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if possible, when once established. I the entrance of a solemn grove ; and they therefore regret extremely, not only the both, in no small degree, added to each compartment I just mentioned, but another other's effect. This gate, and the sumgarden immediately beyond it; and I can- mer-house, and most of the objects I have not forget the sort of curiosity and surprise mentioned, combined to enrich the view that was excited after a short absence, from the windows, and from the home even in me, to whom it was familiar, by terrace. What is there now? grass, trees, the simple and common circumstance of a and shrubs only. Do I feel the same door that led from the first compartment pleasure, the same interest in this ground? to the second, and the pleasure I always Certainly not. Has it now a richer and experienced on entering that inner and more painter-like effect as a foreground? more secluded garden. There was noth- I think not by any means ; for there were ing, however, in the garden itself to formerly many detached pieces of scenery, excite any extraordinary sensation : the which had an air of comfort and seclusion middle part was merely planted with the within themselves, and at the same time lesser fruits, and dwarf trees; but, on the formed a rich foreground to the near and opening of the door, the lofty trees of a
istant woods, and to the remote fine grove appeared immediately over the distance. opposite wall; the trees are still there, The remark of a French writer may they are more distinctly and openly seen, very justly be applied to some of these old but the striking impression is gone. On gardens :-“ L'agréable y étoit souvent the right was another raised terrace, level sacrifié a l'utile, et en général l'agréable y with the top of the wall that supported it, gagna:" " The agreeable was frequently and overhung with shrubs, which, from sacrificed to the useful, and in general the age, had lost their formality. A flight of agreeable gained by it." All this, howsteps of a plainer kind, with a mere ever, was sacrificed to undulation of ground parapet on the sides, led up to this upper only, for shrubs and verdure were not terrace underneath the shrubs and exotics. wanting before. That undulation might
All this gave me emotions in my youth, have been so mixed in parts with decorawhich I long imagined were merely those tions and abruptnesses, that they would of early habit; but I am now convinced have mutually added to each other's that was not all; they also arose from a charms; but I can now only lament what quick succession of varied objects, of it is next to impossible to restore, and can varied forms, tints, lights, and shadows; only reflect how much more difficult it is they arose from the various degrees of to add any of the old decorations to intricacy and suspense that were produced modern improvements, than to soften the by the no less various degrees and kinds old style by blending with it a proper of concealment, all exciting and nourishing portion of the new. My object (as far as curiosity, and all distinct in their character I had any determinate object besides that from the surrounding landscapes. I will of being in the fashion) was, I imagine, to beg my reader's indulgence for going on restore the ground to what might have to trace a few other circumstances which been supposed to be its original state ; I
These steps, as I probably have, in some degree, succeeded, mentioned before, led to an upper terrace, and, after much difficulty, expense, and and thence, through the little wilderness dirt, I have made it look like many other of exotics, to a summer-house, with a parts of mine, and of all beautiful grounds, luxuriant Virginia creeper growing over with but little to mark the difference beit; this summer-house and the creeper, to tween what is close to the house and my great sorrow at the time, to my regret what is at a distance from it, between the ever since, to my great surprise at this habitation of man and that of sheep. moment, and, probably to that of my reader-I pulled down, for I was told that it A Good Wife. – A pleasant, cheerful interfered so much with the leveling of wife is as a rainbow set in the sky when the ground, with its flowing line and un- her husband's mind is tossed with storins dulations, in short, with the prevailing and tempests ; but a dissatisfied and fretsystem, that it could not stand. Beyond ful wife, in the hour of trouble, is like one this again, as the last boundary of the of those who were appointed to torture garden, was a richly worked iron gate, at I lost spirits.
are now no more.
Zadoo Walees (dealers in magic) from the ba-
gave them four pice apiece, (about twoCORRESPONDENT in India tells pence each,) and they cured me.'
