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Owing to the fact of the last Whig Con- measures of the party, on which all could vention of the State of New-York occurring reunite and harmonize. SO soon after the

passage
of the
great com-

We congratulate the country on this repromise measures of the last session of Con- sult. The following is the statement of pringress, that the heats engendered by the de- ciples which they have agreed, after discusbate on those measures had not had time to sion, to set forth:cool, there occurred a division in that body

· Believing that an expression of the views and touching the compromise, which led to the principles of the Whigs of this state, as they are appointment of two Whig State Central understood by us, in relation particularly to quesCommittees holding hostile opinions on the tions which now agitate the country, should be policy in question. Since that time it has made, in order to induce an intelligent, honest, and been obvious to all reflecting politicians that Whigs of the other States of the Union, the State

cordial co-operation among ourselves and with the the smoke of the conflict has been gradually Committees, appointed at the respective Convenclearing away, and the landmarks of duty tions held in 1850 at Syracuse and at Utica, and and principle have become more or less dis- the Committee appointed by the Whigs of the tinct to the minds of all but those who are the following, as presenting what they believe to

Legislature at its recent session, have agreed upon constitutionally incapable of seeing. The be the sentiments of the great body of the Whigs steady light of the Constitution—that bea- of the State of New-York:con of all true American statesmen—is again

“An Economical Administration of the Govertbeing recognized as the guide through the difficulties that surrounded us. Under the

"The strict accountability of public officers, and

their rigid adherence to the limitations of power influence of these facts, the Whig Committee prescribed by the Constitution and the laws; an of the State Legislature invited the two Com- honest and faithful performance of all obligations mittees above mentioned to meet in Albany, made with foreign nations, with a scrupulous rewith a view to harmonize the Whig party gard for their rights, and a firm and steady defense in this State.” They accepted the invitation,

“ The Improvement of the important Rivers and and met about the first of the present Harbors of the country, so as to render them navmonth; and after

a conference of three days, igable and accessible, by prudent and systematic agreed to a call of a Convention for Septem- appropriations, founded upon examinations made ber next, to be held at Syracuse ; and also by competent and disinterested

public officers :

“Such a discrimination in the Duties necessarily agreed to a statement of the principles and/ laid upon Imports for the support of Government, VOL. VIII. NO. III.

18

ment:

NEW SERIES,

as shall secure to the Industry of our countrymen | pair the public faith, and all unlawful enterprises a just remuneration, and shall stimulate Mechani- calculated to disturb the public peace and provoke cal and Manufacturing Enterprise, and thus provide civil war, or to sever or weaken the relations of a hume consumption for the products of Agricul- any State with the Union: ture, which may control and counteract the un- That the Administration of this State has fully steady demands of foreign markets, and as shall justified the confidence in its capacity, intelligence promote that healthy interchange among ourselves and integrity, which called it into being ; that the of the fruits of our own skill and labor, which is so public interests in the various departments of Eduwell calculated to cement our Union, and main- cation, Finance, and Jurisprudence, and in the tain the spirit of national independence:

extension of the means of intercourse and of cheap “ That the Whigs of the State, as a body, are transportation, have been vigorously and prudently inflexibly opposed to the subjection of any terri- sustained and promoted ; Constitutional Govern tory of the United States, now free, to laws im- ment by legal majorities has been vindicated, and posing involuntary servitude, except as a punish- the general prosperity of the State has been sedment for crime, and they rejoice that no proposition ulously and successfully maintained; and by emto that effect is now pending, or is likely to be pre- ploving the means which previous expenditures, sented; while, at the same time, they unqualifiedly guided by enlightened forecast, had placed within acknowledge the right of every sovereign State our reach, to consummate the great work of the to regulate its own municipal institutions, in such age, has presented a vivid contrast to the narrow, manner as its people may deem most conducive unjust, and wasteful policy of those who would to their safety and happiness, without interference, scatter those means by such an impotent applicadirectly or indirectly, by citizens of other States, tion of them as would postpone to a very distant or subjects of other countries:

posterity, if not indefinitely, the enjoyment of an " That the Whigs of this State will abide by the inestimable heritage of wealth and prosperity: Constitution of the United States, in all its parts, " That for the purpose of sustaining those views and that they will receive its true meaning and con- and principles in the election of State officers enstruction from the judicial tribunals it has created tertaining them at the ensuing general election, for that purpose, and will always sustain and de- the Committee above mentioned recommend that fend such decisions, as the law of the land, until a Convention, consisting of one delegate from each they are reversed by the same tribunals : Assembly District of the State, be held at Syra

That the laws of Congress and of the State cuse, on the 17th day of September next, at 12 Legislatures, pronounced constitutional by the o'clock at noon." judicial tribunals, must be enforced, and implicitly obeyed; and that while this is cheerfully recog

