ventilate ; to clear by
volumes, written with disdainful sharpness of disquisition.
Hooker. We are to discuss only those general excep
The queen is obstinate, tions which have been taken.
Stubborn to justice, apt t accuse it,
Disdainful to be tried by 't.
Sbakspeare causes privately to certain persons learned in the
Seek through this grove ;
Ayliffe's Parergon. A sweet Athenian lady is in love
Pope. But do it when the next thing he espies
Sbakspeare. humour or swelling.
But those I can accuse, I can forgive : Many arts were used to discuss the beginnings By my disdainful silence let them live. Dryden. of new affection.
The disdainful soul came rushing through the 3. To break to pieces.
Either greet him not
Or else disdainfully, which shall shake him more.
Sbakspeare. 1. Disquisition ; examination; ventilation It is not to insult and domineer, to look dise of a question.
dainfully, and revile imperiously, that procures Truth cannot be found without some labour esteem from any one.
South. and intention of the mind, and the thoughts Disda'INFULNESS. n. s. [from disdaindwelling a considerable time upon the survey and discussion of each particular.
ful.] Contempt; contemptuousness;
Can I forget, when they in prison placing her, And who indulges thought, increases pain.
With swelling heart, in spite and due disdaina Prior.
fulness; 2. (In surgery.) Discussion or resolution
She lay for dead, till I help'd with unlacing her.
Sidney. is nothing else but breathing out the humours by insensible transpiration,
A proud disdainfulness of other men. Ascham.
DISEASE. n. s. [dis and ease.) Distem
per; malady ; sickness morbid state.
What's the disease he means? the power to discuss or disperse any
_'Tis callid the evil.
And Asa, in the thirty and ninth year of his Discutient. n. s. (discutiens, Latin.]
reign, was diseased in his feet, and his disease A medicine that has power to repel or
was exceeding great; and in his disease he sought drive back the matter of tumours in the
not the Lord, but to the physicians. Cbron.
It is idle to propose remedies before we are blood. It sometimes means the same
assured of the disease, or to be in pain till we are
In meats and drinks, which in the earth shall Wiseman,
bring! To DISDA'IN. v. a. [dedaigner, Fr.)
Then wasteful forth
Walks the dire pow'r of pestilent disease.
Thomson's Summer. There is nothing so great, which I will fear To Disea’se. v. a. (from the noun.] to do for you; nor nothing so small, which I
1. To afflict with disease; to torment They do disdain as much beyondour thoughts,
Sidney. with pain or sickness; to make morbid;
We are all diseased,
Have brought ourselves into a burning fever.
Hug their diseasd perfumes, and have forgot
Sbakspeare: Let her alone, lady: as she is now, she will but disease our better mirth Sbakspeare.
He was diseased in his feet. 1 kings.
A lazar-house it seem'd, wherein were laid
Number's of all discas'd, all maladies
Of ghastly spasm, or racking torture. Milton. 2. To put to pain ; to pain; to make
Though great light be insufferable to our eyes, yet the highest degree of darkness does not at all disease them.
Locke. Dis EA'SEDNESS.
No s. [from diseased.]
Fairy litt zdj. [discursif, Fr
d there; roving ; &
pellents and discutants.
will disdain to do for you.
sleep; as the blowing of the ing of water: they make a ud whatsoever moreth 2
much labour, stilleth the motion of the spirits regular gradation fra equences; arguments ometimes, perhaps Bot ten discoursive.]
of soul and body, of met ing of divine truths
, that es to discursios demunstri
More's Digiat Dislepic much dispute touching in whether they have a dins hich some cal reaso. Hali's Origin of Marliest Lv. [from discursiones of argument. Je within, wherehe 51 e think; whereby we do y of ratiocination, dedit
? [discursor, Lat.) AL
which makes me sweat with wrath. Shakespeare.
What safe and nicely i mnicht well delay
Diedains a life which he has power to offer.