“. But how—what did they do? us that a military friend of his, on • They put me on a charpace, (a low bed,) and returning to England, and finding all astir one sat at each side of me, and both passed there about mesmerism, writes to him that their hands over my body so, (describing long he had often had much cause to regret sleep, and I slept soundly: when I awoke, I was
mesmeric passes,) and thus they set me to that, during his long residence of more free from rheumatism, and am now perfectly than twenty-eight years in India, he was well." ignorant of the very name or existence of The master made no investigation of mesmerism ; as he could recall to mind the matter; the man was laughed at, and many instances of what he then deemed to told to return to his duties, which he conbe native superstitions, on which he now tinued thenceforth to perform with all his looked very differently, believing them to former zeal. Now, this was not regarded be the direct effects of mesmeric influence. by the patient or the other servants as a These instances are dayly and hourly ex- strange thing, for they took it quite as a hibited in Indian dwellings, though either matter of course ; and there is indeed no passing without notice, or ascribed to
reason to doubt, that the natives of India other causes. Children in India, espe- frequently have recourse to jhar phoonk, cially European children, seldom go to or mesmerism, for the cure of rheumasleep without being subjected to some tism; but many interesting things are such influence, either by the ayahs or the carefully concealed from the English, beattendant bearers; and our military friend cause we invariably ridicule or sneer at says, that he has himself repeatedly, in native customs—a mode of treatment pea few seconds, been the means of tran- culiarly distasteful to the inhabitants of quillizing a fractious, teething child, and the East. throwing it into a profound sleep, by the But though willing to make use of these mere exercise of the will, quite ignorant mysterious powers in their beneficent and that he was thus using, though in one of curative forms, there exist all over Hinits simplest forms, a power at which he dostan abundant proofs of the dread of laughed heartily when displayed around “ zadoo,” or witchcraft, among all classes, him in some of its more hidden ramifica- Moslems as well as Hindoos, when it aptions. We give the following in his own pears to threaten them with evil. If a words :
cultivator has transplanted his tobacco or " I shall now relate a circumstance, proving ed earthen cooking-pots, and places a spot
other valuable plant, he collects old crackthat the natives of India apply mesmeric power to the removal of diseases with the utmost suc- of limestone whiting on the well-blackened
I had in my establishment at Lucknow bottom of each. They are then fixed on a chuprassie, who was a martyr to the most stakes driven into the ground, so that the deplorable chronic rheumatism. His hands, wrists, knees, and all his joints, were so greatly white spots may be seen by all passers-by. enlarged, and in a state so painful, that his This ingenious process is meant to neuduties had gradually become merely nominal. tralize the influence of the “evil eye" of One day, he hobbled up, and begged my per the envious. The talismans worn by the mission to remain at home for a few days, for the purpose of being cured of his agonizing natives, said to be always the same, condisease. I said: “Certainly; get cured of your sist of an oblong cylinder, with a couple complaint, and let me see you when you re of rings for a string to pass through to turn.'
In a very few days, perhaps in four or five, to my great astonishment he returned; been originally impregnated with the elec
fasten them, and would appear to have smiling and joyous, with his limbs as pliant and supple as my own.
tric fluid. Children are invariably pro" . What!' said I, “are you come back already?' vided with such amulets to avert the “ evil “Yes, sir, by your favor, I am perfectly cured.' eye ;” and should any one praise their "• What! entirely cured?' • Yes, sir; perfectly cured.'
beauty, the parent spits on the ground, “Well
, then, tell me what medicine you and declares them to be perfect frights. took.'
