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that ye proposer has also conceived a pretty ! jects remain without any satisfaction or recertain method to garrison not only that, paration for the many great and grievous but all y® places mentioned, if they are taken losses sustained by then, We have therewithout much expense to England, but wh fore seen fit for the vindicating the honour he begs leave to reserve to himself, it being of Our Crown, and for procuring Reparation too long to incert here, till he sees how this and satisfaction for our injured subjects, to proposall will be approved of. J. H. give you the following orders and instrue
Yon are, with the squadron of Our Ships Instructions to our trusty and well-beloved under your command, either together or
Charles Brown, Esq., Commander-in- separate, to commit all sorts of hostilities Chief of our ships at Jamaica, given at against the Spaniards, and to annoy them ir our Court at Kensington, the 15th day every place, and in the best manner that you of June, 1739, in the thirteenth of our
shall be able, and to endeavour to seize and Reign.
take, by all forcible means possible, all
Spanish ships and vessels, as well ships of Whereas, several unjust seizures have war as merchant ships, or other vessels that been made, and depredations carried on in you may meet with, or be able to come up the West Indies by Spanish Guarda Costas, with : And you are to give orders to all the and ships acting under the commission of Captains of our several ships under your the King of Spain or bis Governors, con- command aceordingly. trary to the treaties subsisting between us You shall procure the best intelligence and the crown of Spain and to the Law of you can, what Spanish ships, especially of Nations, to the great prejudice of the law- Force, there may be at any time in the full trade and Commerce of our subjects : Spanish Ports of the Continent, or Islands, and many cruelties and barbarities have or cruizing on their coasts : and particularly been exercised on the persons of such of our concerning the Galleons which are now at subjects whoso vessels have been so seized Carthagena or Porto Bello: and what by the said Spanish Guarda Costas: And strength they have for a convoy. And if whereas frequent complaint has been made find yourself strong enough, after having to the Court of Spain, of these unjust prac- left two or three small Frigates for the protices, and no satisfaction or redress been tection of our Island of Jamaica and the procured: and whereas a convention for trade of our subjects in those parts, you are making reparation to our subjects, for the with the remainder of your squadron, to losses sustained by them, on account of the proceed and lye of the Cumanos, or on the unjust seizures and captures above men- coast of Cuba, or at whatever station you tioned was concluded, and signed at the may judge to be most likely to intercept the Pardo by our Minister Plenipotentiary, and said Galleons : and if you shall be able to the Minister Plenipotentiary of the King of take them or any of them, you are to bring Spain, on the 14th day of January last, them together with their effects, to Jamaica, N. S., by which convention it was stipulated to be there kept without plunder or embezthat the sum of £95,000 should be paid at zlement, till our pleasure shall be known London within the term of four months, to concerning them: And you shall do tho be reckoned from the day of the exchange saine with regard to any other Spanish ships of the Ratifications of the said convention, or vessels, and their effects, that you or any as a balance due on the part of Spain to the of your cruizers shall happen to meet with crown and subjects of Great Britain : And and take. But in case of perishable goods, whereas the said term of four months from you may sell them, and reserve the money the exchange of the Ratifications of the arising therefrom for our future disposition. said convention did expire on the 25th day Whereas, it is our intention forthwith to of the month of May last, and the payment reinforce the squadron under your command, of the said sum of £95,000 agreed by the with a sufficient number of ships to make said convention, has not been made accord- the same superior to any force which the ing to the stipulation for that purpose, by Spaniards can have in those seas, you are to which means the convention above men- leave, sealed up, with the Governor of Jationed has been manifestly violated and maica, an account of the station you shall broken by the King of Spain, and onr sub. I be in, and of the sereral dispositions you
you those parts.
shall make of the ships under your command, independent companies if necessary, and with a state of the provisions, to be delivered where the ships of war from Great Britain to the commanding officer of such men of may be joined by those on the station of that war as we shall think proper to send to Island. By this means allso, the enemy may
be kept in suspense; for Jamaica is as proper to transmit constant and par- a rendevous for any other (such] attempt as ticular accounts of your proceedings, and of that now intended. And the commanding what intelligence you shall be able to pro- officer of the fleets may have orders not to cure of the motions and designs of the open his instructions till he shall have left Spaniards, to one of our principal Secreta- Jamaica, and shall find himself in a particuries of State, and to our Commissioners for lar latitude prescribed for that purpose. But executing the office of our High Admiral of a proper regard should be had to the hurriGreat Britain; and you shall observe and cane months, and I presume it will not be follow such orders and instructions as you thought advisable to fall in upon
the coast shall receive from us under our sign manual, till the rains shall be over, which are comor from one of our principal Secretaries of mon to that part of the continent between State, or from our Commissioners for exe- the tropics, and continue till towards the end cuting the office of our High Admiral of of November. There is no reason to appreGreat Britain for the time being. G. R. hend that the King's troops can meet with
any considerable oposition upon their first
landing at a place so far distant from any To Lord Harrington.
