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rine and fire insurance, labor, wharfage, bro- has made it impossible to live comfortably in kerage, wholesale and retail profits, and profits this country by authorship. Literature is a of manufacture ; subject also to detention in poor and precarious occupation, book-selling Massachusetts, by speculators waiting for a on the contrary has been a good and a profitarise of price--a grand subject of contempla- ble one. The consequences are that the inteltion and argument for southern statesmen. ligence of America is, in great part, educated

Georgia has gone farther still in the race of and controlled by England and France. Soon improvement, and has already 38 cotton mills; however, we shall have the booksellers in the the city of Augusta, by the enterprise and fore- same predicament with the authors. sight of its corporation, has provided a water of the strangest literary novelties of the day," power sufficient to move any number of mills. says the Republic, (July 12th,) “is the fact In addition to this, other factories are being es- that this country is now flooded with German tablished.

reprints, in English, of the standard classics of The consequences of these reforms and im- our tongue, which are sold at so cheap a rate, provements in the South can hardly be esti- as not only to force from the market English inated above their value; there will be, of editions, but to compete successfully with the course, a vast increase of the free white

popu

American." lation, who will not be slaveholders. The “ The pioneer of this enterprise in Germany capital of the State will be diverted from in- was the celebrated Tauchnitz, well known as vestment in slave property, and employed in a the publisher of those small and very accurate much more profitable kind of industry. The editions of the Greek and Roman classics, necessities of the poor white population will which have for fifteen or twenty years been keep down the price of labor for many years to used in all the higher schools of the country.

A valuable class of foreign emigrants, Printed on fine and white paper, and with a mechanics and operatives, will be drawn toward beautiful type, they compare at infinite advanthe South. Slaves will be gradually excluded | tage with the bad editions of the best authors, from inventive and mechanical occupations, with which booksellers and the reading portion which will pass into the hands of free white of the American people have too long been conmen; and while the current prejudices against tent. Before us are editions of Shakspeare, slavery in the minds of the poorer classes will Byron, Moore, Bulwer, and Sir Walter Scott, be by no means diminished, and a necessary together forming a collection of about sixty amelioration take place in the condition and volumes, each of which the publishers are able treatment of slaves, the state sovereignty itself, to send to America, pay duties, and sell at thirwill, at the same time, by the increase of wealth ty-one and a quarter cents per volume. The and power in the State, become better able to above are but a fifth portion of the works printprotect itself against the encroachments of for-ed by Tauchnitz, his library containing the eign reformers, and to subdue the great domes-chefs-d'auvre of the modern and fashionable autic evil of its institutions, by its own free and thors. These books are to be had of all the unassisted force. It will soon be beyond the German booksellers in the country, and, in power of any combination of free States to these days of bad type, and worse paper, are drive or compel the South into an unwilling re- luxuries." form of her institutions.

When Germany does all our publishing and

printing, England all our manufacturing; when The Necessity for Protection to American Book France makes our hats and shoes, and the EngPublishers.

lish philosophers regulate our politics, what The vast number of foreign books and peri

an intellectual, happy, shrewd, and prosperous odicals reprinted and sold cheap in America,

people we shall be !

come.

CRITICAL NOTICES.

Last Lenres of American History; comprising | under consideration with its sister tongues, or Histories of the Mexican War, and Califor- with its mother tongue, where the existence of nia. By EMMA WILLARD. New York : this is certain. But in a grammar for young George P. Putnam, 155 Broadway.

people, such comparisons must be in a great

measure veeless ; and all that can be done Mrs. Willard in her preface to this history, with advantage, is to apply to the language unobserves," Washington Irving once said in con- der consideration such principles as may have versation, 'pure truth is as difficult to be ob- been established by comparative philology. The tained as pure water; though clear in appear- present grammar does not lay claim to novelty, ance, it is ever found by the chemist to contain for the author has purposely abstained from extraneous substances.' In recording the por- making any material alteration in the arrangetion of my country's history, here presented to ment usually adopted in grammars for schools; the public, I can only say, that pure truth has partly because he thinks that such alterations been my earnest aim; for history is truth, and as have recently been introduced in school truth is history.

