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Literary Becord.

Boston Letter-Theological Schools-Essay on Prayer between the sons of a common mother-the sons of

- Biblical Illustration-Shakspeare-Sir Roger de Alma Mater. The transition of the youth, he said, Coverley -- English in Paris -- Montgomery – New was from the family to the college. His college period Work in France - Macaulay-The London Ga

was his transition from youth to manhood. This inzette-Victor Hugo-Dr. Veron.

stitution was the mother of that portion of life which

gave him taste, knowledge, and all that would render We present our readers, as usual, with a very him useful in after years. He hoped the feeling of atinteresting communication from our Boston tachment manifested at their gatherings would react correspondent:

upon the institution itsell, and that the Alumni would

replace the enjoyment and good which they bad BOSTON LETTER.

receivod there, and transmit it largely to their suc

cessors. Nearly one hundred pupils will enter Harvard Just at the moment of penning this epistle, our com at the commencement of the next term, munity has gone into liquidation, not for the benefit Mr. Ames, the well-known artist of this city, who of creditors, but in payment of a "debt to nature, has been so successful in his portraits of Websterand not so much under a pressure of the times as of full-length picture of the great statesman having been the season. The heat is prodigious. The force of painted by him for the Law Library of Cambridgethe atmosphere was most truly, as well as wittily ex is now engaged upon a large historical painting, reprepressed by Honorable Josiah Quincy, Jr., at the senting the solenn and impressive dying moments of late dinner of the Alumni of Harvard College. An Mr. Webster. The scene chosen is the moment when address had previously been delivered to a crowded his family and friends are summoned to his bedside to audience by Professor Felton. Mr. Quincy presided listen to his final addresses, and receive bis dying at the table, and called the orator to his feet again by benedictions. Some twenty-two figures, all of them the significant sentiment- The orator of the day: accurato likenesses of individuals who were present on his audience were melted before him. While referring this sublime occasion, will be delineated. It is to be to this interesting occasion, we cannot avoid recalling executed for a party in New-York, and, when comand preserving a few noblo and beantiful sentiments pleted, is to be taken to London to secure an engraving which fell from the lips of the venerable Senior Quincy, of it by an eminent English artist. The estimated former president of Harvard, and now passing a green price of the painting and engraving is $10,000, and and bale old age under the shadow of the elms which subscriptions exceeding this amount have already been his own hands planted in Quincy. Referring to the sent in for early proofs of the engraving. sympathy or rather pity which young men generally I havo just fallen upon a proof-sheet of a new work, felt for those who were much older than themselves, now in the press of Ticknor & Co., which is so cooling he remarked that they often seemed to think that old and refreshing in the glaring blaze of this high summer men, life himself, were unhappy. He wished to day, that I cannot resist the temptation to copy it. disabuse them of this opinion, and to assure them that It is from Thoreau's “Walden; or, Life in the Woods." old age was the happiest period of man's life, provided "The author is a resident of Concord, Massachusetts, that in youth and inanhood one had been obedient to And a neighbor, and, as can readily be imagined, a those laws of nature in which consists health and friend of Mr. Emerson. Some time since, he built strength, and had lived a life of truth and usefulness. himself a hut in the woods, and retired to it for two In 1825, he said he had paid the elder President years that he might hold undisturbed communion Adarns, then in bis ninetieth year, a visit. He found with nature. And he seems to have passed through the venerable sage reading Cicero de Senectute." her objective covering into her very subjective life. “What do you think of that sentiment?" said Quincy, The extract might be appropriately entitled Morning." taking the book from his hand and pointing to a Pas

Thus he discourses:sage asserting that old men lost their minds from want "Every morning was a cheerful invitation to make of exercise. " It is true," said Adams: "an old man is my life of equal simplicity, and I may say innocence, like an old horse; if you wish him to work, you must

with Nature herself. I have been as sincere & wor. work him all the time."

