« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »
France. French soldiers ! Soldiers of liberty!
Elysee National, May 8, 1849. march not against your brethren. Our battles “My dear General—The telegraphic news are yours. Let the two tri-colored flags ally announcing the unforeseen resistance which themselves, and march together to the libera- you have met under the walls of Rome, has tion of nations and the destruction of tyrants. greatly grieved me. I had hoped that the inGod, France and Italy will bless your arms. habitants of Rome, opening their eyes to eviLong live the French republic! Long live the dence, would receive with eagerness an army Roman republic!
which had arrived to accomplish a friendly and The Triumvirs,
ARMELLINI, disinterested mission. This has not been the
Our soldiers have been received as
MAZZINI. enemies. Our military honor is injured. I Rome, May 10, 1849.
will not suffer it to be assailed, for reinforce
ments shall not be wanting to you. And the following address to the Romans soldiers I appreciate their bravery, and take was issued by Avezzana :
part in what they endure, and that they may
always rely upon my support and my gratitude. “Romans! With inexpressible joy I have My dear General, receive the assurance of received and published the bulletin of General my sentiments of high esteem. Garibaldi relative to the brilliant feat of arms
Louis NAPOLEON BONAPARTE.” at Palestrina, performed yesterday. Citizens ! This letter has been severely discussed in Modern Rome is like the ancient city, sur- the Legislative Asseinbly; but the ministers rounded with enemies in the infancy of its declared that it was merely a private letter of republican life. But if the first came forth the President's, expressing his regret to the armed and powerful in war from being so often General, and was not in any way official—that assailed, the second. innocent, pure from blood, they had no participation in it. It has been cleansed from ambition, and aspiring only to highly reprobated, as being an insult upon the the exercise of human rights, will be encour- Assembly, promising to send reinforcements aged in her glorious mission by the sanctity of without taking the opinion of the representaher cause, and protected by the justice of God. tives of the nation on the subject. Persevere, therefore, Romans, with all courage. No important event has since occurred in We will overcome our enemies; we will guard Italy up to the date of the last advices, except. our rights; we will be the corner-stone of the ing that the Spaniards have landed a small rebuilding of Italy.
force, about 4000 men, at Fiunacini, to assist “ The French threaten yet once inore to the Pope. It will be seen that the Romans return to the assault; we will chase them back have altogether acted the most noble part in again in the tracks they have left from the these affairs, and that they are determined to 30th of April. At the first discharge of can- resist to the uttermost. The next advices will non, let all the citizens run gallantly to arms, be highly important. With regard to the sudand fly to defend the walls and barricades. den change of opinion which has taken place God is with us. The eternal right of the in France, and which, from a small minority of people shall not perish
85, las raised the number of Montagnards “ JOSEPH Avezzana, the General-in-Chief, and Socialists in the National Assembly to Minister of War and Marine.
250, or perhaps 300, in the new Legislative Rome, 10th May, 1849.”
Assembly, which is to consist of 750 members,
we cannot do better than give our readers The effect of this reverse was sensibly felt
some extracts from the letters of Mr. F. Gailby the Parisians, and throughout France. They lardet, the former editor, and now the correswere wounded in the tenderest point-in their pondent, of the Courrier des Etats Unis. Mr. military glory, and that too in fields where they of l'Yonne, comprising the whole of the former
Gaillardet was a candidate for the Department had always been accustomed to victory. The administration of Louis Napoleon was dis province of Burgundy, and which, in the eleccredited; upon it fell the greater share of the
tion of the first Legislative Assembly, had disgrace incurred. For it had not been
shown an almost unanimous distaste for imagined by the French people that their sol- Socialist principles. Mr. Gaillardet obtained diers had been sent to Italy for the sole purpose ists, who obtained upwards of 28.000. This
27,158 votes, but was defeated by the Socialof reinstating the Pope. They had been told it was to combat Austrian and Neapolitan in- Department, which was considered the very fluence, and their mortification and disappoint- Socialist members, out of eight, to represent
incarnation of Bonapartism, has sent three ment were unbounded.
