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ligence along the wires from their exposure to being emblematic of the extinction of the Indian race, atmospheric influences. By the earl's inven fills up this portion. The opposite half of the pediment tion this difficulty is removed, and an impor- is devoted to the effects of Liberty and Civilization.

The first figure on the right of America represents its tant desideratum effected in the art of tele Soldier. He is clothed in the costume of the Revolugraphing, as the substance employed completely tion, as being most suggestive of the country's strugenvelops the wires, which will be carried

gle for independence; his hand upon his sword indi

cates the readiness of the army to protect America from underground instead of being, as at present, insult. By the soldier is placed a Merchant, sitting on stretched on high poles—thus being more effi the emblems of trade; his right hand rests upon the cient, much more secure from injury, and getting globe, by which the extent of American commerce is rid of the inconvenience of poles and wires

symbolized. The anchor at his feet connects his figure

with those of two boys advancing cheerfully to devote public thoroughfares. The composition is inde themselves to the service of their country. The anchor structible, and can be supplied at little more is easily understood to be the emblem of Hope; behind than half the cost of anything previously used.

them sits the Teacher instructing a youth. The Me

chanic completes the group. He rests upon the cog. Researches at Pompeii— Canosa.—A correspond

wheel, without which machinery is useless. In his ent of the London Athenæum says: " At Pompeii

hands are the emblems of trade; and at his feet are

some sheaves of corn, expressive of fertility, activity, the works were for a long time suspended. A and abundance, in contradistinction to the grave at bronze statue of Apollo had been brought to the corresponding corner." light, a little larger than life, Roman in style; Here is a short announcement that savors of it was found near the small theater. The ex

old times: "The Greek government has selected cavations are now being prosecuted very feebly, a marble block in the Parthenon for the monubut with a view to discover the lower part of ment of George Washington, now being raised in the boundary walls of the ancient city. The the city named after him. It is to bear the followpoint of greatest interest, however, has been, ing inscription : * To George Washington, the and still continues to be, Canosa, in Puglia,

-heroic general, the high-minded citizen, the and the excavations of the Greek tombs have founder of modern freedom, the land of Solon, been carried on under the able direction of

Themistocles and Pericles, the birthplace of Signor Carlo Bonucci. These tombs are in the ancient freedom, dedicates this old marble as form of small chambers, decorated with columns a sign of reverence and admiration.'" and paintings. Here have been found objects of quite a novel and extraordinary interest, in

A foreign correspondent of the Tribune writes arms, terra-cottas, and glass; ornaments of that “whatever political differences there may gold, as necklaces, bracelets, diadems, earrings,

be between the politicians of the two countries, and rings; cameos and vases which are remark the learned men of Germany have a high estiable for the beauty of their paintings, and the mation of the scientific character, as well as interest and the grandeur of the subjects. I of the attainments of our countrymen. The have already spoken of the wonderful vase on

English are too jealous to give us due credit for which is represented the wars between the East our discoveries, and the French too uncosmoand the West, or Asia and Greece, in which politan. The Germans freely acknowledge our Darius is seated in the midst of his satraps, claims to the greatest scientific discovery of the while the various provinces of Asia, personified century, namely, that of Etherization. Until by beautiful women, bring their offerings for lately chloroform was in general use on the conthe war; and I only allude to it now for the

tinent as well as in Great Britain, but it will reason that I have just seen some fragments of

soon be supplanted by a milder and less danthese beautiful productions of art. When I gerous agent, namely, sulphuric ether, which speak of fragments, it should be known that no was originally employed in Boston. A death part is missing, and that the vase will be re

occurred a short time since at the General Hosstored to perfection.”

pital from the use of chloroform. In a conver

sation a few evenings since, at the Imperial Crawford's Great Work.-A correspondent of an English journal , writing from Rome, speaks Institute, with Hofrath von Oppelzer and Haller

-the former the most distinguished physician, as follows of Crawford :

and the latter the first chemist of Austria-I " From Mr. Gibson's I pass to Mr. Crawford's studio, found both of these eminent men in favor of the where everything now yields to the grand work ordered by the United States Government. It is to be

Boston method of etherization." The Boston of statuary marble, and is to be placed at the eastern faculty was the first to apply the new discovery; extremity of the Capitol extension at Washington. As and it has invariably adhered, in at least its It engages much of the attention of the artistic world, hospital practice, to etherization — rejecting I will give a detailed description of what it is to be; for at present nothing is to be seen but huge portions chloroform. It has hardly had a single evil of plaster models. The central figure of the pediment result to report. We believe with this writer, represents America standing on a rock, against which

that the new agent, or at least its new ap the waves of the ocean are beating. She is attended by the eagle of the country; while the sun rising at plication, is the greatest improvement of the her feet indicates the light which accompanies the age. It should be used in every painful operamarch of liberty. In one hand she holds the rewards tion in surgery, in all instances of childbirthof civic and military merit-laurel and oak wreaths ;her left hand is extended toward the pioneer, for

in almost every case involving severe pain. It whom she asks the protection of the Almighty. The

is God's greatest gift of the times to our poor pioneer is the athletic figure of a backwoodsman clear- humanity. ing the forest. The Indian race and its extinction is explained by the adjoining group of the Indian chief Leutze's statue of Washington at the Battle and family. The son of the chief is returning from the of Monmouth will be shortly exhibited at Bruschase, with a collection of game slung on a spear over

sels. It is at present in the sculptor's studio his shoulder. In the statue of the Indian chief, Mr. Crawford bas endeavored to describe the despair and

at Berlin. profound grief resulting from his conviction of the white man's triumph. The wife and infant of the

Dr. Elster, a well-known German writer on chief complete this group of figures; while the grave, | Art, died suddenly, a short time since, at Berlin.

