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the obligation to present them for consideration by the appropriate authorities.

The International Labor Office acts as a secretariat for the annual Conference, prepares material for the use of the Conference, and, following up the work of the Conference, endeavors to obtain the early consideration by member states of the conventions and recommendations adopted at the Conference. It also acts as a bureau for the collection and dissemination of information bearing upon the problems of labor and industry. It edits and publishes several periodicals and numerous reports of international interest dealing with problems of industry and employment.

The Governing Body of the International Labor Office is the administrative agent of the Office and is composed of the representatives of governments, employers, and workers. The Governing Body meets four times each year to receive reports on the activities of the Office, to outline future work of the Office, and to prepare the agenda for the sessions of the annual Conference.

The Honorable John G. Winant, who had served as Director of the International Labor Organization since January 1, 1939, resigned this position on February 15, 1941 upon being appointed American Ambassador to Great Britain. Mr. E. J. Phelan, Deputy Director, automatically became Acting Director on that date.

In December 1940 an Inter-American Committee to Forward Social Security was organized under the auspices of the International Labor Organization. The purpose of this Committee is to promote technical cooperation and the exchange of information among the social-security boards and institutions in the American countries.

The membership of the United States in the Organization was authorized by Public Resolution 43, approved June 19, 1934 (48 Stat. 1182). Money for the first contribution of the United States toward the expenses of the Organization was appropriated by Congress on March 22, 1935 (49 Stat. 73). For the fiscal year ending June 30, 1941 the sum of $163,511.64, including an amount not to exceed $8,000 for the expenses of participation by the United States in the meetings of the general Conference and of the Governing Body of the International Labor Office and in such regional, industrial, or other special meetings as might be duly called by such Governing Body, was appropriated by Congress (54 Stat. 188).

Full information concerning any of the meetings held under the auspices of the Organization may be obtained from the Washington branch of the International Labor Organization, 734 Jackson Place, NW., Washington, D.C., or from the Department of Labor, Washington, D. C.



(Convention of March 1, 1889 a)

American Offices: El Paso, Texas.
Mexican Offices: Ciudad Juárez, Mexico.
American Commissioner of Waters and Boundaries: Lawrence M.

Lawson, of California.
Mexican Commissioner of Waters and Boundaries: Gustavo P.


American Consulting Engineer: Culver M. Ainsworth, of New

Mexican Consulting Engineer: Joaquín C. Bustamante.
American Chief Clerk and Secretary: Mervin B. Moore, of Texas.
Mexican Secretary: José Hernández Ojeda.


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The International Boundary Commission, United States and Mexico, as now constituted, was created pursuant to the provisions of the convention concluded March 1, 1889 (Treaty Series 232; 26 Stat. 1512), with exclusive jurisdiction to examine and decide all differences or questions arising on that portion of the frontier between the United States of America and the United Mexican States where the Rio Grande and the Colorado River form the boundary line as established under the treaties of 1848 (Treaty Series 207; 9 Stat. 922), 1853 (Treaty Series 208; 10 Stat. 1031), and 1884 (Treaty Series 226; 24 Stat. 1011), growing out of changes in the beds of, or construction work in, these rivers, or due to any other cause affecting the boundary. Matters pertaining to the practical location and monumentation of the overland boundary of 675 miles between El Paso, Texas, and the Pacific Ocean, as well as questions for investigation and report touching flood-control measures along the boundary, are also submitted to the Commission from time to time upon the concurrence of the two Governments. The Commission is empowered to suspend the construction of works of any character along the Rio Grande and Colorado River that contravene existing



1 26 Stat. 1512.

On January 1, 1941 the positions of Mexican Commissioner, held by Joaquín Pedrero Córdova, and Mexican Water Commissioner, held by Gustavo P. Serrano, were consolidated, and Mr. Serrano was appointed Mexican Commissioner of International Waters and Boundaries.


treaties; to erect and maintain monuments along the water boundary; to make necessary surveys of changes brought about by force of current in both rivers caused by avulsion, accretion, or erosion; to mark and eliminate bancos caused by such changes; and to survey, place, and maintain monuments on all international bridges between the two countries. The Commission is authorized to call for papers and information relating to boundary matters from either country, hold meetings at any point where any of the difficulties or questions may arise, summon witnesses, and take testimony. The Commission is authorized to make use of the same means that are used by the courts of the United States and Mexico to compel the attendance of witnesses. If both Commissioners agree to a decision their judgment shall be binding on both Governments, unless one of the Governments disapproves of it within one month from the date on which it is pronounced.