On this intelligence reaching Paris, the them in the Assembly President addressed the following letter to
M. Gaillardet says, in a letter dated 24th General Oudinot, which was immediately pub
Maylished in the Moniteur:
“Now let us trace at what period and from
what cause originated this opposition which | The army, of which the obedience appeared in the country people wished to evince towards nowise doubtful, is at the present moment dithe government ? It scarcely dates from a vided, the poison of socialism has infused itself monih back. Yes, only a month ago the re- into its veins, and has borne with it a spirit of sult of the elections would have been altogether disaffection and disorder; nevertheless, these different. But in that short space of time the evils are not so widely spread as the party of administration, and the President himself, have anarchy had hoped. Of this we had a proof accumulated fanlt upon fault, imprudence on last Monday. The President reviewed the imprudence. The most serious of all was the whole of the garrison of Paris, amounting to expedition to Italy, and the check received at 50,000 men, in order to sound their feeling. the gates of Rome which was its consequence. This feeling was excellent. Louis Napoleon That mad attempt, which has metamorphosed was received with real and sincere enthusiasm our soldiers into soldiers of the Pope, has been by the regiments of every branch of the seraltogether unpopular in the eyes of our agri- vice, with the exception, perhaps, of the artilcultural population, who are naturally grum- lery and the engineer corps, who remained blers with regard to everything relating to silent. Paris, therefore, has resumed its confiChurch affairs. The President's letter, (to dence, and the exchange which, in the course General Oudinot,) General Changarnier's order of three days, had seen the public funds fall in of the day, which announced the intention of value thirteen francs, witnessed a rise of six in persevering in the intervention, added to the a single hour. It is probable that these enorfeeling of discontent already sufficiently vivid, mous and ruinous fluctuations may recur, and and when a telegraphic dispatch, sent into the more than once. We are unfortunately thrown departments by M. Leon Faucher, denouncing again into an era of alarms and uncertainties, as abettors of anarchy those representatives which but a few months since appeared to who had condemned the expedition, its arrival have ceased. So numerous have been the did good service to some whom it was intend- emigrations that have taken place, that gold ed to injure. In many places the President has risen to a premium of 33 francs per 1000. has become unpopular because he has de- Since the review, a great number of removals, ceived the expectations of those who wished which had commenced, have been counterfor nothing more than that he should inake manded. changeable a people are we, so himself emperor. Their disappointment threw readily do we pass from apprehension to secuthem into the opposite excess, and socialism rity. has to them all the charm of revenge, the " The advent of the Montagnards to a formitemptation of novelty and of forbidden fruit. dable state of constitutional opposition will They wish more from curiosity than convic- place France in a position more clearly defined tion to make a trial of it; if they felt its effects than heretofore. But yesterday, many persons for three months they would reject with pitch- were dreaming of the possible return of instituforks those whom they have elevated. But tions fallen into decay, whether in favor of the this which gives weigbt to socialist doctrines empire, an Orleans regency, or of legitimacy, is precisely that they are in the class of theo- all these visions are about to be dispelled, and retical promises, and the trial of them would there will be but one solid spot of ground on be too costly to permit it to be attempted. which an asylum and security can be found; Fire is not to be played with. All that is now that spot will be the Republic and the Conto be done is to extinguish it, or at all events stitution. It is there that all men, lovers of to stop its farther progress.
order, must meet to abjure their resentments, " To accomplish this, the most opposite pro- and enter into an alliance to counterpoise the jects have been proposed. Every statesman fusion which is taking place in the ranks of has his own. Some demand merely that an their adversaries. For some time past Socialend should be at once put to the republic, and ism has seen the Montagnards advancing tothat we should return to the empire by a coup wards it, whom they had formerly anathemad'etat. This advice, which has been offered tized; they have been followed by the National, to the President by more than one party, is which has fraternally extended its hand to the the most fatal of all. It would plunge us at Peuple of M. Proudhon. Every question having once into all the horrors of a civil war, and now but two visible aims, France will thus would lead Louis Bonaparte to Vincennes or find berself divided into two camps, the one to the scaffold. There was a moment when having Property for its banner, the other, Sosuch an atteinpt did not appear to be impossi- cialism, which is but one of the premises of ble. It was the day on which Louis Bona- Communism. The future being thus defined, parte assumed power, backed by the fascina- it would be a manifest error to allow such tion of his six millions of votes; but at the men as Cavaignac, Lamoricière and M. Dupresent moment that fascination has vanished. faure to remain without the pale of the camp The country people, who then entertained a of order, as on their part it would be a great feeling of worship towards the nephew of their crime should they refuse to enter it. If this emperor, have begun to pull down their idol. holy alliance of all men of heart and of pro
gress can be bronght about, the following | Principle cannot be compromised, should be its mission. It ought resolutely to Congress has the power to prohibit or admit take the initiative in all possible reforms, in slavery, and no one else. It is not in the terevery necessary reform. It will be necessary ritories; for their governments are the creato combat the Socialists with their own wea- tures of Congress, and its deputies, so far as pons; by giving to the people what they have any legislative power is concerned. It is not
; promised them within the limits of possibility; in the States separately; and this leads to one by wresting from them the exclusive title of the grossest delusions which has grown out of defenders of the popular classes, which of the political metaphysics of Mr. Calhoun. they have been imprudently permitted to as- He claims a right for the citizens of the slave sume.”
