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burg, those incomparable words, in which of it. Death would be my happiness; yet, the mutual relation between the two men O my God! if it be thy will, gladly would is so clearly reflected : “ The all-merciful I still live to spread thy holy word, and God approves himself still more merciful comfort such of thy people as wax faint. by making his word so powerful and Nevertheless, if my hour be come, thy will effective in your highness's (Euer kur- be done! In thy hands are life and death. fürstlichen Gnaden) lands. For in your O my Lord Jesus Christ, I thank thee for dominions, it is true, there are more ex- thy grace in suffering me to know thy holy cellent preachers and clergymen, and a

Thou knowest that I believe in greater number of them who teach purely thee, in the Father, and in the Holy Ghost; and faithfully, and assist in keeping the thou art my divine Mediator and Saviour. blessed peace, than in any other country

Thou knowest, O my Lord, that in the world. God our Lord, who has Satan has laid numerous snares for me, to appointed your highness father and helper slay my body by tyrants and my soul by over this country, feedeth all through your his fiery arrows, his infernal temptations. office and service. Let your highness be Up to this time, thou hast marvelously comforted. Christ is come, and will con- protected me against all his fury. Protect fess you before his Father, as you have me still, O my steadfast Lord, if it be thy confessed him before this wicked race. will.' He spoke of the sects that will I am grieved that Satan should afflict and arise to pervert God's word, and will not trouble your heart; he is a sorry bitter spare, he said, the flock which the Lord spirit, and cannot bear that the heart of has redeemed with his blood. He wept man should rejoice or be at peace, particu- as he spoke of these things. “As yet,' larly in the Lord ; how much less can he he said, “God has suffered me to join you bear that your highness should be of good in the struggle against these spirits of discourage, since he well knoweth of how order, and I would gladly continue so to much importance your heart is to us all; do ; alone, you will be too weak against and not only to us, but to all the world ; them all. However, the thought of Jesus nay, I might almost say to heaven itself. Christ reassures me; for he is stronger Therefore we are all bound to assist your than Satan and all his arms, he is the highness with prayer, consolations, with Lord of Satan.' Some short time after, love, and in whatever way we can.

0! when the vital heat had been a little rethe young people will do this, who cry and vived by frictions and the application of call, with their innocent tongues, so hot pillows, he asked his wife, Where affectingly to heaven, and faithfully is my little heart, my well-beloved little recommend your highness to the all- John ? When the child was brought, he merciful God."

smiled at his father, who began saying, with tears in his eyes, · Poor dear little

one, I commend you to God, you and your FORTED BY TUE ELECTOR, JOHN FREDERICK.

good mother, my dear Catherine. You “Because I sometimes wear a gay and are penniless, but God will take care of jovial air, many conclude that my path is you. He is the father of orphans and on roses ; but God knows how far my widows. Preserve them, O my God; inheart is from any such feeling. Often form them, even as thou hast preserved have I resolved, for the world's sake, to and informed me up to this day.' He assume a more austere and holier demean- then spoke to his wife about some silver or, (I do not explain myself well,) but God goblets. • Thou knowest,' he added, has not favored my resolve.”

they are all we have left.' He fell into “In the afternoon of the same day," a deep sleep, which recruited his strength; say Drs. John Bugenhagen and Jonas, and on the next day he was considerably “he fell down senseless, turned quite cold, better. He then said to Dr. Jonas,' Never and gave no sign of life. When recalled shall I forget yesterday. The Lord takes to himself by unceasing care, he began to man into hell, and draws him out of it. pray with great fervor :- Thou knowest, The tempest which beat yesterday morning my God! he said, “ how cheerfully I would on my soul, was much more terrible than have poured out my blood for thy word, that which my body underwent toward but thou hast willed it otherwise. Thy evening. God kills, and brings to life will be done! No doubt I was unworthy He is the master of life and death.'”

LUTHER ON A SICK-BED, IN 1531, IS VISITED AND COM

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LUTHER ON A SICK BED, COMFORTED BY THE ELECTOR, JOHN FREDERICK.

In the last picture Luther appeared as When Luther, in the fear of death, recomthe clerical servant of his prince ; here mended the gospel to his future protecthe son of that prince visits him kindly in tion, he replied; “I fear, dear doctor, his bodily affliction. He had fallen dan- | that if the Lord were to remove you, he gerously ill at Schmalkalden, when, on the would take away his precious word also;" Sunday Invocavit, (February, 1537,) the which observation Luther properly conElector, John Frederick, visited and com- tradicted. At parting, John Frederick forted him. “The good God our Lord,” sought to comfort him with these words : said that prince, much affected, “will be “ Your wife shall be as my wife, and merciful unto us, and prolong your life.” | your children my children."

