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The free democracy are resolved that you shall not have another State from the new territory; they have set their hearts upon that. For this policy you have to thank your Jupiter of South Carolina. He, the minority, has taught them, the majority, what to insist on.
"Resolved, That the existence of human Slavery at the seat of Government is a foul stain upon the escutcheon of our Republic; and no efforts should be spared to elect Senators and Representatives to Congress, who will vote unhesitatingly for the abolition of Slavery and the slave-trade in the District of Columbia, or the removal of the seat of Government to a place consecrated to free soil. "Resolved, That this Convention approve the platform of the Free Democracy, which was promulgated at Buffalo in August, 1848, and which has since been sanctioned by every State, slave or free, where the Free Democracy have been organized.
"Resolved, That President Taylor, by allowing his name and influence to be used for the benefit of the slave power, at the close of the late session of Congress, has not only violated the spirit of his pledge not to interfere with the action of Congress, but by threatening through his official organ to visit the Free-soil party with his indignant frown," in case they should do what Southern members of Congress have done without incurring any such frowns, has abundantly shown that the cause of freedom in the new free territories of New Mexico and California has nothing to hope, but much to fear, from the present national adininistration."
This is very injurious to President Taylor. He has not exercised any of the influence here ascribed to him. pledged himself not to oppose the confessed and unmistakable will of the nation, expressed in Congress. The abolition loco-focos, however, set him at defiance.
“Resolved, That we believe, with the fathers of the Republic, that human slavery is a moral, social, and political evil; that the General Government should relieve itself from all responsibility for its existence, and that the full constitutional power of the Government to prevent the spread of this evil should be exerted now, as it should have been from the Jeffersonian ordinance of 1787."
Jefferson's opinions are a great testimony, indeed, against an institution of which he felt and described the evils.
Resolved, That we abhor the policy of partisan politicians, who for political availability have so long sacrificed in national
conventions the best interests of freedom and humanity.".
A very evident hit at the Baltimore Convention. The "free democracy" will never again be reconciled to a union with the South as it now is.
A word more, and I have done. The new manufacturing interests of the South are like to prove, in no very remote future, a grand source of wealth and power to her citizens. They will furnish her with a free and powerful white population. The Whig policy is to foster and sustain these new and unequalled sources of power. The Whig policy has also been to forbid the extension of slavery over new territoRadical democratic policy, on the ries. other hand, wishes to deprive you of this new resource by its doctrine of free trade, by which you are kept poor, as a people, and made to depend upon the industry and enterprise of the North, and upon England. To this compulsory dependence they join the new doctrine of abolition, of violent abolition. They intend also to elect a President "who will use the entire power of the Constitution to abolish slavery." What the entire power of the Constitution may mean twenty years hence, in the hands of an anti-slavery President, elected by the Southern democracy and Northern radicals, you may imagine-and perhaps you can hardly stretch your imaginations too far.
There is but one course left for the
South, (I humbly conceive,) and that is to join in the undivided support of the present administration. That administration is indeed Whig, but it is not ultra Whig; it does not intend to launch out into a "grand and general system of expenditure for internal improvement;" it will only favor such public objects as may be deemed expedient; it has not betrayed any violent or headstrong determination to carry out this or that extreme system of measures. It has made the administration of Washington its model. That it will defend the State sovereignties, and the decisions of the Supreme Court, there is not the slightest doubt. Is it not, then, worth a moment's reflection, even though you are a member of the Southern democracy, whether the true policy of the South, all things considered, will not be to sustain the administration?
THE IMPRUDENT CALIPH.
[TRANSLATED FROM THE FRENCH]
We have found the following political jeu d'esprit in the Paris Revue Comique. Beneath the more than transparent veil of oriental names which the witty author has borrowed, our readers will discover, and without much difficulty, three eminent personages of the present age, the President of France, the President of the Ministerial Council, and the King of Bankers. -Courrier des Etats Unis.