I am not conscious of any grammars are little calculated to benefit the prejudices, or prepossessions, either as it re- learner, and partly because he is of opinion spects individuals, parties, or sects, by means that sound information can be given without of which, I should incline to error or be led i obliging the teacher to abandon the order 10 astray. And I have spared no pains in my which he has been accustomed from his youth, power, to make myself acquainted with the and which he may, not always be able or wilstate of facts concerning which I have written. ling to abandon. But doubtless there are mistakes; for what book ever existed which had none? There may be errors of the press ; authorities may mislead; and that mind must be clear indeed, which never misapprehends. But whenever History of Queen Elizabeth. By JACOB ABan error is found, of whatever nature, and BOTT. With engravings. New York: Harwhether pointed out by a friend to serve, or a per

& Brothers. foe to injure, that error will be corrected as supas discovered.” Mrs. Willard writes clearly This history is one of a most valuable seand interestingly, and her book is a valuable ries--the author and the publishers are entitled addition to our American history.

to much praise. The narratives are not tales founded upon history, but history itself, without any embellishment or deviation from the strict

truth. The author has availed himself of the Grammar of the Latin Language. By LEON- best sources of information within his reach. HARD SCHMITZ, Rector of the High School, Edinburgh. Philadelphia : Lea® & Blanchard. 1819.

A Grammar is a classified collection of the Manual of Ancient Geography and History. rules or laws regulating the language of which By WILHELM Putz, Principal Tutor at the it professes to be an exposition. Every lan- Gymnasium of Düren. Translated from the guage is subject to changes, either for the bet

German. Edited by the Rev. THOMAS ter or for the worse'; and although in the case

KIRCHEVER ARNOLD, Á. A., Rector of Lyn: of a dead language a grammarian must consider

don, etc. Revised and corrected from the and illustrate it mainly as it was at the time of

London edition. New York: D. Appleton & its most perfect development, still he cannot

Co., Broadway. Philadelphia: G. S. Aparoid taking into consideration the earlier and pleton, Chestnut street. kter forms of words and expressions ; for in many instances the language, in its perfect This is a very useful book, and contains a state, cannot be fully explained without re- clear and definite outline of the history of the coorse being had to those forms of speech, out principal nations of antiquity; and to render it of which it has arisen. Very great advantages more clear, a concise geography of each counmay also be derived, especially in the etymo- | try has been added. Professor Greene furlogical part, from a comparison of the language nishes a well-written preface.

The Crayon Miscellany. By Washington | the pride, the leisure, and the stomach, reject

Irving. New York: George P. Putnam, Homer until they can comprehend him in the 155 Broadway.

original; until they can sit down, and without

thought of grammar or metre, read a book of This forms the ninth volume of Irving's work, him at once, as they would of Milton or Job, and contains a Tour on the Prairies, Abbots- rapidly, and with a vivid insight ; for short of ford, and Newstead Abbey; these works have that, they will never comprehend him; but for always been great favorites with the public, the inass of men, let us have perfect, literal and ihe beautiful manner in which they are translations, like those of our English Bible, now published, will add to their value.

and this of Dr. Carlyle’s. A very tolerable, though rather pedantic, prose version of Homer has been published at Princeton, in New

Jersey. To read this literal Dante, and the History of King Charles the Second of Eng. literal Homer, side by side with the literal

land. By JACOB ABBOTT. With engravings. Job! what an adınirable employment, how New York: Harper & Brothers.

enlightened and elevating!
What we have said of the history of Queen
Elizabeth, is equally applicable to this work.
It is an excellent history.

An Autobiography and Letters of the Author of

The Listener," "Christ our Law," &c. Philadelphia : J. W. Moore, 193 Chestnut

street. 1819. History of the war between the Uniled States

and Mexico, from the Commencement of Ilostilities to the Ratification of the Treaty of Caroline Fry, whose works, say the publishers

,

The life of a pious and very talented woman, Peace. By John S. JENKINS, Author of have had a large sale in this country. We « The Generals of the Last War with Great Britain," &c. &c. Auburn: Derby, Miller,

are not acquainted with the works of the good & Co. 1818. 8vo.

and pious lady, but from a casual reading of

her autobiographical memoir, have conceived This work is a very full and tolerably well that she must have been a truly delighưul and written account of the war. It has the usual valuable member of society, and a worthy fol. accompaniment of portraits of the distinguished lower of the faith to which she devoted her generals, badly executed. It is a work calcu- calm and innocent existence. ated for a ready sale.

Dante's Dirine Comedy, The Inferno. A literal

Typee; a Peep al Polynesian Life, during a prose translation, with the text of the original.

Fire Months' Residence in a Valley of the Collated from the best editions, and Explan

Marquesas. The revised edition, with a

Sequel. atory Notes. By John A. CarlyLE, M.D.

New

By HERMAN MELVILLE. New York: Harper and Brothers. 1849.

York: Harper & Brothers. 1849. 1 vol.

