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IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES, March 2, 1867. Resolved, That there be printed for the use of the Senato twenty thousand additional copies of the Report of the Commissioner of Agriculture for the year 1866, and the accompanying documents; and three thousand additional copies of the same for the use of the Department of Agriculture.
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, February 28, 1867. On motion of Mr. LaFlin, from the Committee on Printing, Resolved, That there be printed of the Report of the Commissioner of Agriculture for the year 1866 one hundred and sixty-five thousand extra copies, viz: one hundred and forty-five thousand copies for the members of this House, and twenty thousand for the Commissioner of Agriculture.
(Printed on the fast Bullock Perfecting Press.)
COMMISSIONER OF AGRICULTURE.
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE,
Washington, D. C., November 20, 1866. SIR: I have the honor to submit, and take pleasure in presenting, this my fifth annual report of the operations of the department under my charge, hoping it will meet your approval, and that of enlightened agriculturists generally. And though the past year has been one of great care and labor, attendant on the continued transition of the nation from a state of war to one of peace—a year during which immense armies have been undergoing transformation into civic and domestic forces, and four millions of slaves have assumed their new and untried relations as frce men-a year, therefore, involving disturbances inseparable from all such great changes—yet, thanks to the Divine overruling wisdom and goodness, and the judicious administration of those in charge of these changes, fewer difficulties and less extensive evils have been experienced than would have occurred in any other nation or under any other form of government. Our people, self-educated and self-governed, and accustomed to exercise their intelligence and freedom under written forms of law, have proved themselves capable not only of enduring the severest trials of a gigantic civil war, but also of passing peacefully and quietly through the most demoralizing changes which a transition from such a war to a state of peace could precipitate upon us. Some of these changos have been more wonderful than the suppression of the rebellion itself. But the changes which I fervently believe are yet to follow will probably be more wonderful, though less sudden and immediately apparent, and far more beneficent, because involving no destruction of interests, no sudden transitions, or sufferings, in classes or individuals.
Already favored by propitious Providence in giving us genial seasons, our farmers are laying widely and deeply the firm foundations of a new and increasing national prosperity. And as their peaceful conquests are extended the scars of earth made by devastating war will be effaced, and the heavy burden of debt which it piled upon the shoulders of our people will be gradually lightened, and finally and surely lifted.
The agricultural condition of the northern States was never more flourishing. High prices, accessible markets, and crops of average abundance have insured good profits; and, as a result, mortgages have been paid, farm buildings erected, permanent improvements accomplished, farm implements and machinery obtained, and, in thousands of instances, a surplus invested in government funds.
Now that agricultural restoration has commenced in States lately in rebellion,