The inhabitants of the mountainous re" I took no medicine ; I called in two women, gions east of Bengal—the Bhooteeas and
others—accuse all those of Bengal of be* Running-footmen, who attend the carriage or palan- ing great sorcerers ; and when seized with quin, go on messages, carry books or letters, or any light thing they can take in their hands.
fever in the low malarious tracts, which
they must pass through on descending from surgeon; but after the lapse of some time, he the mountains and entering that province, was sent back, with the intimation that the for the purpose of bathing in the holy and that he, therefore, could make nothing of
could not discover any specific disease, Ganges, or visiting one of the numerous
On bringing back this information, shrines in the plains, the disease is inva my friend began to cross-question bis servant, riably imputed to the incantations of the who would not at first acknowledge the cause
of his disease; but at last, after much persuaBengalees.
sion, he candidly avowed to his master, in con“Nor tree, nor plant,
fidence, that he was laboring under the effect Grows here, but what is fed with magic juice,
of witchcraft. "And do you know,' said my All full of human souls."
friend, that the fellow actually believed it
himself !' And we both laughed most heartily. Our military friend gives two other in- His master continued his examination, until the
kulashee confessed that a certain Brahmin, stances in which the effects produced were really and truly mesmeric, though of officiating at a large tank close to the fortress
of Bombay, had threatened him with his recourse ascribed to magic. He vouches
venge, and was now actually eating up his liver, for the facts, but leaves every one to form by which process he would shortly be destroyed. his own opinion
'I will tell you what I did : I no sooner got the
Brahmin's name, than I ordered my buggy, and “The wife of one of my grooms, a robust quickly drove down to the tank. On reaching woman, and the mother of a large family, all it, I inquired for the magician; and on his arriliving within my grounds, was bitten by a poi val, I leaped down, seized him by the arm, and sonous serpent, most probably a cobra, or colu- horsewhipped him within an inch of his life, ber maja, and quickly felt the deadly effects of now and then roaring out: "I'll teach you to its venom. When the woman's powers were
bewitch my kulashee, you villain ! • How rapidly sinking, the servants came to my wife, dare you injure my servant, you rascal ” and to request that the civil surgeon of the station so forth. In a very few minutes, the liver-eatmight be called in to save her life. He imme- ing Brahmin declared that he would instantly diately attended, and exerted his utmost skill, release the kulashee from the spell; that on but in vain. In the usual time, the woman ap- reaching home, I would find him recovered ; and peared to be lifeless, and he therefore left ultimately he was perfectly released. · And, her, acknowledging that he could not be of any believe me,' said my friend, laughing, that the further service. On his reaching my bungalow, fellow mended from that hour, and is now á some of my servants stated, that in the neigh capital servant.'” borhood a fakir, or wandering mendicant, resided, who could charm away the bites of That this power, which we call mes snakes; and begged, if the doctor had no ob- merism, was also known to the priests of jection, that they might be permitted to send
ancient Egypt, is supposed to be proved for him. He answered : 'Yes, of course ; if the poor people would feel any consolation by his by carvings on the temples of priests coming, they could bring him ; but the woman making the passes with their hands, oppois dead.'
site other figures, to produce the sleep; "After a considerable lapse of time, the magi
a circumstance which has been recounted cian arrived, and began his magical incanta
as proving a connection between the antions. I was not present at the scene, but it occurred in my park, within a couple of hun.
cient religion in Egypt and some undred yards of my bungalow; and I am quite known faith formerly prevalent in India, confident that any attempt to use medicines at the time the temples of Elephanta, would have been quite useless, as the woman's
Kennery, and others, were built. We powers were utterly exhausted, though her body was still warm. The fakir sat down at greatly admire the philanthropic Major her side, and began to wave his arm over her Ludlow, who devoted his energies to the body, at the same time muttering a charm; abolishing of the suttee ; but whose labors and he continued this process until she awoke from her insensibility, which was within a quar
met with very partial success, until, by ter of an hour."
searching their own Shasters, he discov
ered that there was a time at which the The last instance we shall give occur rite did not exist. A greater than he, red at Bombay. The writer says : however, must arise before the other still “On visiting Bombay in 1822, I was greatly
more ancient and wide-spread faith can diverted by a circumstance told to me by an either be explained or abolished. old friend in the artillery there. He stated that he had had a kulashec, or tent-pitcher, in his service for many years; that he was a most MONTESQUIEU says: “I never listen to faithful and active man; but that he had all of calumnies, because, if they are untrue, I & sudden, and without any visible cause, be
run the risk of being deceived, and, if they come very greatly emaciated, feeble and ghastly. His master had sent him to the hospital, to
be true, of hating persons not worth thinkhave the benefit of the skill of the regimental | ing about.
