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JOHN CLARE.

CALENDAR FOR JULY.

| how to enjoy. In Winter, the Trees may be supJULY, the month of Summer's prime,

posed to sleep in a state of insensible inactivity, Again resumes his busy time; Scythes tinkle in each grassy dell,

and in Spring to be laboring with the flood of Where solitude was wont to dwell :

new life that is pressing through their veins, and The very insects on the ground,

forcing them to perform the offices attached to So nimbly bustle all around,

their existence. But in Summer, having reached Among the grass or dusty soil, They seem partakers in the toil.

the middle term of their life, they pause in their

appointed course, and then, if ever, taste the ulr is an exceed- nourishment they take in, and “enjoy the air ingly important they breathe.” month to the farmer in several re- Plains have now put off the bright green livery

Like the Woods and Groves, "the Hills and spects. It calls again for all his of Spring; but, unlike them, they have changed force and skill to

it for one dyed in almost as many colors as a secure his hay

harlequin's coat. The Rye is becoming yellow crop, the great

and ripe for the sickle. The Wheat and Barley New England har-are of a dull green, from their swelling ears being vest, perhaps not

alone visible, as they bow before every breeze second in impor

that blows over them.” The stiff and stately tance to any other. herds-grass, or as it is called in Europe, the It is the month, meadow cat’s-tail, sways awkwardly to and fro,

too, upon which while the graceful and silk-like red-top yields another valuable crop in pliantly to every breeze, and the American cock’s

good measure depends,- foot, or orchard-grass, with the sweet-scented the golden maize, or Indian corn. vernal, meadow foxtail, rye, and other grasses, This plant requires the frequent all mingling their varied colors, and presenting hoe, and the fervid suns of July. them as they sway in the breeze, afford a most Indeed, all the crops which the lively and beautiful scene.

The late Buttercup, farmer has committ:d to the Ox-Eye, Daisy and Red Clover blossoms are still earth with so much pains, and which have sprung in their prime, and give a charming appearance into healthy and promising plants, now require to the whole. But nothing can be more rich and his constant care to protect them from insects beautiful at this season than a great patch of and weeds, and keep the soil in a favorable condi-purple Clover, lying apparently motionless on a tion to receive the rains and dews and atmos- sunny upland, encompassed by a whole sea of pheric influences.

other grasses, waving and shifting about it at Summer has now fully come, and her “whole every breath that blows. world of wealth” is spread out before us in prod- Now a great many things are intensely Julyigal array. The woods and groves have dark- like. Cattle chew their cuds and lash their puncened and thickened into one impervious mass of tured sides, standing knee-deep in water ; fishes sober uniform green, and having ceased to exer-fry in shallow ponds ; pedestrians along dusty cise the more active functions of the Spring, are roads quarrel with their coats, and cut sticks resting from their labors, which we know so little to carry them across their shoulders, while every

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thing seen beyond a piece of parched soil quivers TURNIPS.-In the course of the inonth, whenthrough the heated air.

ever the surface is sufficiently moist to start the The Garden still has its beauties—as it ever has seed, sow turnips. The old adage runswhere it has received a considerate care,—but we “The 25th of July, sow turnips, cannot stop to particularize them now. The sol

Wet or dry ” emn woods are now inviting, where the Whet. But we have found that a moist condition of the saw, the Brown Thrasher and Cherry-wink, make surface had more effect in inducing germination them vocal with their peculiar notes. Boys read of the seed than the day of the month. After Izaak Walton with a new relish, and explore the considerable experience and a pretty extended brooks that take their courses through the mead- observation, we are still of the opinion that the ows or dim woods, and throw the careful bait to root crops may be cultivated by most farmers the speechless trout in the dark water by the with a decided profit. The great cost has been bank, or under some ancient and massive root. in keeping down the weeds otherwise they are Silently as the panther approaches his prey, they not difficult crops to manage. They are easily move along—now stepping upon a bunch of moss, got in, and may be cultivated with a horse or the or a tuft of grass, for the trout's ear is as quick wheel-hoe, without any difficulty. Would it not to note å footfall on the walls of his castle as an be a good plan to use the same piece of land for Indian’s, put to the ground.

