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“know the right, and yet the wrong pursue,” in all 6. BEURRE L'ANJOU.—On quince ; middle of October. A
fine, healthy, happy looking tree. A free bearer, these matters. Mr. French excavates three feet grows well. Fruit high colored and good, and ripens deep, to plant a dwarf pear. He considers it essen
7. GRAY DOYENNE.--November; on quince; not a free tial to plant the tree three inches below where it bearer. Nearly equal to the old St. Michael, which it
resembles, and which is admitted to be the perfection was budded, and says he is not aware that he ever
of pears. Fruit fair and delicious. manured a pear tree too liberally, though he con
8. BEURRE DIEL.-On quince ; December ; a free bearer,
and healthy; fruit high flavored, russet colored. structs heaps of compost for his two acres that 9. WINTER NELIS.—Late winter fruit; on quince ; a fine would be respectable for a small farm. One thing
fruit, which ripens well in a common cellar. A shy
bearer, and grows irregularly. is noticeable, in regard to all his trees, including 10. SECKEL.-On pear ; first of November ; a feeble, slow the apple. They are all trained low, with short growing tree, though healthy ; fruit small but delicious. stems. This is commonly objected to, in apple FIVE VARIETIES OF PEARS CONDEMNED. orchards, because of the inconvenience of cultiva- 1. DEARBORN'S SEEDLING.–On pear; ripe 1st September;
a small, coarse fruit, with nothing to recommend it; ting among them, and this consideration is to be
worth about seventy-five cents a bushel, and not worweighed, and a proper medium preserved. I have
thy a place in a gentleman's garden, so far as tried
here, though of high reputation about Boston. myself always despised long-legged trees. The first| 2. DUCHESSE D'ANGOULEME.—On quince ; a good grower,
and bears well, object is to obtain fruit, not to cultivate the land,
Fruit very large and very fine, when
ripe, but needs about a month more, at each end of and low trees I think are more fruitful than high the season, to make it sure in this latitude. ones. And besides, the labor of gathering fruit 3. GLOUT MORCEAU.-- On quince ; shows a good disposition
to grow and bear, but the tree blights worse than any from tall trees in an orchard is so much greater as
other variety, except the to compensate for a great deal of extra cultivation 4. PASSE COLMAR.-On quince. Nearly every tree ruined
by the blight-entirely hopeless. by hand, where cattle cannot work close to the 5. VICAR OF WINKFIELD.–On quince. Tree hardy and
Fruit fair and large, but with the best trunks. Mr. French's mind is made up decidedly, care here, coarse, corky, choaky, and unfit for an on that point. He says he is sure such a drought
amateur to eat. Often of fine quality in Boston, and
sold at a shilling each. and heat as that of 1854 would have destroyed many of his trees, had not the ground under them, French in regard to the fruits' named, differing
The above are the present impressions of Mr. and their trunks, been shaded by the branches. I
widely, as to some varieties, from the received opinthought the experience of my friend so valuable,
ions. Dearborn's Seedling, for instance, I am told especially to those who are cultivating in his neigh
by Mr. Bull, of Concord, Mass., who is high authorborhood, that I took the liberty to pencil down the results of his experiments in regard to some of the
ity in such matters, is with him a first-rate fruit, known varieties of pears.
nearly equal in flavor to the St. Michael; and the
Glout Morceau, which at Laconia is destroyed by We are all aware, that success in pear culture is
the blight-a dozen in a row—while other varieties very various, even in the same neighborhood, and on soil and with treatment much the same.
grow finely on each side
it, at Mr. Bull's place, In the
is a fine, healthy tree. region about Boston, where fruit-growers meet regularly and compare notes frequently, it might be
WIND SUCKING. presumptuous, in any individual, to set up the short
This detestable habit in horses may be cured, so experience of himself or another against the general opinion. Mr. French is nearly a hundred miles say contributors to the Ohio Cultivator, by the folfrom Boston, and sixty from the ocean, and it has lowing process : seemed to me that his observations might prove a
Wind sucking is a habit, (like chewing tobacco) valuable contribution to the cause of fruit-growing. be practised however under favorable circumstances
much easier acquired than forgotten. It can only I will take the responsibility, therefore, of stating that is, when there is some .object on which the briefly the opinions which he has formed, leaving horse can rest his teeth, located about as high as it to each person who reads, to judge how far they his breast—such as a common manger, for instance. may be useful, as a guide to himself.