shiper of Aurora as the Greeks, I got up early and From the hall of this ancient university there have bathed in the pond; that was a religious exercise, and been graduated eight thousand three hundred and sixty one of the best things which I did. They say that nine students, of whom three thousand fire hundred and characters were engraven on the bathing tub of King sixty-six are still living; one thousand five hundred Tching-thang, to this effect: 'Renew thyself comand cighteen of these graduates entered upon the pletely each day; do it again, and again, and forever clerical office, and three hundred and two of this Again. I can understand that. Morning brings back number still survive. A powerful moral influence the heroic ages. I was as much affected by the faint must necessarily be engendered by the annual gather hum of a mosquito making its invisible and unimagining of so many of these children of a common literary able tour through my apartment at earliest dawn, when mother from every portion of the Union, and repre I was sitting with door and windows open, as I could senting every profession and overy form of active be by any trumpet that ever sang of fame. It was business. The natural conservatism of old age tempers Homer's requiem; itself an Iliad and Odyssey in the the untrained ardors of youth, while common memories air, singing its own wrath and wanderings. There of youthful pleasures and atfections form an enduring was something cosmical about it; a standing advertisebond of union and regard. In our pressing haste to ment, till forbidden, of the everlasting vigor and fersecure opportunities for a liberal education in every tility of the world. The morning, which is the most avallable locality, there is danger of overlooking the memorable season of the day, is the awakening hour. value of tradition in the history of a college; the im

Then there is least somnolence in us; and for an hour, mense power which & venerable institution, with a at least, some part of us awakes which slumbers long line of worthy representatives, can exert upon all the rest of the day and night. Little is to be ex. the community; the accumulations of long research pected of that day, it it can be called a day, to which and continued study, and cabinets of illustrations in we are not awakened by our genlus, but by the methe natural science, always the work of years and of chanical nudgings of some servitor; are not awakened toll. A venerable institution is a sacred monument of by our own newly-acquired force and aspirations from the past, rich in associations, and full of instruction within, accompanied by the undnlations of celestial for the present.

music, instead of factory bells, and a fragrance filling It is a labor of plous affection to endow and em the air, to a higher life than we fell asleep from; and bellish an institution from whose halls hundreds have thus the darkness bear its fruit, and prove itself to be stepped forth equipped for the battle of life, and whose good, no less than the light. That man who does not walls have been hallowed by the lives and deaths of believe that each day contains an earlier, more sacred. devoted friends and instructors; while it is a serious and auroral hour than he has yet profaned, has de toil and always an experiment to found a now seat of spaired of life, and is pursuing a descending and darklearning. A few additional miles of travel, and dollars ening way. After a partial cessation of his sensuous of expense, are small sacrifices for the manifold returns Ufe, the soul of man, or its organs rather, are reinsecured by sustaining a long established and beloved vigorated each day, and his genius tries again what university.

noblo life it can make. All memorable events, I Judge Shaw happily alluded, at the Alumni gathering, should say, transpire in morning time and in a mornto the strong bond of union which should exist ing atmosphere. The Vedas say: 'All intelligences

awake with the morning.' Poetry and art, and the lively and poetic sketches of that fertile and coveted fairest and most memorable of the actions of men, date island. It will be read with special interest at the from such an hour. All poets and heroes, like Mem present time. The same publishers announce "Scenes non, are the children of Aurora, and emit their music in the Life of Christ," by Rev. R. W. Clark, to be at sunrise. To him whose elastic and vigorous illustrated by original engravings; "Mothers of the thought keeps pace with the sun, the day is a per Bible," illustrated; a “Life of Chrysostom,” translated petual morning. It matters not what the clocks say, from the German by Professor Hovey of Newton or the attitudes and labors of men. Morning is when Seminary; and Organic Christianity," by Rev. Lester I am awake, and there is a dawn in me. Moral re A. Sawyer. They are also preparing an elegantly form is the effort to throw off sleep. Why is it that illustrated edition of their popular Lamplighter." men give so poor an account of their day, if they have Phillips, Sampson & Co., never fail to sharpen the not been slumbering? They are not such poor calcula appetito of the reading community by their savory tors. If they had not been overcome with drowsiness, announcement of the good things to come. In adthey would have performed something. The millions dition to numerous standard volumes already promare awake enough for physical labor; but only one in ised, they are driving through the press a book for a million is awake enough for effective intellectual ex the times, entitled “Kansas and Nebraska," giving the ertion, only one in a hundrod millions to a poetic or history and geography of these territories, with an acdivine life. To be awake is to be alive. I have never count of the native tribes, and the emigration now in yet met a man who was quite awake. How could I progress thither. The voluine is to be illustrated by a have looked him in the face?

