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that branch which belonged to Panama; from occasional subjects, which I shall communiwhich to the town the march is not above cate to your Excellency at Jamaica. I used one day and a half, though 'tis upon the him with the utmost kindness, and to be south sea side. Next day fell heavy rains, sure saved both him and the other Spanand we row'd against the stream with much iards' lives by being there, which they all labor and difficulty, which still increasing, acknowledged. But I told him Englishmen we took to our dories, and bush'd most of reckon'd that no obligation. But if they the periauguas; but were forced to stop and please to remember that Muskito men had sleep that night in the woods, within about spared them, perhaps they might have a four hours' rowing of the Barcadore. That better opinion of those Indians for the future. night I gave

the governor and admiral the So we gave them a dory, flint and steel, and strictest orders to secure their prisoners came away. well, which they say was done. But in the Thus was disappointed one of the most night, the rain ceasing and the river falling, hopeful expeditions for plunder since Sir some of the governor's Indians took four Francis's [Drake.—ED.) time. The padre dories and one Spanish mulatto for a pilot, drop'd before he knew which branch of the whom they had half hanged the day before river we designed; for that in Panama was in private, and rowed away contrary to a rich church and [has] many miraculous orders, in hopes, I suppose, of plundering images, which made me lay my design and stripping the look-outs at the Barcadore, thereon. To rush into the town at dayor whoever they met, or from a worse break, and with half the Muskito men to motive. They wisely untied his legs, and surround the church

and take the about half way up he got the rope off his arms, and padres, who were six. To push hands and jump'd overboard. Five or six the captive padre in first, and give him time jump'd after him; but he got away from to aid the others secure the host (which I them all. So they returned with the dole- was to be show'd with the consecrated plate) sul news, and it was then impossible to get all which was to be ransomed for the weight. the Muskito men a step farther. I begged The white men with a fourth part of the of the governor if he would not go on to Muskito men to surround the governor's and hang up two of his Indians before the padre, bring him to the church, whilst the other that he might not be suspected by the Span- fourth were to make the best of their way iards of cowardice. But all in vain, for I upon such horses and mules as should be only prevailed with much ado to have ropes found, to a town or village about three miles put about their necks, which I told him were off, to secure and fetch three ecclesiasticks to hang them with at their return home, or more, and when all these were in our power at the river's mouth. And to save the credit we could easily have prevented a [word illeof the Muskito men, I told the Fryer that gible] by bringing them to the front; tho? as this war was occasioned chiefly by the the whole country had rose upon us, for we Queen and people of Old Spain, your Excel- were but 100 short and fifty lances. Blacklency knowing the just inveteracy of the eter was to call out liberty and quarter to Muskito Indians against all Spaniards in all Indians, mulattoes and negroes, and all general, had sent me to attend their expedi- Spaniards that expected it to come to the tions, and to prevent the effusion of blood white men. But I ask pardon for troubling as much as possible. Wherefore, as I found your Excellency with a design that has misthem excessively provoked at the mulatto's carry'd, and which perhaps might have been escape, and as I knew the money could be a great hindrance to the main one; for the removed, which I wanted more than slaugh- Muskito men, notwithstanding my orders ter, I would not suffer them to proceed. and their own promises, abused and beat the Whether he took me for a coward or not I Indians, and when I interposed, threatened am not at all solicitous, if he did not think to kill one of them before my face. No the Muskito men so. But I fancy my rea- doubt but the case would have been the very sons were plausible enough, for he was ex- same or worse in the towns. So that I have tremely grateful in his expressions. He was kept my promise, if I did no good, to do no a very reasible priest, and spoke the best harm. The men I left at the forks interLatin of any I ever met with amongst them. cepted nothing. But when we came to the Our conversation turned upon the most river's mouth, the mulattoes slept with me

at the lookout house. The Indians, being they (had] or sharing alike, and share after ashamed, left the river contrary to orders, the English manner, which they agreed to. and just as we were going out next morning, So I proposed six shares to the king, five a Spanish canoe appeared. We sent two to the governor, five to the admiral, what after her, who took her and five Indians, 850 they pleased to myself above one share out pieces of eight and some silver bowls and of those periauguas whom I had furnished candlesticks, and a letter to the Dutch cap- with powder and ball; three to every captain tain from a Spaniard at Panama, who told of a periaugua, three to my corporal, two him he had 18,000 pieces more ready to to those that took the look-outs, and what come down at the return of the messenger. remained after division to be left to my dis

