« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »
more populous thoronghfares, and startled should be proven by a life of sacrifice and and electrified their inhabitants by the ve- devotion to the principles of republican hemence of their declamation for the Union. truth on which our government is based. They too have unhesitatingly and gallantly It is farther contended that the candidate eaten “ Union dinners,” and drank to the must be pledged to the compromise mcasimmortality of the Union. All of this is ures, and particularly avow his determination very well. But we fancy that this manner to sustain without modification the Fugitive of defending the Union is pleasant and easy, Slave Law. To this we can see much obendangering neither life nor limb; especially jection. The doctrine of pledges, as it has when we consider that the Union is in no operated heretofore amongst political aspidanger. Speech-making is a most unsatis- rants, appears to be a cunning device of the factory test of the qualifications of the aspi- demagogue, by means of which he seeks to rant to the Presidency. His eloquence is mislead the public mind, and secure popular an accomplishment, practised as well by the favor; and when he comes into power, the wily demagogue, who by false professions pledge, often and solemnly repeated, is negseeks to mislead the public mind, as by the lected or forgotten. Instance after instance true-hearted patriot. It does not follow, be might be cited in proof of this position. cause an aspirant is attached to the “Union” Who does not recollect that the candidate or its “compromises,” that he has the quali- of the Democracy in the canvass of 1844 fications necessary to discharge with effi- pledged himself to his party and the nation, ciency all the various duties of President of that under no circumstances would he ever the United States. The wild borderer on consent to the dismemberment of the terthe farthest verge of civilization is as devoted ritory of Oregon? The people believed the in his attachments to the American Union candidate, and trusting in his good faith, as the most lofty patriot; yet it is question-elected him to office. But the Chief Magisable, with this one qualification, whether he trate had forgotten the pledges of the canwould fill with dignity the chair of State, didate, and without apology or explanation, and discharge its duties with intelligence or he unhesitatingly signed away by treaty oneability. But we apprehend that there are half of the territory to which, he asserted, other important qualifications which should our title was clear and unquestionable." distinguish the aspirant to the Presidency, This and similar instances conclusively prove besides mere devotion to our national con- that pledges made by the candidate are no federacy. He should possess enlarged, guarantee that the wishes of the people will comprehensive, and liberal views of national be regarded by the officer. policy, matured by a profound and thorough We can see no necessity or propriety in investigation of the theory of our govern- exacting a distinctive pledge of a candidate ment. His mind should be unfettered by to execute the Fugitive Slave Law. His any of the “one-idea-isms ” which so much oath of office requires him to enforce it, and distinguish the politician of the present day. would certainly be a more ample and reliaHe should prove his capacity to watch over ble guarantee than the most distinct pledges the affairs, civil, political, commercial, and which could be made before his election. agricultural, of the government over which It is highly improbable that a candidate he seeks to preside, and to administer jus- will ever come before the people and ask of tice and execute the laws with a firm, inde-them their support for the purpose, if elected, pendent, unwavering, and impartial hand. of revolutionizing the government or any His devotion to the Union should not be portion of its laws. No one, excepting those manifested so much by rhetorical display who are connected with the extreme wing and glowing eloquence, as appears to be the of ultra Northern fanaticism, proposes to prevailing notion of the present day, but nullify the existing law; and to suppose
that an advocate of that “higher law” which when they found the demagogues still exciting has been ately propagated with so much them against the very laws of peace which had earnest enthusiasm could ever procure a been agreed upon by all sections; and their suc- nomination at the hands of either of the cess, too, is obvious to all men. hopeful omens in modern politics is, that the voice great political parties of our country, is a of wisdom stilled the raging of the demagogue notion too absurd to combat. And even wave.-Ed.