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JAY, LL.D., was elected the “That the Society are very much gratified at second president of the American Bible the choice made by the managers of the Hon. Society in the year 1822, having been pre-able president, Dr. Boudinot, and at his kindly

John Jay, as the successor of their late venerviously one of its vice-presidents. Owing consenting to accept the appointment; and that to his advanced age, and infirm state of the thanks of this Society be conveyed to the health, the Board dispensed with his per- president for the excellent address which, in sonal attendance at their meetings. He his unavoidable absence, he has been pleased

to transmit to the present meeting.” refers to this circumstance in his address acknowledging the honor conferred upon Mr. Jay possessed a inind formed for him, and which was read by his son, Peter eminence and imbued with virtue. SelA. Jay. At the sixth anniversary he says: dom has there been found in any Ameri

can citizen a more enlightened intellect, "I assure the Society that although restrained from active services by long-continued mala- united to a heart of more purity. A statesdies, and the increasing infirmities of age, my

man of transcendent abilities, he successattachment to this institution, and my desire to fully managed the most weighty interests promote the attainment of its great and impor- of the land. His country was the idol of tant objects, remain undiminished.”

his affections, and in her history he early This address was eloquent, and filled became a legislator of unswerving integwith noble and pious sentiments. As soon rity—an advocate and counsellor of the as it had been read, the American Bible most exalted standing. His wisdom and Society passed the following resolution :- address united in giving him an influence

Vol. V.-29


second to no other statesman in the coun- of learning-among them Alexander Hamcils of our nation.

ilton, Dewitt Clinton, and Washington In any country Mr. Jay would have Irving. After taking his Bachelor's dereached distinction; but in his own he ac- gree, he was admitted to the bar about quired that admiration and renown which | 1768. the union of goodness and greatness can In the year 1774 Mr. Jay married Sarah. alone command.

daughter of that distinguished patriot. The ancestors of John Jay were French William Livingston, Governor of NewHuguenots. Augustus Jay, his grandfa- Jersey. Soon he attained great eminence ther, was one of the three sons of Pierre as a lawyer, not only in New-York, but in Jay, an opulent merchant of La Rochelle. the neighboring provinces of Connecticut On the revocation of the Edict of Nantz, and New-Jersey. The American revoPierre fled from the persecutions which lution was now about to break out, a mofollowed this insane measure of Louis mentous era, and his fellow citizens began XIV. He sailed for England, the vessel to look up to him as a guide through the containing all that remained of his fortune. dark and gathering storm which was eviTwo sons accompanied their father, one dently approaching. In 1774 he was seof whom he had the misfortune to lose lected as one of the delegates to the first during the voyage. The other, a brave American Congress-an imperishable honman, died in England of wounds received The members of that august body at the celebrated battle of the Boyne, when will ever command the gratitude, not only he fought under the illustrious Count of the American people, but of the world. Schomberg, in one of the French volun- In 1776 he was chosen president of Conteer and Protestant regiments.

gress. The next year he was a member At this period the grandfather of Mr. of the convention which framed the conJay embarked from England, with other stitution of New-York, and made the first Huguenots, for South Carolina ; but, not draft of that paper. During the year 1778 liking that climate, he proceeded to New- the government of this state was organized, York. In this province he settled at when Mr. Jay became its chief justice. We Esopus, which, at the time, was a favor- find him, the next year, again in Congress; ite residence of the French Protestants. and, while its presiding officer, he was apThence he removed to New-York and pointed minister plenipotentiary to Spain. married Miss Bayard, in 1697. He died, | The objects of this mission were to obtain much respected, at the advanced age of from that nation an acknowledgment of eighty-five, leaving three daughters and our independence, a treaty of alliance, and one son, (Peter,) born in 1704, who mar- pecuniary aid. Early in the summer of ried a daughter of Jacobus Van Cortlandt. | 1782 he received the appointment of a These were the parents of John Jay. Be- commissioner to negotiate peace with fore the American revolution, he had re- England ; but to continue the Spanish netired from mercantile pursuits to an estate gotiations also. at Rye; but was forced to leave it, at the Dr. Franklin, Mr. Adams, and Mr. commencement of that struggle. He died Laurens, joined Mr. Jay in concluding at Poughkeepsie in 1782.

