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SUBCHAPTER A CIVIL AIR REGULATIONS

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PART 1-CERTIFICATION, IDENTIFI

CATION, AND MARKING OF AIR-
CRAFT AND RELATED PRODUCTS

APPLICABILITY AND DEFINITIONS
Sec.
1.0 Applicability of this part.
1.1 Definitions.
1.2 Type design.

TYPE CERTIFICATES 1.10 Application. 1.10-1 Application for type certificato

(FAA rules which apply to

$ 1.10). 1.11 Products for which issued. 1.11-1 Appliances (FAA policies which

apply to $ 1.11). 1.12 Requirements for issuance. 1.12–1 Requirements for issuance of type

certificates (FAA policies which

apply to $ 1.12). 1.12-2 Inspection of prototype (FAA poll

cies which apply to $ 1.15–(b)). 1.13 Location of manufacturing facill

ties. 1.14 Transferability. 1.14-1 Transferability (FAA interpreta

tions which apply to $ 1.14). 1.15 Inspections and tests. 1.15-1 Inspections and tests (FAA policies

which apply to $ 1.15). 1.15-2 Production test flight authorization

(FAA policies which apply to

§ 1.15). 1.15-3 Logging of production aircraft flight

test time (FAA policies which ap

ply to $ 1.15 (d)). 1.15-4 Production inspection system (FAA

rules which apply to $ 1.16 (d)). 1.15–5 Production Inspection system stand

ards (FAA rules which apply to

$ 1.16 (d)). 1.15-6 Surveillance of production inspec

tion system (FAA policies which

apply to $ 1.15 (d)). 1.16 Duration, 1.17 Display 1.18 Privileges. 1.19 Statement of conformity. 1.19-1 Statement of conformity (FAA rules

which apply to $ 1.19 (a)).

CHANGES IN TYPE DESIGN 1.20

General 1.20-1 Changes in type design (FAA poll.

cies which apply to $ 1.20). 1.21 Classification of changes. 1.22 Approval of minor changes. 1.23 Approval of major changes. 1.24 Service experience changes.

SUPPLEMENTAL TYPE CERTIFICATES 1.25 Supplemental type certificates. 1.25-1 Application for a supplemental type

1.34 1.341

Applicable requirements. Alrworthiness requirements (FAA

policies which apply to $ 1.26). Requirements for issuance. Procedures for obtaining approval

(FAA policies which apply to

$ 1.27). Issuance and recording of supple

mental type certificates (FAA

policies which apply to $ 1.27). Privileges. Airworthiness certification or ap

proval of modified aircraft or products (FAA policies which apply to $ 1.28). PRODUCTION CERTIFICATES Application. Application for a production certif.

icate (FAA rules which apply to

$ 1.30). Processing application (FAA poll

cles which apply to $ 1.30). Products for which issued. Requirements for issuance. Production certification require

ments (FAA policies which apply

to $ 1.32). Location of manufacturing facill

ties. Location of manufacturing facill

ties (FAA policies which apply to

$ 1.83). Quality control. Quality control; general (FAA inter

pretations which apply to $ 1.94). Quality control (FAA policies which

apply to $ 1.34). Quality control; special procedure

(FAA policies which apply to

$ 1.34). Privileges. Statement of conformity (FAA poll

cies which apply to $ 1.35). Quality control data requirements;

prime manufacturer. Quality control data requirements

(FAA policies which apply to

$ 1.36). Quality control data (FAA inter

pretations which apply to $ 1.36). Information on subsidiary manu

facturers. Information on Inspection system;

subsidiary manufacturers (FAA

policies which apply to $ 1.37). Changes in quality control system. Changes in quality control system

(FAA interpretations which ap

1.34-2

1.343

1.35
1.35-1

1.36

1.36-1

1.36-2

1.37

1.37–1

1.38
1.38-1

1.39
1.39-1

certificate (FAA policies which apply to $ 1.25).

ply to $ 1.38). Multiple products. Multiple products (FAA policies

which apply to $ 1.39). Production limitation record. Production limitation record (FAA

policies which apply to $ 1.40).