a succession of years for these crops, never allowThe Haying, the Harvesting, the Weeding, the ing a weed of any kind to go to seed upon it, and care of Stock, and the thousand nameless things enriching it with manure as free from seeds as it that press upon the farmer in July, leave him is possible to get it? If such manure is plentifully but little time for visiting or study; but there are applied in the fall, and plowed under 10 or 12 hours for good-nature and pleasant social inter- inches, there will be no complaint that the root course with one's own family and the neighbors, will not flourish on the same soil. Where the and, if rightly improved, will produce a crop as weeds do not come, carrots, beets, parsnips or valuable as the crops of the fields.

turnips may be profitably cultivated. THE Hoeing.—This important operation must not be neglected. The lodging grass, early in

For the New England Farmer. July, is a strong temptation to take the scythe in

DOUBLE PLOW. hand instead of the hoe and it may be well to DEAR BROWN :-I have to-day tried the soddo so for short periods ; but no man of ordinary and-subsoil or double plow on the old homemeans zan afford to neglect his hoeing; it has stead at Chester, and as this is the first excost him too much labor of himself and team, and in that good old town, I hasten “to make a note

periment I have witnessed with this implement, too much for seed, to omit the cultivation of a of it." crop that needs it. If he allows weeds to crowd The land was sward, full of witchgrass, and and rot his plants, or a hard and repulsive sur-stony underneath, as all the land here is, alface to return to the skies . unappropriated, the though it has been plowed a hundred years or so, fructifying dews which Heaven has in kindness The plowman doubted whether his three yoke of

and the boys have picked rocks” on it annually. sent, he will not reap abundantly where he has small cattle could "put through" so large a plow, sown. It is among the first errors of the farmer, in such land, but he succeeded in finishing his not to tend thoroughly the crops he has put in.

stint of above an acre before night. HAYING.—Grass cut in the morning, spread im

Several judicious neighbors looked on, and our

unanimous conclusion was that no other plow could mediately, turned at noon, and cocked before the run with the same team to that depth-ten inches dew falls, will rarely need, in good weather, full,—and that no other plow with any team more than a mere opening of the cocks the second could do the work so well. The plow is Ruggles, day. A load of fence rails would be about as ac- Nourse, Mason & Co.'s largest size, No. 354. ceptable to a well-fed cow, as much of the herds

The double plow is the thing for the hard and

stony land of Rockingham County, not in new grass that is carried to the barn. It is spread in land, but in the common old fields. We believe the intense sun, and exposed to the wind till it is that no more team is required to draw it than brittle, juiceless and harsh as wire. In our opin- the single plow, and nothing can put the witchion, twice as much hay is spoiled by over-drying, grass out of sight, like it.

Yours, II. F. FRENCH. as there is by not being dried enough.

Chester, N. H., May 19, 1855. Clover hay should be cut in the morning, lay in swath until four o'clock, then turned upside COAL ASHES FOR Peach TREES.– Will those who down. The next afternoon gather it with a three- have not otherwise disposed of their coal ashes, tined fork into cocks, and let it remain two nights place a half bushel around each of their peach more, when it will be sweet, the leaves all re- remain through the summer, as the best manure

trees, in the form of a little mound, and let it maining on the stems, and the whole will be eat- for the trees, and as a remedy for the borers. en by the cattle and prove highly nutritious. In the fall dig it into the ground.

For the New England Farmer. suppose that all agricultural productions could HIGH PRICES, &c.

be had at the same ratio at that time, then, of Mr. Brown :—A leading article in your paper fifty cents then was Worth as much as a dolla:

course, so far as a man's living was concerned. of April 14, on high prices, &c., has caused some is now. But was fifty cents in silver then worth reflections as to the cause of such prices as we as much as a dollar in silver is now? Of course now have and live under. That the prices are not, and why? Because money, that is, “golo high, I admit-in most cases, higher than they and silver," must always hold its relative value should be. But

