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are made to enter joyously upon the ice-bound season so soon to follow. The late fruit is carefully CTOBER is upon us, with its transparent gathered and packed away for preservation or sale, or is converted into some pleasant beverage for atmosphere, and winter use-the latter harvests are stowed away in clear, cool eventhe barns and granaries-the flail and the threshing ings. The Summer machine are busy with their clatter. [We someis over and gone. times almost regret that the threshing machines Through the first Autumn month we were ever invented, for to our ears, there is nothing have approached, more cheering than to hear from all around a farming neighborhood the measured clack of the flail, as it were, the bridge which divides Summer from as it comes longer, or more faint, according to the Winter; we are about to pass distance, or to the thickness of "the threshing" upit. Let us pay cheerfully the on the floor. Every farmer who was a boy ere toll of grateful hearts. threshing machines came into use, will doubtless The forests have put off recall the hours and hours that he has listened, in a still, sunshiny day, to the clack, clack-clack, so pleasant to the clack-clack, clack, of the flails coming from the eye, and so cheer-threshing floors for miles around him. Many and ing to the heart, many a time have we done so.] The cattle floor is and now stand carefully prepared for its winter tenants.


their beautiful robes of


clothed in their gor

Are there any loose clapboards or battens upon

geous Autumnal the barn, they are made fast, and every air-hole hues-pranked out in their richest apparel, only to through which the sharp blasts of winter can penebe laid in the dreary grave of Winter. They shall trate to make the cattle uncomfortable, are carefulrise in renewed verdure, and thus Nature gives her ly closed up, for "the merciful man is merciful to sanction of immortality to Revelation. He who has his beast," and the good farmer would no sooner said, "seed time and harvest shall not fail," has see one of his oxen suffer from cold through his blessed the husbandman with abundance, and this own negligence, than one of his children. As the is the time for his thanksgivings to ascend to that sailor, when he sees the storm approaching, takes Giver of All Good for his benevolence and his mer-care "to make all snug""-so the good farmer, as winter approaches, takes care to make all comfortaNo month in the whole year presents a time ble. more suitable for reflection than OCTOBER. The And the evenings of OCTOBER! Go with me to heat, the labor and the hurry of Summer have farmer Wellman's, and let us see how those evenpassed away-the harvest has been mostly gathered ings are passed. The sun has just gone down in a in, the days are cool, clear and comfortable, the clear and cloudless West, and the chill of evening is evenings are getting long, and the cheerful fire approaching. Do you hear Goodwife Wellmanblazes on the hearth, soon after the sun disappears. "John, it's time to build a fire in the sitting-room; During the day-time the odds and ends of the farm the evening is a-going to be chilly, and your father work are leisurely gathered up by the snug and and the men folks will be in directly." John-a thrifty farmer, and all the necessary preparations boy of perhaps eight or ten summers-for farmer

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Wellman's boys begin to help round early-does have their exhibitions at such times as the Board of Agriculture may direct? as he is bidden, and soon a bright fire is blazing upon the hearth. The farmer and his family, having partaken of a bountiful repast, gather around the cheerful blaze. Farmer Wellman takes his com

For the New England Farmer. RAPE PLANT.

fortable chair in the corner, and the wife and daugh- Noticing the communication of "P. A. F.," of ters are seated around the table, sewing, or knit- Shaker Village, N. H., and "A. B.," of Sudbury, ting, or performing such still household duties as I remark that there is a summer and a winter variare requisite ; the boys are variously disposed. Far-ety. The seed of the former is not quite so large as the latter sort, which was probably tried by both mer Goodyear and his son Thomas come in to spend of your correspondents, but better suited to the the evening, and there they sit and discuss the New England climate. It is the same as is imwhole round of farmers' duties-the crops-the ported from Germany and Holland, and sold by the prospects, &c., &c., and as likely as not they end name of Dutch rape. That known in the market as their evening conversation by a discussion of nation-English rape, is the winter variety, and is mostly al or State politics, for no men are better posted imported from England. I have a patch of summer rape now in bloom, which was sown in drills up in such matters than these two farmers. The in May, and some of the lower seed-pods have women folks talk of their butter and cheese, their nearly filled out. The seed sells at about $4,00 per caps, bonnets, dresses, &c., and the younger fry en- bushel, and as the grower in this country is protectgage in such conversation and fun as befits the time ed by a duty of 10 per cent., it certainly seems as though we ought to supply our own market. The and place. The old clock in the corner strikes ten. only crop that ever came within my personal The visiters, with the asseveration "that they didn't knowledge in this country was raised by a farmer have any idea it was so late," bid good-night; the in Pennsylvania, who thought that it paid him well family assemble around the table, the Holy Book is at $2,50 per bushel. It will grow on any piece of read, and an ardent and sincere prayer ascends to land that will produce turnip seed. The plants should be left standing about 18 inches apart. Heaven, and then all is hushed and still in that dwelling, till daylight begins to streak the East, when the bustle of a new day of labor and happi-| ness is welcomed with thanksgiving; and so pass away the OCTOBER days and nights of Farmer Wellman and his neighbors.

And with the beautiful rotation of the seasons, pass the beautiful rotation of the farmer's labors and the farmer's pleasures. Honest industry is sure to afford independence, happiness, and peace at all seasons of the year. The farmer depends more than other any the beneficent God above him, and the yielding earth beneath him, and every other occupation in life depends mainly upon the farmer. Honored and respected beyond all other employment, be that of him who tills the soil.



For the New England Farmer.


The Progress Apple is a native of this place, and the original tree is now standing, although it has probably yielded regular crops from a period quite


Situated as it was, where farms have been well stocked with apple trees yielding good fruit in great were not immediately abundance, its good qualities tested, and it was at first considered only as a late fall apple. But they were found, after a fair trial, to rival the best winter apples as a late keeper; thus they are a favorite for the table from October to April. The tree is a good grower (not quite so rapid as the Baldwin) and forms a very handsome head; bears early, regularly, and most abundantly.

But, bless me, and yourself too, kind reader! Fruit rather above medial size, roundish, and very We have become so interested in the pleasures and fair; skin smooth, and when gathered, a light green, appearances of OCTOBER, that we had well-nigh for- with a tinge of red in the sun; when fully ripe, a gotten its appropriate duties, and must leave them clear light yellow, with a beautiful blush on the sunnow to your own good sense and suggestions; only ny side, and sometimes sprinkled with a few scathoping that beautiful October may prove to each of you, all that we have said of it above.

For the New England Farmer.

tered gray dots. Flesh very tender, juicy, with sprightly and remarkably agreeable flavor. As a market fruit it is very profitable, owing to its productiveness and ready sale. The trees bear well by the road-side, or in pastures, and in the cultivated garden or orchard the fruit is superb.

They have not failed for years to draw a premiOn looking over the appointments for these, it um from the Middlesex County (Conn.) Agricultuseems they are to be holden in five of the counties, ral Society, and at the Connecticut State Fair last on the 26th and 27th days of September-in four October, took the first premium as best new seedof the counties, on the 3d and 4th days of October ling. It deserves an extensive dissemination, and is -in four of the counties, on the 10th and 11th sure to do well in any of the Northern or Western P. M. AUGUR. days of October. Might they not be so arranged States. as to come on successive days, between the 20th of September and the 20th of October? Ought it not to be provided by law, that all those societies which are sustained by the bounty of the State, should best.

Middlefield, 1855.

*The old tree stands on land of Alvah Coe, formerly of old Esquire Miller, and for some time was called Esquire Miller's

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