map, and is prepared under the auspices of the * We must learn to reawaken and keep ourselves Emigrant Aid Society, by Edward S. Hale. They awake, not by mechanical aids, but by an infinite ex also announce " Ida May, a Story of Things Actual, pectation of the dawn, which does not forsake us in by Mary Langden--another work on slavery. It is our soundest sleep. I know of no more encouraging said to be a work of great power by those who have fact than the unquestionable ability of man to elevato seen the proof-sheets. But the principal work for the his life by a conscious endeavor. It is something to be times which these publishers announce, is the “ History able to paint a particular picture, or to carve a statue, of Cuba, its Past and Present," giving a political, hisand so to make a few objects beautiful; but it is far torical, and statistical account of the island from its more glorious to carve and paint the very atmosphere first discovery to the present day. This work is preand mediuin through wbich we look, which morally pared by the accomplished editor of Gleason's Pictorial, we can do. To affect the quality of the day, that is M. M. Ballou, Esq., who spent some time upon the the highest of arts. Every man is tasked to make his island, and has devoted much time and care to the life, even in its details, worthy of the contemplation preparation of the volume. It is to be finely illustrated of his most elevated and critical hour. If we refused, with engravings from original drawings. or rather used up, such paltry information as we get, Our young cities and towns are rapidly falling into the oracles would distinctly inform us how this the plan of establishing public libraries. Almost every might be done."

week some new movement of this character is anAn amusing story is told in the entertaining History nounced. The “sons" of Newburyport are now taking of Newburyport, by Mrs. Smith, called forth by the measures to endow such an institution in that beautiful late happy return of the numerous wandering children city. The subscription paper for this purpose, which of this old town to pass a few genial hours under the is growing into a generous size, is headed by Hon. pattrnal roofs again, of Honorable Harrison Gray Otis. Josiah Little, with the munificent sum of $5,000. He began the study of law late in life, and was ac There is a promise of a large and valuable library for customed to give this laughable reason for his final the improvement and pleasure of coming generations. choice of this profession. He first studied divinity, and In the old world vast piles of literature are aggregated commenced preaching, and having on one occasion to together in royal libraries for privileged eyes; in tho supply & vacant pulpit in the vicinity of Boston, he new, our libraries are innumerable and circulating. preached twice during the Sabbath, and was waited A passing item in a newsprint is casually glanced upon on Monday morning by a deacon of the Church, over by a stranger eye, with little emotion, which who asked him what he should pay him for his brings a pang of acute grief to the dimmed gaze of services. “O, I do n't know," replied Mr. Otis; "give affection. The papers announced, in a short paragraph, me what they are worth.". The deacon gravely handed the death of Mr. Danforth S. Newcomb, on board the him a pistareen. Thinking, if his two discourses were clipper ship "Flying Fish;" and a large circle of friends esteemed of no bigher value than this, he was evidently read it with a keenness of sorrow, only mitigated by not called to this offico, he abandoned theology and the assurance of the abundant gain of the departed turned his attention to the law.

by the event which overwhelms them with distress. The fervor of the summer does not entirely over