1.40
1.40-1

Sec.
1.41 Modification of the production lim-

itation record.
1.41-1 Modifying a production limitation

record (FAA policies which apply

to $ 1.41), 1.42 Transferability. 1.42-1 Change of ownership (FAA policies

which apply to $ 1.42). 1.43 Inspections and tests. 1.43-1 Inspection by FAA representative

(FAA policies which apply to

$ 1.43).
1.43-2 Inspection by FAA Designated

Manufacturing Inspection Repre-
sentatives (FAA policies which

apply to $ 1.43).
1.44 Duration.
1.44-1 Duration (FAA policies which ap-

ply to $ 1.44). 1.45 Display. 1.45-1 Display (FAA policies which apply

to $ 1.45). 1.46

Responsibility of holder. AIRCRAFT AND PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION 1.50 Identification. 1.50-1 Identification (FAA policies which

apply to $ 1.50). REPLACEMENT AND MODIFICATION PARTS 1.55 Applicable rules. 1.55-1 Replacement and modification

parts; design approval (FAA poli

cies which apply to $ 1.55). 1.55–2 Replacement and modification

parts; Inspection approval (FAA

policies which apply to $ 1.55). 1.55–3 Fabrication Inspection system (FAA

rules which apply to $ 1.55). 1.55-4 Surveillance of Inspection system

(FAA policies which apply to

$ 1.55).

AIRWORTHINESS CERTIFICATES 1.60 Application. 1.60–1 "Registered owner" (FAA interpre

tations which apply to $ 1.60). 1.60-2 Application form (FAA rules which

apply to $ 1.80). 1.60-3 Processing application (FAA poll

cies which apply to $ 1.60). 1.60-4 Alrworthiness certificates (FAA

policies which apply to $ 1.60). 1.61 Alrcraft categories for which air

worthiness certificates are issued. 1.61-1 Alrworthiness certificate classifca

tions (FAA policies which apply

to $ 1.61). 1.62 Amendment or modification. 1.62-1 Changing airworthiness classifica

tion (FAA policies which apply

to $ 1.62). 1.63

Transferability. 1.64

Duration. 1.65 Display. 1.65-1 Display of airworthiness certincate

(FAA rules which apply to $ 1.85). 1.66 Airworthiness certificates for nor

mal, utility, acrobatic, and trans-
port categories.

Sec.
1.87 Airworthiness certificates for nor-

mal, utility, acrobatic, and trans-
port category aircraft; require-

ment for issuance. 1.68 Alrworthiness certificates for re

stricted category aircraft. 1.69 Alrworthiness certificates for re

stricted category aircraft; re

quirements for issuance. 1.69-1 Issuance of restricted airworthi

ness certificates (FAA policies.

which apply to $ 1.69). 1.70 Multiple alrworthiness certification. 1.70–1 Issuance of multiple airworthiness

certificates (FAA policies which

apply to $ 1.70). 1.71 Alrworthiness certificate for limit

ed category aircraft. 1.71-1 Issuance of limited airworthiness.

certificates (FAA policies which

apply to $ 1.71). 1.72 Airworthiness certificate for limit

ed category aircraft; requirements

for reissuance. 1.72-1 Procedure to be followed for re

certification in the "limited category" (FAA policies which apply

to $ 1.72). 1.73 Experimental certificates. 1.73-1 Experimental airworthiness certif

cation (FAA policies which apply

to $ 1.73). 1.74 Experimental certificates; require

ments for issuance. 1.74-1 Requirements for the issuance of

experimental airworthiness certificates (FAA rules which apply

to $ 1.74 (a)). 1.74-2 Additional information (FAA poll

cies which apply to $ 1.74 (a)). 1.74-3 Certification of amateur-built air

craft (FAA policies which apply

to $ 1.74). 1.75 Experimental certificates; duration. 1.75-1 Duration of experimental

airworthiness certificate (FAA poli

cies which apply to $ 1.75). 1.76 Special flight permits. 1.76-1 Special flight permits (FAA inter

pretations which apply to $ 1.76). 1.77 Special flight permits; requirements

for Issuance. 1.77–1 Application for permit (FAA rules

which apply to $ 1.77). 1.77–2 Airworthiness (FAA policies which

apply to $ 1.77). 1.77–3 Flight restrictions (FAA policies.

which apply to $ 1.77). 1.77-4 Authorization for air carrier ferry

flight of a four-engine airplane with one engine inoperative (FAA

rules which apply to $ 1.77 (c)). AIRCRAFT NATIONALITY AND REGISTRATION

MARKS 1.100 General. 1.101 Display of identification marks. 1.101-1 Assignment of registration numbers

(FAA policies which apply to $ 1.101 (a)).