were it possible that such a treasonable enthusiast could be clevated to the chair of the anti-slavery prejudices of the North by State, however violent might be his hatred requiring pledges which are contrary to the to the law in question, however devoted he principles in which they have been educated, might be to that “higher law” discovered and which would only tend to foster sectional by modern philanthropy, and however reck- jealousies dangerous to the harmony and less, unscrupulous, and abandoned his gene- general prosperity of the country. ral character, yet we much question whether But in the mean time, if instead of permithe could be so deeply lost to every sense of ting the excitement on the slavery question moral obligation as to lay perjury to his to expire for want of opposition, the friends soul by the violation of his constitutional of peace and order should proclaim that the oath, or to conspire for the subversion of a approaching contest for the Presidency is to law which before the world he had solemnly be a crusade against abolitionism, in which sworn he would execute.
the disunionist of the North is to be for ever It is admitted that there is a feeling of' crushed, the hostile attitude you assume gives repugnance existing in the North towards an importance to the political influence of the institution of slavery in the South; but free-soilism which the insignificance of the much as the people of the North may depre- party does not merit. The force of the cate its existence, there is neither the power Union party is overwhelming. It can bring nor the inclination to subvert it. Slavery in into the field a thousand to one, in a contest the South exists not by virtue of Northern with disunionists ; but you cannot thwart will or legislation, but by Southern. A Mas- their policy or divert their purposes by ensachusetts Legislature has no jurisdiction gaging them in a warfare with a Union over existing laws and institutions in South party. Their great destiny is to agitate. Carolina. Northern zealots are fast learn- To excite, to irritate and inflame the public ing that, however great the evil of slavery mind, is the object of their mission. Oppomay be, it is far removed from their control. sition gives vigor and importance to their They are also making the discovery that the action. They lose nothing by defeat, as more they agitate the question of abolition, they had nothing at stake. They are the more hopeless becomes the condition of not even disappointed, for they expected the slave—the more tightly are riveted his nothing but to be overcome by superiority fetters. They are learning too that in the of numbers. They have in fact fully actempest they have excited, the wheels of complished all their purposes. The friends legislation have been stopped, important of the Union may marshal their forces and matters of general and local interest have been shake the nation with their Union thunder, postponed or abandoned. During the contest but the disunionist is neither killed, wounded, of pro-slavery and anti-slavery over the pros- nor even disheartened at the tremendous trate and degraded African slave, the interests explosion. He in fact rejoices that an opof the white free laborer of the North have portunity is furnished to bring his batteries been disregarded by both parties as unwor- to bear, as he might express it, on the forces thy of notice or proiection. At this crisis, of oppression. The contest has plunged him however repugnant African servitude may in the whirlpool of excitement. be to the feelings of the Northern man, he quickened his blood. It has re-animated feels and knows it to be his true policy to his flagging energies. It has given impulse cease from its useless agitation. He may and vigor to his discussions, and importance regard the Fugitive Slave Law as a relic of to his party. It has enlisted public sympabarbarism, growing out of an institution es- thy for his cause, and brought new recruits tablished in an age less civilized and just to his standard. He has gained much by than the present, yet is he willing to endure the contest. its continuance without a murmur, and sub- In the mean time victory has declared in mit to its most repugnant exactions without favor of the Union party. They have saved complaint, if his submission will silence the the Union, which was in no danger. They croakings of disaffection and fanaticism, and have manfully vindicated and proven the place a final quietus on the voice of agitation. truth of principles which scarce one in a This state of facts we should think would thousand ever doubted. What has the prove satisfactory to the most quarrelsome great “United Union party” achieved in the and jealous Southerners, without arousing contested field ? It occupies the same ground, stands in the same position, and gold of California is found insufficient to leaves the nation resting on the same politi- pay the cost of imported fabrics, whilst cal basis on which it rested before the battle American skill is idle and unproductive. It for the Union was fought. Nothing has matters not to the enervated Mexican that been accomplished; no new principles have his native mountains sparkle with precious been developed ; no new policy has been ores. Whilst millions are dug from the marked out for the progress of the nation in earth, this nation is impoverished and bankits march to greatness.
