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older, had pursued those cottage and field He also began to preach in Bath, where preachings, and the studies and discipline he supplied the pulpit on account of the of each day were counteractive of any sickness of the minister, whom he aftervanity that might spring from the com- ward succeeded, and there met with mendations of the ignorant. But it would Lady Maxwell, who engaged him to offiseem that Mr. Winter had brought him- ciate in her chapel. This severed him self to the verge of difficulties, by self- from the little congregation of Christian renouncing charity to others, and it be- Malford, and brought him to the town with came necessary for his pupil, now thrown which his name will always be associated : on the world, to seek some humbler set- for “ Jay of Bath" can never be forgottlement. Such a one he found in the ten. Lady Maxwell invited him to take village of Christian Malford. No doubt charge of this congregation; and, at the Christain Malford is a place where any same time, the Rev. Mr. Tuppen, the Incommon man might hide himself effec- dependent minister, for whom he had often tually, but this youth had made himself preached, being on his death-bed, named too well-known to be concealed. He had him as his successor. The Argyle-street already won the respect of hundreds in Chapel was then in course of completion : that very neighborhood, and each time he | but Mr. Tuppen, for whom it was erected, raised his voice he added to his popular- did not recover to occupy it, and on Sunity. With a salary of thirty-five pounds day, Oct. 4th, 1789, Mr. Jay preached the per annum, he calculated on living humbly first sermon therein. Mr. Tuppen died and happily in private lodgings, devoting February 22d, 1790 ; and on January his days to study, preparing for a wider 30th, 1791, Mr. Jay was ordained to the sphere, and waiting until the lapse of time pastorate of that Church, and opened his should bring him to an age that the world ministry to the flock, now become his would accredit as mature. He tried to own, by preaching from the words : be obscure. But this might not be. Fre “ What thou knowest not now, thou shalt quent applications to render occasional know hereafter,” with allusion, no doubt, service, drew him into neighboring places, to the perplexity in which he had been inand threw him into an ever widening volved by diversity of proposals and by circle.
conflicting views, both in himself and It was at this time, and before he had others. His honored friend and tutor, of reached his twentieth year, that the Rev. all men the most proper for such a serRowland Hill invited him to preach in vice, delivered the ordination charge. Surrey Chapel. Perhaps the announce Bath, it should be observed, was then a ment of so youthful an orator might have very different place from what it is now. been attractive to a large audience, but | It wa far more celebrated. The baths the hearers were far from being disap- were in the height of their reputation. pointed, and the crowd was so great that, There were the noble, the gay, the dissoafter the service, he had to address, from lute. The spirit of Beau Nash still a window of the chapel-house, a multitude haunted that theater of profusion and that thronged the chapel-yard, and not folly. Even the languishing came thither being able to find admission to the sermon that they might struggle against death, lingered there in hope of catching a amid the warbling of songs and the viglimpse of the young man, or hearing a bration of dances. It was a Paphos. word from his lips. He occupied the Yet religion, as we have seen, had some pulpit of Surrey Chapel several times, genteel followers even in Bath, and it was and addressed immense congregations. a noble lady who had sought to enlist Mr. Once the Rev. John Newton was present; Jay's talent and fervor on its side : but and after observing the germs of future even listeners to the gospel were fastidexcellence, and considering how strong ious. “For such a situation,” to borrow must be the pressure of temptation to the words of his friend, the Rev. J. A. pride by such extreme popularity, he fol- James, “Mr. Jay was eminently suited. lowed the young preacher into the house Attractive in personal appearance, with a after service, and gave him some affec- voice of music, a demeanor that comtionate and faithful advice, which he treas- bined the simplicity of village manners ured with gratitude, and often made re with the inartificial polish of the city : spectful mention of in after life.