Mr. Newcomb was a young Christian merchant of our come the ardor of our bookmakers. Gould & Lincoln city, of great promise, and full of good works. The are seizing this hour of respite from new publications Methodist Church and Sabbath School of Hanoverto prepare and issue an admirable descriptive and street have met with a serious loss in his death. He illustrated catalogue of their works-it will form a fell in his youth; but he was ripe for the harvest: the handsome duodecimo of eighty pages. They may

seed he has sown will vegetate under the divine eye, well feel a professional pride, as well as a Christian while his body slumbers in the earth-he hath “ceased satisfaction, as they glance over the list of their from his labors, and his works do follow him." anthors and books. Within its pages are recorded

B. K. P. the elaborate treatises and scientific discourses of Miller, Chambers, Agassiz, Gould, Guyot, Marcou, One of the most important movements of the Harris, Wayland, &c. The same publishers announce, “A. V. Humboldt's

Methodist Episcopal Church in the United Travels in America and Asia-an Exhibition of his States is the introduction of theological schools most important Researches -- translated from the -a measure still questioned by many of its German by an American scholar;" and "Memories of a Grandmother, by a Lady of Massachusetts.” They

members. The Biblical Institute at Concord, have ready for publication the second part of the N. H., promises soon to become, numerically, powerful review of Dr. Lord's Theory of Prophecy one of the largest, if not the largest, school of and the Second Advent of Christ, styled, “-Symbolic the kind in the country. It contained, the last Prophecy : Remarks on an Exposition of the Apocas year, nearly ninety students. The property of lypse, by David N. Lord. By an Inquirer.”

Hugh Miller's inimitable “Autobiography" has the institution, as now reported, amounts to reached its sixth thousand; as has also the valuable $54,750 50; a farge proportion of which is in"Thesaurus," edited by Dr. Sears. The works of Bungener have reached a third edition.

vested in good securities. The Rev. Dr. J. W. Our friends, Jewett & Co., have quite adventured Merril, formerly president of M'Kendree Colupon the musical culture of our community in the lege, has recently been appointed a professor in splendid royal octavo, “Encylopædia of Music," which the place of Bishop Baker, resigned. they bave just issued. It forms a voluine of a thousand pages, replete with instruction and interest. The teacher and the amateur will here find almost The premium ($150) offered for the best Eseverything that can be desired in the province of say on Prayer for Colleges, has been awarded music, elementary, technical, historical, biographical, to Professor W. S. Tyler, of Amherst College. vocal and instrumental. It is edited by John W. Moore. They have also issuod a charming work upon

The Committee to make the award consisted of Cuba, entitled "Gan Eden," containing a series of Revs. Ralph Emerson, Edward N. Kirk, and



L. F. Dimmick. They report that they received “Pawnbrok," -a bowling green is a • boulinand examined thirty-two manuscripts; that grin,”—a beef-steak is a “ biftek,"—and one many of the Essays are written with much enterprising tradesman informs British visitors ability, and several appear well worthy of pub- that he sells “comfortable pastry." Thus it is lication.

obvious that there is plenty of work for the We notice in the London Herald the advertise Professor of English ; and now, while the Paris ment of “ The Society for Exploring the Ruins

organs are playing our National Anthem in my of Assyria and Babylonia, with especial refer

street, and a Paris poet is celebrating the Angloence to Biblical Illustration.” The patron of

Gallic alliance as the triumph of civilization, this association is Prince Albert, and John

the time appears propitious for the vigorous Murray, Esq., the great bookseller, we suppose,

movements indicated by the immense yellow is the treasurer. The committee “ announce placards that meet the Parisian's eye at every that Mr. Loftus, formerly Geologist to the Turco-Persian Frontier Commission, has pro James Montgomery, the poet, has left sereral ceeded to Assyria, for the purpose of com handsome legacies to charitable institutions in mencing excavations, accompanied by an archi- Sheffield. Poets do not die in debt in our day. tectural draftsman and photographer.” The We shall have them (and why not?) becoming donations and subscriptions already received rich men. Goldsmith died fifteen thousand amount to eleven thousand nine hundred and dollars in debt. “ Was ever poet," said Johnseventy dollars.