This is a very elegant edition of the popular Dante's Divine Comedy, so called only be work of Mr. Melville, with his own revisal and cause it ends happily, though it begins sadly, is

improvements. counted among the greatest productions of genius. The Paradise Lost, the Inferno, the Æneid of Virgil, the Iliad of Homer, and the Book of Job, are generally regarded as the grandest works of imagination in their class.

Selections from Catullus for the use of Classical The Drama indeed contends with the Epic;

Students. With English Notes. By G. and Shakspeare, Sophocles, and Calidas, stand

G. COOKESLEY, M. A., one of the Assistant upon the other equal summit of the glory

Masters at Eton. Revised, with additional smitten Parnassus, but only at an equal, not a

Notes, by C. A. Bristed, late B.A., Scholar grander altitude.

of Trinity College, Cambridge. New York: To make these wonderful works common in

Stanford & Swords, 137 Broadway. 1819. all languages has been the task of the most accomplished scholars. A wretched, we had The most elegant poems of Catullus, with almost said an inhuman pedantry, has forbid- the indecencies omitted ; very properly, we den currency to accurate translations of Ilo-think. Age, surely, does not sanctify obscer. mer, and had it happened that Dante were a ity, at least among the living ; why, then, college book, we might have been deprived of should antiquity ? Besides, if we have a tooth, this valuable translation. Let those who have l there is Moore and Byron, and Paul de Kock

LIAMS.

and Madame Sand, and a hundred others, all | The Statesman's Manual. The Addresses and in good plain English, or equally facile French. Messages of the Presidents of the United These moderns are much more obscene, States, Inaugural, Annual, anul Special, from though not quite as gross as the ancients. 1789 to 1819 ; with a Memoir of each of the The talk of antiquity was very like the small Presidents, and a History of their Adtalk of Shakspeare's day, or the jests of lusty ministrations. Also, the Constitution of the bachelors in our time. Chivalry, refined by United States, and a selection of important Christianity, first made decency a rule, and documents and statistical information. Comforbade the sacrifice of modesty to wit. It piled from official sources, by Edwin Wilseems to us, therefore, both a chivalrous and a

Embellished with Portraits of the Christian, or in one word, a gentlemanly pre- Presidents, engraved on steel, by Vistus caution in Mr. Bristed, to have omitted the Balch. In 4 vols. New York: Edward indecencies of Catullus in this critical and Walker, 114 Fulton-street, 1849. elegant selection.

Those of our readers who read only Tenny- We are intimately acquainted with this work, son and Shelley, can have no idea of the and must speak of it in terins of unqualified manner and spirit of Catullus. Like nature's praise. It is not only a good Political History self

, it combines simplicity, the result of severe of the United States, from the Inauguration of criticism, with extreme grace and lightness. President Washington to that of General Like nature, or rather like the music of Mozart, Taylor, but contains a collection of the Preor the canzonets of Haydn, seeming to affect sidential Messages, special and general, of all the sense only, it secretly raises and harino- the Administrations, each prefaced with, and nizes the spirits. It fulfills the first great end followed by complete and clearly written bisof poetry-to please without debauching. It torical chapters of the most unquestionable breathes a harmless and benign complacency; accăracy. it smiles while it sings, is gay without effort, To the young politician this work is inwitty without point or edge, humorous without dispensable. It will richly reward his most severity.

attentive study. To be master of its en“ Let us live, my Lesbia,” cries the sweet | tire content is to be as well informed as the heathen, "and let us love, and count the saws reading of one work can inake us, in the policy of cross old fellows not worth a copper. -Suns and conduct of both the great parties. may set and rise again; but to us, when our To a lawyer's library the work is of the short day is ended, the long night comes with greatest importance. Every young men's cirits endless sleep. Give me a thousand kisses, culating library will need a copy of it. Every then give me a hundred, and then a thousand debating club, and every State Department will more; and then a second hundred; and after require it. these another thousand and a hundred; and The politics even of the last year can rarely when we have kissed many thousand times, be gathered from newspapers. It is only by let us rub out the score, and never know, nor such histories and compilations as this, that let any envious fellow know, that there have we are to be thoroughly informed and guided been so many kisses.” But now we have only to a just estimate of the present movement in metaphysics and the rights of man done into the political world. The volumes are cheap, but Ferse; or, if a love sonnet is written, it gathers well printed and neatly bound, and adorned no cream by standing.

with really excellent Engravings of all the Presidents.

The Documentary Ilistory of the State of New Pathology and treatment of the Asiatic Cholera,

York. Arranged under the direction of the so called. By A. L. Cox, M. D. New York:
Hon. CHRISTOPHER MORGAN, Secretary of John Wiley, 1849.
State.

