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to know if they were really French or not. years residence there, as chief factor to the The boat was sent with a flag of truce, and south sea company) of the whole country, the orders that were sent are to this purpose; with the coasts, harbors and rivers, both on that we were sorry for the mistake that hap- the north and south seas, and a plan of the pened the night before, but that they were easiest and most practicable method of rethe cause of it themselves, their behavior ducing the same under the power of Great being so very inconsistent with the polite- Britain, in case of a war with Spain. Since ness of the French nation; alluding to their my return from Guinea, having reviewed the not hoisting their colours when they first said papers, and considering the present sitsaw us chase, and in not laying by for us. uation and number of his Majesty's forces in The Lieutenant (ours) said he hoped we had the West Indies, I take the liberty to lay not killed them many men; But too many before you the following proposal, viz': the commodore answered.
That a number of forces now at Jamaica, The Rippon never fired a gun. The York not less than two thousand men (for which gave two or three broadsides, and the Dun- I apprehend the forces raised in America birk gave
the Oxford a broadside by mistake. will be the most proper) to be double offiThe six English ships had about 20 men cered and stationed under the command of killed, and most of them on board the Ox- a Governor at Sandy Bay on the Muskuito ford, whose sails are useless by the number of Shore, which is well known to be the healthsbot going through. About 30 men are iest climate in that part of America, being also wounded and but few of them mortally. Mr. excellently well supplied with turtle, manatee, England, a Capt. of Marines, was killed in and a great variety of fish, food, &c., for the the Frederick. No other officer was hurt. more convenient undertakings on that coast,
I have my Lord given you its faithful an which will tend greatly to the advantage of account as my memory and inquiry will ad- Great Britain, at an easie expence. That mit of, for I am very well acquainted with the first attempt be made up the Lake of the six Captains who gave me an account of St. Juan which lies a little to the southward what had been done on board their ships, of the Muskuito Shore, (where the troops and I was a witness of what passed on board are to be quartered,) at the head of which the Weymouth.
Lake lies a small island, fortified, which comI shall say no more of the French than mands the channel of the lake. what
every body must own: which is, that That a number of our own troops with a they behaved with great prudence and gal- great number of Muskuito Indians be sent Jantry.
up in Piraguas and flat bottomed boats (to Brigadier Guiso and Wolf were in the en- be built with deal boards to be sent there, gagement, but not at the council of the Cap- with nails, carpenters, &e., there being great tains.
plenty of timber there for building the said What is said on the affair here is that we boats) to take this fort which (as I have been had done too much or too little.
informed by the people of Leon, &c., with
whom I traded whilst at Gautimala) is a Signed, &c.,
place of no great strength, and [which when SAML. SPEED. reduced will open a communication with the
cities of Leon, Granada and several other
great towns well inhabited, and [with] the [The address of the following paper is whole province of Costa Rica, to which there
trade from Peru— It will therefore wanting. Its tenor however shows that it was an official paper, written to a Minister
be necessary to secure this fortress well, and for Foreign Affairs.]
to keep it, both for a garrison, and (for) a
magazine of English goods, which will alRight Honble Sir:-Some time in the ways be in very great demand there, as well year 1738, I laid before your Honor and for the supply of Peru, as the said Province. S' Robt. Walpole, an account of the Prov- After well securing this fortress, the next ince of Guatimala in New Spain, its sit- attempt ought to be on the city of Comiauation, products and trade, together with a gua and other towns which lie inland some draught (corrected from the best observa- distance from the sea coast, on the south side tions I could possibly make during four of the gulph of Honduras, which are very
is a great
near the gold and silver mines where is pro- and Yucatan, which may be done with a duced the greatest part of the plate which is small force : which would not only open a sent to be coined at the mint at Guatimala. great trade to the city of Merida and the
Here it is proposed to take such money as province of Yucatan, but would remove the belongs to the King, but not to molest the only annoyance to the trade of logwood inhabitants in their possessions; which will cutting which is of no considerable benefit to be a means to reconcile them to the English the English nation, and that in the year 1724 government. The River Looe, where I have I was commodore (in a ship of 400 tons and several times been trading with the people 32 guns) to forty sail of English vessels then of Comiagua, is navigable very near up to lying there and at the river Belise where we the city of Comiagua.