and what was more than all, and better
than all, with a deeply-rooted piety in his loved and honored them no less than own heart, and a rich unction of evangeli- when he lived in that mean dwelling, and cal truth in his sermons, he was suited to knew no vocation higher than his father's the place and the place to him. His min- craft. istry soon drew upon him, not only the The even career of a preacher, how. eyes of the citizens, but of those who ever eminent, cannot afford much incident came there as visitors; and as, at that to his biographer. The most remarkable time, Bath was not favored, as it happily period of Mr. Jay's life was that which now is, with evangelical ministrations in we have already traced; and all that now the pulpits of the Church of England, the remains for us to do is to gather a few pious, and many of the illustrious members notices of his manner of preaching, his 'of that communion, who came there either course of life, and the calm and glorious for recreation or health, were glad to eventide in which that life closed. avail themselves of the benefit of his ac His voice, as it has been truly said, can ceptable public services and of his private never be forgotten by one who has heard friendship. Among these were Wilber- it once. Its fine barytone soothed the force and Hannah More. Unworthy at audience, and prepared the way for the tempts have been made to conceal the teaching or admonition that should follow ; friendship of these distinguished individ- and, while his eloquence was capable of uals for Mr. Jay. His autobiography, great variety, he chiefly excelled in the however, will successfully draw aside the expression of tenderness. His object vail which has been cast over this subject, was to produce impression, not indeed on and prove how close was the intimacy be the imagination, but on the heart; and, tween the liberator of Africa, the holy and aiming at this, he threw aside, whenever lofty authoress of Barley Wood, and the occasion required, mere pulpit conventionminister of Argyle Chapel.”
alities. Curt, grave, impressive, he strove Nobles and bishops drove up to Argyle to concentrate as much meaning as possiChapel and heard him with delight. Sen- ble within the compass of his sentences ; ators and comedians, each in his own way, and sometimes breaking off the current of came to profit by his eloquence, which thought, he would catch a conception fresh was as unaffected as it was devout; ex as it came, letting it serve his end even cept, indeed, when with flashes of wit, if it interrupted his argument. The first and strokes of satire, that thickened as he words of a discorisse were often abrupt, advanced, he poured a ridicule upon pre- and even foreign from the subject to be vailing vices that must have made some treated, but they served his purpose of of his hearers contemptible in their own winning the ear, and perhaps the heart, eyes, which was just what he desired. of some hearer at the same time. They Never ashamed of his origin, he did not were like an arrow just shot at a venturetalk about it, with an idle ostentation of a first essay of the elasticity of the bow humility, but from the affluence which had that he was bending. And he bent that fallen on him unsought, it was his care to bow, and leveled those shafts, with an supply his father and mother in Tisbury intensity of satisfaction that was apparent with all they needed for the comfort of in every lineament of his expressive countheir advancing age; and as long as they tenance, and fully justified a saying of his lived they were sustained by his filial own, that he would rather be a preacher
“ Is your name Jay ?" said a stran of the gospel than the angel that should ger, who once found out the cottage, and blow the trumpet at the last day. And was curious to enter the birth-place of the soul, and emphasis, and music of his the man who was at that time a prince of discourse was such that oftentimes, as we pulpit orators. “Ay," said the old man, have heard, an accustomed hearer-one “my name is Jeay.”
“ Have you got a
who knew and loved the man-confessed son ?” “Yes, I 've 'a got a son in Bath. he could almost imagine, as the longThat's Passon Jeay. Ay! bless 'im!" | loved voice came upon his ear, that it And then the old gentleman and his wife, was indeed the utterance of an angel. with a simplicity like that inherited by The sententiousness of his discourses was the “ Passon ” limself, related at great made happily subservient to their perspilength the bounties and the tendernesses cuity, and tended to fix both sermon and of their noble and reverend child, who / doctrine on the memory.