so trusted before ?” But this was a long

time An unusual occurrence in literature took

ago. The Nestor of our generation of place lately in London. Two sets of the three poets, Rogers, is a rich banker. first editions of Shakspeare changed proprietors A work which promises much interest is under the hammer of Messrs. Sotheby and Wils about to appear within a short period in Paris. kinson. One copy of the first edition of 1623 | This is the memoirs of a man whose name is is the finest ever offered for sale. It belonged intimately and singularly connected with the to Mr. Hibbert, and then to Mr. Wilks.

events of the commencement of the Restoration, The Perverse Widow. In Mr. Kerslake's Cata- M. de Manbreuil, who possessed himself of the logue of old books, we notice a copy of Cowley's diamonds of Marie Louise, who was accused of Works “ with Autograph of Sir Roger De Cover having attempted the life of Napoleon, and who, ley’s ‘Perverse Widow' and her 'Confidante.'”

on an occasion when he wished to make certain A note to this folio tells us that the fly-leaf revelations respecting the Prince de Talleyrand, contains the following:

sought to bring about an explanation by giving

the latter a blow. It is said that the Memoirs “ Catharina Boerey February the 10th, 163 8–9,"

in question are a series of the most singular under which the following verses, blotted out, but can

and interesting details, derived from the aube read : “Surely a pain to love it is

thor's experience, which has been great, varied, and tig a pain that pain to mis

and peculiar.
but of all pains the greatest pain
it is to love and love in vain "

Macaulay is busy on the new volumes of his under which, unblotted,

History of England. He is to be seen every day

from ten to four in the British Museum, at one Catharino Boevey 1691" &c.

of the center-tables, which is covered with piles On the title is written:

of books, reading, note-taking, comparing, and

composing. It is said that he had hoped to "Mademoiselle Maria Popo Le Livre Catharina Boevey."

include the reign of William and Mary, and of

Anne, into two volumes, to be published in Mrs. Mary Pope, the cause of Sir Roger's disappoint

November ; but the present on dit is, that he ment and the object of his detestation, was forty years the constant coinpanion of Mrs. Boevey, and became will be obliged to extend this part of the work her executor, and erected her monuments in West to three volumes, which cannot appear before minster Abbey and at Flaxley.

February "The above,” says the London Athenæum,

A complete file of the “London Gazette," from " is very apt and illustrative. Is it authentic?

1656 to the present time, has been secured to If so, it is unquestionably curious.”

the Library of Congress. It is said to be the A Paris correspondent of an English paper only complete file in existence of this journal, writes :- The entente excessivement cordiale now which has contained, for nearly two hundred existing between England and France has ex years, the official records of the British Governcited the Parisians already in favor of the Eng-ment. lish language. Paris at the present time is

Victor Hugo has been engaged in his exile at posted—from the Barrière du Mont Parnasse to Jersey in putting the finishing touches to a the Barrière Blanche-with advertisements of “Cours d'Anglais.” This excitement is likely philosophical romance in four volumes, called

* Les Misères ;" and it is rumored that an emi. to improve Gallic-English. The Paris visitor,

nent publishing firm of Paris has bargained to with a lively recollection of the extraordinary give him $24,000 for it. It is, however, not language uttered by the keepers of establish yet certain whether, on account of the restricments at which they “ spike the English,” will tions on the press, it can be printed at Paris. be glad to learn that he is likely to understand Boulevards English very shortly. Up to the The eccentric Dr. Veron has brought out present time, however, the old Parisian English another volume of his “Mémoires." It contains may be seen in the Paris by ways. According a good deal of gossip about the Grand Opera, to the Paris authorities, the Mont de Piété is a l of which he was for some years director.