I immediately shared the prize among cretion to give amongst the most deserving. those that were present, but neither that nor Everyone was satisfied with the disposal, any intreaties could prevail on them to tarry yet at, and for several days after the sharing, two or three days longer, in which time we there was such bawling and squabbling might probably have intercepted twice as among my white hell-hounds, that I had much as we got; for these people had come rather fight six battles than undergo the down a different branch from that the pris-like again. Though the Muskito men oners had gone up; and there was no generously allowed them as much of the doubt more upon the same road; besides gold as came to four or five Muskito men's a third branch which the padre came down, shares, yet they squabbled my poor corpowho came not from Panama, but from the ral out of a share and a half; and for myprovince of Chomes, whither he with most self, I got one of the ingott's value 343 of the eclesiasticks and dons of Panama had castellanas, and near 250 ps. of 2-8. Their returned upon the news of Porto Bello being cabals came to that height that I was countaken. He applauded Admiral Vernon's selled to take care of myself; upon which sword illegible] (as he called it), and said the Muskito men offered to put them all in the people of New Spain all did the same, irons or to death whenever I pleased to and exclaimed against their own govern- speak, which I suppose they are apprehenment, which he said was next to none; for sive of, for we are now pretty quiet. But the people all did what they pleased. the owners of the schooner which came with

The King of Spain had wrote to them to us, and is the same I came in from Sandy defend themselves as well as they could; Bay, have got most of the Muskito men's for he hoped in a little time to send them a money from them for goods they had on powerful assistance. I would have brought board, whilst I, being destitute of that conhim with me, but that I know the fatigue of venience, was forced to leave your Excela periaugua voyage would have killed him; lency's goods at Sandy Bay, except some and he assured me with all possible sin- | trifles which I have sold for about the value cerity that he had a sister who was left a of £25 or £30 currency in broken bits of widow by an extravagant, with five children, gold. They offered me a better share all which depended on him for support. than the king, which I refused, and chose And the other prisoners confirming the an equality with the admiral. Notwithsame, I could not think of my own family standing, they assured me, had not the at home and keep him, though he was white men been there, I should have had a certainly a valuable person. He gave me better present. a direction at Mr. Don Antonio De la Rios, Those doings are really infectious, and

in Panama, and I gave him show the necessity of regular forces. I am one to me, so that I expect a correspond ashamed to describe the contrast between ence. I had not now taken any rest or the thoughts bad before and after the sharbeen [asleep] any day for four days and ing; for the white men's ingratitude made nights, yet my greatest fatigue was to come, me repent (and I fear more than I ever did viz.: sharing the plunder so as to satisfy my of my vices) that I had not concealed the white gentry. Neither were the Muskito men Fryer's ingotts; for they were brought to so easily pleased as I expected; and I was me in the night among the silver, unknown determined to do to all strict justice. The to any soul but the Father and myself. The best way I could think of was to advise the sume of them would have made my affairs Muskito men to leave off keeping what | in England tolerably easy; and it is remarkable that the whole was within a few pistoles 1 before we sett out upon this expedition. the very sume totall that I owe.

These occurrences I have truly related, and I am now going to some river near Blanco, submit all to your judgment what may be where I design to wait for Mirander, who is made of the said people. I am farr from expected to load cocoa at Carpenter's River. despairing to see them answer expectation. Whitehead, whom I was bound for in Ja- They are very desirous of smiths, carpenters maica, will goe into the river with his periau- and gunsmiths settling among them. The gua, having a demand upon him; and if he way of invading and harassing the Spaniards informs me that he sells powder, ball, or is obvious, and may be done at a trifling provisions to the Spaniards, when his cocoa expence and without any more such fatigues. is on board, I hope to take him, when my This, as I shall prove to your Excellency at voyage will be crowned.

