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sions lay hid, subdued and controlled by been consoled by the promise that they his higher qualities and by his faith. (Luther and his friends) would advocate

The Chronica of Peter Haftiti states his cause, and bring it to a good end." that a warning letter which Luther ad- When this interference proved unavailing, dressed to Kohlhase, and in which he Kohlhase resumed his attempts to right solemnly and impressirely admonishes him himself by violence; and was at length to repentance, encouraged the outcast to taken, condemned, and executed, 1540. go to Luther's house, and, without naming In the picture Kohlhase appears deshimself, implore for admission. “It oc- pairing; bowing down before Luther only, curred suddenly to Luther that this might because he could have faith in and respect be Kohlhase ; therefore he went to the him alone. Luther receives him seriousdoor himself, and said : “Numquid tu es ly and compassionately; for he reads in Hans Kohlhase ? to which the answer this darkened mind, and perceives that a was, Jam Domine Doctor.' Upon this great and divine power had been given he was let in ; and Luther conducted him it, the degeneration and destruction of solemnly to his own room, and sent for which he deeply laments. Master Philip (Melancthon) and several other divines. These Kohlhase made acquainted with the state of his affairs; and all remained with him until late at night. Luther, inspired by the courage which In the morning he confessed himself to faith gives, looked death in the face even Luther, received the holy communion, and when it approached in the terrible guise promised that he would abstain from of the plague. This awful disease had violence, and injure the Saxon lands no broken out three times in Wittemberg further. He departed, unrecognized and (1516, 1527, 1535;) and three times he unobserved, from the hostelry; having remained in the midst of the danger,


although he was pressingly requested to -for I am not the Apostle Paul, but only absent himself.

his commentator—but I trust God will “I hope,” he wrote to Lange, in 1516, protect me from all my fears.” Eleven " that the world will stand, though Martin years later, when the greater number of the Luther fall. I mean to disperse the inhabitants had left, and the university had brethren in all directions; but I have been ! been removed to Jena, he cried: “We posted here, and here I must remain. I are not alone; Christ and your prayers, do not say this because I do not fear death and those of all the saints, are with us;

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also the holy angels, invisible, but power On All-saints' day, ten years after the ful! If it be the will of God that we indulgences had been trodden under foot, should remain and die, our care will avail (1527,) he complained to Amsdorf: " My us nothing. Let every one dispose his house is becoming an hospital ; Hannah, mind this way: if he be bound to remain Dr. Augustin's wife, has carried the plague and to assist his fellow-men in their death- about with her, but she is now recovered ; struggles, let him resign himself to God, Margaretta Mochina frightened us with and say, “Lord, I am in thy hand ; thou one boil and other symptoms, but she is hast fixed me here ; thy will be done.'” well again ; for my Kate I fear much, for

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she is near her lying in; my little son also sight of her dead child, in the anticipation
has been ill for the last three days. Thus of a future life. Around her are depicted
there is struggle abroad and fear within the different degrees of the fear of death,
and both violent enough. Christ visits which stalks along in the back-ground as
us sorely ; the only consolation which we a never-ending funeral train.
can oppose to the wrath of Satan is, that
we have God's word for the salvation
of our souls, even though he destroys
our bodies. Therefore do thou and our
brethren include us in your prayers, that
we may firmly bear the hand of God.” | The man of battles begins a journey of
On the 10th of December he writes : peace : as peacemaker he proceeds to his
“I am like a dying man; and behold, 1 home; it was, as he had felt it to be, his
live!” At the end of the year he ex last journey, which led him to eternal
claimed thankfully: “God hath shown peace, and to his real home. “ The world
himself wondrously merciful unto us.” is tired of me, and I am tired of it ; we

In the picture we see the horrors of a shall part easily, as a guest leaves his
plague-scene. Luther administers the hostelry not unwilling."
last consolations of religion to a dying He had twice attempted in the preceding
woman; she has already overcome the year to adjust the quarrel between the
afflictions of this world, even the painful I Counts of Mansfeld ; and now, accom-