illustration of this was furnished, not long of his life he preached extempore, as it is ago, by one of his congregation when on called, but it would be more correct to his death-bed. He was an aged man. say, without verbal preparation. Latterly, For the last time he heard his pastor on great public occasions, he read his serpreach from these words : “My presence mons, perhaps conscious of less of that shall go with thee, and I will give thee buoyancy of spirit, which once rose freely rest." The old pilgrim returned no more to the height of the theme and overcame to Argyle Chapel, but lay at home enjoy- the exigency of the moment. Even in ing in frequent meditation the lessons he his ordinary discourses he aided his memhad learned there. This last sermon ory by short notes, but in private exdwelt much in his thoughts. “I wish," pressed regret that he had fallen into this said he, “ I could give you some idea of a new habit, finding it often a hinderance discourse so suitable to my present cir- rather than a help. Everyone who cumstances; but though my memory serves describes his manner, mentions the emme, my speech begins to fail. But think phasis he threw into his reading. The of this :
simplicity of language in which a grand"1. My presence shall go with thee, to daughter of his own describes that perfecguide thee; and I will give thee rest from tion of a good reader, conveys a clearer perplexity.
idea of it than could be given in an elabo“2. My presence shall go with thee, rate description. walked down at to guard thee; and I will give thee rest seven to hear dear grand papa.
He from apprehension.
preached a most glorious sermon upon “3. My presence shall go with thee, to • the manifestation of the sons of God.' supply thee; and I will give thee rest from I doubt if you can possibly imagine our want.
feelings when the venerable silver head “4. My presence shall go with thee to appeared in the pulpit, and then bent in comfort thee; and I will give thee rest silent prayer. The expression with which from sorrow."
he reads is wonderful-his words distill as Here was nothing scholastic, nothing the dew; so softly, and yet so effectually labored; but here was the voice of a faith- do they fall. His manner of emphasizing ful shepherd, sounding in the memory and some passages gives you an entirely new cheering the soul of one of his flock, while view of them.” passing through the dark valley and shad The last words—except the benedicow of death.
“ His speech,” says a mem tion—that he ever delivered in Argyle ber of his congregation, and one who is Chapel, were in a sermon on the morning himself no stranger to the occupation of a of Sunday, July 25th, 1852, which closed pulpit, “ his speech is calm and steady, in a manner that might almost seem proindicating a mind self-reliant, possessed, phetic. With great feeling he quoted content with the divine majesty of his these from the Apocalypse : theme. As he speaks, you glide with him “ Therefore are they before the throne of through a galaxy of light; and yet he God, and serve himn day and night in his seems indifferent the graces or other temple, and he that sitteth on the throne arts of eloquence; never says a word too shall dwell among them. They shall much, or a word too little : dreams not of hunger no more, neither thirst any more ; a Demosthenes, yet is a Boanerges ; recks neither shall the sun light on them, nor not of gaudy words, yet is
any heat. For the Lamb which is in the
midst of the throne shall feed them, and • When unadorn'd adorn'd the more.'
shall lead them unto living fountains of “How hushed is the assembly! With waters; and God shall wipe away all what power of conviction his plain, man tears from their eyes.” He made no ly, devout sentences fix the soul upon his comment, and how could he? But he lips, the eye upon his face! Yet what he pronounced these final words : “ If this be says, we almost fancy all knew before ; heaven, O that I were there!" but who could have spoken it like him? His home was made happy by the charm If we fancy we can, let us try. No; it of a lovely temper and pure example. is not a pastor's robe that makes a pastor's Temperance and early rising helped to heart; and we believe the best eloquence keep him alive to green old
and some is born there.” During the greatest part of his habits were peculiar. He rose at
six, breakfasted at seven, and took exer- family owe to her! and what reason they cise after breakfast. In winter, or in have to call her blessed! She is, too, the rainy weather, his exercise consisted in mother of another mother in America, who chopping firewood. An amusing story is has reared thirteen children, all of whom are told of his wood-chopping. Lustily at walking with her in the way everlasting.” work one morning in his cellar in Percy When Mr. Jay had reached his eightyPlace, the quick ear of a policeman caught fourth year, and was also suffering under the reverberation of his blows, and at an attack of a painful disease, he deemed length, fancying that some operation was it right to resign his pulpit. It was in going on inconsistent with his own notions April, 1853, that he sent in his final resigof public order, the guardian of the peace nation. There had been some discomfort roared through the grating—“ I say, there, in the congregation, in consequence of what's all this noise about? What are difficulties that arose concerning the setyou doing there ?"