" Discreet wit

Arts and Sciences.

Atmospheric Telegraph-Physiognomy-Steam Fire- from Eastern cities have recently been here to

engine-Electric Telegraph-Chicago River-New- observe its operation, and make investigation as York Farmers' Club-Type-setting Machine-Railroads-The Paper Trade-Pompeii.

to the advantage it combines. It is understood

they have been favorably impressed in regard The Committee of Congress on the memorial of to it. The opinion here of those most compe Mr. Richardson, respecting the atmospheric tele- tent to judge of its utility is, that it is a great graph, reported favorably. The report says :- advance upon the common engines, and will

“ The mail between Washington and New-York is soon be in use, particularly in all our larger now carried upon railroads in twelve hours. If your cities. committee do not greatly err, the same mails may be carried between these cities in two hours, by the pro- A young man of Bayonne has just invented posed atmospheric telegraph, and the expenditure now a mode of electric telegraph, by which the disnecessary for the transmission of one set of mails, patch is printed in ordinary letters, or convenwould enable the post-otlice department to send six sets of mails every twelve hours. The impulse which

tional signs, by the telegraph itself, at the point such a frequent, rapid, and certain delivery of the of departure, at the end, and at several intermails between distant points would give to all the busi- mediate stations simultaneously. ness of the country is incalculable: operating with as much safety and unerring certainty in night as in day

A committee of the Chicago Council have relight; unaffected by changes of seasons or weather; and exempt from liability to those mischances, acci

solved to accept the plan for tunneling Chicago dents and delays, which are retarding the delivery of River, as proposed by the American Submarine the mails throughout the country, the atmospheric Tunnel Company, of New-York. It is to be telegraph seems destined to become the exclusive mail. carrier of the age."

made of cast-iron ; entrances on a grade not

exceeding one foot fall in nine. The plan to The editor of the London Athenaeum, after an

be two wagon tracks, each ten feet wide, and inspection of the Art Sections of the London

two foot-ways, each four feet wide, the former Crystal Palace, remarks :

eleven feet high, and the latter seven feet: the " It is singular to observe that when the Greek strove top of the tunnel to be not less than twelve to convey a low type of humanity, as in the Faun or feet below low water-mark for one hundred and Silenus, its face has European analogies. The Roman heads resemble ours in many respects; and the de- fifty feet in the center of the river. praved women of the Imperial times, as Faustina, Agrippina, &c., have the hard round forehead and small

At a recent meeting of the New-York Farmweak chin, which became the marked feature of the ers' Club, Mr. Wagoner introduced the model of Louis Quinze age, or may be traced in the sleepy-eyed, languid beauties of Lely and of Kneller. It is impos

a new reaping-machine, which is calculated to sible to deny that every century seems to have im

collect the heads and separate the grain from pressed its peculiar crimes and virtues, and its hopes the chaff, and deliver the grain in bags. He and struggles, on the faces of its great men. The had one machine in operation at Racine, WisElizabethan face is finely oval; the eyes meditative,

consin, this last year, that cut at the rate of the forehead high and arched, and the chin firm and well rounded. The George the Second visage is fleshy

twenty-five acres a day. A machine will weigh and full, the chin small and fat, the lower jaw heavy, about twelve hundred pounds, and cost $150. the neck thick, and the cheeks full and furrowed. The The cutters can be raised or lowered to suit the fifteenth century forehead is square,-the seventeenth, round, the thirteenth, flat and wide, -the eighteenth; height of grain by the operator, the heads being full and swelling over the eyes. We believe that in the carried directly to a thresher and cleaner, and present day a better type of physiognomy is beginning the grain thence to a screen and the bags. The to appear : the face grows more oval, the forehead higher and fuller, the lips smaller and firmer, the