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panied by his three sons, he started a third this will end. St. Paul only preached for time (January 23d, 1546.) His Katherina forty years; and so the Prophet Jeremiah saw him depart with a sorrowful heart, and St. Augustin. And when each of as if she had a presentiment that she these forty years had come to an end, should never see him again, at least not in which they had preached the word of otherwise than in his coffin. In vain he God, it was no longer listened to, and sought to cheer her in his letters by gay great calamities followed." and grave remarks: “ Read St. John and The aged electress, when he was last the Little Catechism, my beloved Kate, at her table, wished him forty years more for thou seemest to fear for thy God as if of life. “I would not have heaven," said he were not almighty, and could not create he, "on condition that I must live forty ten Dr. Martins, if the one old one were

years longer...

I have nothing drowned in the Saale." “Do not trouble to do with doctors now. It seems they me with thine anxieties; I have a better have settled that I am to live one year protector than thee and all the angels. longer; so that I won't make my life a He lieth in the manger, or clings to the torment, but, in God's name, eat and drink breast of the Virgin, but sitteth also at the what I please.”—“I would my adversaries right hand of God our Father Almighty. would put an end to me; for my death Therefore rest in peace. Amen." now would be of more service to the

He had escaped death in crossing the Church than my life.” (February 16th, Saale during a flood, (January 28th,) that 1546.) The conversation running much he might depart this life a few weeks later on death and sickness, during his last at the very place where he had entered it, visit to Eisleben, he said, “If I return to at Eisleben. At the frontiers of Mansfeld Wittemberg, I shall soon be in my coffin, he was received by the counts with a great and then I shall give the worms a good retinue : he went there to reconcile the meal on a fat doctor.” Two days after brothers and other relations who were this he died, at Eisleben. at issue among themselves about their Luther often said that it would be a worldly possessions. This task was a great disgrace to the pope were he to die most painful one for him. “In this in his bed. “All of you, thou pope, thou school," he says, one may

learn why the devil, ye kings, princes, and lords, are Lord in his Gospel calls riches thorns." Luther's enemies, and yet you can do him

no harm. It was not so with John Huss. I take it that there has not been a man so

hated as I for these hundred years. I, An eventful great life, of which the results too, hate the world. In the whole round are incalculable, approaches its end; the of life, there is nothing which gives me heart stands still, that had beaten so pleasure ; I am sick of living. May our warmly and faithfully for his people, for Lord then come quickly, and take me with Christianity, and for the gospel. During him. May he, above all, come with his the last years of Luther's life, his enemies day of judgment. I would stretch forth often spread reports of his death ; with the my neck. so that he hurled his addition of the most singular and tragic thunderbolt and I were at rest. circumstances. To refute these, Luther Luther had arrived, the 28th January, had printed in 1545, in German and Italian, at Eisleben, and, though already ill, he a pamphlet, entitled Lies of the Goths joined in all the conferences until the 17th touching the Death of Dr. Martin Luther. February. He preached also four times, “I tell Dr. Bucer beforehand, that who- and revised the ecclesiastical statutes for ever, after my death, shall despise the the earldom of Mansfeld. The 17th, he authority of this school and this Church, was so ill that the counts prayed him not will be a heretic and unbeliever; for it was to go out. At supper he spoke much of here first that God purified his word and his approaching end, and some one asking again made it known. Who could him if he thought we should recognize do anything twenty-five years since ? each other in the other world, he replied Who was on my side twenty-one years that he thought so. On returning to his ago?" "I often count and find that I ap- chamber with Master Cælius and his two proach nearer and nearer to the forty sons, he drew near the window, and years, at the end of which I believe all remained there a long time in prayer.



