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BRITISH DOMINIONS IN THE EAST INDIES.
used as a prison by the usurper Cromwell, || church is the following memorial :-“ Buand continued as a place of confinement by rials, September, 1650, Elizabeth, daughter Charles II. The Duke of Gloucester and, of King Charles." the Princess Elizabeth, son and daughter When a vault was building for a brotber of Charles I. after the murder of their fa- ll of the Earl of Delaware, in 1793, the coffin ther, were prisoners in this castle. The and urn, containing her remains, were Duke was allowed his tutor to attend bim, found in a very perfect state ; on the lid and was treated with humanity; Elizabeth of the coffin was inscribed, “ Elizabeth, died in confinement, September 8th, 1650, second daughter of the late King Charles, at the age of fifteen, and was buried in deceased September 8th, 1650." Newport church; in the register of which
BRITISH DOMINIONS IN THE EAST INDIES.
These extend over a vast number of tensive salt-lakes, and the country, like provinces in the East, but the British have every part of Bengal, is extremely fruitful. three important presidencies, from which Fort William defends this presidency; it is they govern the whole of their possessions strong and extensive; and is the work of in India. Calcutta is the seat of the sui those Europeans, French, Danes, and Gerpreme government, and is situated on that mans, who possessed settlements on the branch of the Ganges called the Hoogly, | siver above Calcutta, before the English about eighty miles from the island of Sau held the territory in India that they do gor, where that river falls into the sea.The approach to it is defeuded, by nature,
Madras is the second of the British prewith a most perilous coast, owing to shoals, i sidencies; and though the most central to called sand-heads, which are deposited by our possessions, boasts no batural advanthe numerous mouths of the Ganges, as it tages. It is built on a low sandy shore, rolls into the ocean, and which continually against which a frightful surf is continually change their place, during the great floods beating; and, in the finest weather, this is caused by the rains. The bed of the Hoog vever crossed without considerable risk, for ly is also encumbered by similar sands ; | it has neither port nor head-land to protect and its bays, in the low woody shores, are the shipping that resorts thither. The soil extremely unhealthy. As we approach to. is so dry and barren, that it produces only wards the capital, the prospect improves, indifferent rice; and the most common ve. and the salubrity of the air is evidently getables are raised by the most incessant felt, from the grounds having been cleared, care, and with the greatest difficulty. Beand which render Calcutta now no longer ing, however, the seat of government for an unhealthy place: the streets of the Black the south of India, its population is wonderTown also having been drained, adds ful; and it is the depôt for all the manugreatly to its healthful situation ; excellent factures that are carried on in the northern roads have been made from every direction circars, and in the countries to the south of of the presidency, owing to the care and those provinces. The stuffs made there, attention of the Marquis of Wellesley, and take the name of Madras, instead of that which, amongst other advantages he pro of the place where they are really fabri. cured to India, confer on him everlasting
cated, and consist of what we call Madras honour.
mrslins, long cloths, and chintzes. Madras lo the rainy season, the Hoogly is navi. is defended by Fort St. George, situated so gable quite as far as the Ganges; but when close to the sea, that, in the hurricane of the weather is dry, the boats are obliged to 1805, the face of the shore was so com: pass through those channels that intersect pletely changed, that the water-gate, which the Delta, formed by the Ganges, into the had before been at some distance from the main stream. The country, rouud Cal beach, was washed by the surf. A canal cutta, is flat and woody: in its vicinity are has been cut from Fort George to Pullicat,
a place famous for its handkerchiefs, and totally neglected island of Salsette, which, situated about sixteen miles to the north; | with Caranja and Elephanta, forms a from whence, the inhabitants of Madras, by fine and commodious harbour. In the rise means of this canal, are supplied with char- of the tides, it has the advantage over every coal, and other requisite articles.
other port in India, and this is seventeen Bombay, the third presidency, possesses feet, bigher by seven than the highest more advantages, from nature, than any springs in Prince of Wales's Island; and in other European settlement in the East: but the wonderful harbour of Trincomalee, it has suffered from neglect; and it is but they only rise to ten feet. Bombay is, within a few years, since the Mahrattas therefore, well adapted for building and have been so subjugated, as to render the docking ships; the timber for which is districts, surrounding Bombay, safe. The brought from the coast of Malabar; and island of Bombay lies in eighteen degrees its situation, opposite to the Persian and north latitude; its length is nine miles, and Arabian shores, render Bombay peculiarly it is three in breadth; it is full of towns fit for commerce. The extreme beauty of and villages, and every spot is in the high- the surrounding scenery makes it one of est degree of cultivation. It is connected, the most delightful places in the world. by a causeway, with the large, fruitful, yet
THE STREET PORTER.-AN EASTERN TALE.
