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The unfortunate and beautiful girl is released from school, playing in the disrepresented as being indeed taken up “ten- tance. derly" by two compassionate men, while “Like sportive deer they coursed about, a youth stands wondering by, and struck And shouted as they ran, with emotion at the wreck of so much

Turning to mirth all things of earth,

As only boyhood can; loveliness.

But the usher sat remote from all, In the second medallion there is a ter

A melancholy man!" rible moral conveyed : the observer is

Objections are frequently urged to the made to feel, by the whole character and erection of monumental tributes to literary bearing of the principal figure, that “woe, men ; it being asserted that an author's woe, unutterable woe,” is the sure fate of

writings form his best monument. Miss those who spill “ life's sacred stream.” | Mitford's donation to the fund was acThe haggard countenance and the shud

companied by the following remark :-“ It dering aspect of Eugene Aram powerfully is not so much for Hood's sake, as for the portray the dread workings of a guilty honor of England, that such a testimony conscience :

is needed;" and thousands of grateful ad“The crimson clouds before his eyes, mirers have confirmed that estimable lady's The flames about his brain;

opinion. The subscription list is an inFor blood has left upon his soul

teresting one, and proves how Thomas Its everlasting stain.”

Hood's writings have endeared him to all In striking contrast to the mental agony classes of his readers. depicted in this figure, are the studious The Duke of Devonshire placed his boy lying near, and the happy children, name at the head, with a liberal donation of

£25; and “ a few poor needlewomen,"re- Marston, Charles Swain, Lady Morgan, membering Hood's eloquent cry on behalf Mrs. S. C. Hall, Miss Martineau, and of that suffering class, were among the Miss Eliza Cook. We also observe in earliest contributors. Among the literary the list the names of Lords Brougham, brethren and sisters of the poet who have John Russell, Carlisle, Ellesmere, St. testified their fraternal admiration of him, Germains, Dudley Stuart, and John Manare Thomas Babington Macaulay, Benja- ners; Messrs. W. C. Macready, R. Ste min Disraeli, Samuel Rogers, Alfred Ten- phenson, C. E.; T. Creswick, R. A.; nyson, Charles Mackay, W.M. Thackeray, Rowland Hill; Mrs. Theodore Martin, Douglas Jerrold, Thomas De Quincy, Bar. and Miss Cushman. ry Cornwall, Monckton Milnes, Westland The amount subscribed was raised chiefly

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in small sums; these were forwarded from the fund. Miss Cook having, about a year almost every part of the United Kingdom. and a half since, directed attention, in a Contributions were also received from the spirited poetical composition, to the negUnited States, from Rome, Paris, and lected condition of Hood's grave, a comother remote places.

mittee was at once formed, consisting of It would be unjust to omit stating that gentlemen connected with the Whittington the existence of the Hood Memorial, and Club, and active exertions were comthe success of the movement in which it menced to repair past neglect; Miss Cook originated, is chiefly due to Miss Eliza accepting the office of treasurer, and Mr. Cook, Mr. Murdo Young, and Mr. John Watkins undertaking the duties of honorWatkins, whom the subscribers at a gen- ary secretary, which he has discharged eral public meeting appointed trustees to with untiring zeal.

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Jassi—Caurcu OF THE THREE SAINTS-MOLDAVIAN | country houses ; the latter, it must be ac-


knowledged, are not of the most elegant BRIDGE-MANNERS.

construction, and in this particular have SHALL not weary you with the details little harmony with the beauty of nature

of my journey to the capital of Mol- around them. They have evidently been davia, for I would fain forget the achings built to meet the sheer necessities of their of my bones which will ever make the occupants, without regard to gracefulness route a memorable one to me; the mere

