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Vischer and Adam Krafft, including, be- the preponderance of Egyptian materialsides, the great Nuremberg door and the enough to give an old-world aspect to effigies of the archbishop electors of May. what we may call the court end of the

Among the French examples are edifice. There is a sphinx, which may the bas-reliefs from the choir of Nôtre almost vie in dimensions with the great Dame. Among the samples of Italian art Sphinx of the Desert; and a brick throne are selections from the works of Pisani, is erected in front of the grand entrance, and the great altar of the church of Or San for a couple of Egyptian colossi, who conMichell, the celebrated work of Andrea front the visitor on his entering from the Orcagna. Besides these, there are selec- gardens—their motionless forms towering tions from the architectural and monu above him to the height of some fifty or mental remains of England ; altogether sixty feet. the most comprehensive and valuable col Besides the courts we have visited, there lection of the kind ever brought beneath is a Sculpture Court, containing the works a single roof.

of Thorwalsden, Canova, Gibson, Wyatt, The Renaissance or Elizabethan Court M’Dowell, Lough, Rauch, Tieck,Tenerani, presents the greatest novelty to the mass Benzoni, Rimaldi, Marshall, and numerous of visitors. The façade is a restoration of other celebrated men. Then we also have the Hô Bourgtherould at Rouen, with the a Walhalla, or Temple of Fame, containbasso-relievos of the Field of the Cloth of ing the busts and statues of the greatest Gold, representing the meeting of Francis men of every age and country-heroes, and Henry in 1520. Here also are the statesmen, and warriors, popes, philosocelebrated Florentine gates, by Ghiberti, phers, and savans, architects, poets, dramsaid by Michael Angelo to be worthy to atists, and musicians, from all parts of the be the gates of Paradise ; the famous win-world-forming a school for the student dow of the Cortosa, of Pavia, and the of biography and a shrine for the aspirant elaborate alti-relievi, accounted the most for fame. marvelous works of the kind in existence, The profusion of statuary, both in the sculptured by Bambeya to adorn the en- building and in the grounds, forms a marked trance of the Cortosa ; the monument of feature of the People's Palace, and we John Galeazzo Visconti ; and the entire know no more agreeable and striking confrieze of the Hospital of Pistojia. The trast which the combination of art and Nymph of Fontainebleau stands over the nature can produce. It must be remementrance from the garden ; the great Cary- bered that the palace itself is a garden ; atides of Jean Gougon, the finest produc- the whole of the sides of the nave, the tions of modern art, stand on each side of transepts, and the divisions between the the door-way; and Germain Pilon's ex several courts on either side being filled quisite group of the Graces takes its place with plants, shrubs, and trees from every in the center of the court. The Eliza- clime, interspersed with animals, statues, bethan specimens consist of such examples fountains, and works of art. As any reas the tomb of Henry VII. by Torregiano, quired temperature may be maintained that of Queen Elizabeth in Westminster within the building through the whole year, Abbey, and select specimens of carving in the vegetable productions of any latitude various kinds of material.

may be preserved in all their native vigor, In the Italian Court are found speci- and exotics which perish beneath the rigor mens of the works of the revived classical of winter, will continue to flourish from period. The architectural details are year to year. founded on the Cortile of the Farnese Looking at the People's Palace in the Palace at Rome. In the center is seen light of an educational institution, we are the Fountain of the Tortoises, with statues justified in regarding it as one of no in bronze, and around the fountain the re- trifling value. It will offer, as we have clining statues of Morning, Noon, Twi- seen, unprecedented facilities for the study light, and Night, the great masterpieces of the arts in all their industrial applicaof Michael Angelo for the Medici Chapel ; tions—of geology-of natural history-of the group of the Pieta by Bernini; also botany—of mechanics of manufacturesthe Pieta of Angelo.

and of many things more which are scarceWhile wandering about in this huge wil- ly of less importance. It is worth a pasderness, we cannot help being struck with sage across the Atlantic to see.

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dence once more dawning on his mind.

We do not pretend to interpret what they ET us introduce our reader to a small whispered; but it is certain that, soothed

