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law, now hates them and is full of enmity towards his
disobedient offspring. What a sad scene is here !
The children are enemies to their parent, and what
is
worse,

the

parent is an enemy to his children! Let candor judge in this case, let enlightened reason decide the question, which is worst, for the child to hate the parent, or for the parent to hate the child? Though the light shineth in darkness, yet the darkness comprehendeth it not.

If the death of Christ for sinners was a commendation of the love of God toward us, it certainly proves, beyond all contradiction, that sin, nor any thing else had caused any hatred or enmity in God toward

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man.

The second thing which we shall consider as proved by the declaration of our text is, that the common opinion and doctrine of the church, which has represented the death of Christ as necessary in order to reconcile God to mankind is erroneous.

This error has been exposed and disproved in some of our former lectures, but as it is an error of such vast magnitude, involving such palpable absurdities, representing God as a changeable Being; and as it is so generally believed among various denominations, it seems proper to notice it in our discourse from the words under consideration, by which the error is so fully exploded.

The error under consideration supposes, that mankind in consequence of sin, was under the divine wrath of God, which required the endless misery of the transgressor : and that Jesus Christ suffered the wrath of God in room and stead of the sinner, by which God became reconciled and satisfied. The statement is made thus plain, that the hearer may have a distinct view of the subject, and be able to judge after hearing

be offered on it. That this testimony is by no means too high colored, may be seen by the following quotations from our hymns. But before we attend to the quotations, let it be observed, that we hold these hymns, in general, in high estimation, and the authors of them as bright and

what may

shining lights in the christian constellation; but after all we are disposed to do ourselves justice by gathering the good into vessels, and by casting the bad away.

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"Once we were fallen, O how low;

Just on the brink of endless wo.
Singers to save from endless woes,
The wrath divine he sinks beneath.
Think, how his side was pierced for you,
T'
appease

the wrath divine.
He on Calvary's summit died:
God, your Father satisfied.
Sinner's to save from endless wo,
The Father's frown he sinks beneath
'T is finish'd-Heaven is reconcil'd.
The wrath of an offended God,
In sweet oblivion laid.
And sinners freed from endless pains,
Own him their Saviour and their head."

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Here are endless woes, endless pains, Divine wrath, the Father's wrath, the wrath of an offended God, an unreconciled heaven, all which stood threatening mankind, but were poured forth on the devoted head of Jesus, by which we are saved from the wrath of God.

My brethren, such language as this certainly represents our Father in heaven, to be a changeable Being, and a Being capable of exercising the greatest possible enmity. It supposes that our merciful Father was so full of wrath, that he was just on the point of sending mankind to a state of endless wo, when Jesus stept between us and harm, snatched the thunderbolt from the uplifted hand of stern justice, and received its burning vengeance in his own innocent bosom, at which God was satisfied.

This is the theme our christian doctors have inculcated, and our christian poets have sung, but it is the blackness of darkness which has obscured the beauty of the Divine countenance for ages, and caused the mind to wander in the labyrinth of error.

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This error is found in that creed, which lay on our cradles in our infancy, and our dear mothers taught us to repeat with infant lips, and to say, “ All mankind

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oy the fall, lost communion with God, are under his wrath and curse; and so made liable to all the miseries of this life, to death itself, and to the pains of hell forever.”

In opposition to this erroneous representation, let us place our text together with a few concurrent passages.

"But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotton Son, that whosoever believeth on him should not perish, but have everlasting life. Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins. But God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us, even when we were dead in sins hath quickened us together with Christ."

These passages, which are but a specimen of the gospel, fully prove the following facts.

I. That God loved the sinful world of mankind with a great love.

II. That in consequence of this love he sent his Son into the world to be the propitiation for our sins, And,

III. That in consequence of the love which God had toward those who were dead in sins, he quickened them together with Christ. Now just as plain as these obvious facts are proved by the testimony already recited, so evident it is that the death of Christ was never necessary to reconcile our heavenly Father to us; but was a manifestation of his unchangeable love to

ward us.

The third particular which you are invited to contemplate relative to our text is, that its subject belongs to that covenant of promise which was the Apostle's theme which led him to speak these words. That we may have a clear view of this, let us first examine the character of the promise made to Abraham, by which he was constituted the heir of the world and the Father of us all; and then bring our text to compare with the promise, that their union may be visible. The pro

man.

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mise to Abraham reads thus, “In thee shall all families of the earth be blessed.” St. Paul's comment on this promise in his epistle to the Galatians is as follows, “ And the scriptures, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith. preached before the gospel unto Abraham, saying, in thee shall all nations be blessed.” By this passage we learn, that the blessing which God promised to all the nations of the earth was justification through faith; which faith we have proved to be the covenant of promise, or the faith of God which cannot be made void by the unbelief of

Relative to this justification our Apostle says to the Romans; “ For all have sinned and come short of the glory of God; being justified freely by his grace, through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus." And again, in the chapter where our text is recorded, he says; " Therefore, as by the offence of one, judgment caine upon all men unto condemnation, even so by the righteousness of one, the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life.”

In the light of the divine promise to Abraham, which the passages here quoted present, we can see most clearly, that the gospel of eternal life was promised to all mankind, as the bountiful, unbought, unasked favor of our heavenly Father. And this favor, when stated in promise to Abraham, was, as it now remains, the necessary production of the divine, unchangeable love of God to mankind, which never was, nor can be made less by the sin of the world. Having this view of the goodness of God, we see the divine harmony of our text with the covenant of promise. 66 God commendeth his love toward us, we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. The same covenant love which was manifested to Abraham four hundred and thirty years before the giving of the law, by Moses, is now commended toward mankind, while yet in sin, by the death of him in whom all the families of the earth are blessed with justification. In relation to this divine subject Jesus said to the Jews ; “ Your father Abraham rejoiced to see my day; ana he saw it, and was glad."

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“ Father

The fourth particular subject belonging to our text, to which your attention is solicited, is embraced in the following question: Why did Christ die for us? We have already proved that there was no necessity of his dying in order to procure the favor of God toward sinners, for if that had been the case, his death could not have been a commendation of the divine love. And indeed, if there were any need of more proof on this subject, than has been presented, we should find all deficiencies supplied, by the prayer of Jesus when dying on the cross.

Let us, my friends, with profound solemnity, listen to these words, which contain more true divinity, more pure unadulterated gospel, than all the creeds which have been written since the world began. forgive them, for they know not what they do." Why did he net say; "Father, forgive them, for I have now suffered thy wrath which burned against them; I have drank the cup of thy fury which was prepared for them ; I have borne that they may never bear thy righteous ire ?" If all this had been true, why should he

pray as he did, and request that God would forgive them? If the Father had exacted a full penalty for their sins, of his son, how could he after this be called on to forgive them? But the reason, the plea which the dying Saviour stated in his prayer, was, "For they know not what they do."

Our question remains. Why did Christ die for us? How are we benefitted by his death?

Be patient, we still reply in the negative. Christ did not die for us, that we might avoid condemnation if we commit sin, nor did he suffer for us, that we might not be

punished for faults if we commit them.

This we know by our experience and by his word. We know by experience, if we sin we feel condemned, and this we must feel until the condemnation is removed by repentance. And we know by the words of Jesus, that, in place of his suffering in our room and stead, as our erroneous doctrines have taught us, he will render unto every man according to his works.

Why then did he die for us? The answer is in our text. He died to commend the love of God to.

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