Ix former times there reigned in Bagdad the young Caliph Omar el Arousch, nephew of the illustrious Haroun Alraschid.
All the world knows that the Caliph Haroun Alraschid was dethroned by the family of the Barmecides, surnamed the Simpletons, and that he died in exile on an island in the Indian seas.
His nephew, Omar el Arousch met with some singular adventures. A sage seer said to him in his childhood: "My son, always remember this maxim, which all great men have acknowledged; To will, is to perform;' which means neither more nor less than that, with a hard and determined head, a man may attain any object, even that of becoming Caliph of Bagdad; although the high rank of Caliph is at present held by the junior branch of the Barmecide family, who dethroned the elder branch surnamed the Simpletons, who had previously dethroned your august uncle, Haroun Alraschid."
"Well, then," said little Omar, "it is my will to become Caliph of Bagdad."
"You shall become so," said the seer, "but on the condition that your head be hard and determined."
"Fear me not," replied the prince, and from that time forward he regularly, every morning, knocked his head against a wall, to harden it as much as possible, and he succeeded so well that he made his head so hard that nothing could penetrate it.
And for this reason the prediction of the seer was fulfilled.
One fine morning the inhabitants of Bagdad drove from the walls of their city the junior branch of the Barmecides, who had dethroned the elder branch, surnamed the Simpletons, who had exiled Haroun Alraschid ; after which they said
"Let us choose for our Caliph, Prince Omar, the nephew of the illustrious Haroun; he is of all the princes of the earth the one who has the hardest head, and in truth, a chimney falling on it would in nowise damage it; in this way we shall have the glory of being governed by the only caliph in the world who could venture to ride through our streets without risk of injury, even during a hurricane."
And the Prince Omar was thus proclaimed Caliph.
One evening he had a vision, in which appeared to him his uncle Haroun, who seemed to laugh so violently as to be obliged to hold both his sides.
"Ah! my good nephew," cried the apparition, "how art thou bedizened! Who the deuce could have imagined that I should one day see my crown upon thy head ?"
"This is the advantage of having a hard head," replied the nephew. "To will is to perform,' said a sage man to me.'
"Zounds, my good nephew, what a philosopher you have become!" cried the uncle, laughing still more heartily; but soon assuming a serious air, he continued:
"I will now give you a lesson on the art of governing. Do you know the error above all others which caliphs in our days ought the most carefully to avoid?"
"Catching cold in the head," rejoined the prince, with much assurance. "That's not it."
The young prince reflected for a moment, pressed his hand to his forehead, and said
"Ah! I have it now; to avoid eating | vifteen hondred tousand leetle sequins fricasseed rabbits."* which I haf here in a pag.
"You are worthy of belonging to the elder branch of the Barmecides," exclaimed the uncle, disdainfully shrugging up his shoulders. "The real danger which threatens the caliphs of this age, is the influence of financiers. If once a caliph gets into their hands he is lost forever. They seize him by the throat and govern in his stead. I spent the ten years of my reign in combatting the influence of financiers, and they overcame me at last. It was the financiers who for six weeks delayed the campaign I undertook when I invaded Hindostan, and it was this delay which brought about the disasters that caused my downfall. Thus, my nephew, hold this as certain, that the financiers will destroy you if you do not crush them."
Having uttered these words, the uncle vanished, after having broken some porcelain vases in the apartment.
Some gaping citizens who chanced to espy him as he was soaring to the clouds, cried out loudly, "Long live the great Haroun Alraschid." But Haroun, being irritated, took off his shoes and threw them at their heads.
The Academy of Sciences having been consulted on this astounding event, came to the conclusion that the shoes had fallen from the moon.
Notwithstanding this, an usurer, well known at Bagdad, had presented himself to the new caliph on the very day of his accession.
