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Some 41 governments, including the United States of America, contribute to the support of the Council. The first contribution of the United States to the Council was authorized by Congress on March 2, 1921 (41 Stat. 1213). An act of Congress approved August 7, 1935 (49 Stat. 540) authorized an annual contribution toward the expenses of the Council. For the fiscal year ending June 30, 1941 the sum of $4,202.86 was appropriated by Congress for the payment of this contribution (54 Stat. 188).
INTERNATIONAL SEED-TESTING ASSOCIATION
(Established in 1924)
Offices: Copenhagen, Denmark.
The International Seed-Testing Association was created pursuant to action taken at the International Conference on Seed-Testing which met in Cambridge, England, in 1924.
The Association is composed of officials charged with the testing of seeds in the member countries, and its object is to bring about the standardization of methods of seed testing and interpretation of results with a view to the issuance by the member countries of standard international certificates of quality covering agricultural seeds passing in international trade. It cooperates with the International Institute of Agriculture 16 and 33 other associates in the general field of agriculture through the International Coordinating Commission for Agriculture and maintains an information service for the coordination of seed-testing research on an international basis.
The Association publishes a journal known as the Proceedings of the International Seed-Testing Association, which contains reports on questions coming within the province of the Association, abstracts of such articles of interest to the Association as have been published elsewhere, book reviews, etc.
Commencing with the fiscal year 1925 the United States has contributed an annual sum toward the Association's expenses. Funds for the first of these annual payments were provided by an act of Congress approved June 5, 1924 and contained in the appropriations for the Bureau of Plant Industry, Department of Agriculture (43 Stat. 432).
INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL-POLICE COMMISSION
(Established in 1923)
Offices: Vienna, Germany.
The International Criminal-Police Commission, which was established in 1923, held its first session in Vienna in 1924 and has held sessions and organized congresses periodically since that time.
The Commission is responsible for insuring and developing the fullest mutual assistance among all criminal-investigation departments within the framework of the laws of the various states, and encourages the foundation and development of institutions capable of contributing effectively toward the suppression of crime. More particularly it interests itself in the study of the following problems: suppression of counterfeiting of currency and the forgery of checks, securities, and passports; improvement in exchange of communications between police authorities; suppression of narcotic-drug abuses; suppression of traffic in women and children; methods of identification; formulation of campaigns against alcoholism; suppression of publications and films contrary to public morals; and extradition. The Commission cooperates with member states in the progressive unification of penal law.
On June 10, 1938 Congress authorized membership on behalf of the United States in the International Criminal-Police Commission and approved an annual appropriation toward its expenses (52 Stat. 640). These appropriations are contained in the annual appropriations for the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Department of Justice.
INTER-AMERICAN RADIO OFFICE
(Established in 1939)
Offices : Habana, Cuba.
Part 1 of the inter-American radio-communications convention (53 Stat. 1576) which was signed at Habana on December 13, 1937 provides for periodical conferences of the contracting governments for the purpose of resolving by common understanding such problems as may arise in the field of radio communications on the American Continent. Part 2 of the convention provides for the establishment of the Inter-American Radio Office. The signatory governments agree to communicate to the Office all provisions of internal and international radio legislation and the regulations in force in their territories, and such amendments as may be introduced in these provisions, as well as statistical, technical, and administrative reports relating thereto, and, specifically, to transmit to the Office every six
months an official list of the frequencies assigned by them to all broadcasting stations and to notify it monthly of all changes and additions thereto. Under the convention the Office is charged with(1) The preparatory work of conferences and the work resulting
from decisions reached at such conferences; (2) Providing, in accord with the organizing government con
cerned, the secretariat of the conferences; (3) The issuance of such publications as may be established by
these conferences; (4) The publication and circulation of technical information
other than that resulting from conferences, including the exchange of data relating to the accuracy and stability of frequencies, to interference or other disturbances observed in the territories of the contracting countries, and such other studies as may be carried on, such as the propagation of waves, the general characteristics of antennas, etc.; also the exchange of documents of a legal nature, treaties, and general information designed for a better understanding and raising of standards of radio commu
nications on the American Continent; (5) The submission to all contracting governments of an annual
report of its work; (6) The performance of such other duties as may pertain to it
or be assigned to it by the conferences. Public Act 361, approved August 9, 1939 (53 Stat. 1301) appropriated funds for the first contribution of the United States toward the expenses of the Office. For the fiscal year ending June 30, 1941 the sum of $3,655 was appropriated for the payment of this contribution (54 Stat. 187).
PERMANENT COMMISSIONS OF INQUIRY PROVIDED FOR BY TREATIES FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF PEACE AND TREATIES OF CONCILIATION, INCLUDING THE NAMES OF THE AMERICAN AND FOREIGN MEMBERS
(Treaty of October 22, 1928') American Commissioners:
National: Allen W. Dulles, of New York;
Non-national: Herbert A. Bruce, of Canada. Albanian Commissioners:
National: Faik Konitza;
Non-national: Albert Calmes, of Luxembourg.