Jamaica. I am in hopes of returning the The Muskito men, to whom I have read greatest part of your Excellency's money a great part of this letter, say that they are again. Your Lady's cargo is yet entire. I sorry and ashamed of their behavior on have heard no manner of news from Jathis expedition, but desire your Excellency maica since I left it, only the Padre told me to consider that they are poor, and have that Chagre was taken. We had the vanity been a long time teazed out of the fruits of to design attempting [it] ourselves, but all their labor by the white men that live among has ended in robbing a priest and some them. That it is not now with them as in peasants. King William and Queen Anne's wars, when | Had I a command of Regular people, I King's ships and privateers came to their would not despair of a Bishop or a Governor, shore and encouraged them. Further, a for by what I can learn of their condition, command was carried over their young men, many of the great dons of New Spain would who now do as they please, and despise the be ambitious of the honor which I enjoy, of old ones. That would your Excellency or the being King of England be pleased to send soldiers Your Excellency's among them to set them an example, and

Most Devoted and Obedt. goods at reasonable and certain prices, I

Humble Servt., should see whether they would not fight to

ROBERT HODGSON. get money to pay for them. The Governor talks of taking Carpenter's river, and sending up all the cocoa that is ready for Mi

XV. rander into Whitehead's sloop, and sending it up to your Excellency, (for they will Salt CREEK, near Carpenter's River, / trust no body else,) to be laid out in arms.

July 12th, 1740. If they and the white men agree about it, I Sir :-My paper being all spoil'd, I am shall readily forego my share of Mirander's obliged to write to your Excellency upon sloop to forward their good intentions. this, to let you know that we have taken

The fatigue has been horrid, and I fear Carpenter's River and about 50,000 weight worse before I get to Sandy Bay, the rainy of cocoa. We met with a sloop since I season being now sett in. From thence I wrote last, belonging to Mr. Forbes of St. shall hire a periaugua to Generall Hobby's, Andres, by whom I send this, and whom I and then to Messrs. Pitts and Atkins, so if have loaded with 190 serons of cocoa, being I cannot get a Pilott to a certain people, to my own share and those of my friends and Jamaica.

such as behaved best. The Muskito men I am obliged to trust this letter to a com- allow me an English captain's share, which mon sailor; one of the owners on board / is 3-8, and what is above that is to be laid having fingered some pistoles, and the other out in goods and sent down to the Muskito having done some bad things, are not to shore. The rest is to be sold partly to be depended on to deliver it. Whitehead, Mirander, (who arrived here on the next who is a third joint owner, has kept him- day after we had taken the river,) and part self pretty clear. I am sorry that I am not is to be put on board the schooner, (the yet able to send my account of the English owners of which have five or six periauguas people at Black River, neither time or belonging to them.) And if this cocoa opportunity permitting me to goe threw comes to a good market at Jamaica, and

what exceeds my share is sent down in describe the fatigue I am forced to suffer for goods for the best now, it will make me want of such a guard. I entreat your Exable to manage the rest; for without rewards cellency to depute somebody to dispose of and punishments nothing is to be done. I my cargoe to the best advantage; and that have explained to them the difference be- you will be so good as to keep my share for tween Mirander's price and the price of Ja- me 'till my return, and, likewise, that you maica. So when these people's shares that will accept your own £150 out of it; for I are most to be depended on arrive, I ex- have already near £40 in gold and silver for pect it will open the eyes of the rest. A what I have sold of your Excellency's goods, periaugua that was with Forbes brings me and I doubt not the remainder will nearly word that there is a packet for me at Pitts make up your money. & Atkins, to which place I will hasten. I presume, as this cargo is sent up by But Generall Hobby has sent me word that King Edward for himself, me, and the best his people have taken an Estaictea near a of the Muskito men, that it will not require large town, which he will not attempt till I the formality or expense of a legal condemcome back and make him understand your nation. Experiments cannot be made at a Excellency's pleasure better.

smaller expence than I make them, I must not forget the governor's good be- I beg you will send me an account, if havior in Carpenter's River, who at my possible, of the very spot where the revolt request released above 100 Indian prisoners happened in 1733. I am in great want of and negroes, whom I made to play upon hand mapps. The chief Muskito men's their strum-strums, whilst their masters minds are thoroughly afloat in expectation worked at filling the serons. There was of your Excellency's favor of good return only a mulatto shot dead, three wounded, from Jamaica, so that my credit, and perand one broke his neck in running away. I haps my life is at stake. am not yet able to prevail with the Muskito I have been often in more danger from mulattos to free the Coccelee Indians, though them than from the Spaniards. I entreat the better half of them are run away. I am your Excellency once more to excuse my greatly afraid that your Excellency will think paper, and to send me down a great deal of that I have had an eye to my own interest ball and some powder. I am just taken more than to the common cause in this ex- with the country feaver, so that I hope my pedition, (which I assure you I have not, I loose manner of writing will be excused too. for in the first place I was obliged to leave I have thrice lost my limbs for an hour or the choice to the Muskito men; and in the so, but the use of them returned again. second I imagine that a trial of the Muskito There is no manner of harm in this climate men, whether they have any sentiments of if people will but refrain from spirituous liberty at a distance from the place where liquors. And I can without the least ostenI provided they shall make a full declaration tation challenge all privateers that have for that of their brother Indians, would be preceded me to show equal fatigues. Should the securest proof of them.

