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efforts of Massachusetts farmers to improve their who do not attend, that our discussions are not farm stock, would prove a more profitable un- practical, said he would confine himself to two dertaking.

or three particular points, each of importance, Mr. Kxow Les, of Eastham, followed, discussing and in which most farmers are immediately inbriefly the subject for the evening-Farm Stock. terested. With regard to oxen, it used to be the

Mr. COPELAND, of Lexington, endeavored to habit to keep a good pair of workers until they have the discussion for the evening directed to a were eight or nine years of age, depending upon single point--What are the prominent qualities them to perform the principal team work of the to be sought for in securing an American race of farm, and then make a business of fattening them cattle?-in order to arrive at some definite re- for the market. Having reached this age and sults ;

but ohjection was made to limiting the passed the period when they take on flesh and fat latitude of debate, and the subject of Farm Stock rapidly and naturally, the process is a slow and exwas thrown open to the meeting in all its length pensi'e one, and the profit was found to be small. and breadth.

Now, the farmer selects the finest steers, matches Mr. KNOWLES, of Eastham, spoke briefly, say. them, feeds liberally, keeping them clean and ing that the experience of farmers had demon- warm, subjects them to the yoke and handles strated that pative stock was infinitely preferable them when young, and by careful and judicious to foreign, not only in cattle, but in horses, sheep management, makes them do the team work of and fowls. Practical farmers, he found, placed the farm while they are growing rapidly, and by their chief confidence in native breeds.

the time they are five or six years old, they have Mr. Proctor, of Danvers, followed. He said come nearly to maturity, and without a special he was one of those who believed that we have a stall feeding of two or three months, and when native stock of cattle, for he considered that slaughtered make tender, juicy and rich beef, whatever was born upon our hills, whether commanding the highest price. It is difficult to originating from foreign stock or not, was enti- make cattle take on fat and flesh rapidly that tled to be called native ; but he did not think have passed the natural period of growth and them “infinitely better” than all others. For physical activity. beef cattle, he was satisfied that a cross of the In breeding cattle, he thought there was a Durhams or Devons was superior to any thing misunderstanding in the minds of some in regard else, yielding more pounds of beef, and growing to the axiom, “like begets like." If a heifer of faster, larger and fatter. For the yoke, how- any particular breed, say Durham, for instance, ever, nothing can excel our native cattle; he is coupled with a Durham bull, a pure Durham asserted this from his own experience and obser- calf will be the certain result; but let her go the vation for a long series of years. When speaking next year to a Devon male, and so year after year of working cattle in connection with English to mixed breeds, and there will be no certainty breeds, it should be borne in mind that in Eng- as to the character of her offspring--she will be land they do not know any such thing as oxen quite as likely to go back to the first type. It is for work; they use horses. With us oxen are asked why our native cattle will not produce used on all kinds of farm work, and, after a few certain characteristics in their progeny. It will, years, are killed for beef, a fact which is quite as surely as a Baldwin apple stock will produce important in considering their value. As for that variety of apples, if the stock taken is pure animals for milk, the Jerseys produce a quality and kept pure. Mr. Brown said he could comof milk which cannot be equalled anywhere; municate to the farmers of the State a plan by but for dairy purposes——whether butter, cheese which they could add to their annual income the or milk--he had yet to learn that any thing sum of two millions of dollars, and he thought better could be got than from a cross of the best they would readily admit that it was a practical hulls with the best cows of the native stock. He There are in the State 150,000 cows, whose knew of a dairy of native cows in Danvers, average yield of milk for the year does not exceed which yielded as good products as Ex-Governor four quarts per day. Now, from experience and Lincoln's fine blood stock; and another case in observation, he was confident that in two ways which a native cow, five years old, belonging to either by improving the breed, or by taking a widow lady, made 50 pounds of butter in 30 better care of stock, sheltering them and fe ding days, besides supplying milk for a family of four them more liberally and systematically with rouws, persons, and in addition another quart per day, &c.—their milk may be increased one quart per divided between two poor families. And this day, which, at four cents per quart, would give with nothing but pasture feed, which he consid- the sum of $2,190,000—an addition to their anered an important circumstance.

nual income which was certainly something of an Mr. BROWN, of the New England Farmer, next object. spoke, and alluding to the complaint of those Hon. B. V. FRENCH, of Braintree, gave it as his