THERE once lived at Bagdad a lapi- | ficent manner; kept open table to all the dary, named Abdullah Dgerberi, who bad young speudthrifts of his own age, who only one son, to whom he gave a good unceasingly paid court to him, and fed his education; and when be found the angel vanity by their fulsome praises on his muof death approaching, he called to himnificence, his music, the excellency of his this only object of all his tenderest feel- wines, and the exquisite dishes always to ings, in order that he might have the last be found on his table. sad consolation of embracing him, and of A conduct like this, soon made his posgiving him those counsels, of which he sessions to waste away. When he had thought, wisely, that bis extremne youth emptied all his vases, he sold his town and stood so much in need. After having ex- | couutry-house, in order that he might keep horted him never to depart from the sacred the beauties of his baram as long as posprinciples of his religion, he conjured him, sible: but at length he was obliged to disabove all things, never to think in the pose of them also, that he might be enabled evening of what he was to do the next to pay what he owed. day. He died as be gave his last embrace He soon found himself without fortune, to this his beloved son, who had only then and consequently without friends. Happily attained his twentieth year. Young Dger
for him, he was endowed by nature with beri did not long suffer the thorn of sorrow an excellent constitution, and enjoyed an to raukle in his bosom, though he had lost uninterrupted state of good health. Hav. a good father. Independent of the furni ing, therefore, no resource left, he comture and the houses he became possessed menced the calling of a street porter, aud of, he found, in a subterraneous recess,
was not long before he found more emfive hundred thousand sequins, which filled ployment than any other in Bagdad, being fifty vases, made each to contain ten thou able to carry greater loads than any of sand sequins. This sum appeared to the them; nor was this all : his intelligence, young man a treasure equal to the two In and the cheerful manner in which be fuldies; for he had no idea of the real value filled his laborious task, gained him the of money: he, therefore, gave himself up good will of every one: for, according to to every species of extravagance; peopled the last counsels of his father, who recomhis seraglio with beautiful females, whom mended him never to think ou the evening he clothed in the most splendid and magni
about what he was to perform on the mor. No. 115.-Vol. XVIII.
row, he, not only implicitly followed tbis, know that I cannot enter the mosque withadvice, but also added that of forgetting out this purification : I beg of yon, thereone day what he had done the preceding fore, to Jend me a pitcher of water. I one: he was, therefore, the happiest fellow granted her what she asked, she performed in the whole city. His work was, no la- l her ablutions, went to the mosque, and bour to bim, and he no longer sought after came afterwards to thank me. I wished to those pleasures, of wbich he bad formerly keep her to dine with me, thinking I could been the slave. · He knew, by experience, not do better than to retain a female for the little dependence that was to be placed my acquaintance who had shewn herself so on friendship; he was respected in his pre- devout, and whom I might engage to offer sent situation, and he only worked as much' up the prayers of piety for my husband, as was requisite for his own subsistence. He who is now absent from home. But she was naturally sober, and he had neither refused, saying, “My daughter, I will pray wives nor children: he was the happiest of to Allah to give you a reward for what you all Mussulmen.