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Sec. 1.102 Location of identification marks. 1.103 Measurements of identification

marks. 1.104 Color. 1.105 Affixation. 1.106 Design. 1.107 Maintenance. 1.108 Identification marks for noncon

ventional aircraft. 1.108-1 Identification marks for noncon

ventional aircraft (FAA rules

which apply to § 1.108). 1.109 Identification marks for export air

craft. 1.109-1 Identification marks for export air

craft (FAA policies which apply

to $ 1.109). 1.110 Removal of aircraft identification

marks. AUTHORITY: $ $ 1.0 to 1.110 issued under sec. 205, 52 Stat. 984, as amended; 49 U. S. C. 425. Interpret or apply secs. 601, 603, 1102, 52 Stat. 1007, as amended, 1009, as amended, 1026, as amended; 49 U.S.C. 551, 553, 672. Additional authority is cited in parentheses following the sections affected.

SOURCE: $ $ 1.0 to 1.110, issued by the Civil Aeronautics Board, appear at 20 F. R. 7722, Oct. 14, 1955, as amended at 24 F.R. 5, Jan. 1, 1959, except as otherwise noted.

Sections of this part bearing two or more numbers to the right of the decimal point separated by a dash are rules, policies or interpretations issued by the former Civil Aeronautics Administration (now the Federal Aviation Agency). Sources are cited to text. SPECIAL CIVIL AIR REGULATIONS

SR-407 1. Applicability. Contrary provisions of the Civil Air Regulations regarding certification notwithstanding, this regulation shall provide the basis for approval by the Administrator of modifications of individual Douglas DC-3 and Lockheed L-18 airplanes subsequent to the effective date of this regulation.

2. General modifications. Except as modified in sections 3 and 4 of this regulation, an applicant for approval of modifications to a DC-3 or L-18 airplane which result in changes in design or in changes to approved limitations shall show that the modifications were accomplished in accordance with the rules of either Part 4a or Part 4b in effect on September 1, 1953, which are applicable to the modification being made: Provided, That an applicant may elect to accomplish a modification in accordance with the rules of Part 4b in effect on the date of application for the modification in lieu of Part 42 or

It is not intended to walve compliance with such airworthiness requirements as are included in the operating parts of the Civil Alr Regulations for specific types of operation.

Part 4b as in effect on September 1, 1953: And provided further, That each specido modification must be accomplished in accordance with all of the provisions contained in the elected rules relating to the particular modification.

3. Specific conditions for approval. An applicant for any approval of the following specific changes shall comply with section 2 of this regulation as modified by the appli. cable provisions of this section.

(a) Increase in take-off power limitation 1,200 to 1,350 horsepower. The engine takeoff power limitation for the airplane may be increased to more than 1,200 horsepower but not to more than 1,350 horsepower per engine if the increase in power does not adversely affect the flight characteristics of the air. plane.

(b) Increase in take-of power limitation to more than 1,350 horsepower. The engino take-off power limitation for the airplane may be increased to more than 1,350 horse. power per engine if compliance is shown with the flight characteristics and ground ban. dling requirements of Part 4b.

(c) Installation of engines of not more than 1,830 cubic inches displacement and not having a certificated take-of rating of more than 1,350 horsepower. Engines of not more than 1,830 cubic inches displacement and not having a certificated take-off rating of more than 1,350 horsepower which necessitate & major modification or redesign of the engine installation may be installed, if the engine fire prevention and fire protection are equlvalent to that on the prior engine Installation.

(d) Installation of engines of more than 1,830 cubic inches displacement or having certificated take-o rating of more than 1,350 horsepower. Engines of more than 1,830 cubic Inches displacement or having certificated take-off rating of more than 1,850 horsepower may be installed in compliance is shown with the engine installation requirements of Part 4b: Provided, That where literal compliance with the engine Installation requirements of Part 4b is extremely difficult to accomplish and would not con. tribute materially to the objective sought, and the Administrator finds that the experience with the DC-3 or L-18 airplanes justifies it, he is authorized to accept such measures of compliance as he finds will effectively accomplish the basic objective.

4. Establishment of new maximum certifcated weights. An applicant for approval of new maximum certificated weights shall apply for an amendment of the airworthiness certificate of the airplane and shall show that the weights sought have been established, and the appropriate manual material obtained, as provided in this section.

NOTE: Transport category performance requirements result in the establishment of maximum certificated weights for various altitudes.