Spanish settlement, inhabited only by Indians
JUNE 18th, 1739. who do not acknowledge themselves subjects My Lord :-The situation of the Isthmus to that nation. But, however, it will be of Darien and the consequence of making a highly necessary for the forces to secure lodgement there, I think, have been sufli- themselves as soon as they can, after their ciently shown by my letters to your Lord- landing, which for the first essay may best ship of the 12th inst. What now remains be done by a stockaded fort, materials for is, that in obedience to your commands, I that purpose being allways at hand in these should offer my humble opinion, in what countries, wherein the fleet also
may manner and with what force such a lodge- ceedingly assisting to the land forces; and ment should be attempted.
indeed, all the conquests we made the last I should go out of my province if I should war upon the coasts of Spain were in great take upon me to name the particular num- measure if not entirely owing to the conduct ber of men of war, transports, victuallers of the fleet. or store ships necessary upon this occasion, And therefore it will be absolutely necesor assign the proper places for their rendez- sary that a good correspondence should be vous in case of separatian at sea, and there- maintained between the land and sea officers, fore shall content myself with drawing some but more particularly that the commanders general outlines only of that designe, leaving in chief should live in perfect harmony. For the detail to the wisdom and care of those which reason men of temper and prudence to whom the execution will more properly as well as of valor and experience should be belong. I apprehend, however, it will not chosen for the expedition. Many great debe advisable to attempt the settlement with signs have miscarried for the want of this out a naval power equal to that the Span- precaution. iards have in those seas, nor with less than The choice of the ground to build a fort two thousand land forces. For great allow- upon must be left to the officers who shall ances must be made in expeditions to these command upon this descent. Wherein, countries for losses by change of diet and however, particular regard shall be had in climate; and the success of this affair will the first place to the receiving relief from sea, entirely depend on the first attempt. and in ye second, to the health of those that
I presume the last rendevous appointed shall remain in the country, both which for the fleet in this expedition will be at the points may be obtained by making two difIsland of Jamaica, where wood, water, re- ferent lodgements, one near the sea, and the freshments of all kinds, pilots and even a other on the higher grounds; for the hills on recruit of fresh men may be had from the the north side of the isthmus are not so far
distant from the shore but that a communi-| in possession of it ever since the treaty of cation may easily be preserved with them. Utrecht, and have constantly been at the The Scots had a look-out upon a height about expense of maintaining a regiment there. a mile above their settlement, from whence This intendant may also be charged with they could discover near twenty or thirty the inspection of all stores of war and promiles round any point of the compass. visions, and with the distribution of the InThe upper lodgement may answer that end, dian cargo, which at the first outset should and the garrisons may relieve each other for be a large one, to engage the natives in our change of air, which will be exceedingly interest; and [he] should likewise have a place different in the two lodgements, tho' the dis- and vote in all councils held either for civil tance be so small.
or military purposes. The two garrisons left It will be necessary upon this occasion in the country should each of them consist that some engineers and a large supply of of five hundred men. They should be well ordnance stores of all kinds should be em- supplied with military stores, and always barked, that nothing may be wanting for have three months' provision in their magathe establishment or defence of the settle- zines. At first, it might not be amiss to ment.
leave them sufficient subsistence for twice Though the Indian inhabitants of these that time, and constant care should be taken parts are certainly the proprietors of the to victual and recruit 'em. soyle, and it will be infinitely for our interest The soldiers should be allowed to carry and security to keep well with 'em, yet to their wives with 'em, and those that have avoid loss of time it will be advisable to build none should be encouraged to marry with our forts in the first place and purchase the the natives, or else this colony, like that of soyle of them afterwards, which may certainly the first Romans, (till they got wives from be had at a very moderate rate in exchange the Sabines,) Populus utrius generationis. for beads, brass rings, knives, hatchets, guns, The policy of intermarrying with the nagunpowder, printed linen, and such other tires has been of great advantage to the trifles as an Indian cargo generally consists French in their settlements on the North of. This will be the more necessary, because Continent of America ; and we owe our title if there are any gold mines in the country, to some of the islands to the amours of one as the Scots were informed, and these were of our Governors with an Indian woman; even within two miles of their settlement, particularly that of Santa Lucia, to a bastard the natives only can discover them.
of S' Thomas Warner. And therefore, though a military force is According to the description the Scots absolutely necessary, not only for acquiring have given of the harbor where they settled, but also for maintaining of this settlement, it is one of the best, the largest, and most yet there should be some mixture of civil capable of being fortified of any yet discormagistracy in it, even from its first infancy. ered in those parts. This is a likely circumOtherways it will never answer the present stance; for it will be necessary [that] the fleet ends proposed by it, which are the benefits should remain there till the troops are safely resulting from trade with the Spaniards as lodged and fortified, and [that] a competent well as ye natives, notwithstanding we are in number of ships should attend this station a state of war with the former.
during the course of the war. For this purpose some person perfectly If it should be our fortune to succeed in versed in the Spanish trade and language the settlement, it is not to be doubted but should be employed in the nature of an In- great numbers of people would soon flock to tendant or Inspector, who may be a proper it from all parts of his Majesty's dominions, check upon the licentiousness of the soldiers; and then further regulations will be necesmay inspect their musters, and be enabled to sary for the cultivating, enlarging and imgive protection as well to the natives as to proving this new acquisition. such civil inhabitants as shall be disposed to But at this time I shall offer
Lordsettle in the country, either for trade or plant- ship no considerations of that sort, having ing. The want of such a provision in Nova for the present determined to confine myself Scotia has been one principal cause why we to such particulars only as relate more immehave no civil inhabitants in that province, diately to the acquiring and defending of a (besides the French,) though we have been settlement upon the Isthmus of Darien : and
therefore shall conclude this letter with assuring your Lordship that, &c.
[Backed, "Letter to Lord Harrington, 18th June, 1739, about the settlement at Darien.
"For the Right Honorable Sir Charles Wager."]
Extract from a paper endorsed on the back, "Sir Charles Wager's paper."
It is also proposed to send the same number of ships to the South See to distress the Spaniards in that part of the world, by taking their ships and all their * [wd illegible] many of which are very rich, especially those which carry the treasure from Lima to Panama. Many places on that coast are weak and defenceless, not having known war except by a few privateers or pyrates, who have formerly done them great damage.
BURFORD, in Port Royall harbor, Jamaica, 1740. Sir:-I am favored with your excellency's *letter of the 22d Oct., with the enclosed informations taken before you in council the same day, of the large French squadron arrived at Martinique, and the great armament they were preparing for some secret expedition.
There is also a probability of persuading the Vice Roy and people of Peru to revolt from the Spanish government and make themselves independent of it, especially if a number of troops can be conveyed thither by way of Panama. 1,000 is thought to be sufficient; and 1,000 or more to be left at Panama, to which place they may march over land from Portobel on the river Chagre, from whence it is not above two days' march to Panama, which [can] be easily taken, as it is believed, with 2,000 men.
to attack the French, though the treasure may be on board them, (for which they must go to Portobel and return to Cartagen.) Cartagen may be attempted the more easily when they are gone, or the expedition to Panama may be pursued: or if the Flota now at Cadiz should get away, they may be destroyed at Vera Cruz.
[Bears date on the back, Nov. 6, 1739.]
The strength of Cartagen shall be particularly shown in a day or two.
If the expedition against Cartagen should by any accident miscarry, or that the place should be taken and kept, two thousand men will probably be thought sufficient for a garrison there; and the rest may be sent to Portobel and Panama as above mentioned.
If the Spaniards should send a strong Squadron to Cartagen, to join those of Spain for the protection and security of the galleon in their passage home, so that it may not be thought advisable to make an attempt on Cartagen while they are there, nor
The arrival of the squadron I had received advice of, and concluded they were designed as auxiliaries to the Spaniards, for to secure the safe carrying home of the Golden Fleece.
But your obliging intelligence of their drawing every fifth man for a secret expedition, I cannot tell what to judge of; but from our weakness in our Leeward Islands, I cannot but be in pain for them, and do not imagine they will think of attacking you that lie so far to windward of them, and besides difficulty of access have so numerous a militia.
Were Spaniards and French to join in any favorite expedition, I doubt not but this Island would be first in their view. But I think we have here force enough for the defensive; tho' I cannot but be greatly sur
An expedition against Cartagen will requre about six ships of the line of battle to be joined to those with Vernon. It will require 4,000 soldiers properly commanded, which number must have at least 6,000 tons of transportation with a sufficient quan-prised in this criticall juncture not to have tity of all sorts of ordnance stores proper heard from England since the 4th July. But for a siege, and such an enterprise. I have been prepared for such disappointment, having been before without hearing from them from September was twelve month, to May last.
Coll Gooch with the forces raised in Virginia and Philadelphia is arrived here, and we may reasonably expect every day those coming from New York, with Coll Blaheney; and if Lord Cathcart be coming, you must soonest hear of him to windward.
I lament their not letting his lordship sail in the spring of the year, when alone easterly winds were to be depended on for getting out of our channell. Had they come then we might have been masters of Carthegena
and the Galleons. But that fatall commission / of war, said our Linguist (by whom Mr. has occasioned a meloncholly change of the Knowles and I stood on the gangway, scene, and we must rely on God's good telling him what to say, Mr. Knowles providence for a happy issue. With many mean dictating to him.) thanks to you, sir, and the gentlemen of the French men of war, and what would ycu Councill for the seasonable intelligence, I am have? We must speak with you, said ws: Your Excellencies' most
They then asked if war was declared ? No. Ob humble servant, not when we left Europe, we told them.
E. VERNON. Then what would you have? You know P. S.—Our advices here [say] that the we are at war with Spain, and it is our duty Spanish squadron is gone for Porto Bello, to know what every ship is we meet, so pry and one of the French squadrons for Car- send your boat on board. We have no bot. thegena; so I hope you are in no danger said they. Then we will send ours, which from them.
words were no sooner spoken but two shit On his Majesty's service.
came between our mainmast and foremast To his Excellency JAMES Dottin, Esq., at from one of the French ships that Lord AlBarbadoes.
berry had come up with, as we were talking to our French ship.
The French ship my Lord haled would [Endorsed on the back, “ 28th Jan., 1740. give no answer, on which my Lord orderid
a shot to be fired ahead of him; that not Relation of an encounter with four French having the effect that he desired, he fired a ships off of Hispaniola.”]
shot into him, and then began the battle. My Lord Duke:-I took the liberty to We all ran to our quarters and gave thri e write to you from Barbadoes, which I liope broadsides into the ship we had been talkir g your Grace has received; nothing of mo- with. They returned the compliment and ment has happened since, excepting a con- then sheer'd off. The Dunkirk likewise gare flict between six of our men of war and four this same ship a broadside. They were very French. Jan, the 7th, the Admiral made a well manned with small arms which they signal for the Prince Frederick, Lord Auber- handled very briskly, and if it had not becu ry; the Oxford, Lord Augustus Fitzroy; dark I believe we should have been vay two 70 gun ships; the York, Capt. Coates; much galled by them, for we were within the Rippon, Capt. Tolly; the Dunkirk, Capt. thirty yards of each other when we began to Cooper, and the Weymouth, Capt. Knowles, fire. to chase; the four last ships are of sixty guns, After an hour's engagement or thereabouts, and the French ships were two of sixty guns Mr. Knowles went on board the Frederick, and two of fifty.
and advised my Lord to desist till the morrWe were about six leagues south of His- ing; for he said that he feared we were in a paniola when we began to chase. About bad cause. My Lord agreed to it, but Mi. one the Weymouth fired a gun for them to Knowles had no sooner got on board his bring too, but they kept on their course; own ship, and ordered her to be tow'd round, about three we fired another gun for the but my Lord was obliged to continue the same purpose, but they did not mind us, fight in his own defence, being attacked; but seeing we were determined to speak and the Oxford coming up, ran betwet n with them they hoisted their colours. We three of the French ships which fell on him. came up with them between ten and eleven But his Lordship cleared hinself very we!!, at night. Lord Aubery being commanding and continued firing with the Frederick, till officer, Mr. Knowles asked if his Lordship past four in the morning. We never lifted had any particular commands for him. He up a port after Mr. Knowles came from Leid bid him speak with the first ship he could, Aubery, but received several shot. Wehid and himself would speak with the headmost, two men killed and five wounded, but not he told him. When we came within half dangerous. In the morning we pistol shot, we hailed one of the French Erench ships near a mile from us in god ships, and asked what they were. To orde: for to renew the fight with their signelwhich question they made no answer, out for that purpose. The six Captains mct but asked who we were. English men on the Frederick and agreed to send a boat