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to know if they were really French or not. years residence there, as chief factor to the The boat was sent with a flag of truce, and south sea company) of the whole country, the orders that were sent are to this purpose; with the coasts, harbors and rivers, both on that we were sorry for the mistake that hap- the north and south seas, and a plan of the pened the night before, but that they were easiest and most practicable method of rethe cause of it themselves, their behavior ducing the same under the power of Great being so very inconsistent with the polite- Britain, in case of a war with Spain. Since ness of the French nation; alluding to their my return from Guinea, having reviewed the not hoisting their colours when they first said papers, and considering the present sitsaw us chase, and in not laying by for us. uation and number of his Majesty's forces in The Lieutenant (ours) said he hoped we had the West Indies, I take the liberty to lay not killed them many men; But too many before you the following proposal, viz': the commodore answered.
That a number of forces now at Jamaica, The Rippon never fired a gun. The York not less than two thousand men (for which gave two or three broadsides, and the Dun- I apprehend the forces raised in America kirk
gave the Oxford a broadside by mistake. will be the most proper) to be double offiThe six English ships had about 20 men cered and stationed under the command of killed, and most of them on board the Ox- a Governor at Sandy Bay on the Muskuito ford, whose sails are useless by the number of Shore, which is well known to be the healthsbot going through. About 30 men are iest climate in that part of America, being also wounded and but few of them mortally. Mr. excellently well supplied with turtle, manatee, England, a Capt. of Marines, was killed in and a great variety of fish, food, &c., for the the Frederick. No other officer was hurt. more convenient undertakings on that coast,
I have my Lord given you its faithful an which will tend greatly to the advantage of account as my memory and inquiry will ad- Great Britain, at an easie expence. That mit of, for I am very well acquainted with the first attempt be made up the Lake of the six Captains who gave me an account of St. Juan which lies a little to the southward what had been done on board their ships, of the Muskuito Shore, (where the troops and I was a witness of what passed on board are to be quartered,) at the head of which the Weymouth.
Lake lies a small island, fortified, which comI shall say no more of the French than mands the channel of the lake. what every body must own: which is, that That a number of our own troops with a they behaved with great prudence and gal- great number of Muskuito Indians be sent lantry.
up in Piraguas and flat bottomed boats (to Brigadier Guise and Wolf were in the en- be built with deal boards to be sent there, gagement, but not at the council of the Cap- with nails
, carpenters, &c., there being great tains.
plenty of timber there for building the said What is said on the affair here is that we boats) to take this fort which (as I have been had done too much or too little.
informed by the people of Leon, &c., with
whom I traded whilst at Gautimala) is a Signed, &c.,
place of no great strength, and [which) when SAML. SPEED. reduced will open a communication with the
cities of Leon, Granada and several other
great towns well inhabited, and [with] the [The address of the following paper is whole
province of Costa Rica, to which there wanting. Its tenor however shows that it
is a great trade from Peru— It will therefore was an official paper, written to a Minister be necessary to secure this fortress well, and for Foreign Affairs.]
to keep it, both for a garrison, and [for]
magazine of English goods, which will alRight Honkle Sir :-Some time in the ways be in very great demand there, as well year 1738, I laid before your Honor and for the supply of Peru, as the said Province. S' Robt. Walpole, an account of the Prov- After well securing this fortress, the next ince of Guatimala in New Spain, its sit- attempt ought to be on the city of Comiauation, products and trade, together with a gua and other towns which lie inland some draught (corrected from the best observa- distance from the sea coast, on the south side tions I could possibly make during four of the gulph of Honduras, which are very
near the gold and silver mines where is pro- | and Yucatan, which may be done with a duced the greatest part of the plate which is small force: which would not only open a sent to be coined at the mint at Guatimala. great trade to the city of Merida and the province of Yucatan, but would remove the only annoyance to the trade of logwood cutting which is of no considerable benefit to the English nation, and that in the year 1724 I was commodore (in a ship of 400 tons and 32 guns) to forty sail of English vessels then lying there and at the river Belise where we all loaded with logwood, and this would entirely put an end to the power of the Spaniards in the gulph or bay of Honduras, and secure the whole trade of logwood from thence to the English.
Here it is proposed to take such money as belongs to the King, but not to molest the inhabitants in their possessions; which will be a means to reconcile them to the English government. The River Looe, where I have several times been trading with the people of Comiagua, is navigable very near up to the city of Comiagua.