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opinion that we have no pure Durhams here, as enough, and then vigor or certain qualities may they have in England, Ohio, Kentucky and Illi- be infused by crossing. There is no danger of vinois. Ours are crosses. The treatment of cattle tiation after this fixity of type is attained. To is a very important matter. His man had told counteract the deterioration which supervenes in him that when his cows had been turned out for animals at certain periods, a pure blood cow a couple of hours during the late cold weather, should not be used for crossing, but a good one they gave two quarts less of milk—that is, they whose blood is mixed as much as possible, and an gave only 30 quarts where they gave 32 quarts animal as perfect as the male will be obtained. previously. Cattle should be kept warm, in a The hardiness or other quality of this cow will temperature of 40 degrees. In feeding cattle, be imparted without affecting the blood race. It turnips, which can be raised cheaply, are very is the predominance of one blood over another advantageous, saving a good deal of hay, and which makes a race. If a bull's pedigree goes bringing the animals out in better condition in back only for a short distance even, and he is put the spring. As to the breeds of cattle, he hoped with a mixed cow, a good race will be propathe day would come when the State or some be- gated. nevolent individual would make minute and sys- Col. NEWELL, of Essex, remarked that his extematic experiments, which would point out the perience accorded precisely with the views adrace of cattle best adapted to the peculiar wants vanced by the last two speakers. He avowed his of New England.

disbelief in the notion of a stock of native cattle. Hon. Setu Sprague, of Duxbury, followed. We have none, and the reason is that no one has He remarked that he was not certain that he un- attempted to take so-called native cattle and bring derstood any thing about the subject; still, he out their peculiarities. Col. Jaques used a forhad his opinion in regard to the matter, founded eign bull in attempting to get up a native stock. upon the results which eminent herdsmen had

Mr. SPRAGUE said he would admit that a breed attained in other countries. He believed that the of native cattle of a certain type might be raised, laws which govern the reproduction of animals, but it would be a matter of much difficulty and were as fixed and determinate as those which expense. Suppose a couple of cattle are taken, control plants, or other natural productions, and as nearly what is desired as possible, and in a are as capable of actual experiments as chemistry year or two the head will be found too large, the or any other science. The breeding of cattle body too short or too long, or some other defect commenced in England seventy-five years ago, appear, and it will be necessary to begin anew. upon

certain rules, and the fact has there been The task would require a man peculiarly fitted established that any kind of cattle desired can be for it by education, judgment and experience, raised, and with a certain result. Can a pair of and would be the work of twenty or thirty years. cattle be obtained in New England which will

Mr. Fay remarked that the work of rearing a produce offspring exactly like themselves ? Col. new race should be commenced not with one cow JACQUES said he would breed cattle to order of and one bull, but with herds, and those young any form or color. If we take good bred stock, cattle. After obtaining the race best adapted to we may be certain of the progeny; but with our New England, with its small farms—which would native stock good offspring are the exception, and be one combining in the highest degree milk, beef peor prove the rule. They are the result of a and work—offshoots would appear which would mixing of two hundred years, without regard to excel for milk, for beef and for work, separately, the laws which make like produce like, and we and we should thus get far better cows than we cannot expect to produce from this mixed blood now have. In Switzerland, where miich cows an animal of any certain size, form, color or are most prized, the bull's pedigree is closely scruquality. The English herdsmen have raised their tinized, to see if his mother was distinguished for noble stocks by breeding for fifty years without her milking qualities, as it is the bull which decrossing. If you put a Devon bull to any kind termines the character of the offspring. of mixed cow, the Devon blood will predominate. Mr. BUCKMINSTER of Framingham, said the

Mr. Far, of Lynn, commended the views of yield of butter in this commonwealth might be Mr. Sprague. He believed that a race of cattle increased from five pounds to ten pounds per cow could be obtained from native stock equal to any per week, because we can have a race which will in the world. It has been demonstrated that we give it. He also offered some very interesting rehave as good milch, working and beef cattle as marks in regard to “native" and foreign cattle, existed, and having all these qualities, a good which our limits will not permit us to sketch. breed can be obtained in twenty or thirty years. Pertinent remarks were also made by Messrs. It must be done by breeding in-and-in, until a Howard, of the Cultiaator, MERRIAM, of Tewks fixity of type is obtained ; when the male produ- bury, and Exerson, of Boston, but we have not ces a fixed type, the process has been carried far room for them.

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We select the following from a large number of similar notices with which we have been favored from

time to time by our cotemporaries : We improve this opportunity to call the attention of our agri- 1 NEW ENGLAND FARMER.--This excellent agricultural periodicultural friends to the New England Fariner, published in cal, under the editorial charge of Simon Brown, Esq., assisted Boston, as one of the most valuable pablications of the kind in by Frederick Holbrook and Henry F. French, is a work which the United States. There are few farmers so well informed that recommends itself to the attention of every farmer. This they might not derive advantages from its perusal, & hundred monthly cannot fail of a good support under its present manfold beyond its cost. It is published monthly, each number agement, and we hope it will meet with the success it so much containing 48 large octavo pages, at only $1.00 a year:-(Hamp- deserves.-—{Dover Gazette, N. H. shire Gazette, Mass.

