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live, are some of the causes which have ar-Britain, the supreme disposer and arbitrator rested the progress of continental nations, of the Archipelago, has ceased to be adverse to and have singularly favored the riches and Greece, and suddenly the harbors of Peloponthe power of Great Britain.

nesus have found again their liberators in the These governments, agitated by the de- posterity of the Heraclides. From Corinth to sire for domination and conquest, or fright- | Tenedos, the sea, which conducts to the Bosened by the principles which the French Re-phorus, is become for the children of the Arvolution has promulgated throughout the gonauts the way of victory to another golden world, have lost sight of their true interests Heece. In America the British empire conand the interests of the people committed to fines Russia to the side of the poles, and the their charge; not understanding that war, United States to temperate regions. Under the most fatal and disastrous plague that the torrid zone, Great Britain domineers in can scourge the human race, inflicts equally the middle of the Caribbean Islands, encircles its ravages on the conquerors as well as on the Gulf of Mexico, and is facing the new the conquered; that order, tranquillity and States, which she has first secured from prosperity are not solely founded on the the yoke of the mother country, in order to will of a master or on military force. put them under the dependence of her mer

The potency and stability of empires cantile industry. At the same time, in order arises chiefly from the affection of the peo- to terrify, in the two worlds, all who should ple for their governments, and in our age this attempt to take from her the flambeau of her affection cannot take place, but where it is genius and the secret of her conquests, based on a wise liberty and on laws insti- Great Britain has in her possession, between tuted for the general interests of the social Africa and America, on the way from Eubody. This fundamental truth has been rope to Asia, the rock of St. Helena, a safe very well understood by the British Govern- and very favorable stopping place, in every ment, and, on the contrary, has been mis- respect, for her vessels returning from the conceived by all others. Therefore, the con- East Indies,-formidable rock, where her tinent has never ceased to be shaken by hands enchained the modern Prometheus ! political convulsions. It has but little im- while from the island consecrated of old, proved, as it has remained stationary, while under the creed of the cross, to the safety of Great Britain, profiting by the faults and all Christian flags, the British empire comerrors committed by other nations, has risen mands in Africa respect_for her power in the midst of the universal agitation and from the Barbary States. From the foot of troubles ; she has seized the commerce of the Hercules' Pillars, from the top of Gibraltar's globe, which has been almost abandoned rock, it spreads terror to the remotest parts to her, and has in that manner reached a of the Moorish provinces. On the shores of degree of prosperity, of riches and of power the Atlantic ocean Great Britain has built unexampled in the history of nations. Great forts on the Gold Coast and at Sierra Leone. Britain, wise as she is ambitious, holds the From thence she watches, with the eye of keys of all continents, establishes there many an eagle, the trade between the black slave advanced outposts, which, according to her merchants of the coast and the European fortune and according to circumstances, are slave traders, and seizes her opportunity to sometimes centres of refuge for. retreat, and pounce down upon the captured Africans, always centres of enterprise for a trade, binding to the glebe the freed men whom which, braving all dangers, knows of no she has captured from the traders. On the repose.

same continent, beyond the tropics, and in Let us stop a moment and view a spec- the most remote part towards the austral pole, tacle unexampled in the history of nations. she has seized a shelter under the Cape of In Europe the British empire touches to the Tempests. In the countries where the wards the north Denmark, Germany, Hol- Spanish and the Portuguese bad perceived land, France ; towards the south Spain, but a place to stop at, where the DutchSicily, Italy and Western Turkey. She pos- man had established but one plantation, sesses islands, at once, in the Adriatic and Great Britain colonizes a new British nation. Mediterranean seas; she commands the pas- Joining the activity of the Englishman to sage of the Black Sea as well as that of the the patience of the Dutch, she extends Baltic. Momentarily the navy of Great | around the Cape of Good Hope the limits of an establishment which is destined to colonial commodities she re-exports after grow in Southern Africa, in the same man- they have been refined and prepared, and ner as the States she has founded in North with which she supplies all European naAmerica. From that new focus of action and tions. of conquest, Great Britain casts her eye on the In these same countries, almost all unaeroute to the East Indies; she discovers and quainted with manufacturing industry, Great seizes the stations which are suitable for her Britain transports and sells at a very low commercial purposes.