The National Magazine.
the chancel of the church at Stratford, where there is a monument to his memory. Chapman
and Shirley are buried in St. Giles's-in-theSEPTEMBER, 1854.
Fields; Marlowe, in the church-yard of St.
the church-yard of St. Saviour's, Southwark; EDITORIAL NOTES AND GLEANINGS.
Dr. Donne, in Old St. Paul's; Edmund Waller, SALUTATIONS.— The parting salutations of va in Beaconsfield church-yard; Milton, in the rious nations are strikingly alike. The vale church-yard of St. Giles's, Cripplegate; Butler, of the Latins corresponds with the xaipe of the in the church-yard of St. Paul's, Covent Garden ; Greeks; and though Deity is not expressed Otway, no one knows where; Garth, in the distinctly in either, it was doubtless understood: church at Harrow; Pope, in the church at for who can be kept in health without, as the Twickenham; Swift, in St. Patrick's, Dublin ; ancients would say, the will of the gods? The Savage, in the church-yard of St. Peter's, BrisGreek word perhaps has a higher signification tol; Parnell, at Chester, where he died on his than the Latin; for it was not a mere compli- way to Dublin; Dr. Young, at Walwyn, in Hertmentary salutation. Says Macknight: "St. John fordshire, of which place he was the rector; forbids it to be given to heretical teachers, Thomson, in the church-yard at Richmond, in Eph. ii, 10, 11.” The French, on taking leave, Surrey ; Collins, in St. Andrew's Church, at say, “ Adieu," thus distinctly recognizing the Chichester; Gray, in the church-yard of Stokeprovidential power of the Creator; and the Pogis, where he conceived his Elegy; Goldsmith, same meaning is indeed conveyed in our Eng- in the church-yard of the Temple Church ; Fallish word "good-by,” which is a corruption of coner, at sea,
*" with all ocean for his grave;" “God be with you.” The Irish, in their warmth Churchill, in the church-yard of St. Martin's, of manner and love of words, often extend the Dover ; Cowper, in the church-yard at Dereexpression. "A well-known guide," says a ham; Chatterton, in a church-yard belonging traveler, "upon my leaving one of the loveliest to the parish of St. Andrew's, Holborn; Burns, spots in Wicklow, shook hands with me heartily, in St. Michael's church-yard, Dumfries ; Byron, and said, in a voice somewhat more tremulous in the church at Hucknall, near Newstead; through age than it was when Tom Moore loved Crabbe, at Trowbridge; Coleridge, in the church to listen to it: “God Almighty bless you, be at Highgate ; Sir Walter Scott, in Dryburgh with you, and guide you safely to your journey's Abbey ; Southey, in Crossthwaite Church, near end!” This salutation, when used thought- Keswick ; Shelley, “beneath one of the antique fully and aright, has not only a pleasant sound, weed-grown towers surrounding ancient Rome;" but deep meaning. All courtesies are, indeed, and Keats beside him, “under the pyramid grateful to a gencrous mind, though they may which is the tomb of Cestius." be but ceremonies. A man or a nation which disregards them shows a want of the best kind THE Most CURIOUS BOOK IN THE WORLD.of sensibility. Utility is not always " utilita- | The London “Notes and Queries” says that rian;" the finest productions of the human perhaps the most singular bibliographic curimind are not directly "utilitarian.” The Par-osity is that which belonged to the family of adise Lost of Milton has as much to do, per- the Prince de Ligne, and is now in France. It haps, with English civilization, as the Principia is entitled, Liber Passionis Domini Nostri Jesu of Newton; but it presents no practical science. Christi, cum Characteribus Nulla Materia ComposBeauty has its uses, the highest uses, however itis. This book is neither written nor printed ! little utilitarian it may seem.