(a) Weights25,200 to 26,900 for the DC-3 and 18,500 to 19,500 for the L-18. New max.

mum certificated weights of more than 25,200 but not more than 26,900 pounds for DC-3 and more than 18,500 but not more than 19,500 pounds for L-18 airplanes may be established in accordance with the transport category performance requirements of either Part 4a or Part 4b, if the airplane at the new maximum weights can meet the structural requirements of the elected part.

(b) Weights of more than 26,900 for the DC-3 and 19,500 for the L-18. New maximum certificated weights of more than 26,900 pounds for DC-3 and 19,500 pounds for L-18 airplanes shall be established in accordance with the structural performance, flight characteristics, and ground handling requirements of Part 4b: Provided, That where literal compliance with the structural requirements of Part 4b 1s extremely difficult to accomplish and would not contribute materially to the objective sought, and the Administrator finds that the experience with the DC-3 or L-18 airplanes Justifies it, he is authorized to accept such measures of compliance as he finds will effectively accompīish the basic objective.

(c) Airplane flight manual performance operating information. An approved airplane flight manual shall be provided for each DC_3 and L-18 airplane which has had new maximum certificated weights estabIlshed under this section. The airplane flight manual shall contain the applicable performance Information prescribed in that part of the regulations under which the new certificated weights were established and such additional Information as may be necessary to enable the application of the takeoit, route, and landing limitations prescribed for transport category airplanes in the operating parts of the Civil Air Regu. lations.

(d) Performance operating limitations. Each airplane for which new maximum cer. tificated weights are established in accordance with paragraphs (a) or (b) of this section shall be considered a transport category airplane for the purpose of complying with the performance operating limitations applicable to the operations in which it 18 utilized.

5. Reference: Unless otherwise provided, all references in this regulation to Part 4a and Part 4b are those parts of the Civil Air Regulations in effect on September 1, 1968.

NOTE: Parts 48 and 4b as amended and in effect on September 1, 1953, were published in the FEDERAL REGISTER at the following citations: Part 4a, 14 F. R. 4072, 14 F. R. 3742, 14 F. R. 6769, 15 F. R. 28, 17 F. R. 11631; Part 4b, 15 F. R. 3543, 15 F. R. 8903, 15 F. R. 9184, 16 F. R. 314, 16 F. R. 11759, 16 F. R. 12220, 17 F. R. 1087, 17 F. R. 11631, 18 F. R. 2213.

This regulation supersedes Special Civil Air Regulation SR-398 and shall remain effective until superseded or rescinded by the Board. (19 F.R. 5039, Aug. 11, 1954)

SR-425C

GENERAL 1. Applicability. Contrary provisions of the Civil Air Regulations notwithstanding, provisional type and airworthiness certificates, amendments to provisional type certificates, and provisional amendments to type certificates, will be issued as prescribed in this regulation to a manufacturer or an air carrier. As used in this regulation, a manufacturer shall mean only a manufacturer who is a citizen of the United States; and the term air carrier shall not include an air taxi operator.

2. Eligibility.

(a) A manufacturer of aircraft manufactured by him within the United States may apply for Class I or Class II provisional type and provisional airworthiness certificates, for amendments to provisional type certificates held by him, and for provisional amendments to type certificates held by him.

(b) An air carrier holding an air carrier operating certificate authorizing him to conduct operations under Parts 40, 41, 42, or 46 of the Civil Air Regulations may apply for Class II provisional airworthiness certificates for transport category aircraft which meet the conditions of either subparagraphs (1) or (2) of this paragraph.

(1) The aircraft has a currently valid Class II provisional type certificate or an amendment thereto;

(2) The aircraft has a currently valid provisional amendment to a type certificate which was preceded by a corresponding Class II provisional type certificate.

(c) An engine manufacturer who has altered a type certificated aircraft by Installing different type certificated engines, manufactured by him within the United States, in place of the original engines, may apply for Class I provisional type and provisional airworthiness certificates for such aircraft, and for amendments to Class I provisional type certificates held by him, if the basic aircraft, before alteration, was type certificated in the normal, utility, acrobatic, transport category.

3. Application—(a) General. Applications for provisional type and airworthiness certifcates, for amendments to provisional type certificates, and for provisional amendments to type certificates, shall be submitted to the Chief, Flight Standards Division, FAA, of the Regional Office in which the manufacturer or air carrier is located and shall be accompanied by the pertinent information specified in this regulation.

4. Duration. Unless sooner surrendered, superseded, revoked, or otherwise terminated, certificates and amendments thereto, shall have periods of duration in accordance with paragraphs (a) through (f) of this section.