In order to establish price goods of all kinds. To these same with powerful elements of fixedness, of guar-countries Great Britain transports, without antee and of regularity, her communications competition, the products of her paper-mills, with the East Indies through the Red Sea, of her foundries, of her hardware, and preshe begs with the hat in hand and with a pared leathers. very humble politeness, of the vice-King of In her diverse possessions, and merely Egypt, the privilege of making at Aden, at in the interest of her own commerce, Great Djeddah, at Moka, at Cossier, and at Suez, Britain employs on an average thirty thoudeposits for her coal.

sand ships, and two hundred and fifty thouLatterly she takes possession of Suez and sand seamen. of Aden, these two keys of the Arabian But the colossal power of Great Britain sea; she erects fortifications in these two shall last but for a time. It shall have a harbors, and renders herself the exclusive duration but essentially ephemeral, because ruler of the African sea-ports of the Levant her existence is based, not as France, on the and of another hemisphere. In fine, as much territorial and landed property of her soil

, feared on the Persian Gulf and in the but on the soil and on the commerce of her Erythree Sea as on the Pacific Ocean and in colonies, which sooner or later will be lost to the Archipelago of the East Indies, the her. Great Britain is destined to submit British empire, the possessor of the finest gradually, in the future, to her epoch of decountries in the eastern world, is proud to cay. In regard to the present time, as long see her East India Company now become a as Russia continues enslaved, owing to the mighty instrument of power and gain.

backward state of her civilization, her EmpeThe conquests of her merchants began in ror will repulse all efforts of enfranchiseAsia, where the conquests of Alexander ment in Europe. The influence of Great ended. To-day, from the shores of the Britain is therefore necessary, according to Indus to the frontiers of China, and from the my opinion, for maintaining the equilibrium mouths of the Ganges to the apex of Thibet, in the political balance of Europe, and, in one all is subjected to the law of a mercantile respect, for the progress of the cause of Libcompany, confined in a narrow street of the erty. city of London.

It matters little to Great Britain, when Thus, from a single centre, by the vigor of the necessity, the circumstances, and the inher institutions and by the improved state of terest of her commerce demand it, whether her civil and military arts, an island which, to establish in the countries which she inin an oceanic archipelago, would scarcely tends to put under the dependence of her occupy the third rank, impresses all the ex- mercantile industry either constitutional tremities of the four parts of the world with monarchies or republics. In order to supthe influence of her industry and with the ply proof of what I advance, it will suffice weight of her power. She, besides, peoples to exemplify by an instance. Great Britain, and civilizes at once a fifth part of the world, in order to create uneasiness among the which will adopt her laws, will speak her planters of the West Indies, to paralyze the language, and will become familiar with her production of sugar in these colonies, and to arts and with knowledge, admitting her cus- monopolize the cultivation and the fabricatoms and her commerce. That immense tion of cane sugar in the East Indies, has dispersion of colonies and of provinces, which separated from the mother country some of would cause the weakness and the ruin of all the West Indian colonies, and has therein other nations, constitutes the welfare, the life substituted the republican to the monarchic and the strength of the British nation. element. For the same purpose, she has

From these colonies and provinces, Great emancipated at once in her own colonies Britain imports her raw materials, and these leight hundred thousand slaves.

you:

For the interest of freedom, the British | necessity that Great Britain exist. It is power must not be destroyed, but only better that Great Britain perish.” diminished.” It is a dog, if I may say so But, ere the time arrives that this sovermetaphorically, formidable, even dangerous, eign master of the world undertakes to parfor strangers, but very mild to all persons of cel out, and to give to each nation the part she the household with whom it is acquainted : reserves for them in the future, if it is perto tell the truth, it is very prudent to muzzle, mitted to me to read in the book of destiny, but it must not be killed.

if it is permitted to me to speculate as to the I have not the Anglo-Saxon monomania. fortune of nations, what a majestic and conBut, above all, right must be done to every solatory spectacle presents itself to my vision ! one who deserves it. I honor as much the Notwithstanding my weak sight, I disEnglish merchant in his probity, in his pru- cover in the distance Great Britain disposdence, in his skilfulness, as I detest the British sessed of the East Indies, which, in the same policy in her Machiavelism, in her perfidy. manner as the United States, have freed

The zealous partisans of British policy themselves from the British yoke; but with will tell "The British policy is such which (and mark you how great is the foreas it must be. The elements of that policy cast of the British statesmen, and with what are, for Great Britain, a condition sine quâ admirable sagacity they know how to profit non; it is as the 'to be or not to be of by the experience of the past.) with which, Shakspeare. If you change the elements I say, Great Britain, instead of making, of that policy, you bring Great Britain to without any advantage, expenses of war, her ruin.” Be it so ! let it be so ! But, has been in haste to cement with this young notwithstanding the opinion which I have republic, for her benefit and to the detriment stated before concerning the existence of of the other nations, very advantageous Great Britain, I tell it with a stake in the treaties of peace and of commerce. interest of the happiness of my country,

