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spirit of the age bas pronounced against forms turalists, ib.; the advantage of working up the
digging gold and the inadequacy of the return,
country! 646; not for the gold it supplies to
to be that it may speedily open a great na-
221; the basis upon which this government trade with Oregon and China, ib.
and Burr as Vice President, 336; Jefferson's
President, 527; the federal party was now ens of government, we have conformed to the
powers of the state, ib.; the statesmen who
framed the constitution saw the necessity for
the Veto, 117; majorities require to be re-
Btrained, 118; our danger lies in too much le-
gislation, ib. ; the affairs of government are now
managed by party, 119; party feelings may in.
fluence the Executive and sometimes prevent
the use of the Veto, 121 ; the veto power is
merely negative, ib.; note by the editor, 122.
Public Econoy, Short Chapters on, (J. D. W.,)
221, 446, 637.
POETRY.--The Pleasant Deceit, (A. M. W.) 29;
Dreams, (A. M. W.,) 38; Sonnet, 56; Sorrow,
(A.M. W.) 124; Faith, A Hymn, (James Staun-
ton Babcock,) 277; Stars, (A. M. W.,) 457 ; To
Baron Von Roenne, respecting the steamship tures, (A. M. W.) 496; Titian's Assumption,
(William Butler Allen,) 592.
ford : (for August,) Hon. William M, Meredith:
(for September,) Hon. William B. Preston: (for
October,) Hon. Roger S. Baldwin: (for Novem-
ber, (Hon. George N. Briggs: (for December,)
Hon. Henry Washington Hilliard.
from the French of Jules Sandeau,) 85—258,
Read's Poems, (Review.) Daniel Strock, 301.
Republic, The, (H. W. Warner,) No. III. The
primary platform, 39; in the early state go-
vernments, the power alloted to rulers was gene-
rally settled by common law, ib.; the articles of
confederation were too weak for the ends pro-
posed, ib. ; the federal constitution stronger, 40;
the state sovereignties were now ended, ib.;
the people and not the states are the constituents
of the general government, 42 ; each member
of congress represents the whole people of the
trines for which the Whigs as a party contend, 46; state jurisdiction a safety valve to the fed.
eral boiler, 47; difference between the federal
the early constitutions of the states, 49; patron-
age of state appointments, 61; appointment of
judges, ib.; the franchise of the polls limited,
62; qualifications of voters, ib. ; terms and ten-
republic, 63; common law a bill of rights, 54;
than now, ib. ; things as they are at present
tions of individual states and the Union, 280 ;
the central government could only acquire dis-
sumptively useful, because it is part of the or of territorial acquisition, 282 ; slavery, 286;
W.) 498; Life and Writings of Coleridge, (J.
Two Pictures, (A. M. W.) 496.
Socialists, Communists, and Red Republicans, 401. Whig Victory in New York, 649.
Word to Southern Democrats, 190.
Washington's Administration, 1.
Zephyr's Fancy, Part II, 30 ; Part III, 151.
The present chief magistrate of the first Administration, during which two country has, both before and since his generations of men, who knew not Washelection, publicly avowed the intention of ington, may be said to have come upon administering the affairs of the govern the stage of life, and the numerous department in the spirit of our earlier Presidents, ures which the later years of the Republic and, particularly, of the first. These de- have witnessed from the spirit of the clarations were officially re-affirmed in his doctrines by which it was originally govInaugural Address, wherein he said -- erned, render such an inquiry no less “For the interpretation of the Constitu- necessary, it is to be feared, than it is tion, I shall look to the decisions of the timely. For on the fresh remembrance of judicial tribunals established by its au- those first doctrines, depends the healthful thority, and to the practice of the govern tone of the political sentiment of the counment under the earlier Presidents, who try; on their continued application to the had so large a share in its formation. To ordering of public affairs, depends the sucthe example of those illustrious patriots I cess and the perpetuity of its free institu-, shall always defer with reverence, and es- tions. pecially to his example who was, by so We shall be guided, in our examination many titles, the father of his country.” of the character of the first presidential The well-known character of the distin- Administration, chiefly, by the Writings of guished man now at the head of the Washington, as selected and published by government, is a sufficient guaranty that Mr. Sparks; and we are happy to take any promises made by him to his coun- this opportunity, though late, of bearing trymen, even though less frequently and our testimony to the imperishable value, emphatically repeated than the above, both historical and political, of this truly will be honorably fulfilled. Fully as- national publication. These Writings, insured, therefore, that the Executive de- troduced by a personal narrative of the partment of the general government is life of the author, from the skilful pen of about to be conducted on the same sound the editor, are a compilation from Washprinciples which prevailed immediately ington's original papers, which, including after its institution, we feel a special inter- his own letters and those addressed to est in now inquiring what those principles him, are contained in upwards of two hunwere. The great lapse of time since the dred folio volumes; and have been de
* The Writings of George Washington; being his Correspondence, Addresses, Messages, and other papers, official and private, selected and published from the original manuscripts; with a Life of the Author, Notes and Illustrations. By JARED SPARKS. 12 vols. octavo. Harper & Brothers, publishers, 82 Cliff Street, New York. 1847–8.
