Page images


Prisoners taken

816 figure, but the best light Mr Nolt (cattle]


Lang can throw upon him reShepe

12,492 Nags and geldings

veals few but ugly features.

1,296 Bolls of corn


“He resisted the ambition of Insight gear [furnishing]

Henry VIII., carrying on the policy

of Bishop Kennedy, and of LamberTo the list of another year is ton and Frazer, and the other prelates added the note

who backed Wallace and Bruce in the

War of Independence. His motives, “Grete quantite of insight brought of course, were no more purely sentiawaye, over and besydes a grete mental than those of Bishop Kennedy quantite of corne and insight and a or other politicians. Beaton was a greate nombre of all sortes of catail great ecclesiastic of the Renaissance : burned in the townes and howss, and he may have been as sceptical as is not numbred in the lettres, and many of his peers. In fighting for menye menne also hurt."

the Church and against England he

was fighting for his own band, for The last phases of this war- wealth and power— his own and that fare were the most horrible.

of the clergy. . . . Against him were The atrocities alleged against Henry; the wealth and arms of Eng;

the utterly unscrupulous ambition of Wallace at Hexham, and the land, the hired partisans of England

; butchery with which Edward I. among the nobles, and the rapid signalised the sack of Berwick, spread of the new ideas. In resisting stand out distinct from the

all these he displayed unrivalled

tenacity, great political courage general character of the war

(though his personal bravery has been of independence, which was impeached), with much craft and generally conducted fair subtlety, it is to be feared with entire lines, often modified by quix- ruthlessness

, and with unwearying

resolution. ... Beaton was no saint; otic chivalry. But, as we ap- he lived in open relations with Mariproach the close of the long oun or Mariot Ogilvy (a lady of the strife between the nations, a

House of Airlie), by whom he had a new and sinister glare floods

family. His wealth was unapostolic.

He rarely appears as a patron of the scene, shed from the bale

learning — the times were too confires of religious controversy. fused. He put into force the laws of It is difficult to treat dispas- the land against heresy, just as More sionately, even at this day,

did, and as Henry himself was doing, of the behaviour of Catho though

though in some respects with less

cruelty. In brief, he was a great lics and Protestants to each ecclesiastical statesman of the time, other; and one becomes con- but to call him (as some do) 'the inscious of moro gall in Mr Lang's famous Beaton'is to show a lack of ink as he writes the last chapter

the historical sense, and blindness to

historical perspective." of the volume—The Tragedy of the Cardinal. His sympathies

We remain unconvinced. are manifestly with the old Laying aside his conventional faith; those of most of his attributes as a “great ecclesiScottish readers will be with astical statesman," what epithet the new : it is here, therefore, more precisely fits that dignithat offence, if offence there be, tary of the Church who, living is most likely to be found. The in cynically flagrant sin himauthor would have carried more self, burnt humble heretics persons with him had Cardinal wholesale (he hired fifty-four Beaton presented a worthier cart-horses in one day to con


vey his victims to the stake), and sword without exception and drowned “a woman for where resistance shall be made praying to God and Christ against you." That traitorous rather than to the Virgin when Soot, Sir George Douglas, rein childbed ”? If to pronounce peatedly warned Henry in his such actions and such a life letters that he would never infamous, no matter what may win Scotland, “by reason of have been other actions and the extreme war that is used other lives at the time, be in- in killing women and young

, consistent with historical sense children.' and perspective, so much the We have written frankly on worse for history: they must certain views in which we canfor ever remain stamped with not concur with the author, but infamy. In an age when so that does not one whit detract many and so better souls were from our welcome to this work dismissed by the assassin's blade, nor our enjoyment in its perwe can find no 'special tears to usal. We willingly leave to shed for the victim-no special others the task of criticising vials of wrath to invoke upon style, boggling over colloquialhis butchers. The rugged, un- isms, and complaining of a few lovely figure of John Knox, obscurities. The last arise with all his venom and acri- chiefly from the author assummony, even with so much of ing too much acquaintance with the falsehood imputed to him historical detail on the part of by Mr Lang as may be his due, his reader, as in 1544, when compels from us

