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occasionally in English. This journal is distributed gratis to health officers, physicians, nurses, hospitals, and other institutions interested in public health and preventive medicine, in some 3,600 towns throughout the Western Hemisphere.

The Bureau also publishes a weekly report of communicable diseases and other literature on sanitary subjects, and prepares the programs and publishes the proceedings of the Pan American sanitary conferences. Ten of these conferences have been held to date. The Bureau maintains a library with medical and public health journals and literature from all Latin America.

Congress appropriated money for the first contribution of the United States to the International Sanitary Bureau in 1904 (33 Stat. 505); and under article 60 of the Sanitary Code authorized an annual appropriation to pay the contribution of this Government toward the expenses of the Bureau (44 Stat. 2031). Pursuant to a resolution of the Inter-American Conference for the Maintenance of Peace, held at Buenos Aires in 1936 (Conference Series 33 and 35), approving tentative plans for expansion of the work of the Bureau, the Tenth Pan American Sanitary Conference, held at Bogotá, Colombia, in 1939, adopted a resolution amending section 6, article 1, of the constitution and bylaws of the Pan American Sanitary Bureau to read as follows, subject to the approval of the governments members of the Bureau: “The Pan American Sanitary Bureau shall be provided with a fund of not less than $100,000 yearly, apportioned among the signatory Governments on the same basis as are the funds of the Pan American Union. (Article 60, Pan American Sanitary Code.) In order to facilitate the keeping of accounts the rate will be 40 cents American currency for every 1,000 inhabitants until increased by competent authority or changed by fluctuations in population in the respective countries.” This Government's share in the increased budget is $58,522.75, and for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1941 this sum was appropriated by Congress for American participation in the activities of the Pan American Sanitary Bureau (54 Stat. 187).

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The Bureau of the International Telecommunication Union was established pursuant to the provisions of article 17 of the telecommunication convention signed at Madrid on December 9, 1932 and effective in 1934 (Treaty Series 867; 49 Stat. 2391). It took the place of the International Bureau of the Telegraph Union, which was established in 1869 under the provisions of article LXI of the international telegraph convention signed at Vienna on July 21, 1868 (British and Foreign State Papers, vol. LIX, p. 322).

Under article 17 of the Madrid convention, the Bureau of the Union is charged with(1) Work preparatory to and following conferences, in which

it is represented in an advisory capacity;
(2) Providing, in cooperation with the organizing administra-

tion involved, the secretariat of meetings of committees
appointed by the Union or placed under the auspices of

the latter;
(3) Issuing such publications as will be found generally useful

between conferences; (4) Publishing periodically a journal of information and docu

mentation concerning telecommunications;
(5) Holding itself at all times at the disposal of the contracting

governments to furnish them with such opinions and in-
formation as they may need on questions concerning inter-

national telecommunications;
(6) Preparing an annual report on its activities to be communi-

cated to all the members of the Union. The foregoing functions of the Bureau are in addition to the work and operations provided for by the various articles of the convention and the regulations annexed thereto.

The Bureau is placed under the supervision of the Swiss Government, which regulates its organization, supervises its finances, makes the necessary advances, and audits the annual accounts.

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'The Bureau is divided into two sections, one dealing with telephone and telegraph service and the other with radio service. Each section has a separate budget, and the adhering states contribute to the expenses of one or both (lepending upon their adherence to the separate regulations. The United States has adhered only to the radio regulations and therefore contributes only to the expenses of the radio section of the Bureau.


For the fiscal year ending June 30, 1941 the sum of $5,790 was appropriated by Congress to defray the cost of American participation in the activities of the radio section of the Bureau (54 Stat. 187).


(Established in 1921) Offices : Monte Carlo, Monaco.

The International Hydrographic Bureau was founded as a result of the activities of the First International Hydrographic Conference, held in London in 1919, on an idea originated by E. R. Knorr of the Hydrographic Office of the United States Navy, who, previous to 1884, had prepared a memorandum urging international action for the improvement of the hydrographic work of the various governments.