After that he said to Aurifaber, who had utmost efforts to restore him to life, in just arrived, “I feel very weak, and my which they with difficulty succeeded. pains seem to increase :” on which they Doctor Jonas then said to him, “ Reverend administered some medicine to him, and father, do you die in constant reliance on endeavored to warm him by friction. He the faith you have taught ?" He replied spoke a few words to Count Albert, who distinctly, “Yes," and fell asleep again. had come to see him, and then laid him. Soon after he became alarmingly pale, self down on the bed, saying, "If I could then cold, and drawing one deep breath, only sleep for half an hour, I think it would he expired. refresh me. He did sleep without wa- In the picture his two sons kneel beside king for an hour and a half. This was their dying parent; his faithful friend and about eleven o'clock. When he awoke, companion, Dr. Justus Jonas, addressed he said to those in attendance, “What, his last words to him; Michael Cælius still sitting up by me: why do you not go prays for the preservation of the beloved to rest yourselves ?" He then commenced life; the physician, Simon Wild, holds the praying, and said with fervor, “ In manus now useless medicine-bottle in his hand; tuas commendo spiritum meum ; redemisti to the right stand Count Albracht and his me, Domine, Deus veritatis. (Into thy wife, for whose sake the weary warrior hands I commend my spirit; thou art my had undertaken this troublesome winter Redeemer, O God of truth."). He also journey. said to those about him, “ All of you pray, Below, Master Lukas Fortenagel, from my friends, for the gospel of our Lord, Halle, is kneeling at the coffin of the that his reign may be extended, for the departed, whose portrait he is about to Council of Trent and the pope threaten it take. Above, the swan prophesied by greatly.” He then slept again for about Huss, rises anew from the flames. an hour, and when he awoke, Doctor Jonas asked him how he felt, “O my God,” he replied, " I feel myself very bad. I think,

LUTHER'S OBSEQUIES. my dear Jonas, that I shall remain here at Once more we stand at Wittemberg before Eisleben, where I was born.” He then Luther ; but the eloquent lips are silent, took a few steps about the room, and laid the eye is closed which once he raised himself down again on the bed, where they with holy confidence to the emperor and covered him with soft cushions. Two the country, to the pope and the cardinals ; doctors, and the count with his wife, then he is silent forever in the Church to which arrived. Luther said to them, “ I am he had affixed thirty years before a word dying : I shall remain at Eisleben.” And that was to shake the world. His body Doctor Jonas expressing a hope that the had been carried, as ordered by the elector, perspiration would perhaps relieve him : in solemn procession from Eisleben to “ No, dear Jonas,” replied he,“ it is a cold Wittemberg, that a place of rest might be and dry sweat, and the pain is worse. prepared for it in the electoral chapel. He then applied himself to prayer, and Next to the coffin stands his friend Melancsaid, “O my God, Father of our Lord thon, who had during twenty-eight years Jesus Christ, thou the God of all con. fought indefatigably by his side. On the solation, I thank thee for having revealed morning of the 19th of February he had, to me thy well-beloved Son, in whom I deeply affected by the news of the death, believe; whom I have preached and ac- pronounced in his lecture-room, with few knowledged; whom I have loved and but emphatic words, the testimony of hishonored ; and whom the pope and the un- tory and of the Protestant world upon the godly persecute. I commend my soul to departed : “ The doctrine of the forgivethee, O my Saviour Jesus Christ! I shall ness of sins and of faith in the Son of God leave this terrestrial body; I shall be has not been discovered by any human taken from this life ; but I know that I understanding, but has been revealed unto shall rest eternally with thee.” He re- us by God through this man, whom he peated three times following, “In manus had raised up.” On the day of the funeral tuas commendo spiritum meum ; redemisti also, after Dr. Bugenhagen had preached, me, Domine veritatis.” Suddenly his eyes he once more bore witness to the value closed and he fainted. Count Albert and of the labors of the departed : “ His dochis wife, as well as the doctors, used their trine does not consist in rebellious opinions

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