States to remove to New Mexico and California with their slave property. This is a profound error. The property is in the law
which creates it, and the law cannot be carried We much regret that our want of space pre
an inch beyond the limits of the State which cludes us at this moment from recording so fully
enacts it. No citizen of any State can carry as we could desire, Mr. Benton's arguments property, derived from a law of that State, an against the admission of slaves into our new
inch beyond the boundary law of the State territories. He has made a noble stand, and
which creates it. The instant he passes that his reasoning will doubtless have a most bene- boundary, to settle with his property, it beficial effect. Unfortunately we were not able
comes subject to another law, if there is one, to obtain a complete copy of the speech until
and is without law, if there is not. This is the nearly the whole of our number was in the
case with all; with the northern man with his press. We shall most probably revert to it on
corporation and franchises, with the southern a future occasion.
man and his slaves. This is the law of the Mr. Benton, by this speech, which was de- | land, and let any one try it that disputes it." livered at Jefferson, Missouri, on the 26th of
Mr. Benton afterwards cites the difference May, has completely turned the tables on Mr.
of the Mexican government abolishing slavery Calhoun, for he proves that as long ago as the throughout that republic, and goes on to say-presidency of Mr. Monroe, Mr. Calhoun, as
“ Thus there is no slavery now in Mexico cabinet ininister, supported an act of Congress, and California, and consequently none in any couched in the very language of the Wilmot territory belonging to the United States; and, proviso, by which slavery was prohibited in therefore, nothing practical or real in the whole that portion of Louisiana ceded by France to slavery question for the people of the United the United States, lying north of 36 degrees States to quarrel about. There is no slavery 30 min. north latitude, an area of nearly a
now by law in any territory, and it cannot get million square miles.
there by law, except by act of Congress; and Mr. Benton, speaking of the powers of Con
no such act will be passed, or even asked for. gress, says— Yes, citizens, Congress has the
The dogma of no power in Congress to legispower to legislate upon slavery in territories, tension. No legal establishment of slavery in
late upon slavery in territories, kills that preand to admit or prohibit its existence; in fact,
California and New Mexico is then to be looked to compromise it. She has the constitutional power, but can never hereafter exercise it.
for. That is certain. Equally certain, it will The new dogma of no power in Congress to
never be established in either of them in point legislate on the subject, has killed all compro- inhabitants, are unanimous against it."
of fact. The people of both territories, the old mise. Those who deny the power, cannot vote for it; it would be a breach of their oath. Those who want no slavery in the new territories, will not vote for compromise; and thus
We had prepared an abstract of the bill extremes meet, combine against the middle, which has lately passed both houses of Parand defeat all compromise. The resolutions of liament in Great Britain, changing the whole Mr. Calhoun have done this; and to talk system of its navigation laws, but it has been about compromise now, is to propose to call crowded out of the present number, and we Methusaleh from his tomb. The effect, if not shall therefore give it in our next. the design, of his new dogma was to kill compromise, and dead it is. The constitution will The same has occurred with regard to innot permit him and his followers to vote for any formation lately received from Europe, as to the compromise line. Opposition to the extension state of the war in Schleswig Holstein, the of slavery will not permit northern men to do affairs of the German empire, Spain, Ilolland, it, and thus there is no chance for any line. I &c.