have done for me but it is not becoming, As he was returning home at midnight in a woman of my age, to diue from home.' from a country-house, whereto he had been After blessing me a thousand times, she left carrying some baggage, he heard, as he Since that time, she has been to visit walked along the banks of the Tigris, the me every Friday ; she came yesterday, as voice of a woman, and which spemed as if usual, and said to me, • You have often it came from the middle of the flood. He asked me to stay and pass some time with plainly distinguished the following words: you ; if it is agreeable, I will comply, this " In the name of Allah, in the name of his night, with your wish. I will sup with Holy Prophet, 1 implore you to assist me." you, and we will pass the night in praying The dulcet toues of this voice penetrated to God for the safe return of your husband: the heart of the porter, and he did not hesi- but, however, I must make one condition, tate a moment to throw off luis clothes, and that we shall both set off together, early in swim to the place whence the voice seemed the morning, for my country-house, as F to proceed; he was fortunate enough to want you to help me to make some presave this interesting female, as she was parations for the wedding of oue of my fe struggling for life against the rapidity of male relatives. I shall take care to see you the stream, and her strength was on the safe home again." I accepted her propoint of failing her for ever: he bore her posal : we went off at daybreak, and took safely to land, and when she bad recovered a boat to cross a part of the Tigris, and we from her terror, she requested him to ac arrived at a very lonely habitation. An old company her to a house, the road to which decrepid man, very meanly clad, came to she pointed out to him. Dgerberi willingly help us out of the boat, and conducted us consented; aud when he arrived at the door to a shepherd's' cottage, where we found he heard several children crying, and de- || near fifteen females assembled together manding loudly and lamentably for their Notwithstanding the gracious reception mother. Dgerberi entered the house, with they gave me, every tbing I saw served to his companion; and, by the aid of the put me on my guard, and seemed to conlight, he contemplated a woman of the vince me that the old woman had deceived most ravishing beauty : she made bim sit me. I anxiously asked her where the weddown, ordered a fire to be lighted to dryding could be celebrated to which she had his garments, and then recounted to him invited me? She assured me it would ber bistory, which she interrupted a thou- ll take place that very evening, wben the sand times to express to bim her excessive lovers of all those different young girls gratitude.
would arrive. • Then,' added she, we “Six months ago," said she, “ an aged | shall all sup together; we shall drink woman came to my dwelling, and said, '] wine, and you, also, shall choose the lover have never failed to go and hear the preach that shall be most agreeable to your taste." ing at the Great Mosque; but, to-day, a I soon saw through the wickedness of this multiplicity of affairs has prevented me old female. I kept, however, my thoughts from making the requisite ablutions : you to myself, and inwardly and fervently
prayed to Allah to grant me his protection. ,, aspers a day.”—Dgerberi consented to this I then said to the old woman, “I am much proposal, and the porters were exact in obliged to you for bringing me into a place | their payments: he lived at his ease, 'and where I can enjoy those pleasures, which I kept his promise also : but idleness began could not expect in my solitary way of life.' to enervate him, and diminish that strength This completely deceived her, and slie gave which labour had sustained. His constitufree expression to the wicked principles of tion became impaired, and he fell sick : as her heart. As soon as the sun began tol he had never given a thought to the future, set, I saw come in, from different parts, as be was soon reduced to a most miserable many as twenty thieves, the greatest part state ; and the porters seeing him so feeble, of whom were Jame. They saluted the would no longer give him thë stipulated old woman, and asked her why she had sum.." In his misfortune he supplicated the been so long in coming to see them? She | Supreme Being, and the holy Prophet apo excused herself on the difficulty she had peared before him in a visión, in' all the found in being able to bring me to them. splendour of glory:-“ Dgerberi," said Mas She then introduced me, and they all agreed | homet," thou hast been visited with sickthat she never had brought them a female | ness, because thou hast not exercised the that pleased them so much. Supper was
strength that Allah has bestowed on thee: now served up, and my thoughts were humble thyself before him,-continue to lasolely employed on the means of escape. :-)bour, land it shall be restored unto thee.”
hu mour , and at length I pretended that the health-was restored, but he was yet too heat of the apartment obliged me to go out
weak to follow his occupation as before. for the air, and the old woman took a flam One day, as he was sitting at the door of beau, to light me out of the house 1 | the Grand Vizier's palace, a'woman, who know,' said she, you are angry with me; was weeping piteously, came and seated so it always happens at first, but to-mor-herself beside him, as 'she was waiting to row you will thank me.' 'I did not deign | attend the audievce of the Vizier. Dyerto answer, but as soon as I got at a short || beri asked her why she'wept ? -_-" Alas!" distance from the house, I found means to said she, "yesterday my only son was as. put out the light, and then begged she sassinated! He died beside me, without would go back aud light it again, to which being able to name who was his assassin. she consented. I then i taddressed a short He was my sole resource. I have insplored prayer to the Prophet, who knew that the Vizier to find out his murderer.”would prefer a violent death, with virtue, " But,” said Dgerberi, “ for that purpose, to a Jife of pleasure, if it was licentious : cannot you give him some clue to find him and I immediately precipitated myself into out ?"" Alas! no," said she. “I am the the Tigris. You heard my cries, and never widow of a merchant, my son was very can I forget the service you rendered me." young, yet I placed all my hopes ou him." The beautiful lady then presented the por
