Page images

At the third assembly of the Institute it was voted to create a Committee on Cartography to study ways and means of expediting surveying and mapping in all the American republics and to correlate such work in adjacent countries. This Committee is to be composed of one representative from each of the American nations. The Director of the Institute has conferred with chiefs of various bureaus and agencies of this Government with reference to cooperation in initiating such a program.

An act of Congress approved August 2, 1935 (49 Stat. 512) authorized an annual contribution toward the expenses of the Institute. For the fiscal year ending June 30, 1941 the sum of $10,000 was appropriated by Congress for the payment of this contribution (54 Stat. 188).


(Established in 1878) Offices: De Bilt, Netherlands.

The International Meteorological Organization was created at Utrecht in 1878. Since then meetings have been held more or less periodically, the interval between them at the present time being six years. The Organization comprises:

(1) The conferences of the directors;
(2) The international meteorological committee;
(3) The secretariat;

(4) The commissions. The conferences of the directors have for their principal function the discussion of administrative questions and the means of execution of the various resolutions passed. These conferences are composed of the directors of the independent national meteorological services of all nations.

The international meteorological committee is composed of 25 directors, elected at the regular meetings of the directors. The committee supervises the execution of the decisions of the conferences in the intervals between meetings. It also receives and approves the reports of commissions and takes all necessary measures for the development of international meteorology.

The secretariat is charged with the organization of meetings of the conferences, the committee, and the commissions, and with the publication of the minutes of all such meetings. It constitutes also a center of documentation relative to the meteorological services of the entire world. The expenses of the secretariat are covered by sub


ventions of the different national services, ranging from 4,000 gold francs for a large state to 1,000 gold francs, or a lesser sum, for small states.

The commissions are appointed by the conference of the directors or the committee and carry on research work dealing with specific phases of meteorological work such as forecasting, climatology, maritime meteorology, aeronautical meteorology, etc.

The chief object of the Organization and its component parts is to standardize meteorological services of all countries in order that reports and published data may be directly comparable.

Commencing with the fiscal year 1930, the United States has contributed an annual sum toward the expenses of the secretariat. Funds for the first payment were provided by an act of Congress approved February 16, 1929 (45 Stat. 1189). These appropriations are contained in the annual appropriations for the Weather Bureau of the Department of Commerce.


(Established in 1874) Offices: Bern, Switzerland.


The Bureau was established in accordance with the provisions con-
tained in article 15 of the convention signed at Bern on October 9,
1874 (19 Stat. 577). The original convention has since been modified
by the conventions signed at Paris in 1878 (20 Stat. 734); at Lisbon
in 1885 (25 Stat. 1339); at Vienna in 1891 (28 Stat. 1078); at Wash-
ington in 1897 (30 Stat. 1629); at Rome in 1906 (35 Stat. 1639); at
Madrid in 1920 (42 Stat. 1971); at Stockholm in 1924 (44 Stat. 2221);
at London in 1929 (46 Stat. 2523); at Cairo in 1934 (49 Stat. 2741);
and at Buenos Aires in 1939 (54 Stat. 2049).
The Bureau-
(1) Collects, collates, and distributes information of all kinds

concerning the international postal service and publishes
a summary of the important facts relating to the internal
postal administrations of all countries members of the

(2) Publishes a monthly review, entitled L'Union Postale, maps

indicating postal airlines, both internal and international,
a list of airlines and the countries served by them; has
also published, and revises from time to time, an alpha-

betic dictionary of the post offices of the world;
(3) Issues an annual statistical report on international postal

transactions, maintains a directory of internal taxes affect


* Гу:


ing postal shipments, and develops cost figures on postal

transactions on a comparative basis; (4) Audits accounts and makes awards in connection with dis

putes arising over international postal transactions; (5) Suggests necessary modifications in the international agree

ments and acts of the Congress of the Postal Union; (6) Cooperates closely with international railway, air, and tele

graph organizations whose activities are of importance to

the postal service. The United States contributes an annual sum toward the expenses of the Bureau, the appropriations therefor being contained in the general appropriations for the Post Office Department.