Arran is referred to as having which the gross Cardinal can "unleashed a Protestant Donever command. When Mr minican preacher whom the Lang sighs — " with


David people were anxious to lynch." Beaton slain and with Knox But before closing this remarkhurrying forward to assume a able and delightful volume we power greater than Beaton's must be so ungracious as to we may say of old Catholic utter a complaint, by reason Scotland, as said the dying that the notes and the refCardinal, Fie, all is gone!'

are huddled together —we can allow it so to go, feel. inconveniently at the end of ing that it had passed beyond each chapter, instead of comredemption.

fortably at the foot of each Nevertheless, the ferocity was page.

What reader is there not all upon the Cardinal's side. who does not owe some of his Let no man ride away

with that most succulent morsels of knownotion. Henry VIII.'s political ledge to information packed wooing was tiger - like in its modestly away in footnotessavagery. His Privy Council like those delicate pieces on the sent orders to Hertford, com- back of a fowl called by epicures manding the field force in Scotr les-sots-les-laissent—the savour land in 1543, that he was to whereof is sadly wasted before burn and destroy, “putting they can be overtaken several man, woman, and child to fire


ahead ?

a reverence






At the time of the outbreak garrisoned the station and fort. of the Indian Mutiny my brother Evidence confirmatory of these and I were engaged in business rumours accumulated daily, as indigo - planters and mer- spreading consternation and chants in Fatehgarh. We dismay among the residents; occupied a bungalow together and meetings were held hurriedin the civil station on the banks ly to concert measures for the of the river Ganges, where we protection of the ladies and led a happy life amid a wide children, and to take steps for circle of friends residing in the defence of the station. Fatehgarh and the surrounding The awkwardness of the district. Indigo in those days situation, however, rendered was a prosperous manufacture, unanimity impossible, and paraand the life of the merchant lay lysed the counsels of the authorin pleasant places. The Ger- ities. The military officers, in mans had not then invented spite of evidence and the trend aniline to supplant it and wipe of passing events, refused to the “true blue” out of exist- believe that their sepoys were

The old race of planters, disloyal, and declined to do whose prestige stood high with anything that might savour of the natives, and whose verbal distrust. Under the circumpromise was as good as a bond, stances, the civil authorities is fast disappearing, and the were unable to take the initialink that held them in touch tive, and they refused to abanwith the rulers and the people don the station as long as the will soon be a matter of tra- sepoys were held together. It dition. To return, however, to was their plain duty to stick to the past.

Whilst living in their posts, though convinced of profound peace, happy in our the insecurity of their position. Indian home, strange rumours It was a most painful dilemma, reached our ears, disquieting, and the lives of something like yet discredited. Presently we 300 Europeans hung upon were startled by news of muti- prompt action. The roads to nous regiments, and before we Cawnpore and Agra were still could realise what that meant open, and escape

was still

posreports of outbreaks poured in sible for the majority if measures in quick succession, together were instantly adopted for their with alarming accounts of mur- removal. The unofficial residers and massacres. The whole dents, fully alive to the emercountry seemed perturbed, and gency, resolved upon taking the

were harassed now with matter into their own hands. whispers of the unreliability of They decided to secure boats for the 10th Native Infantry, who themselves and their families, VOL. CLXVII.—NO. MXV.

2 s


It was


and to hold them in readiness to bouring station. quit the station at a moment's ported that the mutineers were notice and to pull down to marching on Fatehgarh, from Cawnpore, which, equipped as which they were then a day's it was with a strong European march distant. The effect of garrison and easy of access this rumour was electrical. The under any circumstances, we

circumstances, we residents hurried to the boats, never doubted for an instant there to await eventualities and would be safe. The civil author- the signal that was to sever ities and others unconnected them from their cherished with the regiment joined in the homes. The conduct of the scheme, and the great body of 10th on that occasion was as planters, merchants, and mis- exemplary as it was unexpected. sionaries lost no time in provid- They obeyed the orders of their ing the boats, which, it was commandant cheerfully, and arranged, should be moored showed no indication of a disunder the magistrate's bunga position to fraternise with the low, ready to cast off at a given 9th. The