"Mein brince," said he, with a singularly strong Chinese accent, "I vos te panker of your uncle, and I lent him monies vrom bure batriotism. Ah! your uncle vos a prave man. I am gome to offer you
As our readers may not comprehend this allusion, we will remind them that Louis XVI. after escaping from Paris arrived at Varennes, in which town there was an inn, the host of which was celebrated for the exquisite way
which he prepared a “gibelotte de lapins," (fricasBee of rabbits.) The king insisted on halting to test the innkeeper's culinary skill, of which he had often heard. While thus indulging his gastronomic propensity, a troop of gen d'armes, who who had been sent in pursuit of him, surrounded the house, seized the king and conducted him back to Paris. A dish of rabbits cost him his life.-(Trans)
"Give them to me," said the prince; "fifteen hundred thousand sequins are always good to take, and the more so that I have occasion for them at this moment."
The imprudent caliph took the sequins, bought himself sixty horses, a hundred women for his harem, and filled his cellar with champagne in despite of the prohibition of the Prophet, and then he gave the place of grand vizier to a stout, bald-headed man, who for eighteen years had pretended to be conversant with political affairs, and had become the laughing-stock of the whole city.
From that moment his only occupation was to drink his champagne, see his women dance, and ride out on horseback through the streets and the environs of Bagdad.
The inhabitants of the city, however, having heard that the stout bald-headed man had been appointed vizier, indulged in a thousand jests on the subject; then they ceased to jest, and loudly blamed the caliph for having made so imprudent an appointment.
The caliph, being alarmed at this demonstration of discontent, announced that he was about to dismiss the grand vizier; but this rumor had no sooner been spread abroad in the city, than the usurer, with the Chinese accent, hastened to the palace.
"Mein brince," exclaimed he, "are you apout to dismish your pald-headed vizier ?"
'Yes, my good man," replied Omar. "Ah! de tevil! de tevil! de tevil!"
"What do you mean by your devils ?" "Vy, if de fizier goes out de schtocks vill go town on de Pagdat exchange." "And what then?"
And I shall pe opliged to ask you to rebay de vifteen hundred tousand little zequins dat I lent you de oder tay."
The caliph at once comprehended his position, bowed his head, and retained his vizier in office, although he heard every day, when riding out, shouts as he passed by of "Down with the grand vizier, who is the laughing-stock of Bagdad !”
When this happened he would return to his palace, and console himself with his hundred women and his champagne.
Sometime after this the Persians, who were friends of the subjects of the caliph,
dethroned their Schah, after having effected a revolution analogous to that which had seated the nephew of Haroun Alraschid, the great, upon the throne of Bagdad. It was perfectly natural that the people of this city should go to the assistance of the Persians, who were threatened by the Emperor of Mogul, who wished to interfere for the purpose of re-establishing the Schah upon the throne of Ispahan. This was also the secret desire of Caliph Omar, who would in this have followed the policy of his uncle; but he had no sooner allowed his intentions to be divined, than the same usurer with the Chinese accent, once more hurried to the palace. Mein brince!"
"What's the matter now ?"
"De beeples are dalking of an intervention !"
"If de Grand Mogul is disbleased mit us, de schtocks will fall on de Change, and I shall pe opliged to ask you to bay de vifteen hundred tousand leetle zequins you know of."
"Go to the deuce with you," replied the young caliph, and he bowed his head as on the former occasion, and he went to seek for consolation with Fatima, his favorite.
A month after this the imbecile grand vizier published some ordinances of so tyrannical a nature that they created general indignation among the people of Bagdad.
"Verily," said they, "it was for less than this, that we drove away the last Barmecide of the junior branch."
These rumors reached the ear of Prince Omar at the moment when he had just raised a glass of champagne to his lips to drink to the health of the Pharaohs, whom he had been taught to believe were his grand uncles. At the same moment the usurer rushed in panting for breath. Mein brince, I am here again." "I see that clearly enough.' "Dey say you vill annul de ordinance of de Grand Fizier! Den dere vill be a great fall on de Change, and I shall be vorsed to ask you to bay"
The Prince prevented him from saying
another word, by seizing him by the shoulders and pushing him out of the room; but he did not dare to recall the ordinances, and spent the evening in drinking champagne with his women, in order to divert his thoughts from this unpleasant predicament.