I discover in the distance the United and in the interest of the prosperity and of States, growing incessantly in their strength the tranquillity of all nations among the and in their freedom, embracing, in their world, if Great Britain should persevere in immense circumscription, Canada and Mexthe same way, if Great Britain should be ico; confined to the south and to the east for the entire universe a focus of troubles by the Atlantic ocean, confined to the west and of dissensions, it would be, indeed, an by the Pacific ocean, and to the north by opportune occasion to apply to Great Britain the Russian and Danish possessions, peopled that bitter word of the talented Fouché, by a population exceeding two hundred and minister of the general police under the fifty millions of souls; divided, at least, into reign of Napoleon. Fouché had been in- one hundred and twenty States, and having formed that a young gentleman, belonging for that immense confederative republic only to a very honorable family, and combining one WASHINGTON as seat of government, in his person, to the advantages of a very one President, one Congress, one army, one agreeable and pleasing exterior, the accom- cabinet, but millions of militia. plishments of a finished education, exercised I discover in the distance Great Britain the profession of thief in the elegant world struggling fruitlessly in the middle of the and high circles. He sent to him to come convulsive throes of an unrestrained comin his cabinet; he gave to him some coun- petition, contesting with France and the sels, and asked him if he was not indeed United States naval supremacy; giving to ashamed to exercise the profession of thief, them, in the last agony of her colossal dowhich, sooner or later, would cause him to winion, the final maritime battle in the be delivered up to the police, and of being Caribbean sea, near the shores of Central put into jail ? This young gentleman an- America; and, being conquered, depositing, swered to Fouché: “But, Sir Minister, by weary of the struggle, in the hands of these some means or other it is necessary that I two powerful rivals the sceptre of the seas, live." To this answer Fouché replied, with unable herself to bear it any longer. that glacial accent of voice which character- I discover in the distance Russia, withized him: “At that price, I don't see the drawn from the formidable rivalry of Great necessity of it.” I, too, would say like Britain, which has lost henceforth her preFouché : " At that price, I don't see the ponderance, taking possession of ancient Byzantium, realizing the ambitious dream Idiscover in the distance Spain and Porof Catherine the Second; bridging over tugal forming, like as in 1580, under the with her cannon the mouths of the Bospho- brilliant reign of Philip the Second, King rus; throwing back the Turks into Asiatic of Spain, not one sovereignty, but one Turkey; casting off gradually the rough confederative republic, throwing off in the and livid bark of slavery; rent, in her turn, Atlantic ocean and in the Mediterranean by intestine dissensions, caused by the shock sea the frock of their Catholic clergy and of hereditary claimants to the Muscovite the crown of their kings, free from the throne; and, in consequence of successive Machiavelism of Great Britain, pushed in agitations, on the road to liberty.

the way of progress by the Anglo-Saxon I discover in the future Sweden, Norway, element which penetrates into their shores, and Denmark abolishing, in the interest of and which overflows them; repossessed of European navigation, the duty which is the Rock of Gibraltar, the key of the Medpaid now by every ship passing through the iterranean Sea, and giving free wings to Strait ; but saluting with a cannon-shot, agriculture, industry, and manufactures. as a sign of confraternity, the passage of I discover in the distance China-China each ship in that strait; substituting the herself, the empire of the midst-growing republican principle to the monarchic; put- insensibly familiar with the European custing in the place of two Kings, two Con- toms and usages, proclaiming the system of gresses, two ministries, two armies, two bud- free trade, opening her harbors to all nations gets , only one President

, one Congress, one of the world, braced in all directions, on her ministry, one army, one budget; and adopt- seas and on her rivers, by thousands of ing consequently a more rational at once Chinese and European steamers, offering to and more economical form of government. Science the treasures of her geology, of her

I discover in the distance Italy, continuing botany, of her vegetable kingdom, and of the work of Mazzini and of Garibaldi, shak- her mineralogy, and becoming an immense ing off the retrograde yoke of Papacy, which market for manufactures of the other parts has for ever disappeared from the surface of of the world. the globe, because each republic reunites in Such is, I believe, the destiny which is her hands at once the temporal and the reserved to the nations of the world. Let spiritual sceptre, free from the vassalage of my sincere wishes and my mild and consolaAustria, and running over a career of glory, tory illusions be realized, even in a very reof happiness, and of prosperity under the mote time, for the prosperity of nations and powerful ægis of liberty.

for the happiness of all mankind.