NEW ENGLAND FARMER.-This valuable weekly paper, chiefly NEW ENGLAND PARMER. --The August number, as usual, is devoted, as its name indicates, to practical farming intelligence, filled with matter of great importance to the farmer. There are has no superior in the excellence of its agricultural essays, and no better works reach the home of the agriculturist than this. in the general tone of its news and miscellaneous depariments. Its articles are timely, able, and instructivo-and its illustra- The two selections on our outside of last week, under the caption tions are fine.-{Telegraph, Penn.

of " Farm Work for May," and the “ Garden," should have been NEW ENGLAND FARMER.—The New England Farmer is a first credited to the New England Farmer, and are fair samples of the rate monthly, devoted to agriculture, horticulture, and their ability and good taste exhibited in the management of the paper. kindred arts and sciences, which we unhesitatingly recommend It is edited by Simon Brown, Esq., formerly of Newport, in this to our farmers anıl reading community. Each number con

State. Many of its best correspondents are also from New Hamptains about forty pages, and the last two we have read with shire.-(Manchester (N. H.) Democrat. pleasure, finding them filled with practical, valuable and instructive articles. Several who have exaipined the numbers we have tions of cordial brotherhood with this excellent agricultural

NEW ENGLAND FARMER. — We are happy to renew our salutareceived were much pleased with them.—[Monmouth Inquirer, lani

miscellaneous newspaper, with its first issue for the new N. J.

year. And there is no paper out of the State that furnishes New ENGLAND FARMER.---This is one of the best agricultural more reliable and valuable information, and we are always happy papers the farmer can find. It is well adapted to the wants of to see it on the farmer's table with our own sheet. The New the farmers in New England, and should have an extensive cir- England Farmer is edited by Simon Brown, Esq., with Hon. eulation among them.- [Greenfield Republican, Mass.

Frederick Holbrook and Henry F. French, Esq., as associates, We omitted last week to credit the article headed "Farm $2.00 per annum. - [Granite Farmer, N. H.

(a strong team,) and is published by Joel Nourse, Boston, at Work for September," as we should have done, to the best Agricultural paper in New England, the N. E. Farmer. It was so good we We exchange with a goodly number of Agricultural supposed all would know where it came from.-[Amherst Cab- papers, most of them of established' merit and usefulness; but inet, N. II.

among them all we peruse the columns of done with more interest The New ExGLAND FARMER, & monthly devoted exclusively to and comfort than those of the New England Farmer. There is Agriculture and kindred subjects, making a fine volume of 576 a good deal of old-fashioned home fire-side feeling Infused into pages a year. The Farmer is edited by Simon Brown, assisted by its language, which reminds us of the capacious hearth and Frederick Holbrook and IIenry F. French, published by Joel glowing winter fires of long ago, while in the elements of proNourse, Quincy Hall, Boston, at $1.00 a year in advance. The gression and practical usefulness it ranks among the first jourFarmer continues to maintain its high and well-earned repu. nals in the land.-(Čarlisle (Pa ) Herald. tation.-Ohio Farmer.

NEW ENGLAND FARMER.–An Independent Journal, devoted to NEW ENGLAND PARMER. -We advise our agricultural friends Agriculture and General Intelligence. Terms $2 per annum in who are in want of a work devoted exclusively to their inter advance-Joel Nourse proprietor, Boston, Mass. ests, without being mixed up with the notions of old fogies on

This is the best paper for a farmer we have on our exchango politics, to subscribe for the New England Farmer, which is pub, Kist, and most cordially do we recommend it. To the intellilished in a pamphlet form, monthly, at $1.00 per 'andum. Joel gent, enterprising young

man, just begioning the world, this Noarse, publisher, Quincy Hall, Boston.-(Plymouth Rock, | paper may be the means of saving fifty dollars a year, indepen• Maas.

dent of the pleasure derived from reading it. To such we say, The excellent article on onr last page for "Farmers' don't fail to send your two dollars for the New England Farmer. Work in March," is from the New England Farmer, one of the -[Ellsworth (Me.) Llerald. most valuable and sterling papers to be found in this country, always filled with valuable information, and a paper from which

F Every farmer in Vermont, besides patronizing the papers We can always clip much interesting matter.-(Woburn Journal, Farmer. We hare known it froin its youth ap," and know it

of his own State and vicinity, should take the New England Mass.

