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GORGAS MEMORIAL LABORATORY
(Established in 1929) Offices: Panamá, Panama.
The Gorgas Memorial Laboratory is under the general supervision of the Gorgas Memorial Institute of Tropical and Preventive Medicine of Washington, D.C., a private philanthropic institution operated in behalf of the public welfare. The purposes of the Institute are humanitarian and scientific; its officers and directors serve without pay, and it is operated without profit. The Institute was created in honor of General William Crawford Gorgas, who is recognized as having been one of the world's famous sanitary experts. Its organization was sponsored by men eminent in the field of medicine who were advisers, co-workers, and assistants of General Gorgas during his service in the World War of 1914–18 as Surgeon General of the United States Army.
The establishment and operation of the Laboratory at Panamá, for which the United States makes annual appropriations, is kept entirely separate and distinct from the other undertakings of the Institute, both as to operation and finances. It is under the supervision of a director, who is an outstanding scientist in the field of tropical medicine, elected by the scientific board of the Institute.
Designed for perpetual existence, the Gorgas Memorial Laboratory (the lands and buildings of which were contributed by the Republic of Panama) is maintained and operated for intensive study and research touching on the cause and prevention of diseases of the tropics. Tropical research in veterinary medicine was undertaken by the Laboratory in 1931, in connection with which a research station is located on a stock farm near Santa Rosa.
The annual contribution of the United States toward the maintenance of the Laboratory was authorized by an act of Congress approved May 7, 1928 (45 Stat. 491), and an appropriation of $50,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1941 was made by Congress on May 14, 1940 (54 Stat. 187). A report on the operation and work of the Laboratory, including a statement of receipts and expenditures, is made to the Congress of the United States annually.
INTERNATIONAL STATISTICAL BUREAU AT THE HAGUE
(Established in 1913) Offices: The Hague, Netherlands.
The International Statistical Institute, established in 1885, is a private organization of statisticians having no official connection with
effect the resolutions of the Geneva Congress and of agreeing upon rules of procedure to be submitted for approval to the respective governments.
As finally agreed upon, the plan calls not for resurveying but for new compilation and printing of a complete, published, international map of the world, the scale being 1:1,000,000, standardized in its conventional signs and printed on common sheet-lines, the actual work being done for each adhering country by the respective governments in accordance with the standardized plan.
The purpose of the map is to show the essential features as they may exist on any part of the earth's surface in their correct relative positions and in the manner agreed upon. These features may be either natural features relating to the form or the nature of the earth's surface or the work of man upon it. It will be valuable not only for military and naval purposes but for purposes of commerce and aviation and for geological and historical studies.
The Bureau's work consists of the publication of an annual report of the progress made by each of the 54 adhering countries in the compilation and publication of sheets conforming to the specifications of the International Map of the World, and provides a service for the exchange of information which is valuable to the adhering countries.
The sheets of the International Map of the World which cover the United States and its possessions are being compiled and published by the United States Geological Survey in accordance with the specifications agreed upon. The “Chesapeake Bay” sheet is in process of being engraved and published.
An act of Congress approved June 27, 1930 (46 Stat. 825) authorized an annual contribution toward the expenses of the Bureau, and for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1940 Congress appropriated the sum of $50 for this contribution (54 Stat. 188).
It is the purpose of the convention (which was signed and ratified by Belgium, France, Great Britain, Italy, Japan, Portugal, and United States, and later adhered to by Egypt) to prohibit, with regard to the continent of Africa and to the islands lying within 100 nautical miles of the coast, the importation, distribution, sale, and possession of trade spirits of every kind, of beverages mixed with these spirits, and of distilled beverages containing essential oils or chemical products injurious to health. Upon distilled liquors, not comprehended in the foregoing, the convention stipulated that import duties over six times as great as those of 1906 be imposed.
Article 7 of the convention provides for the establishment of the Central International Office, under control of the League of Nations, which is charged with the duties of "collecting and preserving documents of all kinds exchanged by the High Contracting Parties with regard to the importation and manufacture of spirituous liquors”. Article 7 also provides that each high contracting party shall publish and send to the Central International Office and to the Secretary General of the League of Nations an annual report "showing the quantities of spirituous beverages imported or manufactured and the duties levied under articles 4 and 5" of the convention. The Central International Office is administered by the Belgian Government.
In accordance with the terms of the convention, the United States Congress has authorized an annual contribution toward the maintenance of the office (46 Stat. 114). For the fiscal year ending June 30, 1941 the sum of $55 was appropriated by Congress for this contribution (54 Stat. 188).
INTERNATIONAL BUREAU OF THE PERMANENT COURT OF
(Established in 1900) Offices: The Hague, Netherlands.
The International Bureau of the Permanent Court of Arbitration, which was established in 1900 under article 22 of the Hague convention of July 29, 1899 for the pacific settlement of international disputes (Treaty Series 392; 32 Stat. 1779) and maintained under article 43 of the convention signed at The Hague on October 18, 1907 (Treaty Series 536; 36 Stat. 2199), serves as a registry for the Court. It is the channel for communications relative to the meetings of the Court,
* Except Algiers, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunis, and Union of South Africa.
For an account of the Permanent Court of Arbitration, see ante, p. 21.
has charge of the archives of the Court, and conducts all the administrative business. The contracting powers communicate to the Bureau certified copies of any conditions of arbitration arrived at by them and of any award concerning them delivered by a special tribunal. They also communicate to the Bureau the laws, regulations, and documents showing the eventual execution of the awards given by the Court.
The Bureau is under the supervision and control of the Administrative Council, which consists of the diplomatic representatives of the contracting powers accredited to The Hague and of the Netherlands Minister of Foreign Affairs, who acts as President.
The Bureau is a permanent office toward the support of which 44 countries contribute.
The first appropriation for the payment of the contribution of the United States for the maintenance of this Bureau at The Hague was made for the year 1900 (31 Stat. 887). For the fiscal year ending June 30, 1941, the sum of $1,722.57 was appropriated by Congress for the purpose of paying this contribution (54 Stat. 187).
PAN AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY
(Established in 1929)
Offices: Mexico City.
The Pan American Institute of Geography and History was created pursuant to a resolution adopted at the Sixth International Conference of American States which met at Habana, Cuba, in 1923.11 It was established at a preliminary assembly held in Mexico City in 1929. The first assembly was held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1932 (Conference Series 17), the second assembly in Washington, D.C., in October 1935 (Conference Series 28 and 30), and the third assembly in Lima, Peru, in 1941.12
The purpose of the Pan American Institute of Geography and History is the collection and dissemination of information on geographic and historical questions of mutual interest to the American republics. The Institute has conducted numerous explorations and surveys in the fields of anthropology, archeology, volcanology, geology, etc., and maintains close contact with professional organizations and educational institutions throughout the hemisphere particularly interested in the work being carried on in its several fields.