chamber in country parsonage. by the chimes, he yielded to a gentle and The room presented a perfect picture of profound slumber, in which his wife found neatness, quiet, and repose. It was very him shortly afterward. plainly furnished, but manifested a certain Care was at first taken not to break this elegance and refinement in the arrange- desired repose; but as noon, evening, ment of the few simple ornaments on the night, nay, a second day passed, and still chimney-piece, the flowers and books, and it continued, his family became alarmed, the old china cup of cooling drink that and tried to rouse him. In vain! The stood on a small round table by the open awful slumber was as inexorable as that window, through which the warm air of of death itself. It bound his senses in an summer stole softly, laden with perfume iron forgetfulness. He could not be from the mignonette and stocks that flour- awakened by sound or touch. Sun after ished in the little garden beneath it. The sun rose and set, and still the deep sleep sun's rays, broken by the fresh green continued. Meantime the evils he had leaves of a large walnut-tree, cast a clear, dreaded gathered round his family. His pleasant light through the snowy dimity- physical condition preserved his personal curtains of the bed on the face of an invalid freedom; but an execution was put in his who lay there, gazing, with the listlessness house, and his wife and daughters were of weakness, on the glimpse of blue sky exposed to the direst evils of poverty. visible from the open casement. It was a The rumor, however, of his trance-like countenance that sunlight might be imag- slumber was noised abroad, and reached ined to love, so good and gentle was it. the lordly dwelling of a nobleman who reNor did its expression belie the heart with sided near the spot, though he was not one in. A holy, charitable, unselfish man was of the clergyman's parishioners. Being that village pastor ; but with the resem much given to the study of physical blance he bore-and it was a strong one

science, he visited the parsonage to reto Goldsmith's portrait of his brother, quest permission to see the sleeper, and there mingled much of the thoughtlessness thus learned the varied sorrow that had falland improvidence of the poet himself; and en on its gentle inmates. With equal delithe consequence of his boundless charities, cacy and generosity, he proffered as a loan and of his ignorance of money-matters, the means of paying the harsh creditors, had led him into embarrassments, from assuring the poor wife that if her husband which he saw no escape. He would have should ever wake, he would give him the cared little had his difficulties affected his means of repaying the pecuniary obligaown comfort only; but they fell likewise tion. The offer was thankfully accepted, on those dearest to him, and anxiety for and the debt discharged. For the followtheir sakes preying on his affectionate and ing two days, Lord E was a regular rather timid spirit, the probable shame of visitor at the parsonage. an execution in his house, and the nervous Sunday morning again dawned

once horror he felt at the idea of being consign- more the sunlight fell on the sleeper's piled to a prison, had brought on his present low, and the bells called men to pray. illness, and haunted his thoughts as he lay Beside the couch were seated the miserthere in solitude after many restless nights able wife and her noble friend. The faint, of agonized and perplexed reflection, list- regular breathing of the trance-chained ening to the church-bells ringing for Sun man deepened and to her anxious ear the day service, at which a stranger was to difference was perceptible, though Lord fill his place. From the days of Whitting- E shook his head, as she told him of ton to the present, the imagination has fre- it. She bent eagerly over the pillow : quently given a language to those airy there was a slight flutter of the eyelids : voices; and the poor pastor, as he lay she held her breath, and clasped her hands overpowered and exhausted by long hours in an agony of expectation and dawning of painful and fruitless meditation, felt the hope. The hand so long motionless, nightmare, like a load of care which op- stirred; the eyes opened: she could not pressed him, pass off as he listened, and a speak for overpowering joy. The sleeper childlike faith in the goodness of Provi- raised his head, slightly smiled on her, and

Vol. V.-35

observed : “I thought I had slept longer describe. She tried to speak or cry, but vain—the bell has not yet ceased ringing!” ly--she had no power of utterance; it was

He was unconscious that a whole week equally impossible for her to raise her hand or had elapsed since its tones had soothed she felt as if she were imprisoned in a dead

open her eyes, as she vainly endeavored to do. him to rest. The wife fainted, and was body. But when she heard them talk of nailconveyed from the chamber. The doctor ing the lid on her, and the mournful music of was summoned; he found his patient weak, of her mind attained its height and agony,

the funeral-hymns reached her ear, the anguish but not otherwise ill. A still more extra- mastering that awful spell of unnatural slumordinary mental cure had been effected by ber, and producing the moisture on her brow the genius of Sleep: he had totally forgot- which saved her from being entombed alive.” ten his threatened difficulties, and from that hour recovered rapidly. Lord E

One more little anecdote of a somewhat conferred a living of some value on him ;

similar kind, which was related to us on and when he was strong enough to bear the authority of a Hastings fisherman, and the disclosure, his wife informed him of

we will close our paper. It occurred durthe loan so nobly bestowed on them, and ing the cholera. The people of England the suffering from which he had been so

have an especial horror of this terrible marvelously preserved. The lesson was

scourge, and nothing will induce them to not lost. The new rector henceforward believe that the infection is in the air, and strove to unite prudence with generosity; not in the person affected by the comand a career of worldly prosperity, as well plaint; consequently it was difficult, in some as the far greater blessing of an implicit places, to persuade them to perform the and cheerful faith in Providence, attended last offices for the dead, and they hurried the renewed life of the sleeper awakened.