The best remedy, therefore, is to place the feeding
trough as low as the ground or floor of the stable, TEN VARIETIES OF PEARS APPROVED. and the hay-rack as high as the horse can reach ; 1. BLOODGOOD.—On pear stock; ripe last of August ; me- and see that there is no object of an intermediate dium size, bears well-good.
height for him to rest his teeth upon to suck wind. 2. BARTLETT.-On pear and quince, thrives well on both, Care must also be taken that when out of the sta
though best upon pear stocks, which produce more
ble, he is not allowed to stand near a fence or stump, 3. BELLE LUCRATIVE.-On quince ; ripe early in October ; or any object of convenient height for practising
a free growing, hardy tree, and great bearer. Fruit this habit. In the course of a few months, say five
G. BATEHAM. 4. LOUISE BONNE DE JERSEY.-On quince ; ripe October
ANOTHER REMEDY.—Tie a cord around the neck 10th ; a hardy, free be irer; fruit fair, high colored and line flavored, a val aable pear for general cultiva- of the horse sufficiently tight to prevent him from
enlarging the throat, as is done in wind sucking, 5. FLEMISH BEAUTY.- The most splendid of all pears in but not so tight as to obstruct breathing or swal
of large size ; on quince-ripe in the middle of October.(lowing. A tight halter, with throat strap, will an
so far as tested.
swer this purpose. It will need to be worn for two been made in this department, but there is room or three months. This remedy is easy, and I have for a good deal more. We noticed among others, found it quite effectual.—A Subscriber. fine Jerseys and Devons, &c. The working oxen
were good. For the New England Farmer.
This was the first thing to come off on the second ESSEX AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY.
day; it took place in an old pasture a mile or more REPORTED BY J. F. C. HYDE.
from the village. Of those who plowed, five used The annual Fair of this Society was held at
double ox teams, single plows; four, double ox Haverhill on Wednesday and Thursday, Sept. 26th teams, double Eagle plows; three, double horse and 27th, and though there was quite a shower on
teams, double plows; five, double horse teams, sinthe morning of the second day which threatened to gle plows; and eight, ox teams, single plows. The mar the pleasures of the occasion, yet it did not at well calculated to test the skill of the plowman
was stony and with a tender sward, and was all interfere with the successful carrying out of the admirable arrangements that had been made. On
and the good qualities of the plows. The work, the first day, among other things was the drawing there is room for improvement in this direction.
taken together, was well done, though we think match, which took place a little north of the village. The loads were for one yoke of oxen, two tons, and
The Trotting Match did not come off as expected, then four tons, which were drawn up hill by several
much to the disappointment of the great crowd
that had assembled to witness it. teams in fine style. Loads for single horse teams, a cord of hard wood; the ease with which the work
THE ADDRESS. was done showed that the animals had been well The next thing on the programme were the sertrained for work.
vices at the Centre church, which consisted of Prayer,
singing of an Anthem, and Original Hymn, and an There were nine - all Irishmen – entered for Address, by Dr. Nichols, of Haverhill. spading, but only seven took part; the lot to be His subject was, “What Chemistry has done and spaded by each person was six feet by ten, and the is capable of doing for the Farmer.” He spoke of time occupied in doing the work was seven minutes. those farmers who availed themselves of the light The work was not as well done as it might have that chemistry had thrown on the subject of agribeen, had there been less excitement and confusion culture, as being the most thrifty, and the first to on the ground.
