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A GLOSSARY

OF

THE OBSOLETE AND SCOTTISH WORDS IN

THE FIRST VOLUME,

The Scottish words are denoted by s. French by f. Latin by 1.

Anglo-Saxon by A. S. Icelandic by Isl. &c. For the etymology of the words in this and the following volumes, the reader is referred to JUNII ETYMOLOGICUM ANGLICANUM. Edidit

Ed. Lye, Oxon. 1743, fol. For such words as may not be found here, the reader is desired to consult

the Glossaries to the other volumes.

A, au, s. all.

Aureat, golden. A Twyde, p. 7, of T'weed. Austerne, p. 303, stern, austere. A backe, back.

Avoyd, p. 219, void, vacate. Abone, aboon, s. above.

Avowe, p. 30, vow, Abowght, about.

Axed, asked. Abraide, p. 176, abroad.

Ayance, p. 293, against. Acton, a kind of armour made of taffaty, or leather quilted,

B. &c.worn under the habergeon, Ba, s. ball. to save the body from bruises. Bacheleere, p. 46, &c. knight. f. Hocqueton.

Bairne, s. child. Aft, s. oft.

Baith, s. bathe, both. Agayne, against.

Baile, bale, pp. 46, 90, evil, hurt, Agoe, gone.

mischief, misery. Ain, awin, s. own.

Balys bete,p. 17, better our bales, Al gife, although.

i. e. remedy our evils. Alate, p. 111, of late.

Band, p. 53, bond, covenant. An, p. 85, and.

Bane, bone. Ane, s. one, an.

Bar, bore. Ancyent, standard.

Bar bed, bare-head, or perhaps Aras, p. 5, arros, p. 9, arrows. bared. Arcir, p. 85, archer.

Barne, p. 7, berne, p. 23, man, Assinde, assigned,

person. Assoyl’d, assoyled, absolved. Base court, the lower court of a Astate, estate; also a great person.

castle. Astound, astonyed, stunned, as- Basnete, basnite, basnyte, bastonished, confounded.

sonet, bassonette, helmet. Ath, p. 6, athë, p. 9, o’th', of the. Bauzen's skinne, p. 323, per

VOL. I.

R

haps, sheep's leather dressed Bille, &c. p. 299, I have delivered and coloured red, f. bazane, a promise in writing, confirmed sheep's leather. In Scotland, by un oath, sheepskin mittens, with the Blane, p. 12, blanne, did blin, wool on the inside, are called

i. e. linger, stop.
Bauzon-mittens.--Bauson also Blaw, s. blow.
signifies a badger, in old Eng. Blaze, to emblazon, display.
lish; it may therefore signify, Blee, colour, complexion.
perhaps, badger skin.

Bleid, s. blede, bleed.
Be that, p. 6. by that time. Blist, blessed.
Bearyng arowe, p.186, an arrow Blive, belive, immediately.

that carries well. Or, per. Bloomed, p. 324, beset with bloom.
baps bearing, or birring, i. e. Blude, blood, bluid reid, s. blood
whirring or whizzing arrow : red.
from Isl. Bir. ventus, or A. S. Bluid, bluidy, s. blood, bloody.
Bene, fremitus.

Blyve, believe, instantly. Bedight, bedecked.

Boare, bare. Bedyls, beadles.

Bode, p. 101, abode, stayed. Bebeard, heard.

Boltes, shafts, arrows. Beette, did beat,

Bomen, p. 5, bowmen. Beforn, before.

Bonnye, bonnie, s. comely. Begylde, p. 103, beguiled, de- Boone, a favour, request, petition. ceived.

Boot, boote, advantuge, help, asBehests, commands, injunctions. sistance. Behove, p. 191, behoof.

Borrowe, borowe, pledge, surety. Belyfe, p. 182, belive, immedi- Borowe, p. 108, to redeem by a ately, by and by, shortly.

pledge. Bende-bow, a bent bow, qu. Borowed, p. 34, warranted, Ben, bene, been.

pledged, was exchanged for. Benison, blessing.

Bot and, s. p. 125. (It should Bent, p. 5, bents, p. 47, (where probably be both and) and also.

bents, long coarse grass, &c. Bot, but. grow) the field ; fields.

Bote, boot, advantage. Benyngne, p. 106, benigne, be. Bougill, s. bugle-horn, hunting

horn, Beste, beest, art.

Bounde, bowynd, bowned, preBestis, beasts.

pared, got ready. The word Be strawghted, p.201, distracted. is also used in the north in Beth, be, are.

the sense of went or was going. Bickarte, p. 5, bicker'd, skirm- Bowndes, bounds.

ished. (It is also used some- Bowne ye, prepare ye, get ready. times in the sense of swiftly Bowne, ready; bowned, prepared. coursed, which seems to be Bowne to dine, p. 45, going to the sense, p. 5. Mr. Lambe).* dine. Bowne is a common word Mr. Lambe also interprets " BICKERING," by rattling, e. g.