the interment of the victims of the pestiIn this instance the sleep or trance was

lence with unseemly precipitation. A poor dreamless and unconscious. But there is seafaring-man, who had been long absent one remarkable case on record,* in which

from his native land, returning home at the body only of the sleeper was subject to

the time it was raging, found that his wife this deathlike thraldom of slumber, the had been dead about three days, and that mind remaining awake; and the account

her coffin had been placed in a room with given by the individual who endured this

those of others, who, lodging in the same interval of life in death, is very singular dwelling, had also perished of the disease. and interesting She was an attendant on Greatly afflicted, the sailor insisted on a German princess; and after being con

seeing his dead wife. The neighbors fined to her bed for a great length of time

would have dissuaded him ; but his affecwith a nervous disorder, to all appearance rushed into the chamber of death. There,

tion and grief disdained all fear, and he died. She was laid in a coffin, and the day fixed for her interment arrived. In forcing open the lid of the coffin, and bendaccordance with the custom of the place, ing over the beloved corpse, the rude marfuneral songs and hymns were sung out

iner shed tears, which fell fast upon the side the door of the chamber in which the pallid face, when suddenly a sound, somefair corpse lay. Within they were pre-thing like a sigh, was emitted from the paring to nail on the lid of the coffin, when

white lips, and the next instant the exa slight moisture was observed on the brow hausted and deathlike sleeper opened her of the dead. The supposed corpse was

eyes, and gazed up in his face! The joy of course immediately removed to a differ- of the poor fellow may be well imagined. ent couch, and every means used to restore suspended vitality. She recovered, There are two processes of civilization and gave the following singular account of which go on, sometimes in conjunction, her sensations :

sometimes separately : one is moral civil"She was perfectly conscious of all that ization,—that is, beliefs, laws, and the passed around her; she distinctly heard her customs and virtues of a people; the other friends speaking and lamenting her death; she is material civilization,--that is to say, felt them clothe her in the garments of the the more or less progressive development grave, and place her in the coffin. This knowledge produced a mental anxiety she could not

of the purely manual or industrial trades

and arts. When, by the term civilization, In an old Magazine, dating 1798; and also

we compound these two processes, we in Dr. Crichton's Essays.

render our meaning obscure.—Lamartine.


Let thy


findest it: now, my God, I will also be

contented and glad: I will desire naught GERMAN OF SCRIVER.

save what thou wilt. I would not be free CRIVER was born at Rendsburg, in from my cross, from my calamities and the

year 1629; and after having been contradictions, so long as thou wilt not. preacher in several places, died at last in Yes, I desire not to be in thy heaven, so 1693, as Hofprediger and Oberconsis- | long as thou wilt that in this troubled torialrath at Quedlinburg. A "quiet and world, in this weary life, I should still peaceable life ;" and there remain as the serve thee and thy Church. fruits thereof some six dozen volumes of will be my heaven, thy counsel my wisthe delightfulest reading, if our faith be dom, thy pleasure my delight. My desire of that simple kind which can nourish is that it go well with me in time and itself thereby. He is never at a loss for everlasting: such is thy will too: our a text: all God's creatures point him purpose is one, only about the means and God-ward: he hath ever a ready eye to ways we are not agreed. And what matdetect the lurking lesson, and the ren

ters it that thou leadest me otherwise dering he gives of what he reads is than I in my folly deem good, if thou yet usually, in its quaintness and simplicity, leadest me well, and I attain at last to very beautiful.

that which I long after ?"

THE BIRD IN THE CAGE, Gotthold* had a singing-bird, which he

BEANS IN BLOSSOM. had kept in a cage for some time. It had When the beans are in blossom they give become so accustomed to its prison, that forth a very sweet and lovely odor, which it not only sang gaily and pleasantly, but the wind wafts to us often from afar. even when the door was set open, showed And as Gotthold once smelt this sweet no desire to get out. “Ah,” he thought perfume, he recollected how he had read in his heart, as he saw it, “ if I could but somewhere, that the islands, Ceylon, perfectly learn from this little bird to be Madagascar, and others, on which costly content with mine estate, and resigned to spices grow in abundance, send forth such the will of God! O that I could but once

a powerful fragrance that people can become rightly accustomed to the manner frequently sooner smell these islands than and the ways of my God, and could from

see them. Thereupon, with a hearty the heart believe that he cannot mean any cheerfulness, he said : “My God, if these evil with me! This little bird is in earthly fruits can yield me such a charm, captivity, but because it has food always what may I expect from the heavenly ? enough, it is content, and hops and sings, Ah, how many fragrant airs do thy faithand has no wish to alter its condition. ful ones enjoy, brought there out of the God surrounds me oft with all manner of land of life by the heavenly Pentecost wind, cross and affliction, but he has never let thy gracious Spirit! Therein they have me be lacking in comfort and aid, and why a sample and a foretaste of blessedness. then am I not happy? Why, even in And were it not for that, how might tribulation, do I not sing and thank my they endure so great tribulation ?" God with joyful heart? One might, indeed, as Luther expresses himself, take off the hat before such a little bird and