So with man The whole letters of the text are cut out of ners and even with ceremonies, when not cere each folio upon the finest vellum; and being monious. The ugliest feature of our republi- | interleaved with blue paper, is read as easily can life is our affected disregard of the forms as the best print. The labor and patience beof polite intercourse; the want of respectful stowed in its completion must have been exattentions between children and parents, ser cessive, especially when the precision and mivants and masters, magistrates and people. nuteness of the letters are considered. The The little courtesies of life make up half of general execution, in every respect, is indeed its reliefs, and in the more intimate relations admirable; and the vellum is of the most deliof friendship, kindred, or love, they make up cate and costly kind. Rodolphus II. of Gerhalf its real endearments. Let us not foolishly many offered for it, in 1640, eleven thousand presume that republican simplicity, much less ducats, which was probably equal to sixty thourepublican virtue, requires us to abjure them; sand at this day. The most remarkable cirthe finest perfections of art and the most thor- cumstance connected with this literary treasure ough refinements of taste accompanied the is, that bears the royal arms of England; ancient democracies. So should the benignest but it cannot be traced to have ever been in virtues and manners distinguish our Christian
that country. republicanism.
COLERIDGE's UNPUBLISHED WORKS.—Every BURYING-PLACES OF POETS. -Chaucer was year adds to the fame of Coleridge, as one of buried in the cloisters of Westminster Abbey, the profoundest, if not the profoundest, thinker noithout the building, but removed to the south of modern times. His views on Christianity aisle in 1555 : Spenser lies near him. Beaumont, especially command the deepest interest of religDrayton, Cowley, Denham, Dryden, Rowe, Ad- ious inquirers. He passed through transitions dison, Prior, Congreve, Gay, Johnson, Sheridan, of opinion, which give them a special imporand Campbell, all lie within Westminster Abbey. tance. His published works are one of the Shakspeare, as every one knows, was buried in richest magazines of thought in the language:
it appears, however, that some of his most im Method. There are other works of Coleridge portant productions have not yet seen the light, missing; to these we will call attention in a and are destined, if ever they do see it, to future Note. For the four enumerated above modify much of that charge of indolence and Mr. Green is responsible. He has lately rewaste of life and intellect which has been so ceived the homage of the University of Oxford wantonly brought against him by the critics. in the shape of a D. C. L.; he can surely afford In the London “ Notes and Queries," some in a fraction of the few years that may still be teresting facts have been recently given respect allotted to him in recreating the fame of, and ing his unpublished MSS. One writer says: in discharging his duty to, his great master. “When I sent you my note on this subject I had not read Letters, Conversations, and Recollec ILLUSTRATION LONGFELLOW “ God's tions of S. T. Coleridge, Moxon, London, 1836. ACRE.”—Longfellow's very beautiful little poem, The subjoined extracts from that work confirm commencing, that note :
" I like that ancient Saxon phrase, which calls August 8, 1820.- Coleridge:
The burial-ground God's Acre," “ I at least am as well as I ever am, and my regular is doubtless familiar to all our readers. It may employment, in which Mr. Green is weekly my amanuensis, [is] the work on the books of the Old and
interest some of them to know, that the “anNew Testaments, introduced by the assumptions and cient Saxon phrase has not yet become obsolete. postulates required as the preconditions of a fair ex A writer in a foreign journal says: "I read amination of Christianity as a scheme of doctrines,
the words 'GOTTES ACKER,' when at Basle last precepts, and histories, drawn or at least deducible from these books."