It will be seen that reflection and patriotnized as the duty of all

, as subjects of the laws, ism have combined to produce a reconciliayet that the right of citizens, as voters, is equally i tion of the conflicting elements. There must undeniable to diseuss, with a full and mutual re- in all questions be some absolute principles, gard for the rights and interests of all parts of the confederacy, (which is as necessary now to main which are ascertainable by reason and cantain, as it was indispensable to achieve the blessed dor combining to discover them. In this Union of these States,) the expediency of such case we believe these principles have been laws, and the propriety of any of their provisions, ascertained and set forth. On the practical and to seek, by constitutional means, their repeal or modification:

application of them there may still differ" That all who are animated by a sincere desire ences of opinion arise; but in the mean time to preserve the Union unimpaired, and the free a great gain has been made, inasmuch as institutions which it sustains and guarantees, by the party can act together under them, and which alone individual security and national peace await the issue of events for their application, and prosperity can be perpetuated, must condemn all attempts to resist

, defeat, or render ineffectual when the same reason, patriotism and canany laws passed by constitutional majorities of dor will, we have good reason to hope, prelegislative bodies, in either the Federal or State vail, should occasions arise when they have Governments; and that the Whigs of New-York to be acted on. In this statement we conwill ever be found prompt to render a patriotic ceive each division has conceded to the other acquiescence in all such laws:

That the National Administration is entitled the abstract principles that lay at the founto the confidence and support of the Whigs of New- dation of their opinions. The right of obYork, for the eminent ability and patriotism which jection and constitutional resistance has been management of our foreign affairs ; the generous conceded, whilst on the other hand the policy sympathy it has exhibited toward an oppressed and necessity of acquiescence, submission to people struggling for freedom; the force and dig- and maintenance of existing law, has been nity with which it has maintained the right to admitted and enforced. This is in perfect indulge such sympathy, and with which it has

accordance with the very genius of our porebuked the threats of an imperious Government to violate the immunities of an accredited public litical institutions, and must command the agent; and the determination it has evinced to approval of all candid minds. repress and defeat all movements tending to im- There has undoubtedly been, as we have

already intimated, a reaction in the public and settles all questions. No officer, howmind; and it has become generally appa- | ever high, can administer as he underrent to all, that no practical good can result stands,or make his will the law. He must from the agitation of any of those questions be held strictly accountable to the nationwhich were intended to be settled by the the people. Not their will of to-day or tocompromise measures. Parties, it has at morrow as he may conceive it is, or will be, last become perfectly plain, can accomplish but their will as it has been enacted into nothing towards their ascendency as such, constitutions and laws. by incorporating into their legitimate creeds Honesty and good faith (for we must diany thing sectional. Very properly, there- vide this paragraph of the platform”) are fore, these Committees have repudiated for the very soul of the Republic. Our agreethe Whigs any such idea, and have promi- ments and obligations with and to other nanently set forth those doctrines which have tions must be preserved in violate by the addistinguished them heretofore, and which ministrators of the government, if they would have animated those known by this name not create a moral atmosphere in which the in every part of the Union, North and nation will sicken and die. Without this South.

how can we assert, maintain and defend our The action of the Whigs of the great own rights from encroachment? Without State of New-York on this subject has been this, instead of going forth to fight for them, watched with great interest and anxiety by when the occasion may arrive, in the bright its friends in other sections of the country, armor of right, we shall be covered but with and the proceeding on which we are com- the shirt of Nessus, that will poison and menting will be hailed by them as an aus- destroy; happy if, like Hercules, we have but picious omen of a return to that harmony the spirit left to make our own funeral pyre, which will enable them, as heretofore, to and become immortalized for what we have labor together for those great principles of done in our more heroic and virtuous youth. national beneficence for which they have ever So far these propositions may appear to contended.

some to be undeniable abstractions, not propThose principles are, it will be perceived, erly belonging to the creed of any party very properly put forth prominently in this as such; but whoever so considers them has call

. They are such as the country cannot taken little note of the last twenty years of do without and prosper. They are essential our political history. During that time they to the independence and the vigor of the have been openly and palpably violated by nation. Its true progress is involved in them, our opponents. Some of their great men as is demonstrated by every page of our have avowedly acted in opposition to them. history.

They have been the apologists for State delinAn essential feature in the administration quencies to them, and they have encouraged of a republican government is economy; irresponsible combinations for the infraction an economy that has no merely technical of some of the most important by the dessignification, but that also embraces the idea perate and reckless “fellows of the baser sort" of obtaining real value and service for the amongst them. If not openly incorporated money expended; discouraging by its pos into their creeds, “Baltimore platforms," itive requirements that bane and canker of and so forth, opposition to these principles our political life, office-seeking, by retaining has become part of the common or unwritall who have conscientiously qualified them- ten law of the party. selves to serve the country, and appointing Among the passages of recent history none but those who have the character and which crowd upon us in illustration of this, ability to do the same. To the victors do there is one which covers so much ground, not belong the spoils, for there are no spoils, and illustrates and confirms in so striking a unless parties confess themselves thieves and manner these observations, that we will fortiplunderers of the public purse.

fy our position by quoting it. Under a republican government there In Mr. Calhoun's speech against the Conare no irresponsible public officers. The quest of Mexico, delivered in the Senate, Constitution and laws of the land confer and January 4th, 1848,* occurs the following limit all powers and proceedings, define all duties and privileges; the judiciary explains * See American Review, March, 1848.

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