find out and make use of improved tools, &c., for The show in the Town Hall, which we looked in the farmer's use. While the other class believe in upon the first day, was very good, and in some re- physical abilities, and trust to the predictions of the spects better than is usually seen at these fairs. That Old Farmer's Almanac, and would not, on any acof manufactured goods was fair ; boots and shoes, count, kill their hogs unless the moon was right. A for which this county is noted, taking the lead. knowledge of Chemistry taught all the secrets of There were fine specimens of worsted work, which vegetable growth, and is alone capable of teaching do credit to the good ladies of Essex. The show of us all that we can know, of those forces that profruit and vegetables was exceedingly fine, especially duce soils and the plants that grow upon the soil
. of apples, of which we think we have never seen bet- Guided its light there is no uncertainty; without ter. Pears were also shown in abundance; among it, all is doubt and uncertainty: The advantages of others we noticed a most splendid box of the Beurre deep plowing and the thorough pulverization of the Clairgeau, a new variety of great promise, which soil was ably treated. Also, the compost heaps were contributed by J. Fowler, of Salisbury; noble which might be made up to advantage with lime, Flemish Beauties, Duchesse d'Angouleme, and many pond mud, loam from beside the walls, &c. The others. Among the apples, J. B. Barker, of liquid excrements of the animal he considered equal Methuen, took the lead; he receiving very justly the in value to the solid, and should be carefully saved first premium. We noticed on the tables a new by a reservoir which might easily be built by diggrape from the Rev. W.C. Richards, of Lynn, called ging out and cementing around so as to make it wathe “Millard Seedling," which is said to be the ter tight, answering the purpose and being cheaply product of a raisin seed; the Committee awarded built. In closing, he said the car of knowledge is it a premium for the best seedling. Of Flowers rapidly passing, and if you do not jump upon the there was no lack,-Dahlias were contributed in platform you are lost. Sluggards, slumber no longgreat variety by that prince of Dahlia growers, Gen. er, if you intend to succeed in the business of farmOliver, of Lawrence. * Bouquets in great profusion ing. The address is one that may with profit be taadorned the hall. Of Vegetables there was a great ken to the homes of the farmers, and read and ponabundance, especially of mammoth squashes, some dered. weighing over 150 pounds each; potatoes very large
THE DINNER. and handsome, and in short, the vegetables as well After the address, a large company repaired to as fruit, did great credit to the farmers of that the new tent on the Common, where a good dinner county.
had been prepared by Mr. Steele, of Haverhill, who DAIRY PRODUCTS,
did himself credit on this occasion. After a blesswere not very plenty, though there were a few ing had been asked by the Rev. Mr. Perry, the specimens of good butter shown, but no cheese. company partook freely of the viands that loaded
the tables ; and after the physical wants had been EXHIBITION OF STOCK.
supplied, the President introduced to the company There were a few superb horses that attracted his Honor Simon Brown, who made some very apconsiderable attention. The stock was well ar- propriate remarks, and was followed by Mr. Tenny, ranged in suitable pens, which were nearly all full of Vermont, Mr. Lewis, of Framingham, Mr. Dunof good cattle and swine. Some improvement has can, of Essex, Mr. Coffin, of Boston, and others.
The reports of committees appointed to award them every facility in the purchase of furs and premiums were read in the church, and this closed eider-down, &c. They took on board at this point the performances of the day.
an Esquimaux man who was to hunt for them. The attendance was very large both days, the peo
They left Fishkeæns and proceeded next to Sukple coming from far and near to be present at this kertoppen, so called from the resemblance of a annual gathering
mountain in the vicinity to a sugar-loaf. This We were quite pleased with our visit to Haver
place presents many beauties of Arctic scenery. hill, and would say to all the readers of the Farmer, them an abundant supply
of reindeer furs and seal
They found there a few Danes, and obtained from if it should be their good fortune to visit that place, skin coats. They reached next a place called Pronot to forget to call on friend Brown, of the Eagle even, a place fifty miles south of Upernavik. Here House, who so well understands how to make his they received the aid of Christianson, who is well visitors feel at home.