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LUTHER SITTING FOR HIS PORTRAIT TO LUCAS KRANACH,

In our picture Melancthon sits in the preserved to us, it is but a just proof of foreground full of anxiety and deep sor- gratitude that our biographer-artist refers row; indeed, he frequently could not re in this picture to the indefatigable activity strain his tears at sight of his suffering of Kranach. Master Lucas is here seen friend : behind him, at the right hand of sketching the portrait of his friend the sick man, stands Frederick Mykonius; which he afterward copied many times. George Spalatin bends, in anxious thought, Melancthon examines the features to judge over the pillow of the sufferer; the physi- of the resemblance; few had looked so cian holds the medicine in his hand; Hans often and so deeply into the innermost von Dolzig stands behind the elector. soul of the hero as he, nor observed him

in such varied conditions of mind; he

was therefore sent for expressly to give LUTHER BITS FOR HIS PORTRAIT TO LUCAS KRANACH.

an opinion on the portrait of his friend. As we owe it almost wholly to the in- Another friend, Spalatin, seeks to amuse dustrious and artistic hand of Lucas Luther during the sitting by reading Kranach that Luther's portrait, with its to him. bold, strongly marked features, has been Luther loved the arts, and Kranach and

Dürer were his personal friends and co- Melancthon, raising the almost broken workers. On hearing of the death of the spirit of the sick man with the powerful latter, he wrote: “It is painful, no doubt, to words of life. Melancthon had suddenly have lost him. Let us rejoice, however, fallen sick at Weimar, while on his way that Christ has released him by so happy to the monastery at Hagenau. Presenan end from this world of misery and of timents of death had accompanied him trouble, which soon, perhaps, will be thither; and a mental affliction, which desolated by greater troubles still. God undermined his strength, threatened the has been unwilling to suffer him, who was speedy dissolution of the almost exhausted born for happiness, to see such calamities. powers of life ; – his delicately strung May he rest in peace with his fathers !" mind was tormented by the bitterest pain (April, 1528.)

that can assail a poor mortal ; he was at

war with himself, for his conscience could LUTHER PRAYING AT THE SICK-BED OF MELANCTION.

not find rest from the reproach that he had We have seen Luther on a sick-bed, and not resisted more heroically the desires his friends grieving beside him; here and demands of the Landgrave of Hesse, we find him by the side of the suffering and had thus, it might be said, sanctioned,

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in part at least, a public slight offered to In the picture he is represented surthe evangelical Church.

rounded by his children and friends practiAt the call of the elector, Luther and cing the first evangelical church-melodies Kreuziger came to him : the former saw under the direction of the electoral chapelwith terror the corpselike form of his master, John Walther. To the left stands friend, the failing eyes, the fleeting sense. the cantor, to the right Mathesi “God preserve me!” he cried; “how has “I have,” relates Walther,“ sung many the devil destroyed this organon!” and a delightful hour with him ; and have often turning to the window, he poured out his observed how our beloved friend became anxious soul in the boldest and most glow- more and more cheerful as we sang, and ing prayer.

Words passed through his never grew weary nor had enough of it. soul and crossed his lips which, coming He has himself composed the chants to from another mouth, might be condemned the Epistles and Gospels, has sung them as blasphemy, but which in him arose to me, and asked my opinion. He kept from the very depth of a sublime con- me three weeks at Wittemberg, until the fidence in God, and from an unconditional first German mass had been chanted in the faith in the Scriptures. “ This time I parish church. I attended it, and after- . besought the Almighty with great vigor; ward took a copy of this first German I attacked him with his own weapons, mass with me to Torgau, that I might quoting from Scripture all the promises I present it to the elector. could remember, that prayers should be " At table, as well as afterward, the granted, and said that he must grant my doctor sang sometimes; he also played the prayer, if I was henceforth to put faith in lute ; I have sung with him ; between the his promises.' He then took the hand songs he introduced good words." of the sick man, saying, “Be of good In the preface to his first collection of courage, Philip, thou shalt not die; sacred songs and psalms he says that they although the Lord might see cause to kill, had been set for four voices, because he yet wills he not the death of a sinner, but wished" that the young people, who ought rather that he should turn to him and live! at all events to be instructed in music and God hath called the greatest sinners unto other proper arts, might be rid of their mercy; how much less then will he cast improper love-songs, and learn something off thee, my Philip, or destroy thee in sin good and instructive instead; and to find and sadness! Therefore do not give way pleasure in that which is good, as it beto grief—do not become thine own murder- seemeth young people.” er; but trust in the Lord, who can kill and

He was

an enthusiast for music. bring to life—who can strike and heal “Music is one of the finest and most again.” Melancthon would rather have magnificent of God's gifts. Satan hates passed away in sleep to eternal peace, it. It dispels temptations and evil than have returned to earthly strife ; but thoughts; the devil cannot hold out the spiritually powerful words of Luther against it." Luther being entertained recalled him, “ No, no, Philip; thou must (December 17th, 1538) in the house of a serve the Lord our God still further!" musical family, who played to him to his

He recovered ; “recalled from death great delight, he bursts out with, “ If our unto life,” he says himself, “by divine Lord grants us such noble gifts in .this power;" and Luther rejoicingly said," he life, which is but filth and misery, what would bring back the Magister Philip, will it be in the life everlasting? This is with the help of God, from the grave to a foretaste." Singing is the best exercheerfulness."

cise ; it has no concern with the word.

Therefore do I rejoice that LUTHER'S SINGING AT HOME.

God has refused to the peasants (alluding,

no doubt, to the peasants in revolt) so From Luther's friends we turn to his great a gift and comfort. They do not domestic relations; to which his singing understand music, and listen not to the at home (Cantorei im Hause) forms a word.” He one day said to a harp-player, fitting link of connexion, while it serves * My friend, play me such an air as at the same time as a record of the im- David used to play. Were he to return mortal fame he has acquired by his zeal to earth, I think he would be surprised to in improving German vocal church-music. I find such skillful players.” “How happens

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INTRODUCTION OF THE
GERMAN CUURCH HYMNS AND CIIANTS.

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