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Of conjunctions requiring the subjunctive mood,
&c. : : : : : : : : : : : : 195
CHAP. 5. Of the dash, notes of interroga-
tion, exclamation, capitals,
ENGLISH GRAMMAR is the art of speaking and
It is divided into four parts, viz. ORTHOGRAPHY,
This division may be rendered more intelligible to the
and their derivation; thirdly, of the union and right order
English Alphabet, are twenty-six in number.
These letters are the representatives of certain
The following is a list of the Anglo-Saxon, Roman, Italic,
and Old English Characters. Saxon. Roman. Italic. Old English. Name. Cap. Small. Cap. Small. Cap. Small. Cap. Small.
А а А а а а а а аі. Bb Bb Bb Bb bee. [ C C C C C C see. D D d D d d d dee. є е E e E e ® е ее. F F F f F f F f ef. [ 3 G S G g 0 g jee. b h H h H h u h aitch. I i I i I i I Í i or eye.
1 í jay k K K k k kay. L 1 L 1 L 1 L 1 el. Om M m M m m. em. N n N n N n 1 nen. 0 0 0 0 0 0 D 0 0. P P P P P P P P pee.
Q q 2 DA cue.
S fs S rs 5 [s ess.
u or you. vee. double u. eks.
A perfect alphabet of the English language, and, indeed, of every other language, would contain a number of letters, precisely equal to the number of simple articulate sounds belonging to the language. Every simple sound would have its distinct character ; and that character be the representative of no other sound. But this is far from being the state of the English alphabet. It has more original sounds than distinct significant letters; and, consequently, some of these letters are made to represent, not one sound alone, but several sounds. This will appear by reflecting, that the sounds signified by the united letters th, sh, ng, are elementary, and have no single appropriate characters, in our alphabet : and that the letters a and u represent the different sounds heard in hat, hate, hall; and in but, bull, mule.
To explain this subject more fully to the learners we shall set down the characters made use of to represent all the elementary articulate sounds of our language, as nearly in the manner and order of the present English alphabet, as the design of the subject will admit; and shall annex to each character the syllable or word, which contains its proper and distinct sound. And here it will be proper te begin with the vowels.
Letters denoting the
as heard in
Words containing the simple sounds.
fate. fall. fat.
met pine. pin. no. not. move. mule.