I prove a vox et preterea nihil, of which I I don't know how Hobby's guard may am constantly suspicious, it will at least give prove, but am sure the Indians are much the hint to more able enterprising genius's. preferable to the mulattoes that have been! My humble service to your lady, and I with me. They say themselves that the am your Excellency's most sincerely devoted trade at Carpenter's River bas spoild them. and obedient humble servant, I beg your Excellency to send me down at

ROBERT Hodgson. least 20 blank commissions, 2 carpenters, 1 taylor, 1 gun-smith, and that you will be so good as to give my corporal his discharge. It is to be feared that false views of econHe will be necessary to me in future expe- omy will operate to prevent the United ditions, which I hope will redown more to States Governinent from becoming possessed my reputation than this. For here has been of the historical treasure from which these no opposition. But Dolu and Yucatan will documents are taken, until its obtainment surely afford some sport. Could I but have will be utterly impossible; for, unfortunately, 30 select men out of the companies, it would the national councils always embrace more or be a fine help to me; for it is impossible to less gentlemen who regard it praiseworthy to

oppose every expenditure of the public funds and papers. In the possession of the Gennot designed to meet current absolutely ne- eral Government alone will there be positive cessary expenses on the most economical surety for all time that they will be open scale. No argument to prove this a penny- for the investigation and profit of all. We wise and pound-foolish policy is necessary in presume that it would be impossible for these enlightened times. It is due to the Col. F. to ascertain what it has cost in country at large, that the invaluable histori- money; for while many of its most valuacal collection above referred to should be ble treasures were free gifts from persons in preserved for general reference; that it all sections of the Union desirous of adding should be open, under proper regulations, to to its completeness, we learn that he has at all who may have occasion to pursue inves- times been forced to pay as high as buntigations in this very important but decid- dreds of dollars for a single volume in edly most neglected branch of our litera- manuscript of importance. Thus, he posture-American History. The absorption sesses a proof-sheet of engraved heads of of well nigh our entire population in active Americans of distinction flourishing about business pursuits of life, sufficiently explains the beginning of the present century, the why, as a general thing, we rely so much on work of an eminent and accurate French artist Europe for our literature, though it fails to on private account. This embraces small portouch this point of our remakarble deficien- traits of hundreds of gentlemen residing then cy in the matter of knowledge of the his- in all sections of the Union. It is probably tory of ourselves and our country. The the only impresssion of the whole in cxistgeneral want of proper sources of informa- ence. For this he paid one hundred and tion (well arranged and complete historical fifty dollars; and he has since lost no opporlibraries) furnishes the key. True, each tunity to have the likenesses identified, no State is now forming its own historical libra- key being left by the artist. He has sucry, but, with inconsiderable exceptions, these ceeded so far in the identification of perhaps are confined to the collection of data for the half the heads, which are in medallions of elucidation of its own past times. This the size of a silver dollar. The consignment library of Col. Force is all we have national, of manuscript volumes, from which the pitor rather continental, in its character, and pers forming the subject of this article were it will be a burning shame, as well as a taken, are twenty in number, embracing serious drawback on our national advance- rare, unpublished writings on the West ment, if it be not secured for our whole Indies, Mexico, Louisiana and Florida, and country. The SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION, we the private papers of Admirals Wager and understand, is desirous of becoming its pos- Vernon, as before mentioned. We learn sessor. Though entertaining great respect that this single consignment cost him more for that institution, and desiring for it, ar- than fourteen hundred dollars. These facts dently, a career of distinction, prosperity and are mentioned only to show the impossibility public utility, we should regret to see it be- of estimating the actual cost of such a col. come the owner of these invaluable books lection.

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