of outline. In the interior of the city, recital renews them, so sensibly were they this want of taste and regularity is still impressed upon my memory. Very grate more striking; the buildings are without fully, however, would I recall my first order or arrangement either in their form view of Jassi, for it was to be a haven of or situation. Some of them have a side rest from my wanderings for a brief sea- to the street, while others present their son. Its elevated situation gives a pleas- kitchens and stables for public inspection, ant impression to the traveler who ap- and some conceal their deformities behind proaches from the mountain which over- high board fences. The streets are as looks it, beneath which it sits in repose disagreeable as they can be made by the with its feet bathed in the waters of the two scourges with which they are alterBacchlui. Before it rises Mount Bordelu, nately visited : the black liquid pasty mud in the midst of most picturesque scenery; of winter, becomes in summer à dry and on the other side of the city a lovely stifling dust, which blinds and chokes at landscape stretches out, as much like an the same time. Broken windows and English park as it is possible to imagine. crumbling walls are seen in every direcThe roads are bordered with vineyards and tion, for nothing is ever repaired; while

VOL. V.-30

the total disregard of cleanliness, revolting surrounded with a spacious monastery, to more senses than one, marks its entire which has always been well fortified. aspect with that oriental indolence from This church was originally gilded throughwhich no improvement can be hoped. out its interior, and was celebrated for its The extremes of luxury and poverty unite vast treasures. It has been burned and here without any transition ; indeed, it is pillaged three times during the invasions quite impossible for persons of moderate of the Tartars, and at the beginning of fortunes to live respectably.

the present century was overthrown by Jassi has been nearly consumed three- an earthquake. About twenty-five years times by fire ; but when I said to some of since it was robbed of one of the richly its inhabitants, that these would have been ornamented portraits of its founder. The good opportunities to have regulated and avaricious thieves, who escaped detection, improved their city, they went into elabo- had no reverence for the holy Basil, but rate discussions to prove that there was as they coveted the numerous and valuable much beauty in their pell-mell confusion fine pearls with which his robe and headas in the most harmonious regularity. dress were covered. The church still “Why should we straighten and pave our preserves an incomplete collection of streets ?" they asked me. "We should portraits of great beauty, embroidered only have the more noise ; they are suffi- with inimitable perfection by the Princess ciently straight and clear for our carriages, Theodocia, the wife of Basil. Among which roll equally well through mud and them is one of the princess herself, and dust, from one end of the city to the her son, the eldest of her twenty-seven other.” And yet a gradual change may children. The only one which is still be seen taking place in some parts of the preserved of the founder is in fresco, city, not only among the residences of the representing him with his unfinished nobility, but also among those of the mer- church upon his left hand, while his three chants and bankers; the inhabitants are patron saints are bestowing their benealso beginning to appear in gloves, shoes, dictions upon him from the skies. and hats, and other marks of civilization. Like most imperfectly civilized nations In one of its better streets I found a library the Moldavians are thoroughly superstiof French literature, quite surrounded by tious. It is an exceedingly bad omen for Jewish shops, with the usual variety of the eyebrows to meet; persons with this merchandise which characterizes them peculiarity are suspected of an “evil-eye.” elsewhere; among them, as is usual, were On certain days of the week malicious many money-changers. There is also a fairies possess a supernatural power, which theater, where comic operas and French increases in activity toward evening, when vaudevilles are represented once or twice their short-lived spells are to perish. a week. With these slight pretensions to They also believe in sorcerers, who only the character of a city, Jassi seems more live to injure those around them; but like a large village, with its nameless fortunately they are easily recognized by streets, its large and numerous gardens, their tails, which they sometimes wear and its mysterious mahalas (faubourgs) under their arms and sometimes where it six or seven miles in circuit.

