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possibility of replacing it as he found it, , child? O my son ! relent. Let us think which idea soon made room for another no more of all that has passed. An aged no less cutting-where was he to recruit woman will sometimes have queer fancies. his finances when the cormorants he was I have long wished you would think of going to engage would have devoured his marrying, and proposed procuring an present capital? far then his offence | agreeable surprise to your bride, by offerremained not entirely unpunished.

ing to make her a present of the ancient Upon his arrival at home, the first thing petticoat that has occasioned all this mis. he did was to count his treasure, which he chief. Whoever she may be, please God, found to consist of two hundred and fifty || she will never want such a trifle." double Louis d'Ors, a very pretty round No more was said upon the subject; sum. From that moment the young Baron nay, the fond parent, without inquiring never went out without writing down the what was become of the money, was the different places where he was to be found, first to urge her son to return to the capiwith strict injunction to his servant to re tal, there to enjoy such pleasures as her main stationary, that in case any message | chateau in the country could not afford. or letter should come from the country it About six weeks after, Madame d'Imbert might be conveyed to him without loss of had invited a large party of the neighbourtime. A whole week elapsed, and three- ling nobility and gentry to a grand fête she fourths of the money were gone, when gave in celebration of her son's birth-day. d'Imbert received the following letter :

The Baron, of course, was summoned to " Hasten to me, my dear son : a wretch || superintend the preparations, and to act as in whom I reposed the greatest confidence, master of the ceremonies. On the day apbas robbed me of an immense sum. I want pointed for the company to meet, although you to help me in having the offender ap- every one of the guests had reason to be prehended; we shall have her put to the satisfied with his polite reception, complirack to make ber confess her guilt, and mentary address, and attention, yet it could then the law will take its course. The not but be observed that his most delicate miscreant must be hanged, as I am your assiduity was directed towards Mademoiloving mother,

selle du Castel, daughter to a general offi“ LA BARONNE D'IMBERT." cer whose estate was contiguous to that of At the perusal of those few lines the Madame d'lmbert. The Baron, who himpangs of the youth are not to be described. self had not been sensible of the preference Post-horses were immediately ordered. His | he had shown to this young lady till the noble mind revolted at the very idea of company dispersed, felt no little regret leaving an innocent dependent under the when he saw her take her departure. Her lash of suspicion, whilst he alone was sweet figure that stood before his eyes guilty. He flew to accuse himself, what- | during his sleep, still haunted his imaginaever might be the consequence.

tion when he was awake, and he longed On his knees before his mother, he had for the coming of the next day that he was scarcely uttered these words_“It was I | to go and return thanks for their kind atwho robbed you," when the old lady, inter- tendance, and to inquire after the health rupting him, said, “I renounce you for my of all his guests after the fatigues of the son, and will post instantly to Versailles, tonight, General du Castel, as may well be solicit a Lettre de Cachet ; you shall die in imagined, was not the last whom he waita dungeon, Sir!"-" No, Madam," replied | ed upon; and during a short conversation the soul, drawing his cutlass ; “ I will die with his lovely daughter, the Baron bad an on the same spot where I have committed opportunity of discovering that her beauthe crime."—Whether he was sincere in teous figure was not her greatest recomthe declaration, is more than I can tell, but mendation. Common civility, however, I well know that the alarmed mother cried | would not allow him to make a longer stay; out:-“ What! have I deserved being he withdrew, but the barbed arrow had treated with such barbarity: because an been shot, and he bore it in his heart. angry word has escaped my lips, am I to The Baron, who had hitherto been a be threatened with the loss of a beloved " stranger to the sweet passion of love,

164

ON THE FEMALE CHARACTER.

thought that the bustle of Paris, and the || Monsieur du Castel myself; he will hear attractions of the card-table would soon of my contrition, and I doubt not but I cause what he termed a transient efferves. | shall succeed in having the sentence recence to vanish. He hastened to try the spited." experiment, but it proved abortive. From He actually went, aud after a becoming a thorough conviction, at length, that he exordium, begged the generous parents of struggled in vain, and that he must surren his beloved would put him to the test for a der to the merits of Mademoiselle du Castel, twelvemonth. Monsieur du Castle, who he to wrote his mother, requesting, if she suspected his daughter to be partial to the approved of the match, she would demand Baron, replied :-" Half the time will conher hand of her parents. The Baroness | vince me that your conversion is accomreadily granted a request congenial to her plished; and when we hear from your own own feelings. Her son, impatient to know i lips that you have resisted the temptation, his doom, arrived just as she was stepping Madame du Castel and I will readily coninto her carriage to go and urge her suit. sent to entrust you with the welfare of our She was not gone long.-" Well, mother?" || child." -“We must have enemies, my dear son! The Baron was as good as his word; he They have been telling Monsieur and obtained bis prize even before the half year Madame du Castel that you are addicted to was expired : and thus was a gambler replay; and they in consequence have refused formed. But hard is the fate of us frail their consent. O that I knew the author mortals ! one violent passion had been of such fabrications !"_“ Your animadver wanted too perate the cure of another. sions are due to me alone. But I shall see