whole is mounted upon four wheels, with a body nuse nobler and straighter. Napoleon's was a model capacious enough to contain all the machinery of a head, --Byron, Shelley, Southey, Wordsworth, and and carry the bags and man to fill and tie them Keats, were spiritual and handsome. Most of our liv

up. The inventor says that two horses are sufing authors present much more of the Elizabethan type. Refinement of manners is already perceptiblo ficient propelling power, and these are hitched on the national features. Club life may he as selfish as to a shaft behind, so as to push the machine tavern life ; but it is purer and healthier. There is into the standing grain. One advantage of this more religion now and more decorum,-more earnestness and less materialism. A pure school of poetry

mode is, that it leaves the straw upon the land, has arisen, drawing its images direct from nature, and and the heads require less labor to thresh. appealing to the common heart. A school of painting has sprung up side by side, originating from it, and An invention for composing type has long been likely to rival it in renown. With the peaked beard a " desideratum," and quite a " forlorn hope;" vanished chivalry,-with the full-bottomed wig, Renaissance poetry, -and with the revival of a taste for

such are the complicated difficulties of the deGothic Art is now coming back all that was worthy of sign. We notice, however, the announcement preservation in the Middle Ages."

of a successful attempt at it. A letter from A Cincinnati correspondent of the Boston Copenhagen says :Traveler, says, that the steam fire-engine, recently * By the politeness of the editors. I have now been invented and put in operation there, promises to

able to see the new composing machine as in actual

operation in the office of Fradrendlet. Instead of be a valuable and important improvement upon the usual cases and composing sticks, and the comthe engines in common use. It can, by the positor standing at his work, we see a person sitting use of oil, be at any time got in readiness for

before a machine with keys like a piano, which he full operation in ten minutes, and this while it plays, on incessantly, and every touch on the tangent

is followed by a click; the letter is alrearly in its place is on its way to the fire. It is readily drawn to in the long mahogany channel prepared for it. The any part of the city by horses. It propels six whole is excessively ingenious. In fact it is fairy streams of water with greater force, and to a

work. The most wonderful part is, that it distributes

the already used type at the same time that it sets the greater height, than other engines. Committees new page, and with an exactness perfectly sure. No


mistake can ever occur. The compositor by this ma Apropos of Railroads.—The English papers chine does four times as much work as another work

state that a statue has been erected, in the man; but as he requires an assistant to line and page the set type, this brings it to twice the amount of type great hall at Euston-square terminus, Lonset. The whole is so clean and pleasant, that it will don, to George Stevenson. The London Times probably soon be a favorite employment for women.

says: The machine occupies a very small space, not more than a large chair, and is beautifully made of hard "In early life a collier, working for bis dayly bread woods, brass, and steel. Its success now is beyond all in the bowels of the earth, he mended watches in his doubt. The proprietors of Fredrelandet aro so grati. leisure hours that his son might have the blessings of fied by the one they now have that they have ordered education. While his fame as a mechanical and civil another. The price is 2,400 Danish dollars. It will engineer was still in its infancy, he elaborated experilast apparently for a century or two without repair. | mentally the same result as to the safety-lamp which Mr. SORENson, the inventor, himself a compositor all Sir Humphrey Davy reached by the process of philohis life, kindly shows the machine to any visitor. Or

sophic induction. The tramways of the coal mines and course, a compositor cannot set with his machine at the rude forms of the first locomotive engines grew once; it will take a short time, a few days, for him under the strokes of his vigorous intellect into a mighty to become familiar with the details; but he is then system, which has alreadly exercised an incalculable a gentleman, compared to his old comrades."