- The Vizier will, no doubt, tell you," ter with a rich piece of carpeting and an said Dgerberi, “that, in such a populous hundred sequins, which Dgerberi' would city as Bagdad, it is not possible to describe vot accept; but, to oblige her, he took the and find out the murderer of a man, who is carpet, sayiug, that he was amply repaid vot knowu. But tell him, that if Dgerberi, by the pleasure of obliging a person of her the street porter, was Vizier, he would find merit. He then took his leave. 1:
a method of discovering the murderer of Dgerberi, as bas been before observed, your son."-The afflicted mother did not was endaed with extraordinary strength, build much on such a feeble support, not. and which his continual labour had only withstanding she thanked him. The Vizier, served to augment. The other street-por worn out with the tears and prayers of this ters, vexed to see him taking away all woman, ordered that she should quit his their labour, united, and said to bim one presence; but, falling at his feci, she said, day, “Dgerberi, if you will consent to re- “0, my Lord, deign to consuit Dyerberi, main quiet for a time, without doing any || the street porter, and I shall find out who thing, we will engage to allow you ten II it was that murdered my son."-" This is,
at least, throwing some light on the mat as a compensation. He then sent every ter," said the Vizier. “ You accuse him, one from the divan, and told the Muezia then, as his assassin !"_“No, my Lord,” || to tell all those who asked why he was said the woman; “but he told me, that if arrested, that he had been mistaken for auhe was Vizier, he would soon find out who other. But, above all things, be charged was the murderer.”—The Vizier, then, tarn-bim, that amongst those who came to pray, ing, to his officers, said, “Go and find this and should ask why he was called away at wise man, and bring him before me.". such an undue liour, that he would take When Dgerberi was brought into his pre particular notice of the first, and the most sence, the Vizier said to him, “ Knowest urgent, in putting this question to him. thou this woman?"" No, Sir," replied The Muezin went away very well satisDgerberi."But you know her son?"-fied; and no sooner was he returned to the “ No, my Lord."*“ Did you know his mosque, than a young man came running murderer?"-"No more than yourself."- to him, and asked him why he had been “ How, then, couldest thou discover bim?" || carried that evening to the Vizier? The -"My Lord," said Dgerberi,"if I had Muezin simply answered, that he had been your authority, I would find out, by to: 1; mistaken for another. When this was morrow, who had killed the son of this told to Dgerberi, be ordered the young man poor woman."%" I invest you with my to be brought before him; to whom he orauthority," said the Vizier ; “but if thou dered iso severe a bastinading for his cudost not succeed in thy discovery, I promise riosity, that he confessed the whole mander thee a good bastinading." I agree to it,” || in which he had assassinated the young man. said the porter.
Dgerberi, according to the Turkish law, Dgerberi then ordered an officer of just- || delivered up to the mother the murderer of ice to repair to the mosque that was situ- ber song and she desired he might be put to ated nearest to the wretched mother's habi- || death, which was immediately granted. tation ; to remain there till it was near the The Vizier, struck with the good sense time of sunset, and to wait at the door for and judgment of Dgerberi, desired him to the Muezin, that cried from the top of the relate the bistory of his life; and after remiparet, with orders to give him a few proaching him with having embraced so boxes on the ear, to bind him band and low a profession as a street porter,' raised foot, and to bring bim before him..., him to the command of tlie-troops which
Wheu the Muezin was in his presence, he the Caliph was then sending out against made a thousand apologies for having treat-|| the Guebres. ed him so ill, and offered him ten sequios
joyous inhabitants of a country village, a Those people are most egregiously real amusement. „Were we to recapitulate mistaken, who imagine, that it is the higher the fashions, new inventions, public estaclasses of society who alone enjoy the most ||blishments, pleasures, and sports of every exquisite and varied pleasures; no, a cer kind, we should find that the common taio decorum prevents them, in general, people, who seldom invent any thing, only fronı giving themselves up to the genuine resort to that which seems the best, and impulses of gaiety unrestrained: while the most diverting. personis boru amongst the lower classes, Minuets, minuets de la cour, quadrilles, abandon themselves, without scruple and and waltzes, were -all. first invented for without restraiut, to all the emotions of those who compose the most brilliant so. frauk and animated pleasure; it is thus | cieties; but the rustic dancer enjoys nothat dancing, with those people who make thing so much as a good country dance, it a study, where it is used as a pastime, which be dances with all his heart ; and, more for vanity than pleasure, is, to the li with a countenance animated by joy and