is said the devil wears his. They susAmong the churches which escaped the pect a person of causing drought, and great fire of 1827, the most remarkable another of producing rain. A physician is the Church of the Tresphetitili, or Three was one day gathering herbs upon the Saints; consecrated in 1622 to Saint mountain-side ; some travelers upon the Basil, Saint John Chrysostom, and Saint road were able to distinguish a form Gregory. It is constructed of large stones, moving among the trees, and took it into its exterior is covered with beautifully their heads that they had discovered a executed arabesques in relief, and it is wolf, of which vague reports had been crowned with towers of light and grace- circulating among the inhabitants. They ful forms. The interior walls are orna- started in pursuit, but what was their mented with frescoes; its three naves are surprise upon near approach to find that illuminated by magnificent silver lamps the animal arose and looked at them with constantly burning day and night, for the a human face. Nothing but a sorcerer high and narrow arched windows only could thus change its form, and the poor admit a pale and mysterious light. It is physician, as he descended from his scientific elevation, found himself sustain- fully equaling Swiss scenery in variety ing a new character in the eyes of his and beauty. The olive and orange are frightened pursuers. Fortunately a pass- the only European trees which do not ing vehicle relieved him from his dilemma. thrive in Moldo-Wallachia. The vine is I was told that some Wallachian peasants, cultivated to some extent; grain is also believing that some sorcerers were among very abundant. them, placed in the church one evening as The mountains are covered with magmany pots of milk as there were cows in nificent forest trees, which are exported the village. The milk, which turned for ship-building. It is said likewise that during the night, was taken as a sure they inclose vast mineral treasures of gold, proof of the wicked influence of their silver, sulphur, and nitre, which might be owners. Frequently more cruel tests are important articles of commerce but for the tried for the discovery of the suspected, indolence of the inhabitants. The Turks and often the most absurd practices are used to call these provinces the Peru of used: the sorcerers of whom they are in their empire; but scarcely any of the so much dread, are interred like other mines have been worked except the salt mortals ; but if there is the slightest sus- ones, which are a government monopoly. picion of their reappearing in the form of An old Turkish proverb declared that a an animal, for this is firmly believed in by Persian boy and a Moldavian horse were these simple people, the grave is opened, the most perfect beings produced by naand its occupant is securely fastened in ture; but my observations have by no his quarters.

means been confirmatory of the latter Wallachia and Moldavia, which are part of this statement. The horses are very designated under the general name of degenerate ; but the animal kingdom is as Danubian Principalities, are perilously varied as the vegetable, and almost every situated between Turkey, Russia, and species known in Europe is found in this Austria; if they succeed in establishing province. peaceful relations with one of these neigh- There are only two seasons in Moldobors, they are sure to be interrupted by Wallachia : winter commences with Noone of the others. The land of Wallachia vember and terminates with April ; the rises gradually from the plains of the ground is then covered with snow, and Danube, where it is about forty-five feet sleighs are the only vehicles in use; the above the level of the sea, to nearly eight remaining seven months belong to sumthousand feet, which is the height of the The middle of the day is very most elevated peaks of the Carpathian warm at this season, but the mornings and Alps. This range crosses the country with evenings are so cool that a cloak is never four hundred and eighty-one separate peaks, unwelcome. This sudden change of temeach bearing its proper name. The soil perature produces many fevers, which are is well-watered, and so fruitful that scarce- almost unknown in the dry cold weather ly any cultivation is necessary. Flowers of winter. are everywhere in abundance: even the In the population of Wallachia, where dusty roadsides are bordered with these the fusion of races is almost complete, fragrant ornaments : some of them have the Saxon can only be distinguished by received most poetical names from the his light hair from his Flemish neighbor ; simple-hearted inhabitants. A modest but in Moldavia, the aboriginal race is little blossom which grows in shade and easily recognized by its language, manobscurity is called “little tears ;” and a ners, and frequently even by its costume. magnificent flower, resembling a candel- The Russian is short, stout, blond, and abra, is known as “ The Light of the with little regularity of feature; those Lord.” Nothing can exceed the beauty called Hungarians have round faces, black of the "prairies" in the verdure of spring hair, and large noses. They profess or the golden hues of autumn, diversified Catholicism, and their language is a jaras they are with an infinite variety of gon of rough sounds. The Lippovan, flowers and flowering shrubs, nut and (was it not formerly Philippovan?) whose fruit trees, and orchards bending beneath name to me seems expressive of his distheir luxurious burdens of plums, apples, position in this respect, preserves his and apricots. The solitary valleys of the ancient love of horses, and is always mountains are lovely beyond description, either a coachman or a jockey. He also


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