hitherto reverenced as the figure of Truth, tifully does Mr. Cheever exclaim, "What arrayed in the simple garments of philosophy. would not the world give for a collection of We are ready to admit an hundred times Milton's private correspondence! The only over Mr. Macaulay's literary powers--bril- letters we have are letters of state, grand letliant even under the affectation with which ters, letters written with the eye of the world he too frequently disfigures them. He is over the shoulder of the writer. But of epistoa great painter, but a suspicious narrator ; | lary correspondence, of that which is a carea grand proficient in the picturesque, but a less, hasty record of a man's fainiliar thoughts very poor professor of the historic. These and feelings, as they come and go in the curvolumes have been, and his future volumes as rent of every day's existence, we have nothey appear will be devoured with the same thingeagerness that Oliver Twist or Vanity Fair excite--with the same quality of zest, though Thy soul was like a star, and dwelt apart; perhaps with a higher degree of it; but his Thou hadst a voice whose sound was like the pages will seldom, we think, receive a second
sea; perusal; and the work, we apprehend, will Pure as the naked heavens, majestic, free. hardly find a permanent place on the historic So didst thou travel on life's common way.” shell--nor ever assuredly, if continued in the spirit of the first two volumes, be quoted as We hear the roar of the sea ; the voice, in authority on any question or point of the Ilis- English literature, is as that of Niagara among tory of England."
waters. We behold, too, the perpetual shining of the star, but there is a sense of aparıness, a majesty of loneliness about it. The roar of the
ocean is grand, but it is pleasant sometimes The Hill Difficulty, and some Experiences of to hear the gurgle of the running brooks Life in the Plains of Ease, with other Miss among forest leaves, when “inland far we
And such a music is in the minor poems cellanies. By George B. CHEEVER, D.D. New York: John Wiley, 161 Broadway.
of Milton, but we have no familiar letters.
There appears to us to be much affectation in the title of this volume. In an article on the life and writings of John Foster, Mr. Chee- The Personal History and Experience of Daver praises and admires Foster for his child-like vid Copperfield the younger.
By CHARLES simplicity, Christian humility, nobleness of DICKENS. Illustrated by H. K. Browne. feeling, and intense hatred of oppression, but No. 1. New York: John Wiley, 161 Broadnotwithstanding these glorious virtues, be
way. cause Foster did not believe in the doctrine of eternal punishment, he is called by Mr. This edition is reprinted from proof-sheets Cheever' an intellectual, but half-enlightened received by special arrangement from the Lonpagan. Did Mr. Foster believe in infant don publishers. This work bids fair to be as indamnation ? Certainly not; yet this one of teresting as any that has as yet issued from the doctrines of Calvinism. But what minister the fertile brain of Mr. Dickens. The illustradare preach it now? Every mother, especially tions are excellent, and the book is handsomely any of them who had lost children, could they printed. There is an old woman in the work for a moment think that the little cherubs whose favorite word is “ meandering." She whose rosy mouths they had kissed, whose boasts that she has never been out on the heads had reposed on their bosom, whose little water, and expresses her indignation at the confiding hands had been pressed in theirs, impiety of mariners and others who had the whose first artless words they had listened to- presumption to go “meandering” about the could they for a moment think that such an- world. It was in vain to represent to her that gelic natures had descended to the “ bottomless some conveniences, tea perhaps included, repit,“ such a doctrine would fall powerless on sulted from this objectionable practice. She their ears; with faces turned heavenward, and always returned with greater emphasis, and eyes filled with tears, they would rejoice that of with an instinctive knowledge of the strength such is the kingdom of heaven. With Mr. of her objection,“ Let us have no meandering.” Cheever the thought of eternal punishment There is another lady who, when speaking of seems to be delightful, it nestles in his brain the kindness of her departed husband, and that and heart, he turns over the words in his they had always lived happily together, says: mouth as a sweet morsel, it is with him I am sure we never had a word of difference " the silken string running through the pearl except when Mr. Copperfield objected to my chain of all virtues," and religion likewise. threes and fives being too much like each
Some of the descriptive and meditative pieces other, or to my putting curly tails to my sevens in this volume are pleasantly written. Beau- and nines.”
Kaloolah, or Journeyings to the Djebel Kumri ; | drooping and decaying Nature.