with letters from signal. We all slept either on the mutineers was given up the boats or in the houses of to the colonel, whose orders to friends in their vicinity. Our barricade and defend the roads lives during the period of sus

were carried out with alacrity. pense and waiting were any. Every preparation was made to thing but enviable. The heat give the invaders a warm rewas awful, and every hour was ception; but whether the starendered terrible by alarms by tion would have stood the test day, while by night the bazaar- of actual attack is problematical. men shouted and discharged The immediate effect, however, firearms to keep off marauders, was satisfactory, as the wouldand the dogs howled in sym- be invaders, getting wind of the pathy, making night hideous doings at Fatehgarh, prudently and chasing away rest. We turned their faces in the direcwere painfully distracted, and tion of Delhi. I may here menin every

mind the wish was tion that the 10th, having served uppermost that the crisis might in Burmah, whither they were come and relieve us of the in- conveyed in ships, and having tolerable tension of inaction and thus crossed the “black waters, suspense.

were looked upon as outcasts, I think it was on the 3rd of and regarded with suspicion and June that the news arrived of distrust. This fact no doubt the mutiny of the 9th Native influenced the course of action Infantry at Aligarh, a neigh- taken by the 9th.

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It is almost certain that had passed over quietly and events matters ended there that night have taken a different turn. the whole trouble would have Unhappily the colonel found it necessary to remove the treasure gling boats drifted with the from the collector's office to a sluggish stream, the native place of greater safety, and the boatmen toiling wearily at their sight of the great bags of rupees unwieldy oars, producing just proved too much for his men, enough way to keep the boats' who lost all control of them- heads straight while the Euroselves and clamoured for their peans, armed with their sporting custody, refusing to obey orders guns and rifles, kept a sharp or to listen to reason, and threat- look-out and urged the labouring ening violence to their officers. manjis (boatmen) with promises The confusion and disturbance and threats. By daylight next were great, and the din of the morning we had put eight or bazaars redoubled.

The news

ten miles between us and Fatehof this incident, together with garh, our progress having been the report of the subsequent delayed by the frequent groundlooting of the treasure, was con- ing of the boats in the shallows. veyed to us at midnight, magni By break of day unforeseen fied and exaggerated as only difficulties and dangers began native gossip can be; and the to manifest themselves, foresudden blazing of a large stack shadowing worse to come. Our of thatching grass, suggesting hopes that the villagers would the firing of bungalows, com- not be hostile or molest our pleted our consternation. There passage were rudely dispelled was no further need to await at Singhirampur, a large village the long-looked-for signal for situated on a prominent height departure. The fleet of some- of the river - bank. . Here the thing like twenty boats cast off inhabitants turned out in force and dropped down the stream, and demanded immediate surthe majority of the occupants render, emphasising their threats never to return again.

with a discharge of matchlocks. Who can possibly describe A prompt reply from the boats what passed through the minds soon undeceived the fellows, and of those unhappy voyagers ? we rapidly pulled through the The youthful members of the fire without sustaining any loss party, unable to realise the or damage. forlorn nature of the move and The small guard of Oudh supported by the natural buoy- Thakurs provided by Koer ancy of their spirits, refused to Hardeo Buksh—a powerful talbe cast down by the gloomy ukhdar in Oudh—for the prooutlook. But the agonies of tection of Mr Probyn, the magfathers and mothers, torn from istrate, whose friendship he had their homes, with fortunes won, foreseeing greater dangers wrecked and their dear ones ahead, counselled the party not in dire danger, were terrible; to proceed farther without conand how earnest must have sulting Hardeo Buksh. A mesbeen their appeals to heaven senger was despatched to him for deliverance from the cruel at once, while we continued on hands of the enemy!

our journey to the mouth of the Slowly the long line of strag- Ramganga, there to await his

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