rupt. And it matters not to the American The same results will naturally flow from that the California steamer discharges at his adopting as an article of party creed the sea-ports her freight of massive gold; for repeal of the Fugitive Slave Law. This the same gazette which announces her arwould give additional cause for dissatisfac- rival and comments upon the incalculable tion on the part of the disunionist of the wealth of the nation, heralds the departure South, and add more fuel to the flames of of the European steamer freighted with the disaffection and nullification which have same precious metal for the purchase of cotalready burnt with so much fury. It would ton, woollen, and iron fabrics. At the same give strength and consistency to their action, time American machinery is idle, her manuand add numbers to their ranks. Many facturing skill paralyzed, her factories many who have heretofore been silent in the dis- of them closed, and the rest tottering on the cussion of these exciting issues, or who have verge of bankruptcy, and the commercial manfully defended the Union, would be interests of the country threatened with a driven into the ranks of nullification by the revulsion unprecedented in American hisrepeal of a law which tended to guard their tory. private interests from infraction. Even În the tempest of discussion relative to the States distinguished for their high-souled “Fugitive Slave Law," the internal compatriotism would waver in their devotion to merce of the country is perishing from the a government which had failed to recognize accumulated obstructions to river navigation. their peculiar institutions, and afforded no Whilst sage politicians are gravely discusprotection to their distinctive rights. They sing the constitutionality and expediency of may even be tempted to desert the national a law in which the great majority of Ameribanner under whose protecting folds they can citizens have no direct or practical interhave won imperishable glory on many a est, the boatman on our western waters, unhard-fought field, and range themselves un- cared for by Congress, finds a deep grave der the flag of treason given to the winds by beneath the treacherous wave. Apply to the hands of nullification.
Democratic sages who control the action of All our experience proves that any issue that great party, and a portion of them will whatever made on the subject of slavery tell you that the “ noise and confusion” incimust tend to foster and strengthen those dent to the settlement of the “Union quessectional jealousies which may yet become tion" is so great that you cannot now be formidable to the harmony and perpetuity heard. Others, who unscrupulously voted of the Union. The feeling of enmity be for the annexation of Texas and California, tween the hostile parties has never been bar- and are now encouraging the conquest of monized, but always increased, by a discus- Cuba, without inquiring or caring for the sion of their matters of difference.
constitutionality of any of these measures, In the mean time the nation has lost years will tell you that the improvement of such in this age of progress in raising new and a river as the Mississippi, rolling its mighty fruitless issues, whilst the practical interests waters from one extremity of the nation to of the nation—its commerce, its manufac- the other, bearing on its broad and ample tures and mechanical arts—are languishing bosom the products of half the confederated for want of adequate protection. Notwith- States of this Republic, is an object merely standing mines have been discovered in our local in its character, and that its improvewide domain unexampled in richness and ment was never contemplated by the Ameriextent, although millions may have rewarded can Constitution. Such counsels will conthe industry and enterprise of the pioneer to tinue to prevail so long as Congress continues the distant El Dorado, yet is the nation to be the centre of the agitation on the subdaily stripped of its vast resources, and the Iject of slavery. It will, then, be the height of folly and madness for the Whig party to the Union, and will continue to prevent the admit into the coming Presidential contest triumph of any of those principles for which any of those unprofitable and exciting topics the party exists; and keep us under the iron that have been for the present professedly theories from which we are now suffering. settled. Any attempt to revive them should
R. W. M. be "frowned down,” for they tend to weaken Nauvoo, Illinois, Sept. 24.
ENGLAND.-In England the closing of the Crys-, about to make remonstrances against it. London tal Palace was permitting the press and people to is, in fact, looked upon as the centre of the Eurodirect their attention osee more to the affairs pean democrats. The object of these is a steady of the world in general. It was closed on the radical revolution in Europe, to be brought about 11th ult., after having proved one of the most by the union of the people and by their contribusuccessful and splendid speculations of the age. tions. The German Committee propose that The structure will probably be removed, in spite shares shall be bought in national loans, which of the popular desire to the contrary. Hyde the chief men of the movement shall guarantee, Park is an appanage of the Court and the aris- and which shall be repaid on the liberation of the tocracy, and it is thought a show-box or other nations. Mazzini has been trying to get up such property of the commonalty would be out of a loan for the particular behoof of Italy. Just place within its precincts.