" And on that slee Ulysses head
Sad curses down does BICKER."

Translat. of Ovid.

nign, kind.

in the north for going ; e. g:

C.
Where are you bowne to ?
Where are you going?

Calde, callyd, p. 8, called.
Bowre, bower, habitation : cham- Camscho, s. stern, grim.

ber, parlour, perhaps from Isl. Can, p. 27, began to cry. bouan, to dwell.

Cane, p. 31, 'gan to cry. Bowre-window, chamber window. Capull hyde, p. 95, horse-hide. Bowys, bows.

Care-bed, bed of care. Braid, s. broad, large.

Carpe off care, p. 15, complain Brandes, swords.

thro' care. Breere, brere, briar.

Cast, p. 7, mean, intend. Bred banner, p. 26, broad banner. Cawte and kene, p. 26, cautious Breech, p. 323, breeches.

and active, l. cautus. Breeden bale, breed mischief. Caytiffe, caitif, slave, despicable Breng, bryng, bring.

wretch, p. 49. Brether, brethren.

Cetywall, p. 322, setiwall, the Broad arrow, a broad forked- herb valerian : also, mountain headed arrow, s.

spikenard. See Gerard's HerBrodinge, pricking.

bal. Brook, p. 16, enjoy.

Chanteclere, the cock.
Brooke, p. 314, bear, endure. Chays, chase.
Browd, broad.

Check, to rate at.
Bryttlynge, p. 6, brytlyng, p.7. Check, to stop.

cutting up, quartering, carving. Child, p. 113, knight. Children, Bugle, bugle horn, hunting horn. p. 48, knights : see v. ii. p. 94. Bushment, p. 103, ambushment, Christentye, christiantè, Christ

ambush, a snare to bring them endom. into trouble.

Churl, one of low birth, a villain, Buske ye, dress ye.

or vassal. Busket, buskt, dresseil.

Chyf, chyfe, chief. Buskt them,p.103, prepared them. Clawde, clawed, tore, scratched ;

selves, made themselves ready. p. 191, figuratively, beat. Busk and boun, p. 128, i. e. make Cleaped, cleped, called, named.

yourselves ready and go. Boun, Clerke, scholar.

to go, (North country). Clim, the contraction of Clement. But if, unless.

Clough, a north-country word Buttes, buts to shoot at.

for a broken cliff. By thre, p. 161), of three. Coate, cot, cottage. Bye, p. 168, buy, pay for ; also, Cockers, p. 323, a sort of buskins abye, suffer for.

or short boots fastened with laces Byears, beeres, biers.

or buttons, and often worn by Bydys, bides, abides.

farmers or shepherds. In ScotByll, bill, an ancient kind of land they are called cutikins,

halbert, or battle-ax, p. 6. from cute, the ankle.—'Cokers: Byn, bine, bin, been, be, are. fishermen's boots.' (Littleton's Byrche birch-tree, birch. wood. Diction.) Byste, beest, art.

Collayne, p. 31, Cologne steel.

Commen, commyn, come. Dint, stroke, blow. Confetered, confederated, entered Dis, p. 85, this. into a confederacy.

Discust, discussed.
Cordiwin, p. 323, cordwayne : Dites, ditties.

properly Spanish or Cordovan Dochter, s. daughter.
leather; here it signifies a Dole, grief:
more vulgar sort.

Dolefulle dumps, pp. 200, 279, Corsiare, p. 12, courser, steed. sorrowful gloom ; or heaviness Cote, cot, cottage. Item, coat.

of heart. Coulde, cold. Item, could. Dolours, dolorous, mournful. Cold bee, p. 309, was. Cowde Doth, dothe, doeth, do.

dye, p. 33, died, (a phrase). Doughte, dougheti, doughetie, Countie, p. 318, count, earl. dowghtye, doughty, formidaCoupe, a pen for poultry.

ble. Couth, could.

Dounae, s. p. 42, am not able; proCoyntrie, p. 323, Coventry. perly, cannot take the trouble. Crancky, merry, sprightly, exult- Doute, doubt. Item, fear. ing.

Doutted, doubted, feared. Credence, belief.

Dois, s. doys, does. Crevis, crevice, chink.

Drap, s. drop. Cristes cors, p. 8, Christ's curse. Dre, p. 13, drie, p. 126, suffer. Crowch, crutch.

Dreid, s. dreede, drede, dread. Clowch, clutch, grasp.