The American section of the Commission was, by Public Resolution 212, 72d Congress, approved June 30, 1932 (47 Stat. 417), charged with the exercise and performance of the powers, duties, and functions of the American section of the International Water Commission, United States and Mexico, which was abolished by the terms of such act, effective July 1, 1932. The Mexican Government consolidated the Mexican Commissions of International Waters and Boundaries, effective January 1, 1941.

The American Commissioner, pursuant to his designation by the President under the act approved August 19, 1935 (49 Stat. 660), is cooperating with a representative of the Mexican Government in an investigation, study, and report regarding the equitable use of waters of the three major international streams of the southwestern frontier, namely, the lower Rio Grande, the lower Colorado River, and the Tia Juana River, for the purpose of securing information on which to base a treaty with the Government of Mexico relating to the use of the waters of these rivers. In addition to the development and analysis of data pertaining to irrigated areas and the extent of beneficial use of these waters generally, there are operated by the Commission, over 1,500 miles of the Rio Grande, its tributaries, and diversions, 55 stream-gaging stations embracing the measurement of the run-off from over 55,000 square miles of the drainage area of the Rio Grande within the United States of America between Fort Quitman, Texas, and the Gulf of Mexico, and nearly one half of the pertinent drainage area in Mexico between those points.

Statutory provision is also made by this act for the conduct by the American Commissioner of technical and other investigations relating to the defining, demarcation, fencing, or monumentation

of the land and water boundary, and for the construction of fences,
monuments, and other demarcation of the boundary line, as well
as sewer and water systems and other enumerated structures cross-
ing the international border. The act further embraces statutory
authority and administrative provisions for the construction, opera-
tion, and maintenance of treaty and other boundary projects.

Funds are appropriated annually for the work of the American
section of the International Boundary Commission, United States
and Mexico. The first appropriation was provided by an act of Con-
gress approved September 30, 1890 (26 Stat. 504). For the fiscal year
ending June 30, 1941 the sum of $198,000 was appropriated by Con-
gress for the salaries and expenses of the Commission (54 Stat.
189). The following additional appropriations were made for con-
struction, operation, and maintenance of Public Works projects: Rio
Grande rectification project, not to exceed $60,000 continued avail-
able from the 1940 appropriation; lower Rio Grande flood-control
project, $950,000 together with the unexpended balances of the 1940
appropriations; and Rio Grande canalization project, $810,000 plus
the unexpended balances of the 1940 appropriations (54 Stat. 189;
54 Stat. 650).

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** Mr. McCallum was appointed on January 1, 1941 to take the place left vacant by the resignation of John A. Pounder on July 1, 1940.



of defining, marking, and maintaining the demarcation of the international boundary line between the United States and Canada and between Alaska and Canada, as follows: (1) Southeastern Alaska, or the boundary between Alaska and

British Columbia : length, 893 miles; (2) The boundary between Alaska and Canada, along the 141st

meridian: length, 647 miles; (3) The boundary between the United States and Canada, from

the Atlantic to the Pacific, with the exception of the St.

Lawrence River and the Great Lakes: length 2,697 miles. Under the treaty of 1925 between the United States and Canada, the Commission is authorized and directed to inspect the various portions of the boundary line between the United States and Canada and between Alaska and Canada; to repair all damaged monuments and buoys; to re-locate and rebuild monuments which have been destroyed; to keep the boundary vistas open; to move boundary monuments to new sites and establish such additional monuments and buoys as they shall deem desirable; to maintain at all times an effective boundary line between the United States and Canada and between Alaska and Canada; and to determine the location of any point of the boundary line which may become necessary in the settlement of any question that may arise between the two Governments.

The Commission is composed of two members, one on the part of Canada and one on the part of the United States, each having a permanent staff of experienced boundary employees as field parties who personally know the boundary line and are able, jointly, to keep the line in good condition at a comparatively small annual cost. Each section of the Commission also employs from 15 to 20 temporary workers, such as rodmen, chainmen, concrete workmen, and axmen, hired locally along the line, to assist the permanent employees in carrying out the part of the work required of each country.

Funds are appropriated annually for the work of the American Section of the International Boundary Commission, United States and Canada. For the fiscal year ending June 30, 1941 the sum of $43,000 was appropriated by Congress for the expenses of the American section of the Commission (54 Stat. 190).


(Treaty of January 11, 1909 *) American Offices: Washington, D.C. Canadian Offices: Ottawa, Ontario.

* Treaty Series 548; 36 Stat. 2448.

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