ON THE PRESERVATION OF THE INDEPENDENCE OF THE FEMALE

CHARACTER.

“When will the English begin to acquire more correct ideas of the duties of the sex, and the purposes for which it was designed "-MEINERS.

The following disquisition, dictated / is to fish for a good husband; this the young by the love I bear for the female ses, may, | lady is taught, if not in a disguised, at any perhaps, be regarded by some of the readers rate in a sophisticated line of conduct, of La Belle Assemblee as it is really which is not likely to produce that noble meavt, for their use and benefit. It will ingenuousness which stamps the greatest contain a few observations which have oc- virtue on the human mind. If papa can curred to me on the present method of dis- spare the money, or indeed if he cannot, she posing of young women; that is to say, of snatches a few lessons of drawing and mufitting them for the world. Of the higher sic, to be like her superiors; with these classes of society I shall take no notice, they she endeavours to form her net: alas! she are above me; let them practice chemistry, had much better have been apprenticed if they like, it will do them little hurt; to a wire-worker, and taught to make a botany also is a harmless study; let paint- || cage. ing occupy their leisure hours; let the pallet, Metaphorically or literally this will ap. the maul-stick, and easel occupy one apart- ply, for I could wish to see my young ment, the forte piano, the harp, or the friends so employed, that should they not guitar be seen in another; these are at least meet with an agreeable partner in a matriserviceable, because they are the means of monial connection, they might be enabled supporting distressed genius by rich folly; || to support themselves independent of sour but I particularly wish to notice those in a and distant relations, or supercilious pa. more obscure, thongh perhaps in a more tronesses. That the form of woman preuseful sphere of life, the daughters of re cludes her from laborious employment, I spectable professional men of small fortunes, am ready to admit; but surely there are whose only hope, under the present system, Il many and valuable pursuits completely

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within the achievement of female excel. whose hard fate obliges them to earn a lence. Music, for example, has certainly pittance for subsistence. I do not wish to been useful, but it can only be made so see fewer wives, but I wish to prevent the when it is a real study; not a mere rattling || fair sex from throwing themselves on man over the keys, to entertain a parcel of | for dependence, and thus to avoid the instupid visitors. Bound as we all are in numerable unhappy matrimonial engagethe trammels of custom, the parent starts ments that are entered into by an excess at the idea of giving his daughter a chi- || of passion, unwarranted by judgment on rurgical education; but really and morally the one side, and a phlegmatic bargain of speaking, where can be the real objection ?* | person for preferment on the other. Will my fair readers be willing to accede The study of surgery can be no bar to the power of intellect to their male cotem- | domestic felicity, nor can wire-working poraries ? and if they will not, where is the hurt the hand more than striking the incompatibility? Say, are not delicacy strings of the harp. I will not here atand chastity the first attributes of the tempt to enumerate all those occupations brightest part of the creation? Why then which female capacity can attain, but ramay not these properties be cherished, nay | ther, as the shorter way, challenge the preserved, by a communication with their world to shew me of what they are inca. own sex? Rouse, then, ye parents who pable. Loving the sex as I do, aud conhave not wherewithal to provide for the vinced that my theory would contribute to child you have tenderly educated, but who exalt them in the eyes of ours, I would may probably be cast upon a hard world suggest to some distinguished females the when it shall please Providence to deprive establishment of a semivary on a very difher of her natural protector; rouse, my

ferent plan from the one now practised.t countrywomen, raise yourselves superior to Girls might be employed as their different prejudice; encourage, patronise female en- | inclinations led them, in different aud single deavours in all branches attainable to fe branches of the arts and sciences; they male powers; use no shop where the man should not be dabblers in all, but proficients milliner, the disgrace of our sex and the in that one that their genius most led them contempt of your own, puts his lily hand to. Thus shall the independence of the under a black lace, by way of exbibit female miud be preserved; thus theu shall ing the contrast; prefer the female to the we, viewing them superior in acquirements, male accoucheur, which every busband learn to appreciate what at present we must do; so sball you deprive vice of its rather contemplate with fascination, as we prey, and our public streets from the most admire the prismatic colours of the rain. heart-reuding picture of human deformity | bow, while the dews which have occa. that can agonize the susceptible bosom. 1sioned it, and by which we vitally subsist, wish it to be clearly understood, that the are scarcely an object of our concern. domestic duties cannot be too strongly cul

FATHER ABRAHAM, tivated, but I am rather providing for those

TOPOGRAPHICAL MUSEUM.No. XXII.