Bar against you, ye Greeks, ye coward train,
Contemptuous ; haughtily scornful ;
tin.) A quoit; on thrown in the
sarm the discus fies o'd force along the stos
n. s. (from the
Sickness; morbidness; the state of Muse, stoop thy disenchanted wing to truth.
Haste to thy work; a noble stroke or two
Ends all the charms, and discrcbants the grove.
1. To discharge from encumbrances; to
Shakspeare. It will need the actual intention, the particu-
lar stress and application of the whole soul, to
disencurrber and set it free, to scour off its rust, I must unto the road, to disembark
and remove those hindrances which would other.
Shakspeare. wise clog and check the freedom of its opera-
The disencumber'd soul
Flew off, and left behind the clouds and starry
Dreams look like the amusements of the soul,
when she is disencumber'd of her machine; her
sports and recreations, when she has laid her
2. To free from obstruction of
kind. Encourage such innocent amusements as may Dim night had disencumber'd heav'n.“ Milton. disembitter the minds of men, and make them The church of St. Justina, designed by Palmutually rejoice in the same agreeable satisfac
ladio, is the most handsome, luminous, disen-
Addison's Freebolder. cumbered building in the inside, that I have ever
Addison on Italy.
There are many who make a figure below
what their fortune or merit entitles them to, out
of mere choice, and an elegant desire of ease Rolling down the steep Timavus raves,
Addison. 1. To separate from any thing with which
Some others, being very light, would float
Cbeyne, 2. To disentangle ; to clear from impe.
From civil broils he did us disengage;
Found nobler objects for our martial rage:
In the next paragraph, I found my author
pretty well disengaged from quotations.
to wean ; to abstract the mind.
It is requisite that we should acquaint our
selves with God, that we should frequently dis-
engage our hearts from earthly pursuits.
fondness from worldly things, is, that they are
uncertain in their foundation; fading, transient,
and corruptible in their nature.
When our mind's eyes are disengag‘d and free,
They clearer, farther, and distinctly see.
To release from an obligation.
TO DISENGAGE. v. n. To set one's self
Providence gives us notice, by sensible declen-
sions, that we may disengage from the world by
Collier on Theugbl.
DISENGA'GED. participial adj. [from dis-
Sidrey. !. Disjoined ; disentangled.
encumbrances; 9 El impediments; to erate. intention, the papo
of the video Ke, lo scour of est lies which would do freedom of its
ST urber'd soul
the clouds and son
musements of the beauty
of her machios; when she has la
uction of any kind
her'd hear'n. He Eina, designed bs Bu sone, luminous
, Eiside, that I have et
17. s. (from ? com encumbizim
make a figure baie i entitles them legant desire of
[dis and eagati
2. Vacant; at leisure; not fixed down to TO DISESTE'EM. v. a. (from the noun.] any particular object of attention.
To regard slightly; to consider with a 3. Released from obligation.
slight degree of contempt,
Should Mars sec 't,
That horrid hurrier of men, or she that betters
him, cuity of attention; freedom from any
Minerva, never so incens'd, they could not disa pressing business; disjunction.
Сьартал. Disenga'GEMENT. n.s. [from disengage.] But in this sacred gift your disesteem, 1. Release from any engagement, or obli- Then cruel plagues shall fall on Priam's state.
Denbam. gation 2. Freedom of attention; vacancy.
I would not be thought to disesteem or dis. suade the study of nature.
Locke. To DISENTA'NGLE. v. a. [dis and entangle.]
DISESTIMA'TION. n. s. [dis and estimatio, 1. To unfold or loose the parts of
Lat.) Disrespect; disesteem. thing interwoven with one another.
Disfavour. n. s. (dis and favour.] Though in concretions particles so entangle
1. Discountenance; unpropitious regard ; one another, that they cannot in a short time unfavourable aspect ; unfavourable circlear themselves, yet they do incessantly strive cumstance.
disentangle themselves, and get away. Boyle. 2. A state of ungraciousness or unaccept2. To set free from impediments ; to dis
ableness; a state in which one 'is not embroil; to clear from perplexity or favoured.