now Professor Kinkel, the poet, is travelling The English were making great preparations through the United States for the purpose of exfor the reception of Kossuth,
who was expected at pounding and furthering, particularly among our Southampton in the American ship of war. Up- German population, this grand liberating project. wards of a score mayors of towns and cities The prestige of our American republicanism is wrote to the Mayor of Southamptou to express a beginning to impress and agitate the United Kingdesire to join in the popular welcome. London dom in a very remarkable manner. The English and its municipality were prepared to give the press has become greatly occupied with these Hungarian exile a polite and kindly reception. States, and its tone has become vastly more reThe desire to do honor to him is very general: spectful and conciliatory: Latterly the Hon. Mr. for the Ministers are not disposed to curry favor Lawrence has been creating a sensation in Ireland, with the despotisms just now. Two of them-the far more deep and general than that caused by Secretary of War (Lord Palmerston) and Mr. the visit of the Queen to that island. The Times Gladstone — have publicly denounced or con allows that he was every where received “ with demned the high-banded dologs in Naples and else- almost royal honors." And indeed the sincerity where on the Continent. So that no government with which he was followed and fêted was the consideration seems to stand in the way of a more emphatically proved, that he did not go general English welcome. And it is a good and among the people to promise them any thing or to a cordial thing to see the two great and powerful flatter their passions or political leanings. His families of English tongue and name, forgetful of speeches, throughout, tended the other way, past differences, standing side by side and fore were full of calm advice to rely upon themselves most in the cause of humanity in the midst of and help themselves. Nevertheless, there he was such frowning and threatening despotisms. After --an American-from that great and rich land of all, there is no fear of the ultimate triumph of their dreams—the land in which millions of their free governments all over the world, when Eng-countrymen had a home and a refuge, and from land and America join hands in so noble a cause which within the last few years over two millions as this. Mr. Gladstone's pamphlet against the of pounds sterling had come from poor Irish laborKing of Naples has called forth a wrathful reply ers to their poorer friends in the cabins at home; from his Majesty, implicating and taunting the so that, if Mr. Lawrence were really the grandson English Government; while the speech of Lord of Brien Boru himself, he could not have been rePalmerston at Tiverton has excited a general in-ceived with more cordial respect and enthusiasm. dignation among the continental rulers-Louis Furthermore, they identified him with that spirit Napoleon included; and it has been stated in a of American enterprise which, in the matter of German newspaper, (the Ober Post Amt Zeitung,) steamships and railways, is making such wonderthat the toleration extended to the band of Teu- ful changes in the world, and hoped something tonic conspirators now in London is a breach of was about to be done for the country at last. good faith towards the German rulers, who are 'Some of the people actually had an idea that he YOL, VIIINO, V. NEW SERIES.