all loaded with logwood, and this would enThe next expedition should be to take the tirely put an end to the power of the Spancastle of St. Phillip which lies five leagues iards in the gulph or bay of Honduras, and up the River Dulce, in the bottom of the secure the whole trade of logwood from bay of Honduras, being a castle of about thence to the English. thirty old carriage and Paterero guns, in very N. B.-Logwood is now so scarce in the bad order, and [having]hardly ever more than river Belise that they are obliged to go abore thirty or thirty-five mulatto soldiers, with four a hundred miles up the river to cut it, and or five whites and a castellan in it. And as then to take what they can get, whereas, at to provisions, they are often so distressed Baccallao it grows quite down to the river's that they have only what they take from the mouth, and is much better in its kind. sea to subsist on: their dependence being As his majesty has now so considerable a chiefly on Guatamala. When the roads are naval force at Jamaica, it might be no diffibad they are frequently some months with- cult matter to take the town of Campeachy, out any bread kind at all, as I have several which lies on the western side of the Yucatan. times been an eye witness, when I have been It is a walld town, and the walls [are] of a down there at the dispatch of my vessels good thickness, (and in the years 1725 and during my residence at Guatamala. This 1726 when I opened a trade there by virtue castle is situated on a point of land that of powers from the south sea company) it had stretches pretty far into the river, and wholly about two hundred men in garrison. And commands the channel, and thereby the next to take the fort on the island of Trise trade of the great city of Guatamala. And in the bay of Campeachy, which would secure when this castle is once taken and secured, to us the valuable trade of Logwood from it will open entirely the trade to the city of thence, which we enjoyed for so long a time, Guatamala and all the country back to the and which was so large in 1711 that I was south seas, which produces in great abun- one of a hundred sail which loaded there at dance, gold, silver, cochineal, the best indigo, one time. I am persuaded that more than cocoa, Balsam of Peru, and great variety of double that number were loaded there within useful drugs, with all sorts of dying woods, that year—and to this bay of Campeachy all which will be willingly exchanged by the [England) has a very good claim, as appears inhabitants for our English woollen manu- from a report from the board of trade, dated factures, which will necessarily occasion an in the year 1717, which I well remember to immense demand for these goods.
have seen. N. B.--Vera Paz, where the Indians, the To encourage the Spaniards to come in latter end of the year 1734 revolted to the willingly it may be advisable to publish a number of 30,000 or 40,000 fighting men, proclamation in the name of his Majesty, is at about twenty leaguce distance from this promising them security in their religion and castle, higher up the same river, and if a property, and that as to trade they shall be greater force be necessary to reduce the city put on the same footing as the English colof Guatamala, [they] will readily join against onies in America. And to the Indians, that the Spaniards, upon their being supplied they shall be exempt from tribute or any with arms.
other service than what is voluntary, and It will likewise be very proper to take the shall remain secure in their possessions and small castle of Barcallao, which lies on the free in their persons and property for ever. north side of the gulphi of Honduras : it But in case the Spaniards should be obbeing the Barcadero on that side to Merida l stinate in their opposition, it would then be
advisable to encourage the Indians in their fered, as well for the expence
war, aversion to the Spanish Government, and to the present conjuncture seems the most make fall possible use of their assistance ; favorable that was ever offered, or can be and it is not doubted but that if they were wished, or desired. All which is most humsupplied with a sufficient quantity of small bly submitted by arms, ammunition, &c., such numbers would Rt. Hon'ble Sir, gladly join the English, particularly those Your Honour's most obedient Indians about Vera Paz who are probably
and most humble servant, still in actual revolt, (for that in the year 1735,
WM. LEA. when I passed through their country, they London, March 3d, 1740. declared publicly that they were resolutely determined never more to submit to the Spanish yoke, hoping that the English of whom In the August number of the Review we they had often heard so much and for whom will complete this. most curious series of they had so high a value and esteem, would papers. The remaining documents will be at length come to their relief:) as might not found to be still more interesting than those only subdue the province of Guatamala, but now published. likewise the whole kingdom of Mexico, and We know not what other treasures we enlarge the British Empire in America quite may be able to bring to light from the rich round the bay of Mexico till it joined with historical “ placer” we have discovered, but Carolina. And as success in such an attempt hope we may hereafter be able to present to would be the best method to indemnify the our readers others of no less interest than nation for the depredations they have suf- those now given.
“If thou wouldst win her-mark me well-
"If thou wouldst win her--mark me well-
As the wintry sheen of the farthest star.
Ravenwood's beautiful Isabel,
She shall work thee woe, she shall work thee shame,
“ If thou wouldst win her-mark me well-
He started from his magic sleep,
In a glade of Lebanon.
Athwart the setting sun,
Of the old sacred hill.
And yet could see it still.
Stood, like a carvéd stone.
Clear as a seraph's liquid note :
Ravenwood's beautiful Isabel.”
“ And I will win her, by the grave
Than in the world beside ?
With mortal champions vied,