The Hydrographic Bureau, in order to carry out its principal objectives and purposes, undertakes:

(1) The study of documents published by hydrographic offices; (2) The drawing up and publication of various lists, such as

geographic positions, abbreviations, and conventional signs

used on charts; (3) The study of methods of hydrographic surveying; (4) The study of methods employed for the production of the

results of surveys for publication; (5) The study of the construction and use of hydrographic in

struments and appliances, the principles of which have

been approved by any hydrographic office; (6) The study of the methods of recruiting and training per

sonnel for surveying-vessels and hydrographic offices; (7) Research on any other subject connected with hydrography. In order to make these studies and researches, the Bureau forms collections of the latest editions of the charts and works published by the hydrographic and other offices of the members, with reference to their own coasts and those of their colonies, and keeps full sets of catalogs and indexed charts published by all countries.

The Bureau is under the direction of a committee of three members elected at the periodic conferences by vote of the member states.

Membership of the United States in the International Hydrographic Bureau and the first contribution toward the expenses of the Bureau were authorized by an act of Congress approved March

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The Inter-American Trade-Mark Bureau was established pursuant to the provisions of the convention of August 20, 1910 (Treaty Series 626; 39 Stat. 1675) and amended by the convention of April 28, 1923 (Treaty Series 751; 44 Stat. 2494) and the convention of February 20, 1929 (Treaty Series 833; 46 Stat. 2907).

It is the purpose of the conventions to grant to the nationals of each contracting state the same rights and remedies within the territory of the other contracting states which their respective laws extend to their own nationals with respect to trade-marks, tradenames, and the repression of unfair competition and false indications of geographic origin or source.

The duties of the Inter-American Trade Mark Bureau include the following: (1) The recording of applications for the inter-American regis

tration of trade-marks; (2) The notifying of acceptance or non-acceptance; (3) The making of arrangements for protection in the countries

in which protection is desired; (4) The notifying of owners of trade-marks of their rights, of

dues payable, and of the date of expiration of protection

periods; (5) In general, the performing of the duties set forth in the

protocol and annexed regulations for facilitating the

inter-American registration of trade-marks. The Bureau is administered by a director and a staff of assistants.

Funds for the first contribution of the United States toward the expenses of the Bureau were appropriated in 1918 (40 Stat. 1023), and for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1941 the sum of $14,330.20 was appropriated by Congress for this contribution (54 Stat. 187).

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* Formerly called the International Trade-Mark Registration Bureau.




(Established in 1884) Offices: Bern, Switzerland.


The United States of America is a member of the International Bureau for the Protection of Industrial Property by adherence to the convention of 1883 and by signature and ratification of the protocol thereto of 1891, the additional act of 1900, and the revisions of 1911, 1925, and 1934 (Treaty Series 379; 25 Stat. 1372; Treaty Series 385; 27 Stat. 958; Treaty Series 411; 32 Stat. 1936; Treaty Series 579; 38 Stat. 1645; Treaty Series 834; 47 Stat. 1789; Treaty Series 941; 53 Stat. 1768).

Under the provisions of the convention the contracting countries constitute themselves into a union for the protection of industrial property, which gives the nationals of each of the contracting countries in the territory of the others the same rights and advantages with regard to industrial property as the citizens thereof. Consequently, they have the same protection and the same legal remedy against any infringement of their rights. Industrial property as covered by the convention includes patents, utility models, industrial designs and models, trade-marks, commercial names, and indications of origin, and also the repression of unfair competition.

Article XIII of the convention provides for the establishment of the International Bureau for the Protection of Industrial Property, which is charged with the duty of centralizing information relating to the protection of industrial property and of combining it in a general report for distribution to all member governments. The International Bureau considers matters of patents, trade-marks, and commercial names of common interest to the members of the union and issues a periodical in the French language dealing with questions regarding industrial property. Copies of this periodical, like all documents published by the International Bureau, are distributed among the administrations of the member countries, and upon request the Bureau furnishes special information on questions relating to the international service of industrial property. An annual report of its management is communicated to all the members of the union.

The first appropriation for American participation in the work of this Bureau was made on July 1, 1888 (25 Stat. 287), and for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1941 the sum of $1,471.63 was appropriated by Congress for such participation (54 Stat. 187).


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