The next expedition should be to take the castle of St. Phillip which lies five leagues up the River Dulce, in the bottom of the bay of Honduras, being a castle of about thirty old carriage and Paterero guns, in very bad order, and [having] hardly ever more than thirty or thirty-five mulatto soldiers, with four or five whites and a castellan in it. And as to provisions, they are often so distressed that they have only what they take from the sea to subsist on: their dependence being chiefly on Guatamala. When the roads are bad they are frequently some months without any bread kind at all, as I have several times been an eye witness, when I have been down there at the dispatch of my vessels during my residence at Guatamala. This castle is situated on a point of land that stretches pretty far into the river, and wholly commands the channel, and thereby the trade of the great city of Guatamala. And when this castle is once taken and secured, it will open entirely the trade to the city of Guatamala and all the country back to the south seas, which produces in great abundance, gold, silver, cochineal, the best indigo, cocoa, Balsam of Peru, and great variety of useful drugs, with all sorts of dying woods, all which will be willingly exchanged by the inhabitants for our English woollen manufactures, which will necessarily occasion an immense demand for these goods.
N. B.--Vera Paz, where the Indians, the latter end of the year 1734 revolted to the number of 30,000 or 40,000 fighting men, is at about twenty leagues distance from this castle, higher up the same river, and if a greater force be necessary to reduce the city of Guatamala, [they] will readily join against the Spaniards, upon their being supplied with arms.
It will likewise be very proper to take the small castle of Barcallao, which lies on the north side of the gulph of Honduras: it being the Barcadero on that side to Merida
N. B.-Logwood is now so scarce in the river Belise that they are obliged to go above a hundred miles up the river to cut it, and then to take what they can get, whereas, at Baccallao it grows quite down to the river's mouth, and is much better in its kind.
As his majesty has now so considerable a naval force at Jamaica, it might be no difficult matter to take the town of Campeachy, which lies on the western side of the Yucatan. It is a wall'd town, and the walls [are] of a good thickness, (and in the years 1725 and 1726 when I opened a trade there by virtue of powers from the south sea company) it had about two hundred men in garrison. And next to take the fort on the island of Trise in the bay of Campeachy, which would secure to us the valuable trade of Logwood from thence, which we enjoyed for so long a time, and which was so large in 1711 that I was one of a hundred sail which loaded there at one time. I am persuaded that more than double that number were loaded there within that year-and to this bay of Campeachy [England] has a very good claim, as appears from a report from the board of trade, dated in the year 1717, which I well remember to have seen.
To encourage the Spaniards to come in willingly it may be advisable to publish a proclamation in the name of his Majesty, promising them security in their religion and property, and that as to trade they shall be put on the same footing as the English colonies in America. And to the Indians, that they shall be exempt from tribute or any other service than what is voluntary, and shall remain secure in their possessions and free in their persons and property for ever.
But in case the Spaniards should be obstinate in their opposition, it would then be
advisable to encourage the Indians in their fered, as well for the expence of the war, &c.,
and most humble servant,
Wm. LEA. when I passed through their country, they London, March 3d, 1740. declared publicly that they were resolutely determined never more to submit to the Spanish yoke, hoping that the English of whom In the August number of the Review we they had often heard so much and for whom will complete this most curious series of they had so high a value and esteem, would papers. The remaining documents will be at length come to their relief:) as might not found to be still more interesting than those only subdue the province of Guatamala, but now published. likewise the whole kingilom of Mexico, and We know not what other treasures we enlarge the British Empire in America quite may be able to bring to light from the rich round the bay of Mexico till it joined with historical “ placer” we have discovered, but Carolina. And as success in such an attempt hope we may hereafter be able to present to would be the best method to indemnify the our readers others of no less interest than nation for the depredations they have suf- those now given.
“If thou wouldst win her—mark me well-
"If thou wouldst win her-mark me well-
As the wintry sheen of the farthest star.
She shall work thee woe, she shall work thee shame, Yet shalt thou worship her still the same. Thy friends she shall sever, thy peace undo, Yet still shall thy love be loyal and true; All but thine lionor shalt lose for her sake. Pause, then, nor rashly the strife undertake. “ If thou wouldst win her-mark me wellRavenwood's beautiful Isabel, Grant her the sweetest child of earth, The loveliest creature of mortal birth; Grant, if thou wilt, that she may As all things may beneath the sun, By talent and toil
, by sorrow and sinningMark me well—Is she worth the winning ?"
He started from his magic sleep,
In a glade of Lebanon.
Athwart the setting sun,
Of the old sacred hill.
And yet could see it still.
Stood, like a carvéd stone.
Clear as a seraplı’s liquid note :
Ravenwood's beautiful Isabel.”
We fight from Infidels to save!
Than in the world beside ?
With mortal champions vied,