known in the annals of the Arctic. They obtained
additional supplies there. While they remained REMARKS.–Our reporter is too modest to state there an Esquimaux ball was given in honor of the that he spoke at the dinner table, but we are as- Took on board twenty Esquimaux dogs, and after
expedition, which was attended quite numerously. sured that he made a very practical and sensible remaining two or three days, took their departure speech.
for Upernavik, where they arrived during the last
of July, and obtained Mr. Peterson, who had been RETURN OF THE ARCTIC EXPEDI.
with Captain Penny as interpreter, for the expe
dition, for the purpose of managing the sledging by TION.
dogs. From Upernavik they pushed on to the Dr. Kane and his party, together with the Re- north. They met no ice until they had proceeded lief Expedition, under Lieut. Hartsteine, have safe- considerably north of Devil's Thumb, in Melvill
bay. They expected to encounter ice in the bay, ly arrived at New York. Some account of these but had a very fortunate passage, being detained expeditions,—which, it is to be presumed, will be therein only about two weeks. They did but little the last sent out by our government,—will doubt- warping. They then made the open water, and off loss interest our readers.
Cape York came to the North Water, so called by
sailors, and had a good run thence until the 6th of It will be remembered that Dr. Kane, whose love August, when they entered Smith's sound with no of adventure has carried him into almost every prospect of ice, and sailed on until they reached part of the globe, sailed from New York in May, highest point reached by Capt. Inglefield in 1852.
Littleton island in lat. 78 deg. 20 min., which is the 1853, in the little barque Advance, with a crew of The expedition landed at the island and erected a sixteen picked men, in search of Sir John Frank-cairn, in which were deposited letters, in hopes that lin's expedition. Since his departure, Dr. Kane had Capt. Inglefield on his return would find them and been heard from but once, in July, 1853, at Upper to America. Their most important object, however,
convey them to England, to be forwarded thence Navick, on the coast of Greenland, from whence he in landing at Littleton island, was to deposit prowas to proceed to Smith's Sound, and forcing the visions and a large metallic life-boat, which, in case vessel to the utmost navigable point, secure her for able to reach it, and by it make their return to
disaster should overtake their vessel, they might be the winter, and prosecute the search by means of Greenland. From Littleton island they saw the sledges. The protracted absence of Dr. Kane in- first block of ice. They then pushed on north, and duced the last Congress, in accordance with the gen. min. They were here compelled to make a harbor
the first ice they met with was in lat. 78 degrees 32 erally expressed wish, to authorize the Secretary of to protect themselves from the floating icebergs. In the Navy to dispatch a suitable expedition to the a few days pushed forward again by warping, about rescue of the adventurers. The sum of $150,000 15 miles, passing three small islands of rocks, under
the lea of which they moved the vessel, but a gale was appropriated for the expedition, and the inten- springing up their hawsers were broken, and they tion of Congress was carried out by the purchase of were driven to sea. The gale was quite heavy, and the propeller Arctic, and the barque Relief, which as they were runnig before the wind amid icebergs were properly fitted and equipped, and dispatched and large pieces of ice, one struck
the vessel's quar
ter and stove in her bulwarks. They escaped furto the Arctic regions in June last. The expedition ther danger, and again made for the north as fast was confided to the command of Lieut. Hartsteine, as they could by means of warping, frequently close of the U. S. Navy, and the wisdom of the choice is in shore. They were subjected to a heavy nip south evinced by the return of the party, with Dr. Kane ford Kead. About the first of September, found
of a point which corresponds in description to Stafand his companions under their charge.