posited, since the purchase by Congress, American Cæsar. It has already gone in the archives of the Department of into all the civilized world ; and we reState: They comprise whatever in the joice to think that wherever a copy of it manuscripts is most valuable for explaining stands, whether in the book-case of the the opinions, the acts, and the character of American citizen, the libraries of foreign the writer, and for illustrating the great scholars, or the alcoves of European kings, events and tendencies of the times, so far there stands, constructed out of materials as he was connected with them. Of the wrought by his own hand, a monument to twelve volumes, in which the work is the memory of Washington, more eloquent published, the first contains the Life of than marble, more lasting than brass. This Washington ; the second, his official let- great work, we are aware, needs no reters relating to the French war, and commendation of ours; and the limited private letters before the American Revo- space allowed us for treating an important lution ; the six volumes following contain theme forbids an extended notice of it; his correspondence and miscellaneous pa- but we cannot refrain from expressing the pers concerning the American Revolution ; wish that it may be still more extensively the ninth volume, his private letters from circulated among both those who make, the time he resigned his commission as and those who obey, the laws of the land. commander in chief of the army, to that The words of Washington and the other of bis inauguration as President of the illustrious statesmen, who assisted in United States; the tenth and eleventh, framing the Constitution, and in adminishis letters, official and private, from the tering the government under it, furnish beginning of his presidency to the end of the true salt of our popular political literahis life; the twelfth, his speeches and ture; and we need not add how much the messages to Congress, proclamations and atmosphere of society would be improved, addresses, together with seven very full if a large part of this were better salted. and convenient indexes to the whole work. Before entering upon the examination of Neither expense nor labor were spared by our subject, it is proper that a preliminary the editor in examining the whole mass of question should be settled, which persons papers ; and the selection appears to have not familiar with the history of political been made with that discriminating judg- opinions in this country, may be surprised ment, so conspicuous in all the writings of to see raised, inasmuch as it concerns this learned historian. Each volume is the purity of Washington's republicanism. accompanied with explanatory notes and But it has been maintained by the advoappendixes, the materials for which, hav- cates of unreasonably conservative views ing been derived almost entirely from un- of government, both in Church and State, published manuscripts in various foreign that Washington derived the title of the and domestic libraries, are new contribu- American colonies to liberty, from English tions to the history of the times, as well as laws, charters, and precedents, and not important illustrations of the sentiments from the principle of natural justice, as and deeds of Washington. These invalu- asserted in the Declaration of Indepenable Writings, therefore, so fitly prepared dence. This is an error. The following for the public eye by the laborious re- extract from a letter addressed to Bryan search, the critical skill, and the scrupulous Fairfax, under date of August 24, 1774, fidelity of an eminent scholar, will ever is conclusive evidence, that Washington deserve the place of honor in the library justified his opposition to the royal usurpof every American citizen, who pretends ations on the ground of his natural rights to study the history, or the politics of bis as a man, as well as his legal privileges as country. Should Congress, in its com- an Englishman. In truth,” says the mendable zeal for diffusing political in- writer, “ persuaded as I am that you have formation among its constituents, ever see read all the political pieces, which comfit to publish the entire papers of the pose a large share of the gazettes of this Father of his country, still this selection time, I should think it, but for your remust always continue, from its convenient quest, a piece of inexcusable arrogance in
and moderate price, to be the popular me, to make the least essay towards a
a of these Commentaries of the change in your political opinions ; for I am