to be a first-rate paper; always filled with choice and important NEW ENGLAND FARMER.—The April number of this useful ag- matter for the man who would cultivate his farm and his mind ricultural work has been received, and merits the praises that at one and the same time, and do it in the best manner. We have been so universally bestowed upon it. It is, in fact, the shall treat our readers to many articles from its columns.cheapest agricultural work in the Upion. It is published monthly (Vermont Watchman and Journal. at Boston on the first of each month, ia book form-devoted, exclusively, to agriculture, horticulture, and their kindred arts and New ENGLAND FARMER.-We consider this broad and beautiful sciences. Each pumber contains 48 pages, making at the end of sheet among the best. if not the very best family journal in the the year, a neat volume of 576 octavo 'pages: Terms $1 per United States. The bold and manly tone evinced by its conannam in advance. All orders and letters should be addressed ductors upon all questions of State and National polity, renders to Joel Noarse, Quincy Hall, South Market Street, Boston, Mass. Its opinions worth adopting, whilst as a newspaper, its columns Xorristown Register, Penn.

afford as abundant a supply as is needed by any family. In the

immediate vicinity of its publication, its markets and local news The New England Farmer, for March, has come to band must be particularly valuable, but the world-wide importance of in good season, and this number fully sustains the excellence of its agricultural statistios is what will specially recommend it to those preceding it. It presents a valuable index for the farmer's our readers. The price is only $2 per annum, which, sor a paper ase, besides a great variety of valuable miscellaneous reading, of its size, style print, and manner of getting up, is exceedwhich cannot fail to interest those pursuing other vocations ingly low.-(Louisville (Ky.) New Era. than the tilling of the soil.—[Statesman, Vt.

o The New England Farmer, we would remind our readers, The New England Farmer, from the columns of which is an excellent agricultural paper, and now is just about the our readers have seen many good articles in the Mail, is one of time to make the editor a "New Year's Gift," of renewed subthe best agrleultural papers, for the common farmer, that comes scriptions and some new subscribers.—(Greenfield (Mass.) Repubto our table. It has recently been much improved, and in addi- lic. tion to the weekly is now issued monthly, at $1 a year. Mr. Simon Brown, the editor, successor to the late Mr. Cole, seems to

Do We know of no better agricultural paper in the Union, have caught the full idea of the actual wants of the farmer.- than the New England Farmer, published at Boston. It should (Eastern Mail, Maine.

be in the hands of every farmer who would know how to farin.

-[Banner of the Union, Phila. D In the paper of this week will be found a finely written article upon " The Farm in November," which is the leading

NEW ENGLAND FARMER.-Wo call attention to the advertisement article of the November number of the New England Farmer, of the New England Farmer. This is probably the best weekly wbleh has just come to band.

agricultural paper in New England. Its editor, Simon Brown, Those of our farmers who do not subscribe for this work, we Esq., is a practical armer, and its other writers are men who recommend to do so. It is among the best monthly public write from practical knowledge of the great branch of industry eation going:—(Suffolk Gazette, N. Y.

to which the paper is mainly devoted. Those of our people who

wish for an agricultural paper published out of the State, will NEW ENGLAND PARMER.-- This is another good agricultural not find a better one. – [Concord (N. H.) Patriot. paper, and we take pleasure in recommending it to the public, It is devoted to agriculture, horticulture, and their kindred NEW ENGLAND FARMER. - This is one of the best agricultural arts and sciences, embellished with namerous engravings. The journals in this country, and

should be in the hands of every matter is mostly original, and from the best agriculturul writ- person engaged or interested in any one of the rarious branche ers of tbe day.- Expositor, Mich.

of agriculture.-(Exeter (N. H.) News-Letter.

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TIB present number commences the Seventh Volume of the NEW ENGLAND FARMER, MONTHLY, and it is the intention of the publisher that it shall exceed the former volumes in the value and variety of its contents and the beauty of its illustrations.

It is designed to make the NEW ENGLAND FARMER the LARGEST AND BEST MAGAZINE of its class in New England, and to supply such an amount of information on all subjects connected with


As to furnish the Farmer with a complete Encyclopædia of his profession. For this purpose no pains will be spared in studying the wants of the Agriculturist, and everything that will aid his occupation and increase his prosperity will be carefully noticed. Besides the reading matter, BEAUTIFUL ENGRAY.


TERMS. – $1.00 per annum, in advance. Single copies, 10 cents.




Is published at the same office, every Saturday, and contains, besides the Agricultural matter, a large amount of MISCELLANEOUS READING, News Items, FULL AND CORRECT Market RepoRTS, AND A VARIETT or LITERARY AND GENERAL READING, adapted to the wants of the farmer and his family.

TERMS.- $2.00 per annum, in advance. Postmasters and others who will forward four new subscribers on the above-named terms, for either publication, shall receive a fifth copy for one year.

JOEL NOURSE, Publisher,


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