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(Conference Series 33 and 35), which was held at Buenos Aires, Argentina, from December 1 to December 23, 1936. The convention provided for a Commission of Technical Experts charged with the responsibility of coordinating the work of the different governments and of undertaking the studies necessary for the completion of the proposed highway. It also provided for a Financial Committee to review financial problems involved in the completion of the highway and to submit a detailed report for the consideration of the governments, accompanied by a plan for the solution of said problems. The Financial Committee is composed of representatives of Mexico, Nicaragua, and the United States of America, which were the first three countries to ratify the convention.

Each of the ratifying governments is bound under the agreement to designate a permanent office to make available to the public, information concerning the progress of construction, sections of the highway which are passable, local transit regulations, and all other information which tourists may require.

The Financial Committee prepared two reports which were transmitted to the governments members of the Pan American Union, for observation and suggestion, and submitted a report on the subject “Suggested Plans for Financing the Pan American Highway" to the general secretary of the Eighth International Conference of American States, Lima, Peru, 43 which referred the matter to the president of the organizing commission of the Third Pan American Highway Conference, Santiago, Chile. 13

The Lima Conference adopted a resolution recommending that the governments make available to the Financial Committee the material necessary to enable the Committee to draw up a specific recommendation as to the most effective manner in which the completion of the Pan American Highway may be financed. At the same time, the Third Pan American Highway Conference was requested to consider the several plans that have been suggested for financing the highway. In accordance with the conclusions reached by the Santiago Highway Conference, the Financial Committee, on February 15, 1940, signed a report which was transmitted to the governments, suggesting the possibility of the creation of a Pan American Highway Finance Authority. On the basis of the replies received the Committee will make further studies with reference to the means of financing the construction of the road. This problem has become somewhat less important since the Export-Import Bank, on the recommendation of the Department of State, has been extending separate credits to various countries at their request to help in the financing of their sections of the highway.

" See Conference Series 45.

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A resolution was passed by the Second Meeting of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the American Republics, Habana, 1940,44 recommending that the Financial Committee study the advisability of allocating the total cost of the highway in proportion to the economic capacity of the nations linked by it; their populations and revenues; the length of the highway in each country; and the benefits derived by each nation from the highway. This resolution also recommended that the Committee take into account the right of nations which had constructed all or part of their respective sections to have the estimated value of the work completed by them accepted as all or part of the contribution which would be allocated to them as their share in the total cost of the highway. It was further recommended that the Inter-American Financial and Economic Advisory Committee 45 collaborate fully with the Pan American Highway Financial Committee.

Congress, by an act approved July 20, 1939 (53 Stat. 1071), appropriated a sum not to exceed $1,500,000 to meet such expenses as the President in his discretion might deem necessary to enable the United States to cooperate with the Republic of Panama in connection with the construction of a highway between Chorrera and Rio Hato in the Republic of Panama. For the same section of the Pan American Highway, the Export-Import Bank of Washington has approved an extension of credit to the National Bank of Panama and to the Panamanian Government in the amount of $2,500,000. The Export-Import Bank has also extended credits to finance the construction of portions of the Pan American Highway in Nicaragua, Ecuador, and Costa Rica.

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44

See ante, p. 1. " For an account of the origin and functions of the Inter-American Financial and Economic Advisory Committee, see post, p. 61.

49 52 Stat. 590.

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Under the act approved May 31, 1938 the President appointed, on August 16, 1938, the Alaskan International Highway Commission. The Commission is authorized to cooperate and communicate directly with any similar agency in the Dominion of Canada in a study for the survey, location, and construction of a highway to connect the Pacific northwestern part of continental United States with British Columbia and the Yukon Territory in the Dominion of Canada, and the Territory of Alaska. The Commission is also authorized to cooperate with the Canadian Commission, established for the same purpose in December 1938, in the study of specifications, estimates, and plans for the financing of the construction and maintenance of such a highway.

The act also provided that the Commission, within two years after its appointment, should report to the President of the United States the extent and results of its activities and of any conferences relating to such highway and that the President of the United States should transmit said report to the Congress of the United States. The Commission's report 47 was submitted to the President, under date of April 23, 1940, who in turn transmitted it to the Congress on April 26.

Under an act approved June 11, 1940 the life of the Commission was extended for a period of four years (54 Stat. 262).

An appropriation in the sum of $12,000 was made in Public Act 812, approved October 9, 1940, for the expenses of the Commission, fiscal year 1941 (54 Stat. 1044).

ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON SOCIAL QUESTIONS OF THE

LEAGUE OF NATIONS

(Reconstituted 1936) Representative: Katharine F. Lenroot, LL. D., Chief, Children's Bu

reau, Department of Labor.

The Advisory Committee on Social Questions was formerly the Advisory Commission for the Protection and Welfare of Children and Young People.

In the new Advisory Committee, the number of members will be successively increased from 15 to 25. These members are appointed by governments which are invited by the Council of the League of Nations to nominate their representatives. If necessary, the Committee may also appoint one or more assessors chosen on personal grounds because of their special knowledge of the problem to be dealt with. The im

" H, Doc. 711, 76th Cong., 3d sess.

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portant international associations interested in the Committee's work have the right to become corresponding associate members.

The Committee is mainly concerned with two important questionsthe campaign against the traffic in women and children, and child welfare. In connection with the first question, the Committee endeavors to induce governments to ratify conventions for the suppression of the traffic and deals with the abolition of the licensed brothel system, the employment of women police, and the suppression of obscene publications. In the domain of child welfare, the Committee studies every question concerning young people which the Council and Assembly of the League of Nations think suitable for international action. The Committee also studies the main solutions adopted for the general organization of child welfare, including social assistance with reference to the part played respectively by the authorities and by charitable organizations; the training of social workers; and the social aspects of the question of nutrition, particularly in rural districts.

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The Intergovernmental Committee on Political Refugees was created to facilitate the emigration from Germany (including Austria) of persons forced to emigrate because of their political opinions, religious beliefs, or racial origin and to facilitate the settlement of such persons in other parts of the world. It is designed to continue and to develop the work commenced by the Intergovernmental Meeting on Political Refugees held at Évian, France, in July 1938. The accomplishment of its task involves long-range planning whereby assistance to involuntary emigrants may be coordinated within the framework of existing immigration laws and practices of governments.

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48

The Committee, which is a consultative body of 32 governments, met at Ciudad Trujillo, Dominican Republic, from January 30 to February 3, 1941. The object of the meeting, among other things, was to mark the anniversary of the agreement for the settlement of refugees at Sosua.

49 See Conference Series 45.

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