CRITICAL NOTICES.

Yeast : a Problem. New-York: Harper and for a moment the ghastly stillness, like an awk. Brothers.

ward guest at a great dumb dinner party. A cold

suck of wind just proved its existence, by toothA strange and powerful book, rich in materials aches on the north side of all faces. The spiders, for deep thinking. It speaks out fearlessly and having been weather-bewitched the night before, boldly, It will fascinate the young, but will be had unanimously agreed to cover every brake and viewed timidly by the old. The descriptions are brier with gossamer-cradles, and never a fly to be most potent, and as vividly written as any thing caught in them; like Manchester cotton-spinners we ever read. What can be painted more truly madly glutting the market in the teeth of no dethan the following scene? We feel it :

mand. The steam crawled out of the dank turf, “The weather that day, the first day Lancelot and reeked off the flanks and nostrils of the shiver. ever saw his beloved, was truly national. A ing horses, and clung with clammy paws to frosted silent, dim, distanceless, steaming, rotting day in hats and dripping boughs. A soulless, skyless, March. The last brown oak-leaf, which had stood catarrhal day, as if that bustling dowager, old out the winter's frost, spun and quivered plump i mother Earth-what with match-making in spring, down, and then lay, as if ashamed to have broken I and fêtes champêtres in summer, and dinner-giving 333 and 447 Broadway, several fine pieces of Guide to the Patent-ofice. By GEORGE Tick critical notices, we can only return the compliment NOR CURTIS, Counsellor-at-Law. Boston: l'hil

in automn-was fairly worn out, and put to bed grows more law-suits than that of patents. Every, with the influenza, under wet blankets and the one therefore interested should know what to avoid cold-water cure.”

and what to do. Here is a defense of long beards :

"The fair Argemone has just been treating me to her three hundred and sixty-fifth philippic The Daughter of Night. By S. W. FULLOM. Newagainst my unoffending beard.

York: Harper & Brothers. “Why, what fault can she find with such a graceful and natural ornament?

This is a very pleasant story, gracefully and "Just this, my dear fellow, that it is natural. eloquently written, pure in its moral, and interestAs it is, she considers me only 'intellectual looking in its plot. We read the history of Milliant ing! If the beard were away, my face, she says, Rennel with unflagging attention; and she fully would be so refined.' And, I suppose, if I was exemplifies the truth of Jeremy Taylor's remark, jast a little more effeminate and pale, with a nice that the more we love, the better we are; and retreating under-jaw and a drooping lip, and a the greater our friendships are, the dearer we are meek, peaking simper, like your starved Romish to God. saints, I should be so spiritual.' And if again, to complete the climax, I did but shave my head like a Chinese, I should be a model for St. Francis Stuart of Dunleath: A Story of the Present Time. himself.

By the Hon. CAROLINE NORTON. New-York: " But really, after all, why make yourself so

Harper & Brothers. 1851. singular by this said beard ? "I wear it for a testimony and a sign that a novels of the day. We can commend it for its

This is certainly one of the most beautiful man has no right to be ashamed of the mark of fine moral tone and exquisite delineations of charmanhood. Oh, that one or two of your Protestant

acter. dergymen, who ought to be perfect ideal men, would have the courage to get up into the pulpit in a long beard, and testify that the very essential History of the Empress Josephine. By JACOB idea of Protestantism is the dignity and divinity ABBOTT. Harper & Brothers. of man as God made him! Our forefathers were not ashamed of their beards; but now even the Another of the series of these admirable little soldier is only allowed to keep his mustache, while books. It will be read with absorbing interest by our quill-driving masses shave themselves as close all ages and sexes. The remarkably clear and as they can; and in proportion to a man's piety perspicuous style of this popular writer invests he wears less hair, from the young curate who with new interest old subjects, and impresses with shaves off his whiskers to the Popish priest who new force the lessons of life and history. shaves his crown.” The book is finely printed.

We have received from Messrs. Waters & Berry, The Inventor's Manual of Legal Principles, and music. As this is out of the line of our usual

by calling the attention of our musical readers to lips, Sampson & Company. 1851.

this eminent house. It will be worth a visit there This work must supply a great desideratum to to hear their celebrated Æolian piano-fortes, which the persons for whom it is intended. It comes we can commend as the most exquisite of instru from good authority, and may be relied upon as a ments, and worthy of the fingering of St. Cecilia guide. There is scarcely any subject out of which herself.

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