While free from sacrilege, he was at peace, as Till they could find some expedient to explicate and disentangle themselves out of this laby
it were, with God and man; but after his sacririnth, they made no advance towards supplying
lege he was in disfavour with both. Spelman.
Dict. Clarendon. 3: Want of beauty. The welfare of their souls requires a better To DISFA'vour. v. a. (from the noun.] judgment than their own, either to guide them To discountenance ; to withhold or in their duty, or to disentangle them from a withdraw kindness. temptation
Might not those of higher rank, and nearer ac3. To disengage ; to separate.
cess to her majesty, receive her own commands, Neither can God himself be otherwise under- and be countenanced or disfavoured according as stood by us than as a mind free and disentangled they obey?
Swift. from all corporeal mixtures.
Stilling fleet. DisFA'VOURER. n. s. [from disfavour.]
Discountenancer ; not a favourer.
It was verily thought, that had it not been
for four great disfavourers of that voyage, the en'Though the blindness of some fanaticks have
terprize had succeeded.
Bacon. savaged on the bodies of the dead, and have been DISFIGURA’TION, n. s. [from disfigure.] so injurious unto worms as to disenterre the bodies of the deceased, yet had they therein no
1. The act of disfiguring, design upon the soul.
2. The state of being disfigured.
To Disfi'gúre. v. a. [dis and figure.]
To change any thing to a worse form ; But God my soul shall disenthral;
to deform ; to mangle,
You are but as a form in wax
By him imprinted, and within his power,
To leave the figure, or disfigure it. Sbakspeare. that falsity, and thereby disentbral themselves.
In this the antique and well-noted face
Of plain old form is much disfigured.
Abject is their punishment, throne.) To depose from sovereignty ;
Disfiguring not God's likeness, but their own,
Or, if his likeness, by themselves defac'd. Milt.
Uriel, on the Assyrian mount,
A nose flatter, or a mouth wider, could have consisted, as well as the rest of his figure, with such a soul and such parts as made him, disfigur'd as he was, capable to be a dignitary in the church.
Nor would his slaughter'd army now have
lain On Africk's sands, disfigur'd with their wounds, To gorge the wolves and vultures of Numidia.
Addison's Cato, Milton. His long absence, and travels which had disfigur'd him, made him alogecher unknown.
Brome on Epic Poetry, When any one, by miscarriages, falls into dis
Dispí'GUREMENT. n. s. [from disfigure.]
Defacement of beauty ; change of a
better form to a worse. Locker
The disfigurement that travel or sickness has
thing with us
rescue from slavery:
Our martial 12
I found my art en quotations I to the affection he mind. hould acquaint of would frequencies thly pursuits Flould diensten
Es, is, that they a? ?; fading, transe werful detenties disengap'd and
Dance igation. To set one's setiap aw one's atel
We war, if war be best; or to regain
trance). To awaken from a trance, or
Ralpho, by this time disentranc'd,
Such was the rage
regard ; a disregard more moderate than
by sensible deres from the world be
bestowed upon him, is not thought great by the 4. Cause of shame. lady of the isle.
Suckling: And is it not a foul disgrace, And they, so perfect in their misery,
To lose the boltsprit of thy face? Bzynardo Not once perceive their toul disfigurement. And he whose afluence disdain'd a place,
Milton. Brib’d by a title, makes it a disgrace. Brown. To DisFoʻREST. v. a. (dis and forest.] To DISGRA'ce. v.a. (from the noun.]
To reduce land from the privileges of 1. To bring a reproach upon ; to dis
a forest to the state of common land. honour, as an agent. TO DISFRA'NCHISE. V. a. [dis and fran- We may not so in any one special kind ad
chise.). To deprive of privileges or im- mire her, that we disgrace her in any other; but munities.
let all her ways be according unto their place DISFRA'NCHISEMENT. n. s. (from dis
and degree adored.