Dreips, s. drips, drops. Cryance, belief, f. creance, Drovyers, drovers, p. 271, such

(whence recreant.] But in as drive herds of cattle, deer, &c. p. 47, &c. it seems to signify Dryvars, p. 5, idem. fear, f. crainte.

Drye, p. 33, suffer.
Cum, s. come, p. 10, came. Dryghnes, dryness.

Duble dyse, double (false) dice.
Dugbtie, doughty.

Dule, s. dole, grief.
Dampned, p. 168, condemned. Dyd, dyde, did.
De, dy, dey, pp. 7, 10, 15, die. Dyght, p. 12, dight, page 58,
Deepe-fette, deep-fetched.

dressed, put on, put. Deid, s. dede, deed. Item, dead. Dynte, dint, blow, stroke. Deip, s. depe, deep.

Dysgysynge, disguising, masking.
Deir, s. deere, dere, dear.
Dell, deal, part ; p. 111, every

E.
dell, every part.
Denay, deny, (rhythmi gratia.) Eame, eme, p. 27, uncle.
Depured, purified, run clear.
Descreeve, describe.

Ee, s. eie, eye. Een, eyne, eyes. Dight, decked, put on.

Ech, eche, eiche, elke, each. Dill, p. 44, dole, grief, pain. Ein, s. even.

Dill I drye, p. 45, pain I suf. Eir, evir, s. e'er, ever. fer.-Dill was dight, p. 44, Eke, also. Eike, each. grief was upon him.

Eldern, s. elder.

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Eathe, easy.

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Eldridge,* Scoticè Elriche, El- Faytors, deceivers, dissemblers,

ritch, Elrische ; wild, hideous, cheats.
ghostly. Item, lonesome, unin. Fe, fee, reward: also, bribe. But
habited except by spectres, &c. properly Fee is applied to
Gloss. to A. Ramsey. Elritcht- lands and tenements, which
laugh, Gen. Shep. a. 5.

are held by perpetual right,
Ellumynynge, p. 105, embellish- and by acknowledgment of

ing. To illumine a book, was superiority to a higher Lord.
to ornament it with paintings Thus, p. 107, in fee, i. e. in
in miniature.

feudal service. 1. feudum, 8c.
Ellyconys, Helicon's.

(Blount.)
Endyed, dyed.

Feat, nice, neat.
Enharpid, 8c. p. 105, hooked, or Featously, neatly, dexterously.

edged with mortal dread. Feere, fere, mate, companion.
Enkankered, cankered.

Feir, s. fere, fear.
Envye, pp. 24, 27, malice, ill. Fendys pray, &c. p. 108, from
will, injury.

heing the prey of the fiends.
Erst, s. heretofore.

Fersly, fiercely.
Etermynable, p. 108, intermina Fesante, pheasant.
ble, unlimited.

Fette, fetched.
Everych-one, every-one.

Fetteled, prepared, addressed,

made ready.
F.

Filde, field.
Fa, s. fall.

Finaunce, p. 108, fine, forfeiture.
Fach, feche, felch.

Fit, p. 9, fyt, p. 169, fytte, p.
Fain, fayne, glad, fond.

85. Part or division of a song.
Faine of fighte, fond of fighting. Hence in p. 76, fitt is a strain
Faine, fayne, feign.

of music. See vol.ii. p. 183, Fals, false. Item, falleth.

and Glossary.

Flyte, to contend with words,
Farden, p. 55, fared, flashed. scold.
Farley, wonder.

Foo, p. 34, foes.
Faulcone, falcon.

For, on account of
Faye, faith.

Forbode, commandment, p. 188,
Fayre, p. 26, fair.

Over God's forbode. [Præter

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* In the ballad of Sir CAULINE, we have. Eldridge Hill,' p. 46. • Eldridge Knight,' p. 46, 56. Eldridge Sword,' p. 50,57.-So Gawin Douglas calls the Cyclops, the “ ELRICHE BRETHIR,” i. e. brethren (b. ii. p. 91, l. 16,) and in his Prologue to b. vii. (p. 202, l. 3), he thus describes the night-owl:

Laithely of forme, with crukit camscho beik,

Ugsome to here was his wyld ELRISCHE shriek.”
In Bannatyne's MS. Poems, (fol. 135, in the Advocates' library at Edin.
burgh,) is a whimsical rhapsody of a deceased old woman, travelling in the
other world; in which

“ Scho wanderit, and zeid by, to an ELRICH well.”
In the Glossary to G. Douglas, ELRICHE, &c. is explained by “ wild, hi-
deous: Lat. trut, immanis ;' but it seems to imply somewhat more, as in
Allan Ramsey's Glossaries.

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