CHICHESTER.-The most remarkable ob- || originally built by Ralfe, the third Bishop ject in this town is the cathedral; the | after the removal of the See from Selsey, entrance to which is by a way divided by cotemporary with William Rufus; which a fine pillar into two Gothic arches: on King, favouring the marriages of the priests, one side are four Gothic stalls of stone; the || accepted a sum of money to wink at them; door is one Gothic arch. This church was

+ If we mistake not there is an establishment # We could name several ladies bronght up to in what was once called Queen Anne-street, the profession of midwifery, under celebrated Middlesex Hospital, for bringing up young girls practitioners of our own sex, particularly one to the profession of midwifery under professional brought up under Dr. Batty.

meu.

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but Ralfe stoutly resisted the payment in, plied to the keeping it in repair. Near the his diocese. The whole of this cathedral | Cross is a conduit, with a handsome figure was burnt in 1114, but he rebuilt it in a l of a water deity in artificial stone. manner worthy of himself, for he is recorded to have been of very high stature, and

HAMPSHIRE. no less lofty in mind. In 1180 both the SOUTHWICK.-Southwick-bouse stands city and the church were destroyed by fire, embosomed in fine woods, richly timbered; but the last was soon restored by the piety || the house is extremely large, and had been of Seffred, the second Bishop of that name. a priory of canons of St. Austin. Henry The church was originally dedicated to VIII. granted the site to John White. St. Peter, but now changed its patron for Here was married Henry VI. to Margaret the Holy Trinity. In the reign of Henry of Anjou, on the 2d of April, 1445; a mar. Ill. it was much enlarged: it was finished riage which brought with it every calamity, about the same time with Salisbury ca which she supported with unequalled forthedral, in 1258. The beautiful spire of ||titude. Chichester cathedral is said to be three Charles I. was at prayers in the chapel hundred feet high: the tower is finely | of this extensive mansion, when Sir John ornamented with two noble arches on each | Hippisley came in, and whispered in the side, and beautiful pinnacles on the top; || monarch's ear the account of the assassithe base is enriched with Gothic tabernacle nation of his favourite, the Duke of Buckwork. St. Mary's Chapel is now converted ingham, stabbed by Felton at Portsmouth. into a library, and terminates the east eud

George I. was entertained in this house of the cathedral, and a fine round window | by the last Mr. Norton, for several days. and three parrow ones, with round arches, He waited on his Majesty to the limits of finish the choir.

the Forest of Bere, attended by sixty keepers The monuments are numerous, and the in green coats; he then rode post to Lonsemi-royal bones of the Richmond family || don, and appeared full dressed at St. are deposited in a large vault, made in James's gate to receive his Majesty on his 1750; the first Duke, son of the Duchess | arrival. This gentleman, by his will, left of Portsmouth, by Charles II. led the way | Southwick, and all its estates, to the pare to this last abode of noble dust.

liament of Great Britain, in trust for the The Bishop's palace stands near the poor. Which will, being supposed to procathedral; the approach to which is through ceed from insanity, was set aside, and the a double arched gateway. It is a low and estate, by due succession, passed into the very ancient building. When it underwent family of the Thistlethwaites. a repair, in 1727, a great number of Roman The Forest of Bere borders upou this coins were found there by the workmen. estate; the crown has some purlieus, but

The city, in form, is sub-circular, and the greatest part belong to private persons. the four great streets are regularly inter PortsMOUTH.--The first mention of the sected. This part has been a Roman sta town by this name is in the Saxon Chronicles

the Britons called it Caer-Cei, the l of 501, which style it Portesmuthe, from Saxons Cissan Ceaster; both signifying the || the landing, as is supposed, of a Saxon fortress of Cissa, son of Ella, who succeeded || chief named Porta, who slew there a noble his father in 514. At the time of the con youth of British origin. Robert Duke of quest the city of Chichester contained only Normandy, in the year 1101, landed at one hundred houses.