(a) A Class I provisional type certificate shall remain in effect for 24 months after the date of its issuance or until the date of issuance of the corresponding type or supple

en

or

mental type certificate, whichever occurs first.

(b) A Class I provisional type certificate shall expire immediately upon issuance of a Class II provisional type certificate for aircraft of the same type design.

(c) A Class II provisional type certificate shall remain in effect for 6 months after the date of its issuance or 60 days after the date of issuance of the corresponding type certificate, whichever occurs first.

(d) An amendment to a Class I or a Class II provisional type certificate shall remain in effect for the duration of the corresponding provisional type certificate.

(e) A provisional amendment to a type certificate shall remain in effect for 6 months after its approval or until the amendment to the type certificate is approved, whichever occurs first.

(f) Provisional airworthiness certificates shall remain in effect for the duration of the corresponding provisional type certificate, amendment to a provisional type certificate, or a provisional amendment to the type certificate.

5. Transferability of certificates. Certifcates issued pursuant to this regulation are not transferable except that a Class II provisional airworthiness certificate may be transferred to an air carrier eligible to apply for such certificate under section 2 of this regulation.

6. Display of certificates and markings. A provisional airworthiness certificate shall be prominently displayed in the aircraft for which it is issued. The words “Provisional Airworthiness” shall be painted in letters not less than 2 inches high on the exterior of such aircraft adjacent to each entrance to the cabin and cockpit of the aircraft.

REQUIREMENTS FOR ISSUANCE 7. Class I provisional type certificates. A Class I provisional type certificate and amendments thereto will be issued for a particular type design when the eligible air ft or engine manufacturer shows compliance with the provisions of paragraph (a) through (f) of this section, and an authorized representative of the Administrator finds, on the basis of information submitted to him by the manufacturer in compliance with the provisions of this section and of other relevant information, that there is no feature, characteristic, or condition which would render the aircraft unsafe when operated in accordance with the limitations established in paragraph (d) of this section and in section 13 of this regulation.

(a) The manufacturer has applied for the issuance of a type or supplemental type certificate for the aircraft.

(b) The manufacturer certifies that the aircraft has met the provisions of subparagraphs (1) through (3) of this paragraph.

(1) The aircraft has been designed and constructed in accordance with the air. worthiness requirements applicable to the

issuance of the type or supplemental type certificate for the aircraft;

(2) The aircraft substantially complies with the applicable flight characteristics requirements for the type or supplemental type certificate;

(3) The aircraft can be operated safely under the appropriate operating limitations specified in this regulation.

(c) The manufacturer has submitted a report showing that the aircraft had been flown in all maneuvers necessary to show compliance with the flight requirements for the issuance of the type or supplemental type certificate and to establish that the aircraft can be operated safely in accordance with the limitations specified in this regulation.

(d) The manufacturer has established limitations with respect to weights, speeds, fight maneuvers, loading, operation of controls and equipment, and all other relevant factors. The limitations shall include all the limitations required for the issuance of a type or supplemental type certificate for the aircraft. Provided, That, where such limitations have not been established, appropriate restrictions on the operation of the aircraft shall be established.

(e) The manufacturer has established an inspection and maintenance program for the continued airworthiness of the aircraft.

(f) A prototype aircraft has been flown by the manufacturer for at least 50 hours pursuant to the authority of an experimental certificate issued under Part 1 of the Civil Air Regulations or under the auspices of a United States military service: Provided, That the number of flight hours may be reduced by the authorized representative of the Administrator in the case of an amendment to a provisional type certificate.

8. Class I provisional airworthiness certificates. Except as provided in section 12 of this regulation, a Class I provisional airworthiness certificate will be issued for an aircraft, for which a Class I provisional type certificate is in effect, when the eligible aircraft or engine manufacturer shows compliance with the provisions of paragraphs (a) through (d) of this section, and an authorized representative of the Administrator finds that there is no feature, characteristic, or condition of the aircraft which would render the aircraft unsafe when operated in accordance with the limitations established in sections 7(d) and 13 of this regulation.

(a) The manufacturer is the holder of the provisional type certificate for the aircraft.

(b) The manufacturer submits a statement that the aircraft conforms to the type design corresponding with the provisional type certificate and has been found by him to be in safe operating condition under the applicable limitations.

(c) The aircraft has been flown at least 5 hours by the manufacturer.

(d) The aircraft has been supplied with a provisional aircraft flight manual or other document and appropriate placards contain

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