was in secret the agent of some invading propa- | element of Irish discord. All this may result, in ganda who came to spy out the nakedness of the time, in a sort of ecclesiastical independence in land and prepare the way for the descent of an Ireland, like the Gallican in France. army of Americans ! Some vague notions of Fergus O'Connor's great scheme of a “National Cuba and the flibustieros were running through Land Company” (under which the soil was to be their heads; and certainly such ideas were not apportioned in small lots, with houses, to those calculated to diminish the fervor of their welcome holding shares in the business) has fallen to pieces. on the occasion! Mr. Lawrence went from Dub. They say near £100,000 has disappeared, and that lin to Galvay to see the bay which it is proposed Fergus, the manager, “ does not know where to to make a packet station, between Ireland and find it.” The whole affair is in Chancery. Daniel America. He afterwards visited Limerick, and O'Connell, with whom Fergus worked in the agithen proceeded to Cork. These localities and one tating line in Ireland some twenty years ago or or two others are respectively contending for the so, used to call the descendant of the last King of honor and profit of being the “station;" and it re- Ireland “feather-headed Fergus.” Daniel was quired all the ingenious politeness which the Hon. Turkish in his tastes, “ bearing no brother near the gentleman could command, to order his phrase-throne;" and he managed to cast off his colleague, ology in the midst of such rival claims. But he who went to England and set up for himself as got through it admirably, and praising the locali- Chartist. His occupation, in any character, is now ties generally, disclaimed any desire to decide on gone, like Othello's. the most eligible place for the station. The hos- The Queen of England and her family are sopitality of the Irish seems to have overcome his journing at the royal seat, Balmoral, in the Highdiplomacy in a great measure, and though the lands of Scotland. fact is not stated, we strongly suspect that, while England is preparing to get up her steam in the at Cork, the Hon. gentleman must have kissed the world. The Royal West India Mail Steam Packet celebrated Blarney stone. However this may be, Company is about to place five new leviathan it is very certain that his visit produced a salutary steamers on the line between Southampton and agitation in the Irish mind, and made a strong im- the Isthmus of Panama—the Amazon, Oropoco, pression on the English press. The Times says Parana, Magdalena and Demarara. These huge that Mr. Lawrence, in visiting Ireland, went to sea-horses will be churning the great Atlantic way take a look over what was shortly to become his in the beginning of next year, and turn a vast own—that is, bis country's ; for every Celt will amount of the trade between the Eastern and one day renounce the sceptres and coronets of the Western hemispheres into a central channel. A old word.” This great exponent of English senti- company has been also formed in Liverpool for ment seems to acknowledge, frankly, that the the purpose of increasing the trade and intercourse Irish are justified by circumstances in running of England with the Brazilian empire. Three new away from the place of their birth to America; steamships of large size, and on the screw princiand prophesies that they will “fulfil the great law ple, are to be put upon the line as a begivning. of Providence which seems to enjoin and reward They will be of 300 horse-power each, with an the union of races. They will mix with the average speed of ten knots an hour. It is calculated Anglo-Americans, and be known no more as a that the distance will be run in twenty-five days. jealous and separate people.” Strange sentiments In this connection we may observe that the English these, coming from the grand organ of British su- are just now trembling for the continuance of the premacy..
trade with Brazil. For some time past, in their The submarine telegraph between France and efforts to put down the slave-trade, the British England has been laid down in the English Chan have been domineering somewhat over the various nel, from South Foreland to Sanngate, near Calais. ships trading to the ports of Brazil—a proceeding The line consists of four copper wires, like bell which has caused some discontent on the part of wires, cased in gutta percha, and twined with the Brazilian Government, which feeling has been hempen strands into the size of a rope an inch in aggravated by the support which England is afdiameter. More hempen strands and wires of fording Rosas, Dictator of Buenos Ayres, against galvanized iron are twined round this, and all form whom Brazil bas been making some hostile dea flexible casing 4 inches thick. Messages bave monstrations. The Emperor now threatens to been flashed through very satisfactorily, and the demand the interference of other powers; and the communication with Paris will doubtless be shortly merchants of Manchester, being among those most completed.
deeply interested in the trade with Brazil, have In Ireland the Catholic Association, which was requested Lord Palmerston to interfere and preabout to be got up in opposition to the late Anti vent any rupture of the relations between the two Popish Bill, has been a failure. The Catholic countries. people and hierarchy are not agreed upon the mat- The London Morning Post contemplates a ter. Many of the Irish bishops are in favor of the larger steam project than the foregoing--to wit, Queen's Colleges ard the government system of regular communication with Australia; giving as education. But Dr. Cullen, Primate of all Ireland, a chief reason the rapid advances of the Ameriis bent on an exclusively Roman system-sepa- cans in the Pacific, and the advantages offered to rating, in all things, the sheep from the goats—the their commercial marine by the repeal of the Catholics from the Protestants, with whom no Navigation Laws. The Post says that if England terms, no faith, is to be kept. All the Irish priests will not place efficient ships upon that eastern and bishops are not prepared to go these very Ca- line, the steamers of America will anticipate them, tholic and consistent lengths, and hence one more and manage the trade and intercourse of the Pa.