While drinking the fifteenth bottle, his illustrious uncle again appeared to him. His irritated relative began by breaking all the looking-glasses in the room, and then addressing his nephew, who was trembling in his bed, said—
Well, young man, we are in a pretty
pass. "Yes, in truth."
WE still remain without any official details of the grand battle said to have been fought between the Hungarians and Russians, and begin to be afraid the accounts received by the former steamer were, to say the least of them, premature.
The interest excited throughout the Union by the gallant struggle of the Hungarians to assert their independence, and free themselves from a yoke which for so many centuries has weighed oppressively upon them, has induced us to enter a little more fully into their early history, than in our preceding number.
As long ago as the year 889, the Hungarians, or Magyars, then coming from the east, took possession of the plains of Dacia, in which country they eventually settled, after having made, during a whole century, several adventurous excursions into the West. Here they formed an empire which became the first bulwark of Christendom against the invasion of the Ottomans.
The security of the throne had been constantly maintained in Hungary, because the sovereign had been always, and necessarily, a warrior. It was less an administrator than a general that they required to repel the incursions of the Moguls, the Tartars, and the Turks. The king therefore remained the chief of the armed bands at the time of the conquest. To arrive at supreme power, it was necessary to have given proofs of warlike prowess, and to have secured the confidence of the army. On the day of election, the warrior who claimed the crown galloped up the hill on which the electors were assembled, brandishing his sword to the four cardinal points, thus declaring he would defend the kingdom from all enemies, coming from whatever quarter of the globe. The electors were then asked, "Is it your pleasure that here present shall be crowned as king," and on their assent the royal dignity was conferred.
The sceptre was sometimes transmitted by a species of lineal succession-from male heir to male heir, as was the case first in the Arpadian dynasty, and subsequently in the family of Anjou, and other royal houses; but it was the election of the Diet alone that gave the king the right of ascending the throne. This formality was attended with great and pompous formalities. The election took place on the extensive plain of Rakos, and there every member of the Diet attended, armed cap-a-pie, with all the panoply of war, to vote for the candidate.
The kingdom of Hungary, from the eleventh to the sixteenth century, was one of the most powerful in Europe. At the time of the fall of the Greek Empire, it extended from Bulgaria to Poland, from Austria to the Black Sea, and it was subsequently increased under Matthias Corvinus, who conquered Silesia, Lusatia, Austria and Moravia. The power of its kings was limited by the Golden Bull of 1222, an article of which authorized the Hungarians to resist the sovereign should he violate the constitution. This power was further tempered by the king's being compelled to recognize the prescriptive rights of the nation. At the period when Louis XI. and Ferdinand the Catholic, reigned over other countries, the Hungarians were governed only by laws voted in their own Diets. The constitution, the most enlightened possessed by any nation, at that time, had, doubtless, been progressively devel-placed in the hands of the king, assures the peroped.
But even at the brightest epoch of her his tory, Hungary contained within her the germs of her decline. This will readily be conceived, for the throne was elective; the destinies of the State were placed in jeopardy at each new accession, and the Austrian princes, who had striven through the whole of the middle ages to get the crown awarded to them, at length received it from the hands of the enfeebled nation.
Although the Hungarians have always retained the somewhat barbarous attitude of a numerous encamped army, it must not be imagined that they did not participate in the refinements of western civilization. The institutions which they had brought with them from the steppes of Asia had already attained considerable development. While on the one hand the sovereign power as chief of the army, being
petual unity of the State; on the other, the municipal power, emanating from the great body of the conquering tribes, is a sure safeguard of their liberties, and it has proved, even to this day, their greatest bulwark against the encroachments of Austria. Hungary was the first among the nations of Europe to possess a regular code of laws, and which has always been enforced from one end of the country to the other. The arts were also studied with success, for Hungary was the first to take ad