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The importance of giving the ingenious student clear and just ideas of the nature of our verbs, moods, and tenses, will apologize for the extent of the Author's remarks on these subjects, both here and elsewhere, and for his solicitude to simplify and explain them.-He thinks it has been proved, that the idiom of our tongue demands the arrangement he has given to the English verb; and that, though the learned languages, with respect to voices, moods, and tenses, are, in general, differently constructed from the English tongue, yet, in some respects, they are so similar to it, as to warrant the principle which he has adopted. See pages 78–80. 84–86. 102-104. 201—203.

Section 10. Of Irregular Verbs. IRREGULAR Verbs are those which do not form their imperfect tense, and their perfect participle, by the addition of d or ed to the verb: as, Present.

Perfect Part.
I begin, I began, begun.
I know,
I knew,

known.

Imperfect.

Present.

IRREGULAR VERBS ARE OF VARIOUS SORTS. 1. Such as have the present and imperfect tenses, and perfect participle, the saine: as,

Imperfect

Perfect Part.
Cost,
cost,

cost.
Put,
put,

put. 2. Such as have the imperfect tense, and perfect participle, the same: as, Present.

Imperfect.. Perfect Part.
Abide, abode,

abode. Sell, sold, . 3. Such as have the imperfect tense, and perfect participle, different: as, Present. Imperfect.

Perfect Part.
Arise,
arose,

sold.

arisen. Blow

blown.

blew,

*Many verbs become irregular by contraction; as, "feed, fed; leave, left:” others by the termination en; as, “ fall, fell, fallen:” others by the termination ght; as, “buy, . bought; teach, taught,” &c.

Arise,

Beat,

Bid,

The following list of the irregular verbs will, it is presumed, be found both comprehensive and accurate. Present. Imperfect.

Perf. or Pass. Part. Abide, abode,

abode. Am, was,

been. arose,

arisen. Awake,

awoke, R. awaked. Bear, to bring forth, bare,

born. Bear, to carry, bore,

borne. beat,

beaten, beat. Begin, began,

: begun. Bend, bent,

bent. Bereave,

bereft, R. bereft, R. Beseech,

besought, besought.

bid, bade, bidden, bid. Bind, bound,

bound.

bitten, bit. Bleed, bled,

bled. Blow, blew,

blown Break, broke,

broken. Breed, bred,

bred. brought,

brought. Build, built,

built, Burst, burst,

burst. bought,

bought. cast,

cast. Catch,

caught, R. caught, R. Chide, chid,

chidden, chid. Choose, chose,

chosen. Cleave,to stick or )

REGULAR. adhere, Cleave, to split. clove, or cleft. cleft, cloven.

Bite,

bit,

Bring,

Buy,

Cast,

adhere.

Perf. or Pass. Part. clung. clad, R. come. cost. crowed. crept.

cut.

dared.

Present.

Imperfect. Cling,

clung, Clothe,

clothed, Come,

came, Cost,

cost, Crow,

crew, R. Creep,

crept, Cut,

cut,
Dare, to venture, durst,
Dare, R.tochallenge.
Deal,

dealt, R.
dug, R.

did, Draw,

drew Drive,

drove, Drink,

drank, Dwell,

dwelt, R. Eat,

eat, or ate, Fall,

fel, Feed,

fed, Feel,

felt, Fight,

fought, Find,

found, fed, flung,

Dig, Do,

dealt, R. dug, R. done. drawn. driven. drunk. dwelt, R. eaten. fallen. fed. felt. fought. found. fied. flung. flown. forgotten, forgot. forsaken. frozen. got *. gilt, R. girt, R. given. gone. graven, R.

Flee, Fling, Fly,

Aew,

Forget, Forsake, Freeze, Get,

Gild,

forgot, forsook, froze, got, gilt, R. girt, R. gave, went, graved,

Gird, Give, Go, Grave,

Gotton is nearly obsolete, Its compound forgotten is still in good use.

Present. Grind, Grow, Have, Hang, Hear, Hew, Hide, Hit, Hold, Hurt, Keep,

kept, Knit,

knew,
Know,
Lade,
Lay,
Lead,
Leave,
Lend,

lent,
Let,
Lie, to lie down,

lay, Load, Lose,

lost, Make,

made, Meet,

met,
Mow,
Pay,
Put,

Imperfect.

Perf. or Pass. Pasta ground,

ground. grew,

grown. had,

had. . hung, R. hung, R. heard,

heid. hewed,

hewn, R. hid,

hidden, hid. hit,

hit. held,

held. hurt,

hurt.

kept. knit, R.

knit, R.

known.
laded,

laden.
laid,
led,

led.
left,

left.

laid.

lent.

let,

let

lain.

loaded,

mowed,
paid,
put,
read,
rent,

laden, R. lost. made. met, mown, R. paid. put. read. rent. rid. rode, ridden * rung

Read,
Rend,

[blocks in formation]

risen. riven.

run.

Saw,

sawn, R.

Ridden is nearly obsoletc.

Present.

Perf, or Pass. Part. said.

Say, See,

Seek,

Imperfect. said, saw, sought, sold, sent, set, shook, shaped, shaved, sheared, shed, shone, R. showed, shod,

shot,

Sell, Send, Set, Shake, Shape, Shave, Shear, Shed, Shine, Show, Shoe, Shoot, Shrink, Shred, Shut, Sing, Sink, Sit, Slay, Sleep, Slide, Sling, Slink, Slit, Smite, Sow,

shrunk, shred, shut, Sung, sang, sunk, sank, sat,

seen. sought. sold. sent. set. shaken. shaped, shapen. shaven, R. shorn. shed. shone, R. shown. shod. shot. shrunk. shred. shut sung. sunk sat. slain. slept. slidden. slung. slunk. slit or slitted. smitten. sown, R. spoken. sped. spent. spilt, R. spun, spit, spitten *.

-slew,

slept, slid,

slung,

Speak, Speed, Spend, Spill, Spin, Spit,

slunk, slit, R.. smote, sowed, spoke, sped, spent, spilt, R. spun, spit, spat,

Spitten is nearly obsolete.

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