bay ice forming about them pretty thick, in lat. 78 The following is a summary account of the voyage deg. 37 min. Here they found a deep bay running of Dr. Kane and his associates :
between two headlands, and in this bay a good har
bor. This formed their first winter harbor, in the The expedition left New York May 31, 1853. winter of '53 and '54. On the south-west side of The first port made was St. John's, Newfoundland, the bay were three islands about a quarter of a mile where the expedition was shown every attention by from the shore. On the back ground was a terrace the Governor and inhabitants. They obtained there of sand. Of the two headlands one is east of Stafeight Labrador dogs for use in sledging in the snow. ford's Head, and the other corresponds to Thelusson They took aboard, also, all the beef they could Point. obtain, and marled it. About the 4th of July they The cliffs at these headlands are from seven to arrived at Fishkenæs, a settlement in the southern eight hundred feet in height, though the land back part of Greenland; Governor Lassing at this point is lower. The vessel was moored to some granite received them with great hospitality, and afforded island. The rocks in that region are composed of
Sets into sunrise."
granite and limestone, with a small streak of another something fixed, whether it be the water or ice on formation between the two. From this point Dr. which to travel-that feature alone makes this Kane and party started north to examine the ice. apparently the most eligible road to the North After an absence of about a week the party return- Pole. ed, and active preparations were immediately made Early in the spring the Newfoundland dogs were for going into winter quarters. A warm and com- exceedingly useful in carrying burdens; they were fortable house was built over the deck. Stoves indeed invaluable for short excursions ; six of them put up and communication made between the steer- would draw a burden varying from five hundred to age and cabin, and the men were transferred from eight hundred pounds, at a dog-trot of four miles an the forecastle to the hold, where comfortable quar- hour. They would travel thirty miles a day for ters were made for them. The galley was put several days in succession. These dogs, however, below. A party was sent forward to establish a were not adapted for this climate, and the first wincache about a hundred miles distant. Darkness ter only two of them survived. Most of them died gradually came upon them, and with the exception of convulsions, apparently suffering from lock-jaw. of a few short journeys within a scope of thirty In the month of March the ressel was most unmiles, the operations for the season closed, and soon expectedly visited by a party of Esquimaux. They entire darkness upon them, preventing came in sledges, drawn by fine large dogs, evidently them from doing any work whatever. The year in of a very superior breed ; these dogs would make a this latitude is divided into four portions, two of journey of 60 miles a day for several weeks, carrywhich are alternate day and night, each of two ing a single man, and in some instances two men months' duration ; one of four months with the sun behind them. The sledges were curiously formed; below the horizon during the entire twenty-four some were made of hundreds of pieces of bone lashhours ; and one of four months with the sun con- ed together with strings made of the oisook, a large tinually above the horizon, revolving in one circle seal. A few of them were made of wood. These above the horizon-as Tennyson says,
Esquimaux are represented as grossly filthy in their “ The midnight sun
habits and loose in their morals, live as much on raw
as on cooked meat, and eat most voraciously. But On August 22d the party lost the sun altogether. the race is fast passing away, and it is supposed that It went at a dip below the horizon for the first time, there are not more than 100 of them between Cape and the nights began gradually to increase-grow York and Littleton Island, a distance of five or six longer-until October 22, when—having the day hundred miles. previous just raised his face above the horizon-the In July, as the prospect of getting out of the ice sun vanished again, and did not honor them with seemed to be very distant, Dr. Kane planned a his smiles for four months more. At twelve o'clock party, of which he took the command, to Beechy for two or three weeks there was considerable twi- Island, to communicate with the English. He light, but this was soon lost, when for three months met the ice off Cape Parry-evidently the Upale the twilight was very inconsiderable. The moonlight and Walstenholm sound pack—at Jones's sound. days and nights were beautifully bright. The win- It was impossible to penetrate this, and consequently ter was remarkable for being one of the severest and nothing remained but to make preparations for passthe longest in darkness ever experienced by civilized ing the second winter as comfortably as possible.