I have seen and lived through when measured by itself. In fact, it is the focus high prices before ; in 1836 and 7, grain, flour, or standard where all real property terminates. pork, &c., were as high as they are now; though, and, of course, its value is fixed. So, in reality, taking the round of agricultural produce as a I claim that you cannot make money any the less whole, it did not range as high then as now. valuable at one time than another, though you But then it is, or may be asked, what is the cause may have to give more gold for productions at of such prices? And, of course, the war in one time than another. But, then, “Wall Street Europe will be named as one thing, emigration and State Street” talk about money as being cheaj for another, speculation for another, and so on. and dear—that is, now they have to pay two per Now, for one, I do not put so much stress on the cent. a month, where they used to get it for one “war question” to make high prices as many per cent., &c. Of course, this means that their will, though it may affect us some, indirectly, on business compels them to pay two per cent. ; but. grain and four. During our late war with Mex- in reality, the money is worth no more than ico, which was in operation from 1846 to 1848, when they pay only half per cent. I think it did not affect our prices of agricultural Another and great reason of the present high produce materially any way, though we were a prices, I consider, is in the constant drain of golu party and directly interested in that war as a and silver (since California has opened) to Europe. nation; and yet it had the effect to draw away to pay for imported goods, manufactures, arts. a large number of our population from farming &c., which, in the main, we could just as weli and the productive arts.

make at home. Now, suppose a railroad is to be But what I consider to be one of the great built through your town, and five thousand dolcauses of the present prices is, the constant drain lars worth of railroad iron is wanted to carry the of productive labor from all parts of the country, road through your place. Which is the bette: during the last six years, or since California policy, to raise five thousand dollars and send to opened in search of gold. Of course we have England and buy the iron, or have the rails at had less producers and more consumers in shape your own price, and made by your own workmei, of emigration, which emigrants do not produce at home? In the latter case, the five thousand much in the first six months, but after that they (in California gold) is paid out to workmen in can make producers as well as consumers. Well,

your own town. A gets a part, C a part, and l the consequence of California may be said that

à part. It is all there among you ; what one has we have had less produce and productions and not got, another has. But in the former case, it more gold, which is true to a certain extent, goes out of the country, and it is a matter of though I am not aware that many are overbur-chance whether any part ever gets back again. dened with that "article” at present. But I am But the policy of the government appears to be not one of those who believe that a large influx to have the balance of trade against us all the of gold and silver into a country will, as a con- while, so that the United States appears to be the sequence, make high prices directly; Yet it "half-way house," where the California gold might have the effect to stimulate all kinds of

stops over night; next day it takes the steamer, business, and so produce may rise in consequence. goes to Europe, and that is the last seen of it. But you say, in substance, that an influx of Now, as it appears that we have got to have a gold, like an inflation of the paper currency, adds large share of European emigration now and for nothing to the real value of property. Its effect all time to come, would it not be a good plan to is merely to make money less valuable, so that save all the productive labor we can, and so keep none of it is given for articles of real value, as the gold here in the country to produce and rethe products of the earth and of the arts.” Now

produce and pay its own way. I do not see it just in that light. It may be true

But then, again, as to high prices of produce that a large amount of gold laid down on a worn-out soil, will not improve that soil directly ; ter of 1835 and 6, in the spring of that year, hay

now and in former years. During the hard winneither can it produce improved scientific labor, if that labor is not to be found. Still, it can be was worth twenty-five dollars a ton in all this made to produce the best labor at hand, and in section, and hard to be got at that. Since that that way the soil can be renovated, and soon the time, it has several times been up to twenty dolproductions on the soil will be worth as much, it is worth from sixteen to seventeen dollars the

lars the ton ; at this season of the year and now and more, than the original gold laid out. For

ton. But to show that they had high prices forinstance : thirty years ago (or in 1825 say,) corn could be bought for fifty cents a bushel, and now ducer's prices from your paper, taken from the

merly as well as now, I will copy a list of pre it is worth a dollar a bushel, (in 1855.) Now, Portsmouth Journal. This was the price current

An inflation of the paper currency means, of course, an for February, 1817, or thirty-eight years ago, and amassing of paper money, say four or five dollars of paper to these are wholesale prices, of course the retail the representative of money, the true standard of property comes were higher. “Bacon 15 cents per pound ; bardown to the actual amount of coin in existence and circulation. ley, $1,25 to $1,50 per bushel; beans, $4 to If this be so, then gold and silver, or coin, cannot inflate” the $4,50 per bushel ; bûtter, shipping No. 1, 24, currency, be there ever so much of it, because it is the real standard of property itself. So we understand it.

No. 2, 22 cents per pound ; corn, $1,90 to $2,10

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