Intluence upon industry and civilization. That one

who, when a boy, was a hurrier' in a coal-pit, should, If this Mr. Sorenson were named “ Jonathan" by the force of native genius, rise to a position such as Sorenson, with his whereabouts somewhere

the statue in the hall of Euston Station commemorates, among the “Down-Easters," we should have more

may well be regarded as a proof that the days of ro

mance are not yet over, nor the giants of an elder world confidence in the report, and more hope of in without their types in modern times. Perhaps it is troducing it into the office of the National. As also to be viewed as a characteristic of the age, that the it is, we wait for confirmation, doubting mean

fans of such a man is so quietly left to the wood keep

ing of the good works which he has achieved. while whether anybody but “ brother Jonathan"

traveler hastening on his way should pause in Euston can ever “ come it over" the difficulties of the Station, to contemplate the masculine form, and mascase ; and he, we fear, will have to try his wits

sive, energetic features, of him who, by combining the

blast-pipe with the tubular boiler, first endowed the a long while over them.

locomotivo with its tremendous speed-who, during

bis busy manhood, superintended the construction of Every poor wight who has had to travel, as

more than two thousand five hundred miles of railwe have, by cars, over thousands of miles during way-who thought out everything connected with our the hot months, will agree with us that a right Arst iron highways--and who engineered lines extendmode of ventilating these otherwise very com

ing in unbroken series from London to Edinburgh." fortable carriages, would be one of the “greatest

Some leading paper-manufacturers have reinventions of the age.” We shall be as thank-cently called the attention of the British govful to the genius who shuts the dust out of

ernment to the consequences likely to arise to them, as Sancho Panza was to the unknown

their trade from the present war with Russia. It “men who first invented sleep.” An invention

appears that the supply of raw materials for the for the purpose, by Messrs. Toole and Allen, of

manufacture of paper has of late years barely Buffalo, has been announced, and is thus de

met the enormously increasing demand, in spite scribed :-On the top of the car, at the center, of many new substances worked up; and it is are placed sheet-iron bonnets, (one on each side,)

now feared that the short supply and dearness so arranged as to receive the air when the cars of all fibres and textile fabrics will prove very are running in either direction, deflecting detrimental to the paper trade and the literary downward through air chambers (placed within

world. In consequence of these representations, and on each side of the car) into a box or tank circulars have been issued by the authorities suspended beneath the floor; from which it is

to the governors of colonies, calling their attenconducted by air tubes opening up into the car

tion to the necessity of finding some substitutes, through grates in several places along the aiele, within the colonial territories, for the materials thence out again through openings in the top.

at present used in paper-making. The tank is of sufficient depth to hold a barrel or more of water-allowing a free passage of Scales and steelyards have been discovered in air above it. In connection with this water, Pompeii, which could only have been meant to are pipes leading to a small rotary pump at- weigh provisions; but the chains and bars of tached to the truck frame, (which is driven by which are delicately wrought. The weight even a belt passing round the axle of the car wheel,) is found made to represent a warrior, with a then back again to the tank and air chambers, helmet most beautifully chiseled; and so genwhere by a simple arrangement of diffusers the uine and true, so really intended for every day water in its passage is scattered into a fine use are these commercial implements, that one spray, falling into the tank to be used over again. of them has stamped upon it its verification When the cars are in motion the air rushes in made at the Capitol, declaring it to be jnst. with great force, passing through the spray of The lamps also, and the candelabra by which water, which washes down all dust, smoke, cin they were supported, are most elegant-not made ders, and other impurities, coming up into the upon a pattern, a fashion of the season, but er. car as pure as a summer's atmosphere after a hibiting true artistic beauty. This feeling is shower, and very much cooled. The water is carried so far, that even surgical instruments changed dayly when the roads are dusty. The found in those ruins, which could only have amount of air received is easily regulated by a been meant for practical purposes, display eqnal valve in each air-chamber. During winter, in attention to ornament, and delicacy of finish. stead of water, a stove is placed in the tank There is no end of other vessels, which must below the floor, which heats the air in its pasg have served for domestic purposes, such as age, thereby ventilating and warming all parts braziers, for instance, of which the handles, of the car alike, and that too without the loss rims, and other parts, are finished beyond what of any seats, which in other cars are removed the finest bronzes now made in Paris usually to make room for a stove.


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