autumn, inscribed over the entrance to a mod
ern cemetery, just outside the St. Paul's Gate January, 1821.-Coleridge:
of that city." "In addition to these of my GREAT WORK, to the preparation of which more than twenty years of
JEWISH Facts RELATIVE TO THE RESURRECmy life have been devoted, and on which my hopes of extensive and permanent utility, of fame, in the
TION.—“He keepeth all his bones: not one of noblest sense of the word, mainly rest, &c. Of this them is broken." Psa. xxxiv, 20. The Jews work, &c., the result must finally be revolution of all that has been called Philosophy or Metaphysics in
have some remarkable fancies concerning their England and France since the era of the commencing
dead. So well are they persuaded of the resurpredominance of the mechanical system at the restora rection, that the name which they give to a tion of our second Charles, and with the present fasli- burial-place is, “the house of the living." The ionable views, not only of religion, morals, and politics, body, according to their notion, has a certain but even of the modern physics, and physiology. Of this work, something more than a volume has been indestructible part, called " luz,” which is the dictated by me, so as to exist fit for the press, to my seed from whence it is to be reproduced. It is friend and enlightened pupil, Mr. Green; and more than as much again would have been evolved and de
described as a bone in shape like an almond, livered to paper, but that for the last six or eight and having its place at the end of the vertebræ. months I have been compelled to break off our week This bone, according to the rabbis, can neither ly meeting," &c.
be broken by any force of man, nor consumed Vol. ii, p. 219.–Editor:
by fire, nor dissolved by water; and they tell
us that the fact was proved before the emperor * The prospectus of these lectures (viz., on Philosophy) is so full of interest, and so well worthy of at
Adrian, upon whom they imprecate their usual tention, that I subjoin it; trusting that the Lectures malediction, “May his bones be broken!" In themselves will soon be furnished by, or under the his presence, Rabbi Joshua Ben Chauma proauspices of Mr. Green, the most constant and the most
duced a “luz." assiduous of his disciples. That gentleman will, I
It was ground between two earnestly hope, and doubt not, see, feel the necessity millstones, but came out as whole as it had of giving the whole of his great master's views, opin- / been put in. They burned it with fire; and it ions, and anticipations; not those alone in which he
was found incombustible. They cast it in water; more entirely sympathizes, or those which may bave more ready acceptance in the present time. He will
and it could not be softened. Lastly, they not shrink from the great, the sacred duty he has hammered it on the anvil; and both the anvil voluntarily undertaken from any regards of prudence, and hammer were broken, without affecting the still less from that most hopeless form of fastidious
“ luz." The rabbinical writers, with their ness, the wish to conciliate those who are never to be conciliated, interior minds smarting under a sense of
wonted perversion of Scripture, support this inferiority, and the imputation which they are con silly notion by a verse from the Psalms: " He scious is just, that but for him they never could have been; that distorted, dwarfed, changed as are all his keepeth all his bones : not one of them is views and opinions, by passing athwart minds with
broken.” A dew is to descend upon the earth, which they could not assimilate, they are yet almost preparatory to the resurrection, and quicken the only things which give such minds a status in
into life and growth these seeds of the dead. literature.'
Another curious opinion is, that, wherever their How has Mr. Green discharged the duties of bodies may be buried, it is only in their own this solemn trust ? Has he made any attempt promised land that the resurrection can take to give publicity to the Logic, the “great work” place; and, therefore, they who are interred in on Philosophy, the work on the Old and New any other part of the world must make their Testament's
, to be called The Assertion of Relig way to Palestine under ground; and this will ion, or the History of Philosophy, all of which be an operation of dreadful toil and pain, alare in his custody, and of which the first is, though clefts and caverns will be opened for on the testimony of Coleridge himself, a finish. them by the Almighty. Whether it arose from ed work? We know from the Letters, vol. ii, this superstition, or from that love for the land pp. 11, 150, that the Logic is an essay in three of their fathers, which in the Jews is connected parts, viz., the “Canon," the “Criterion," and with the strongest feelings of faith and hope, the "Organon.” Of these, the last only can be certain it is that many have directed their rein any respect identical with the Treatise on mains to be sent there. “We were fraughted