When the cold began to increase it was ten The outfit of the expedition had contemplated a degrees below zero early in September, and as the stay of only fifteen months, and the provisions season increased, although it proved to be a much remaining were not of a character suited to the climilder winter than many described by the natives, mate. Scurvy prevailed considerably, but by the 48 and 50, and even 60 degrees below zero was untiring assiduity of Dr. Kane, this was so far recorded. Early in November, if not on the last of checked that no lives were lost by it, although seveOctober, at a temperature of 40 degrees below zero, ral men were severely affected. By this time the old Monongahela whiskey, so famous for its strength, supply of coal was entirely exhausted. They were was converted into ice.
obliged to cut away the bulwarks and all the spare The winter was passed in amusement and rest. spars of the ship ; indeed everything which could As early as the middle of March, expeditions began be cut away, and still leave them in seaworthy conto be fitted out to explore the country about. dition, in order to keep up their small fire.
These were made by the aid of dogs and sledges. When the crepusculum began to show the tints One of these parties examined a large glacier about of the sunlight in the spring, they began to look 80 miles distant. The extremity of this glacier was forward to all that remained to them—a journey to the most northerly limit of the field of search. the nearest station of civilization, Upernavik. The Beyond this glacier the land altered its trend, it distance, including detours, was at least a thousand having trended from the vicinity of Stafford's Head miles. This could only be travelled by conveying about east, nearer east than north. Beyond this it the boats on sledges to the nearest water, and then trended again to the north, and when the whole bay placing the sledges on the boats and proceeding by was frozen up, from a short distance north of this water until the ice compelled them to reverse the glacier was discovered a channel of open water run-order again. The winter was an extremely cold ning north and south. In and along this stream one. Sixty degrees below zero was frequently rewere innumerable cetacia and birds. The principal corded, and the monthly averages were 30 and 40 food of the travellers over the ice was procured by degrees below zero. The ice showed no prospect of the rifle: it consisted almost exclusively of the breaking up. Careful surveys were made as late as pemmican.
the first of May, when the water was at least 70 or With reference to the channel above described 80 miles from the ship. It being beyond question it is for those conversant with geographical theories that the ship must remain there, the boats were got and principles to determine whether or not it is an under weigh, and the greatest speed used in fitting indication of any highway of water beyond, or them up. whether it is merely one of those tide streams which As soon as the boats were ready provisions were sometimes break the frozen surface of a northern placed in them, water-proof articles being got up as estuary, known to the Danes as a race. Whatever well as their shabby resources allowed. The bread this is, one thing is certain ; if it be the basis of a was pounded into powder, packed into canvass bags, line of coast presenting something unchangeable- and laid down so as to fill up the space between the
thwarts of the boat, just room enough remaining for the pulp, ejecting the skins. When you wish to the legs of the oarsmen. There were three boats, check a too relaxed state of the bowels, swallow the one of which (the Dingy) was soon broken up for pulp with the skins, ejecting the seeds. Thus may fuel. Two buffalo robes, a few blankets and a tar- the grape be used as a medicine, while, at the same paulin, composed the sleeping accommodations of time, it serves as a luxury, unsurpassed by any oththe party. They had eighty miles to go upon the
er cultivated fruit. ice, but as their party were weak, both in numbers and in health, they were obliged to take one boat of ripe grapes per day with benefit. It is well to
A man or woman may eat from two to four pounds at a time. The hummocks in the ice were often three or four feet high, and the eighty miles were
take them with or immediately after your regular
meals. traversed by many of the party several times over. The ship was left about the 20th of May, and they were a month in traversing the eighty miles of ice.
A PLEA FOR HORSES. In one single day, after launching their boats, they We have a word to offer to our farming friends made, by a splendid sail, almost as much as they who employ horses as their chief draught animals. had during the month previous.