Men's passions will carry them far in misrefranchise.] The act of depriving of
presenting an opinion which they have a mind privileges. Dict. to disgrace.
Burnet. To DisfU'RNISH. v. a. [dis and furnish.] 2. To bring to shame, as a cause : as, his
To deprive; to unfurnish; to strip. ignorance disgraced bim.
3. To put out of favour: as, the minister Of which, if you should here disfurnish me, was disgraced. You take the sum and substance that I have.
DISGRACEFUL. adj. Edisgrace and full.] He durst not disfurnish that country either of
Shameful; ignominious; reproachful ; so great a commander, or of the wonted garrisons. procuring shame.
Masters must correct their servants with genTo DiSGA'RNISH. v. a. [dis and garnish.] tleness, prudence, and mercy; not with up, 1. To strip of ornaments.
Dict. braiding and disgraceful language, but with such 2. To take guns from a fortress.
only as may express and reprove the fault, and
amend the person. To DiscloʻRIFY. v.a. [dis and glorify.]
Taylor's Holy Living.
To retire behind their chariots, was as little To deprive of glory; to treat with disgraceful then, as it is now to alight from one's indignity.
horse in a battle.
Pope So Dagon shall be magnified, and God, Disgra’CEFULLY. adv. [from disgraceBesides whom is no god, compar'd with idols,
ful.]. In disgrace ; with indignity ; igDisglorified, blasphem'd, and had in scorn.
nominiously. To Disgo'rge. v.a. [degorger, Fr. from
The senate have cast you forth
Disgracefully, to be the common tale gorge, the throat.]
Of the whole city.
Ben Jonsona 1. To discharge by the mouth; to spew Disgra’CEFULNESS. n.s. [from disgraceout; to vomit.
ful.] Ignominy So, so, thou common dog, didst thou disgorge Disgracer, n. s. [from disgrace.] One Thy glutton bosom of the royal Richard ? And now thou wouldst eat thy dead vomit up. that exposes to shame; one that causes
ignominy. From the distant shore they loudly laught, I have given good advice to those infamous To see his heaving breast disgorge the briny disgracers of the sex and calling.
Dryden. Disgracious. adj. [dis and gracious.] 2. To pour out with violence.
I do suspect I have done some offence,
That seems disgracious in the city's eye. Shaksp;
To Disguise. v.a. [deguiser, Fr. dis and
Sbakspeare. The deep-drawing barks do there disgorge
guise.] Their warlike fraughtage. Sbakspeare.
1. To conceal by an unusual dress. They move along the banks Of four infernal rivers, that disgorge
How might we disguise him?
-Alas! I know not: there is no woman's Into the burning lake their baletul streams. gown big enough for him.
Disguis'd he came; but those his children Countries much annoyed with earthquakes,
dear have volcanoes; and these are constantly all in Their parent soon discern'd through his disguise. fames whenever any earthquake happens; they
Milton. disgorging that fire which was the cause of the 2. To bide by a counterfeit appearance; disaster.
to cloak by a false show : as, he disDisGRA'CE. 9. s. [disgrace, Fr.]
anger. 1. State of being out of favour.
3. To disfigure; to change the form. 2. State of ignominy; dishonour; state of
They saw the faces, which too well they shame.
knew, Like a dull actor, now
Though then disguis'd in death, and smear'd all I have forgot my part, and I am out Even to a full disgrace.
Sbaksp. With filth obscene, and dropping putrid gores Poetry, howsoever censured, is not fallen from the higliest stage of honour to the lowest
More duteous at her call, stair of disgrace.
Peacham, Than at Circean call the herd disguis’d. Miltum. 3. Act of unkindness. Obsolete.
Ulysses wakes, not knowing the place where To such bondage he was for so many courses he was; because Minerva made all things aptied by her, whose disgraces to him were graced pear in a disguised view.
Popes by her excellence.
Šidney. 4. To deform by liquor ; a low term.