Portsmouth with a powerful army, and The Priory of Black Friars was founded ) marched against his brother, Henry I.; here by the affectionate Queen of Edward I. but the quarrel was made up by the interSome part of the old building yet remains. | position of the great men of the realm.

The Cross stands in the centre of the Henry 1. in 1123, spent his Whitsuntide at town; a very elegant building, erected in Portsmouth ; and in 1140, the Empress the reign of Edward IV. at the expence of || Maud landed at this port, supported by her Bishop Story: it is in excellent preserva natural brother, Robert Duke of Glouces. tion, as the pious Bishop left an estate of ter, and marched to Arundel Castle, to the twenty-five pounds per annum, to be ap terror of the usurper Stephen.

tion;

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The first charter that Portsmouth ob- he it was who first created a Navy Office: tained, was in the fifth year of the reign of his Majesty had his ships ranged according Richard 1. 1193, when the King established to their different classes, and had a regular an annual fair for fifteen days: he also esta- inventory of naval stores. By the enublished a weekly market.

meration of his son, Edward VI. it appears, In 1980, in the beginning of the reign of that, in his short reign, Portsmouth was Richard II. the town of Portsmouth was almost our only station, and our sole dock burnt by the French: but Edward IV. was and yard. the first of our Kings who seemed to have PORTCHESTER.-Portchester Castle stands a proper sense of the great importance of on the site of the British and Saxon for. this port: he began to fortify it, in order tresses. It is a noble square pile, with to defend the then rising navy of England. | equidistant round towers on every side, The present fortifications are immense, and | venerably clothed with ivy. The interior totally prevent Portsmouth from increasidg court is above four acres in extent, and has in size: it is inferior to the town called the ruins of several apartments on the the Common; though the streets are broad, | sides, once truly magnificent, and still very and well built. The market-house divides

spacious. The Castle was, externally, the High-street. In that street, we believe strengthened with great fosses. The two it is No. 10, is the house wherein the Duke

on the eastern side extend quite to the of Buckingham was assassinated by the en water, and possibly received the influx of thusiastic Felton.

the tide. The ramparts are pleasantly planted with GOSPORT.-This town is now swelled to trees, and form a most beautiful walk : the a vast size, and is very populous and oputown is defended, by the land side, with || lent. Its inhabitants are people in trade, fortifications, made at a vast expence. The who furnish the sailors with necessaries, Governor's house is but an ordinary build- besides various supplies to the fleet and ing: the church has nothing remarkable, harbour. except an immense profusion of adulatory ISLE OF Wight.-Cowes' harbour forms marble, in the form of a monument, to the || the northern angle of this isle, and points Duke of Buckingham : it is merely erected to Southampton water. The tract from to bis memory, as his body reposes in West- Cowes to Bembridge, is opposite to the minster Abbey

Portsmouth shore. From Cowes to Ride The docks and yards are close to the the shore is muddy, and bounded by the north side of the town; the Commissioner's shallow Mother Bank. The whole tract house is a large and very handsome build- from Cowes is, however, unspeakably pleaing. The rope-walk is not less than eight sant; varied with groves, and adorned with hundred and seventy feet long. Ports. gentlemen's seats, which enjoy the prosmouth, indeed, contains every thing that pect of Portsmouth, backed by the lofty the British navy can possibly want; and Downs of Hampshire, and the moving picthe vastness of the magazines cannot be ture of the naval security of Great Britain. easily conceived. Its harbour may boast | The length of this islaud, from east to west, of being capable of receiving the whole or from the Needles to Foreland-farm, in navy of England. Secure from

every

the parish of Brading, is near three-andstorm, the greatest first-rates may ride twenty miles: the number of parishes there, at the lowest ebb, without touching amount to thirty. ground: they can take in their stores and Charles I. was a prisoner in Carisbrook guns while they are at anchor, and get out Castle: the account of his confinement, aud of harbour in a quarter of an hour's time, his attempt to escape, have been amply dewithout impediments of bars or sandbanks, I tailed by the English historian; but the in the deep water beneath South Sea | window through which he attempted his Castle.

emancipation, is still regarded with interest Let us bestow praise, where praise is by the sentimental traveller. The iron justly due. Henry VIII. was the first bars that obstructed his passage, have, founder of our English navy; in his reign long since, been taken away. After the it was put on a systematic establishment : death of the royal martyr, tbe castle was

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