The horse of all animals is one of the most sensitive Passing Sutherland Ísland, they came withing 10 to sudden changes of temperature, and to impure air miles of Hakysluyt Island, where they were obstructed by ice. The next day, however, the ice
or want of cleanliness. We speak from observaopened with the tide, and they reached that island. tion, when we say that not half the stables in the Here they were compelled to stop for two or three country are, at this season of the year, kept in a fit days by the ice. They then went on the Dallym- condition to be occupied by horses, even while put in ple rock, where they were delighted to find thou- about an hour for the noon feeding. sands of fresh laid eggs of the eider duck. They
The droppings of horses, both liquid and solid, were detained there by a south-west wind for a are among the most quickly fermenting, easily deweek, during which time they lived almost entirely composed manures. In warm weather the work of on eggs. They then packed down a thousand, and decay commences immediately, and in a very few sailed for Natilick, an Esquimaux settlement. They days one-half or more of the weight goes off in a met little obstruction from the ice, and when they gaseous form. This keeps the air constantly loaddid they were generally delayed only until the next ed with noxious, unhealthy matters, which are tide.
just as deleterious to the health and vigor of horses At last they were gratified and delighted at the sight of Cape Dudley Diggs, which is well known harvest and seeding, cleaning stables is scarcely
as to those of men. During the busy season of to the whalers. From there they ran on until they ever attended to regularly. The animals generally met the ice off the great glacier, a little north of Cape York. Here they were detained by the ice for occupy them a short time in the morning, at noon, a week, but as their quarters were near an immense
and perhaps in the evening for graining, but the coonery, where countless thousands of birds kept up
stables lie untouched for days or weeks—we have a continual cawing, and they were able to shoot as seen them lie thus for months. The horse is tied many as they pleased, they were not very impatient. up for an hour's feeding and rest in the heat of the Each man ate one or two of them at a meal, and day, but instead of standing in a cool, sweet, well they made up for lost time. At last the ice releas- ventilated stable, ten chances to one, he stands ed them, and without very much obstruction they sweating and panting, with scarcely a breath of air arrived at Cape York about the middle of July. which is not literally loaded with the fumes of his During the passage they lived principally on the own decaying excrements, and he goes forth tired little ank, with which, for miles and miles north of and debilitated instead of refreshed, to undergo the Cape York, the air is continually darkened. Round - severe toils of drawing the plow during the sultry ing Cape York, they passed into Melville Bay.
hours of the afternoon. Pushing boldly on, sometimes venturing even into the pack ice, they came successively to the Devil's do not have a free circulation of air, let a board or
The remedy for this is very simple. If the stalls Thumb, Horse Heart Promontory, and finally to Upernavik, where they were received with great two be knocked off in front or on the sides at the joy by the whole village. Here they found a Dan- head of the stalls ; they can be easily replaced
Let some such plan ish bark bound to England, the Mary Ann, Capt. when cold weather come Anderson ; in her they embarked. I'hey arrived be adopted, and in every case let the stables be at Lively on the 10th of September, where, after made as cool and airy as possible. remaining a week, Lieut. Harstein arrived, and Let all excrements, however small in quantity, be their joy was complete.
removed at least once a day, and by all means keep Three of Kane's party, seamen, died from expo- the floor well sprinkled with some deodorizing masure. The remainder were more or less frost bitten. terial. A weak solution of sulphuric or muriatic No traces were discovered of Sir John Franklin and acid is excellent for this purpose; but these are his party. The party has returned in excellent often inconvenient and troublesome, even if readily health, and all hands have grown quite stout and obtained. Plaster of Paris (gypsum or sulphate of fleshy.
lime) is very good; common salt is also good.
Each of these substances increases the value of the How to Eat GRAPES.—The Water-Cure Jour- manure more than its cost. Dry straw and muck nal—pretty good authority in such matters-says are also very valuable for the same reason. few people know how to eat grapes. Some swallow
We have frequently known lime and ashes repulp, seeds and skin; others swallow only the pulp, commended for this, but these rapidly decompose the ejecting both seeds and skin.
manure, and greatly diminish its value for applying In a conversation with Dr. Underhill on this sub- to crops, and they should never be used unless with ject, he advised that it would be well to observe the muck, or with long manure which is to be immedifollowing rules, namely: When in health, to swai-ately covered in the soil. These may seem trifling low only the pulp—when the bowels are costive, considerations, but they are really of great imporand you wish to relax them, swallow the seeds with