THE VIOLET. speak to it, My dear Sir Bird, I must acknowledge that I understand not this art As a nosegay of blue violets was prein which thou excellest. Thou sleepest sented to Gotthold one March, he was the night over in thy little nest, without charmed by their lovely perfume, thanked all care, arisest again in the morning, art his God who had bestowed so manifold cheerful and well at ease, and dost sit and means of refreshing on man, and took sing, and praise and thank the Lord, and occasion therefrom for such thoughts as thereafter thou goest to seek thy food and these :-“This fair and fragrant flower

doth very agreeably represent to me a

It grows • Gotthold is Scriver's nom de guerre in these

humble and God-loving heart. parables. It is this imaginary Gotthold that and creeps, a lowly plant, upon the earth; sees all the wyhts, and reads us all the lessons. I but is prankt in most heavenly blue, and


far excels, because of its noble odor, many is, and I will but turn my face toward higher and gaudier flowers—such as the thee, and labor faithfully and in earnest tulip, the crown imperial, and others more. according to the ability thou providest And so, too, there are hearts which, in me withal: the rest thyself wilt provide." their own and others' eyes, seem worthless and mean, but it is the image of the

THE PLANT IN THE CELLAR. lowly-hearted Jesus they bear; it is the right heaven’s-color they are adorned GOTTHOLD went one day into the cellar, withal, and in the sight of God they are and found lying in a corner a turnip which, of much higher esteem than others who, by some chance, had been left there : and on account of their endowments, do highly it had begun to grow, and cast forth long, exalt themselves.

And even

the but very weak and sickly, shoots of a pale apothecary mixes the juice of this plant wan color: and the whole plant was enwith melted sugar, and therefrom prepares tirely useless. “Here," he thought, “ we a cooling and strengthening refreshment have very aptly symbolized an inexfor the heart of man, so does the Highest perienced and unexercised man, who has let the sweetness of his grace flow into been living all his days in a corner, and the hearts of the lowly to the comfort and has given himself trouble enough to learn upbuilding of many more. My God, let it things manifold, and sets a high price on ever be my desire, not to seek mine own his own knowledge, deeming that, with honor, but thine. I have no wish to be his self-grown wisdom, he is abundantly any gaudy flower, if I may only please fit to rule and bring to vast prosperity, not thee, and be of profit to my neighbor.” a single city or church alone, but the half

even of all the world. But when once he

puts his hand to the work, he finds, in all THE ROWERS.

his school-bag, not art enough to carry out Gotthold saw some sailors going into this or the other little affair, and discovers a boat in order to pass over a river: two that it is one thing to have a scantling of of them sat down to the oars and turned knowledge, and another thing quite to their backs to the shore which they thought bring into use what one does know among to go to; but one remained with his face other people, who also know a few things. set toward the place where they wished And in matters of the faith it is even so. to land, and so they rowed quickly thither. We often fancy our belief, our love, our “See here," he said to those about him, patience, all in noble growth, while the “a good memento of something higher. whole is standing on very feeble feet. This life is a quick and powerful river, Experience makes the man—the cross flowing on to the sea of eternity, flowing makes the Christian. The sun hath nerer and returning never again. On this river shined upon this cellar-plant, the dew has every one has the little boat of his own not moistened it, neither hath the rain calling, which is to be carried forward by fallen upon it, nor the wind stormed over the arms of diligent labor. And like these it, nor the cold hardened it—therefore it people, we, too, must turn our backs on is worthless. So too, a Christian, who that future that lies ahead, and labor on in has not, by love and patience, been kept diligence and in good trust upon God, who through good and ill, can hardly be countis at the helm, and who powerfully guides ed of the valiantest. Beautifully speaketh the boat thitherward, and for the rest re- the dear, much-tried apostle : · Tribulamain unconcerned. We should laugh to tion worketh patience, and patience exsee these people turning themselves around, perience, and experience hope, and hope on pretext that it would not do to be driving maketh not ashamed.'” Rom. v, 3-5. thus blindly forward—they must see also where it is they are coming to. And Sinful man is not only blind, but is in what a folly in us it is always, with our love with his blindness ; he boasts that he cares and thoughtfulness, to be reaching sees when he is most of all blind, and with forth into the future, and that which is all his might resists that true light, which before us! Let us row, and toil, and by the works of Divine Providence, by the pray: and let God steer, and bless, and word of God, and some sparkling beams reign. My God! abide with me ever in of the Spirit, most kindly offers little boat and direct it as thy pleasure | Witsius.

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