Stand forth, an Autobiography of Jonathan Romer. and enjoy it! Quail not! Bare your brow to Edited by W. S. ÞAYO, M. D. New York: the storm-look with a steady eye upon the George P. Putnam, 155 Broadway; Lon- lightning's flash--listen to the awful chorus, don : David Bogue, 86 Fleet street.
and feel alike the infinity of God and the greatness of the soul. The
storm has passed the This book is full of spirit, life and excite-moistened foliage rustles in the breeze, but ment, and its interest never for a moment with a different tone-a tone of pure gladness; flags. The author is at home on the ocean, the insects beat the air with their tiny wings in the wilderness, on the vast desert. Kaloolab to a more joyful measure; the birds sing is an exquisite patriot, and the account of her freely, blithely; the trout springs actively from growing love for Romer is delightfully and the placid lake, and dashes the sparkling circles truly told. Every one will read it, but we with a sound of merriment and glee. The cannot refrain from giving one specimen of our harmony is of Nature revived, restored. It author's happy style. While "Romer is at speaks of hope and confidence-it presages school a "revival of religion” takes place in immortality. But how easy, natural and quiet! the village, and the temporary madness ex- Ah, in all that infinite variety of praise, and tends itself to the teachers in the seminary; prayer, and thanksgiving, you can discover the school-room is deserted, Romer says, nothing like rant or cant !" " At this time most of my hours were spent in the woods, either fishing, reading, or percbance dreaming. Often stretched at length upon the sunny bank of the most beautiful trout-stream Leonard Scott & Co., 79 Fulton street, New in the world, or seated upon some prostrate York, have reprinted the London Quarterly, giant of the forest, I have turned with shud- the Edinburgh and Westminster Reviews, and dering and loathing from the sight and sounds Blackwood's Magazine. They contain much of the distant village, and have felt borne to interesting and instructive reading, and are my innermost soul the conviction that cant and published at exceedingly low rates. The Lonrant are utterly inconsistent with the true don Quarterly has some excellent remarks on worship of God. How soft, and low, and Macaulay's History of England, written in a calm, yet deep and full of meaning and power, fair tone and spirit. The reviewer thinks, are the hymns sung to His praise in the great There is hardly a page that does not contain temple of Nature. How varied too! How something objectionable either in substance or infinitely expressive! Listen to the bot sun. in color; and the whole of the brilliant and beams striking upon the thick pendent foliage, at first captivating narrative is perceived on to the soft sighing of the million leaves, as, dis- examination to be impregnated to a really turbed by the fitful breeze, they twist and marvellous degree with bad taste, bad feeling, wriggle themselves back to stillness and rest. and, we are under the painful necessity of addListen to the low hum of the lazy insects; to ing, bad faith. . . . . It makes the facts of the hesitating twitter of the sleepy birds, or to English history as fabulous as his Lays do the occasional sullen, sluggish plash of some those of Roman tradition; and it is written with trout, who has been lured from his siesta by as captious, as dogmatical, and as cynical a the temptation of a careless fly. The blended spirit as the bitterest of his reviews. . . . . He whole makes music---low, melancholy music- does not take the slightest notice of Mackthe most saddening music-it speaks of life, intosh's history, no more than if it had never health, vigor; but of life, health, vigor, doomed existed. . Mr. Macaulay deals with histo decay. It is prophetic in its tones; ihe tory, evidently, as we think, in imitation of deepest well-springs of the soul are stirred, the novelists--his first object being always gently, sadly, but not unpleasantly, as the fore- picturesque effect—his constant endeavor to boding notes rise, and swell, and fall. Anon give from all the repositories of gossip that the tempest comes, the majestic clouds speak have reached us a kind of circumstantial reto each other and to earth in the deep voices of ality to his incidents, and a sort of dramatic the pealing thunder; the sturdy woods re- life to his personages.
He paints every echo, and prolong the crashing sounds ; the thing that looks like a Tory in the blackest colwind sweeps through the foliage with a hollow
Mr. Macaulay has almost realized the rushing, as if a myriad viewless spirits were work that Alexander Chalmers' playful imagiflapping their pinions and careering before it nation had fancied, a Biographia Flagitiosa, -the big drops fall with leaden sound upon or, The Lives of Eminent Scoundrels. the leaves. Does not the whole make the We protest against this species of carnival wildest, sublimest harmony ? There is nothing history; no more like the reality than the disinal or gloomy in it; it is sternly joyous; it Eglintoun Tournament or the Costume Qua. speaks of power, of might; but it speaks too drilles of Buckingham Palace; and we dein solemn and majestic tones-no ranting or plore the squandering of so much melo-dracanting-of a power above, and beyond mere matic talent on a subject which we have