“What am I doing tlement of a co-pastor, or of supplies. here! I’m chopping wood. Has n't a But, with a generous cordiality, “the man a right to do what he likes in his Church assigned him an annuity of £200 own house ?" It can scarcely be neces per annum for life, out of the income of sary to say that the honest author of the the place.” But he did not live much “ Address to Masters of Families,” dis- longer. charged, in his own househeld, the duties For many years, he had anticipated the of a Christian master; and that the writer end of his career. On his meeting a good of the “ Morning and Evening Exercises,” old man once, this pithy colloquy took ministered faithfully at his own domestic place between them. “How do you do ?" altar.
said Jay. “I am longing to leave this On the completion of his fiftieth year as world,” said the weary pilgrim; “ I am pastor at Argyle Chapel, his flock held a tired of it.” “I am tired of it too," was sort of jubilee, and, on that occasion, a the reply ; “but I must work on, until it beautiful purse was presented to him, con- pleases God to give me rest.” And later, taining six hundred and fifty sovereigns he remarked, “ that he had known, in his fresh from the mint. Mr. Jay received time, many excellent and eminent men, all the gift, and turning to his wife, who was of whom were gone into eternity ; but,” present with him at the meeting convened said he, “ of late they all seem to stand on the occasion, addressed her thus :-“I nearer to me than they ever were.” The take this purse, and present it to you, truth is, that he was nearer them. The madam-to you, madam, who have always last hours of his life were calm. kept my purse, and therefore it is that it “On my referring,” says Rev. J. A. has been so well kept. Consider it en- James, “to that expression in the ninetytirely sacred for your pleasure, your use, first psalm, as applicable to his own case, your service, your comfort. I feel this to With long life will I satisfy him, and show be unexpected by you, but it is perfectly him my salvation ;'• Ah! he replied, “I deserved. Mr. Chairman and Christian have known the fulfillment of every part of friends, I am sure there is not one here the psalm but the last verse, and I shall but would acquiesce in this, if he knew know that in an hour.'" That hour soon the value of this lady as a wife for more He departed December 27th, 1853. than fifty years. I must mention the obligation the public are under to her-if I SWEDISH Names.-Few of the Swedish have been enabled to serve my genera- peasants have surnames, and in consetion—and how much she has raised her quence their children simply take their sex in my estimation; how much my father's Christian name in addition to their Church and congregation owe to her own: for example, if the father's name be watching over their pastor's health, whom Sven Larson, his sons', in consequence, she has cheered under all his trials, and would be Jan or Nils Svens-son; and his reminded of his duties, while she animated daughters', Maria or Eliza Svens-daughhim in their performance. How often The confusion that this system she has wiped the evening dews from his creates would be endless, were it not forehead, and freed him from interruption that in all matters of business the resiand embarrassments that he might be free dence of the party is usually attached to for his ork! How much also do my his name.
GROUND PLAN OF THE CATACOMBS.
THE CATACOMBS OF ROME.
THEIR INSCRIPTIONS AND LESSONS.
Bishop Kip, on the Catacombs of edge ourselves indebted to Bishop Kip for Rome. Notwithstanding the meagerness much entertainment and no little instrucof their inscriptions and their very defect- tion, and we yield to the temptation to lay ive artistic execution, these memorials of before our readers, in a leisurely review, primitive Christianity are exceedingly some outlines of the subject, aided by his interesting and momentous for at least data and engravings. their negative evidence on certain ques What is the history, what the inscrip