(Established in 1911) Offices: Montevideo, Uruguay.

The Office was established in 1911 in accordance with the provisions of the convention of the First South American Postal Congress. The United States was not a party to this convention. This Government, however, joined the Postal Union of the Americas and Spain in 1922 by becoming a party to the convention of the First Pan American Postal Union Congress, signed at Buenos Aires in 1921 (42 Stat. 2154). This convention was modified at Mexico City in 1926 (45 Stat. 2434) and at Madrid 18 in 1931 (47 Stat. 1924). Further changes were introduced at a congress held at Panamá 14 in 1936 (50 Stat. 1657, 1696, 1708), and the instruments resulting from that congress were put into force by the United States on October 1, 1937. The Office is charged with(1) Assembling, coordinating, publishing, and distributing

information of all kinds which especially concerns the

Americo-Spanish postal service; (2) Giving, at the express request of the parties concerned, its

opinion on disputed questions; (3) Giving, on its own initiative or at the request of any of

the signatory countries, its opinion on all matters of a postal character which affect or relate to the general interests of the Postal Union of the Americas and Spain;

[blocks in formation]

(4) Making known any formulated request for modification of

the acts of the Congress and giving notice of the

changes which may be adopted; (5) Making known the results obtained from the regulatory

provisions and measures of importance which the administrations may adopt in their domestic service and which may be communicated to it by the same adminis

trations as information; (6) Distributing the postal maps and guides supplied by the

respective administrations, as well as collecting the necessary data for the preparation and distribution of a map indicating the airmail lines of the Americas and

Spain; (7) Making up a summary of the Americo-Spanish postal

statistics in accordance with the data which each ad

ministration communicates to it annually; (8) Publishing a report relative to the most rapid routes for

the transmission of correspondence from one of the

contracting countries to another; (9) Preparing a table giving in detail all the maritime services

dependent upon the countries of the Postal Union of the Americas and Spain which may be utilized gratuitously

for the transportation of their correspondence; (10) Publishing the tariff of postage rates of the domestic

service of each of the countries concerned, and the table

of equivalents; (11) Publishing and distributing annually among the countries

of the Postal Union of the Americas and Spain a report

of the work which it performs; (12) Carrying out the studies and works requested of it in the

interest of the contracting countries, relating to the work of social, economic, and artistic cooperation, for which purpose the Office shall always be at the disposal of said countries in order to furnish them any special information which they may require on matters relating to the

Americo-Spanish postal service; (13) Taking part and collaborating in the organization and

convening of the congresses and conferences of the

Postal Union of the Americas and Spain; (14) Distributing among the administrations of the Postal

Union of the Americas and Spain the postal laws and regulations of each, the said administrations accordingly being obligated to furnish the Office mentioned 25 copies of the laws and regulations in question.


The United States contributes an annual sum toward the expenses of the Office, the appropriations therefor being contained in the general appropriations for the Post Office Department.

[blocks in formation]

Offices: Brussels, Belgium.

International Astronomical Union;
International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics;
International Union of Chemistry (formerly International Union

of Pure and Applied Chemistry);
International Scientific Radio Union (formerly International

Union of Scientific Radiotelegraphy);
International Union of Physics;
International Geographical Union;
International Union of Biological Sciences.

[ocr errors]

The organization of the International Council of Scientific Unions was first proposed by the delegates of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States at an international conference held in London under the auspices of the Royal Society in October 1918, was initiated at Paris at a second international conference held under the auspices of the Paris Academy of Sciences in November of the same year, and was formally completed at Brussels in July 1919.

The purposes of the International Council of Scientific Unions are as follows: (1) To coordinate efforts in the different branches of science

and its application; (2) To initiate the promotion of international associations or

unions deemed to be useful in the progress of science; (3) To direct international scientific activity in subjects which

do not fall within the purview of any existing inter

national association; (4) To enter through the proper channels into relations with

the governments of the countries adhering to the International Council of Scientific Unions in order to promote investigations falling within the competence of the Council.

[ocr errors]

Formerly called the International Research Council.

« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »