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No gross,

The smell of peace toward mankind : let him live
Before thee, reconciled, at least his days (which I
Number'd, though sad, till death his doom
To mitigate thus plead, not to reverse,
To better life shall yield him ; where with me
All my redeem'd may dwell, in joy and bliss,
Made one with me, as I with thee am one.'

To whom the Father, without cloud, serene.
“All thy request for Man, accepted Son,
Obtain ; all thy request, was my decree :
But longer in that Paradise to dwell,
The law I gave to nature him forbids.
Those immortal elements, that know

no inharmonious mixture foul, Eject him, tainted now, and purge him off As a distemper, gross to air as gross, And mortal food, as may dispose him best For dissolution, wrought by sin, that first Distemper'd all things, and of incorrupt Corrupted. I, at first, with two fair gifts Created him endow'd with happiness And immortality: that fondly lost, This other served but to eternize woe; Till I provided death : so death becomes His final remedy; and after life Tried in sharp tribulation, and refined, By faith and faithful works, to second life, Waked in the renovation of the just, Resigns him up, with Heaven and Earth renew'd. But let us call to synod all the bless’d, (not hide Through Heaven's wide bounds; from them I will My judgments, how with mankind I proceed; As how with peccant angels late they saw, [firm’d.” And in their state, though firm, stood more con

He ended; and the Son gave signal high To the bright minister that watch'd : he blew His trumpet, heard in Oreb since perhaps, When God descended; and perhaps once more To sound, at general doom. The angelic blast Fill'd all the regions : from their blissful bowers, Of amarantine shade, fountain or spring, By the waters of life, where'er they sat In fellowships of joy, the sons of light Hasted, resorting to the summons high, And took their seats; till from his throne supreme, The Almighty thus pronounced his sovereign will.

“O Sons, like one of us Man is become,

To know both good and evil, since his taste
Of that defended fruit; but let him boast
His knowledge of good lost, and evil got;
Happier, had it sufficed him, to have known
Good by itself and evil not at all.
He sorrows now, repents and prays contrite,
My motions in him; longer than they move
His heart I know, how variable and vain,
Self-left. Lest therefore, his now bolder hand
Reach also of the tree of life and eat,
And live for ever, dream at least to live
For ever; to remove him I decree,
And send him from the garden forth to till
The ground, whence he was taken, fitter soil.

“ Michael, this my behest have thou in charge;
Take to thee, from among the Cherubim,
Thy choice of flaming warriors, lest the Fiend,
Or in behalf of Man, or to invade
Vacant possession, some new trouble raise :
Haste thee, and from the Paradise of God,
Without remorse, drive out the sinful pair,
From hallow'd ground the unholy; & denounce
To them and to their progeny from thence
Perpetual banishment. Yet, lest they faint
At the sad sentence rigorously urged,
For I behold them soften’d, and with tears
Bewailing their excess, all terror hide.
If patiently thy bidding they obey,
Dismiss them, not disconsolate; reveal
To Adam, what shall come in future days,
As I shall thee enlighten; intermix
My covenant in the woman's seed renew'd :
So send them forth, though sorrowing, yet in peace.
And on the east side of the garden place,
Where entrance up from Eden easiest climbs,
Cherubic watch; and of a sword the flame
Wide-waving, all approach far off to fright,
And guard all passage to the tree of life:
Lest Paradise à receptacle prove
To spirits foul; and all my trees their prey,
With whose stolen fruit Man once more to delude.”

He ceased: and the archangelic power prepared, For swift descent, with him the cohort bright Of watchful cherubim ; four faces each Had, like a double Janus; all their shape Spangled with eyes, more numerous than those Of Argus, and more wakeful than to drowse,

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Charm'd with Arcadian pipe, the pastoral reed
Of Hermes, or his opiate rod. Meanwhile,
To re-salute the world, with sacred light,
Leucothea waked, & with fresh dews embalm'd
The earth, when Adam and first matron Eve
Had ended now their orisons, and found
Strength added from above, new hope to spring
Out of despair, joy, but with fear yet link'd;
Which thus to Eve his welcome words renew’d.

Eve, easily my faith admit, that all
The good which we enjoy, from Heaven descends:
But that from us aught should ascend to Heaven,
So prevalent, as to concern the mind
Of God, high-bless'd, or to incline his will,
Hard to belief may seem; yet this will prayer,
Or one short sigh of human breath, upborne
Even to the seat of God. For since I sought,
By prayer the offended Deity to appease,
Kneeld, and before him humbled all my heart,
Methought I saw him placable and mild,
Bending his ear; persuasion in me grew,
That I was heard with favour; peace return'd
Home to my breast, and to my memory
His promise, that thy seed shall bruise our foe :
Which then not minded, in dismay, yet now
Assures me, that the bitterness of death
Is pass’d, & we shall live. Whence, hail to thee,
Eve rightly callid, mother of all mankind,
Mother of all things living ! since by thee
Man is to live, and all things live for man.”

To whom thus Eve, with sad demeanour meek.
“ Ill worthy I, such title should belong
To me, transgressor, who, for thee ordain'd
A help, became thy snare; to me reproach
Rather belongs, distrust, and all dispraise :
But infinite in pardon was my Judge,
That I, who first brought death on all, am graced
The source of life : next favourable thou,
Who highly thus to entitle me vouchsafest,
Far other name deserving. But the field
To labour calls us now, with sweat imposed,
Though after sleepless night; for see, the

All unconcern'd with our unrest, begins
Her rosy progress smiling; let us forth;
I never from thy side henceforth to stray,
Where'er our day's work lies, though now enjoin'd
Laborious, till day droop. While here we dwell,

What can be toilsome in these pleasant walks ?
Here let us live, though in fallen state, content.”

So spake, so wish’d, much-humbled Eve; but fate
Subscribed not. Nature first gave signs, impress'd
On bird, beast, air; air suddenly eclipsed,
After short blush of morn; nigh, in her sight,
The bird of Jove stoop'd from his airy tour,
Two birds of gayest plume before him drove ;
Down from a hill, the beast that reigns in woods,
First hunter then, pursu'd a gentle brace,
Goodliest of all the forest, hart and hind ;
Direct to the eastern gate was bent their flight.
Adam observed, and, with his eye the chase
Pursuing, not unmoved, to Eve thus spake.

O Eve! some further change awaits us nigh;
Which Heaven, by these mute signs in nature, shows,
Forerunners of his purpose; or to warn
Us, haply too secure of our discharge
From penalty, because from death released
Some days: how long, and what till then our life,
Who knows? or, more than this, that we are dust,
And thither must return, and be no more.
Why else this double object, in our sight,
Of Hight pursued in the air, and o'er the ground,

way the self-same hour? why in the east
Darkness, ere day's mid-course, and morning light,
More orient in yon western cloud, that draws
O'er the blue firmament a radiant white,
And slow descends, with something heavenly fraught?”

He err'd not; for by this the heavenly bands,
Down from a sky of jasper, lighted now
In Paradise, and on a hill made halt;
A glorious apparition, had not doubt,
And carnal fear, that day dimm'd Adam's eye.
Not that more glorious, when the angels met
Jacob in Mahanaim, where he saw
The field pavilion'd with his guardians bright;
Nor that, which on the flaming mount appear'd
In Dothan, cover'd with a camp of fire,
Against the Syrian king; who, to surprise
One man, assassin-like, had levied war,
War unproclaim'd. The princely Hierarch,
In their bright stand, there left his powers, to seize
Possession of the garden; he alone,
To find where Adam shelter'd, took his way;
Not unperceived of Adam ; who to Eve,
While the great visitant approach'd, thus spake.


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Eve, now expect great tidings, which perhaps Of us will soon determine, or impose New laws to be observed; for I descry, From yonder blazing cloud that veils the hill, One of the heavenly host, and, by his gait, None of the meanest; some great potentate, Or of the thrones above, such majesty Invests him coming; yet not terrible, That I should fear, nor sociably mild, As Raphael, that I should as much confide ; But solemn and sublime; whom, not to offend, With reverence I must meet, and thou retire.”

He ended; and the Archangel soon drew nigh; Not in his shape celestial, but as man, Clad to meet man;

over his lucid arms A military vest of purple flow'd, Livelier than Melibrean, or the grain Of Sarra, worn by kings and heroes old In time of truce; Iris had dipp'd the woof; His starry helm unbuckled, show'd him prime In manhood, where youth ended; by his side, As in a glistering zodiac, hung the sword, Satan's dire dread, and in his hand the spear : Adam bow'd low; he, kingly, from his state Inclined not; but his coming thus declared.

“Adam, Heaven's high behest no preface needs: Sufficient that thy prayers are heard, and Death, Then due by sentence when thou didst transgress, Defeated of his seizure, many days Given thee of grace, wherein thou mayst repent, And one bad act, with many deeds well done, Mayst cover : well may then thy Lord, appeased, Redeem thee quite from Death's rapacious claim ; But longer in this Paradise to dwell Permits not; to remove thee I am come, And send thee from the garden forth to till The ground whence thou wast taken, fitter soil.”

He added not; for Adam at the news Heart-struck, with chilling gripe of sorrow stood, That all his senses bound; Eve, who unseen, Yet all had heard, with audible lament Discover'd soon the place of her retire.

“O unexpected stroke, worse than of death! Must I thus leave thee, Paradise ? thus leave Thee, native soil, these happy walks and shades, Fit haunt of gods? where I had hope to spend. Quiet, though sad, the respite of that day

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