the treaty of peace, and all arrived at His son, John Jay, was born in the city of Paris in 1782. That important treaty was New-York, December 1, (old style,) 1745. signed in 1783, and the following year Mr. An estimable mother instructed him in the Jay returned to the United States. first rudiments of literature. When eight During the year 1787 there was an years old, he was placed in the school of the alarming riot in the city of New York, Rev. Mr. Stoep, rector of the Huguenot caused by the culpable imprudence of medChurch, New-Rochelle, and at fourteen ical students, who had disinterred some entered King's, now Columbia College, dead bodies for dissection. Such was the then recently founded, Dr. Johnson was excited state of the public feeling, that the president of the institution, and was suc- young men were compelled to seek proceeded by Dr. Cooper, both accomplished tection from the violence of the populace scholars, the latter especially excelling in in the city prison. A large crowd assemBelles lettres. It is a well-known fact bled for the purpose of forcing them from that some of the best American minds this retreat, and of inflicting on them sumhave graduated from this venerable seat mary punishment. The militia were or

1826. ....

Vols. Printed.

58,600 77,575 46.550 81.000 76,734



49,693 56,115 65,192


dered out; but they appeared indisposed a long settled aversion to nominal offices, to act, and serious consequences began and he continued, in advanced age, to exto be apprehended. At this moment of hibit those bright principles of consistency alarm, Mr. Jay and Colonel Hamilton, and duty which uniformly had characteramong others, volunteered to be peace- ized his distinguished career. makers, and, while near the prison, they During the presidency of Mr. Jay, emwere violently assailed with stones, one bracing the period from the year 1822 to of which struck Mr. Jay, inflicting a dan- | 1827, the Bible Society gradually extendgerous wound in his forehead, which con- ed its great work, as will be seen by this fined him to his bed a long time. At this tabular view :period was published the celebrated Fed

Receipts. Expenditures, eralist by Mr. Madison and Alexander 1823.....$52,021 $53,350

42,416 Hamilton. Mr. Jay had written the second, third, fourth, and fifth numbers, when

55,457 he was obliged, by the above accident, to

75,879 83,235 178,700 discontinue writing any more for some Such was the prosperity of the Amertime. He, however, afterward wrote the ican Bible Society during the presidency sixty-fourth number upon the treaty-mak- of Governor Jay. In all the duties of this ing powers, a subject with which he was honored, useful, and excellent man, he obmost intimately acquainted.

served great exactness; this was especialMr. Jay was appointed envoy extraor- ly the case in his domestic life. Every dinary to Great Britain in 1794, and

morning the whole family was summoned signed the treaty which has since borne

to religious worship; and precisely at nine his name. Upon his return from that im- o'clock at night the call was repeated, when portant mission, he found himself elected he read to them a chapter from the Bible, governor of the state of New York, which and concluded with prayer. No

company office he filled with distinguished ability interfered with these important duties. until the year 1801, when he declined a

In 1827 Mr. Jay was seized with sereëlection. He had also been honored

vere and dangerous illness. Asked by one with the post of chief justice in the Su- of his children to tell on what foundation preme Court of the United States, which he now rested his hopes, and from what he did not accept, and, no longer a candi

source he drew his consolations : They date for public life, he retired to his farm, have the Book,” was his concise and exat Bedford, Westchester County. Here,

pressive reply. For many months before secluded from the world and its strifes, he his death he was scarcely able to leave his passed in religious quiet and retirement

room, where occasionally he had the Lord's the remainder of his days.

supper administered to him. On the evenFew statesmen had less reason to dis-ing of May 14, 1829, he was seized with like public life, or left it with more satis- palsy, and expired on the 17th, in the faction, than Mr. Jay.. For twenty-seven

eighty-fourth year of his age. His funeral years he had been engaged in the service

was without ostentation, agreeably to his of his country, and had discharged, with

will :eminent fidelity, many of its highest re

“I would have my funeral decent, but not sponsibilities. He sought not glory from

ostentatious. No scarfs-no rings. Instead men, but served his beloved land from a

thereof, I give $200 to any poor deserving widow sense of duty. Like Washington, he was or orphan of this town, whom my children may a perfect example of political conscien- select.” tio ness.

The intelligence of his death called forth The health of Mr. Jay becoming more willing attestations of his worth from the feeble, in the year 1827 he resigned the public journals, the courts, and all parties. presidency of the Bible Society. At a Congress ordered his bust, as the first former period he had intimated a desire to chief justice of the United States, to be surrender his office for the same reason, placed in the chamber of the Supreme but was requested to remain, if he could Court-room, where it now stands. The only be able to address the members by an whole life of Mr. Jay exhibited the rare annual written communication ; but his picture of the Christian, patriot, and statesgrowing infirmities forbade even the dis- man united, and justified the universal recharge of this pleasant duty. He had also spect which was always accorded him.

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As an individual instance, this meeting

may not perhaps be capable of historical THE artist, introducing us to the private proof; still the picture shows in perfec

life of Luther, gives us in the first in- tion the beautiful and unshaken unity of stance a proof of the intimate relation that mind and of opinion which so closely conexisted between the Reforiner and his nected the teacher with the prince, and prince; we see him in confidential conver- of which history affords ample proof. It sation with the Elector John, to whom he was this prince, indeed, to whom Luther is reading and explaining the Scriptures. I addressed, in 1530, from Coburg to Augs

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