By E. B. O'CALLAGHAN, M.D.
Vol. I. Albany: Weed, Parsons & Co., This extremely valuable pamphlet contains
Public Printers. 1819.

all that is necessary to be known for the treat

ment of an ordinary case of Cholera. . Having Ou turning the leaves of this collection, sent had personal experience of what are called the us by the courtesy of the Secretary of State, * premonitory symptoms” of the disease, but we find a variety of interesting and important which are in fact the commencement of the dispapers, and ancient maps, relating to the early ease itself

, we can recommend with full conbistory of New York. Among others might fidence the treatment prescribed in this Essay of be mentioned several papers relative to the Dr. Cox's. With common sense and a few orFrench military expeditions against the colo- dinary medicines, any person of good habits nies, and a variety of statistical documents on may check the disease at the outset. To avoid population, trade, and manufactures, from violent exertion, whether of mind or body, and 1647 to 1757.

by the judicious use of camphor, opium and

66

brandy, one, or all conjoined, as herein direct- to read this history, we should read it with a ed, to check the diarrhea in its first stages, microscope. The least flaw would strike us. seems to be all that is necessary. The disease The least bedizenment, or touch of patriotic is in the organs of the circulation, and its first rouge, pearl-powder or burnt cork, would raise and principal symptom is a rapid escape of the our critical spleen. It is the author's own watery part of the blood into the intestinal fault; we cannot help it. Come on my lads, canal. To prevent this escape by the use of says he, and I will show you how to write a astringents and narcotics is, of course, the good, plain, straightforward, history. treatment indicated. We commend the pamph- The most curious symptoms of our modern let especially to the attention of our Western literature is perhaps the very prevalent affectareaders. Dr. Cox is good authority in New tion of simplicity and hardness, à la CarlyleYork.

ending, for the most part, in a rattling together of the Saxon dry bones of English, in a very un

melodious fashion. Surely, grace and kindly. The History of the United States of America, ness, a full and easy manner, are greater re

from the discorery of the Continent to the commendations of a writer, than a coarse, inOrganization of the Government under the solent, frowning style, whose very force deFederal Constitution, By RICHARD Hil-generates into impertinent quickness and hardDRETH." 3 vols. New York: Harper & Bro- ness, and which seems adapted for the torture thers, 1849.

and exasperation, rather than for the pleasure

and consolation of readers." As far as we have examined the first volume of this History, in a cursory manner, it seems to be a plain, direct narrative, written in á sharp and clear, but somewhat dry style, with The Hand-book of Hydropathy, for Profesoccasionally a critical remark or a severe sional and Domestic use : with an Appendix stricture. The spirit of the author is that of a on the best mode of forming Hydropathic man fully satisfied that he is master of his sub- Establishments; being the result of twelve ject and of the motives and principles of the years' experience at Graefenberg and Freimen whose actions he describes. His advertise- waldau. “By Dr. J. Weiss, formerly Diment is perhaps the key to his sentiments and rector of the establishment at Freiwaldau. intentions. “Of centennial sermons and Fourth From the second London Edition. Philadel. of July orations, whether professedly such or phia : J. W. Moore, 139 Chestnut-street. in the guise of history, there are more than 1849. enough. It is due to our fathers and ourselves, it is due to truth and philosophy, to present for This is unguestionably the treatise of the once, on the bistoric stage, the powers of our water cure. We have seen none comparable American nation, unbeda ubed with patriotic with it for completeness and simplicity. The ronge, wrapped up in no fine-spun cloaks of ex- publishers inform us that already one large cuses and apology; without stilts, buskins, tin-edition is nearly exhausted, though it has but sel or bedizenment, in their own proper persons, | lately issued from the press. often rude, hard, narrow, superstitions, and mis- of all theories of medicine, we esteem the taken; but always earnest, downright, manly Hydropathic to be the most innocent. and sincere. The result of their labors is motes cleanliness--a virtue which comes next eulogy enough; their best apology is to tell to godliness-it leads to a careful observance their story exactly as it was."

of all the rules of diet and exercise, and it preAfter a declaration of so much literary vigor, serves the constitution from the horrid inroads we had almost said of so much moral ferocity, 1 of quack purgatives and pills of all descriptions. the reader is to expect nothing but a hard, plain, Next to our own theory, which is to have no and fearsully“ earnest” account of the actions theory, but to consider that practice the best

, of our fathers. In ourselves, indeed, it breeds which is most successful, we prefer the hya feeling of critical responsibility. Were we dropathic.

It pro

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