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rine and fire insurance, labor, wharfage, bro- has made it impossible to live comfortably in kerage, wholesale and retail profits, and profits this country by authorship. Literature is a of manufacture ; subject also to detention in poor and precarious occupation, book-selling Massachusetts, by speculators waiting for a on the contrary has been a good and a profitarise of price--a grand subject of contempla- ble one. The consequences are that the inteltion and argument for southern statesmen. ligence of America is, in great part, educated

Georgia has gone farther still in the race of and controlled by England and France. Soon improvement, and has already 38 cotton mills; however, we shall have the booksellers in the the city of Augusta, by the enterprise and fore same predicament with the authors. sight of its corporation, has provided a water of the strangest literary novelties of the day," power sufficient to move any number of mills. says the Republic, (July 12th,) “is the fact In addition to this, other factories are being es that this country is now flooded with German tablished.

reprints, in English, of the standard classics of The consequences of these reforms and im our tongue, which are sold at so cheap a rate, provements in the South can hardly be esti as not only to force from the market English inated above their value; there will be, of editions, but to compete successfully with the course, a vast increase of the free white

popu

American." lation, who will not be slaveholders. The “ The pioneer of this enterprise in Germany capital of the State will be diverted from in was the celebrated Tauchnitz, well known as vestment in slave property, and employed in a the publisher of those small and very accurate much more profitable kind of industry. The editions of the Greek and Roman classics, necessities of the poor white population will which have for fifteen or twenty years been keep down the price of labor for many years to used in all the higher schools of the country.

A valuable class of foreign emigrants, Printed on fine and white paper, and with a mechanics and operatives, will be drawn toward beautiful type, they compare at infinite advanthe South. Slaves will be gradually excluded | tage with the bad editions of the best authors, from inventive and mechanical occupations, with which booksellers and the reading portion which will pass into the hands of free white of the American people have too long been conmen; and while the current prejudices against tent. Before us are editions of Shakspeare, slavery in the minds of the poorer classes will Byron, Moore, Bulwer, and Sir Walter Scott, be by no means diminished, and a necessary together forming a collection of about sixty amelioration take place in the condition and volumes, each of which the publishers are able treatment of slaves, the state sovereignty itself, to send to America, pay duties, and sell at thirwill, at the same time, by the increase of wealth ty-one and a quarter cents per volume. The and power in the State, become better able to above are but a fifth portion of the works printprotect itself against the encroachments of for-ed by Tauchnitz, his library containing the eign reformers, and to subdue the great domes-chefs-d'auvre of the modern and fashionable autic evil of its institutions, by its own free and thors. These books are to be had of all the unassisted force. It will soon be beyond the German booksellers in the country, and, in power of any combination of free States to these days of bad type, and worse paper, are drive or compel the South into an unwilling re luxuries." form of her institutions.

When Germany does all our publishing and

printing, England all our manufacturing; when The Necessity for Protection to American Book France makes our hats and shoes, and the EngPublishers.

lish philosophers regulate our politics, what The vast number of foreign books and peri

an intellectual, happy, shrewd, and prosperous odicals reprinted and sold cheap in America,

people we shall be !

come.

CRITICAL NOTICES.

Last Leares of American History; comprising, under consideration with its sister tongues, or Histories of the Mexican War, and Califor- with its mother tongue, where the existence of nia. By Emma WiLLARD. New York : this is certain. But in a grammar for young George P. Putnam, 155 Broadway.

people, such comparisons must be in a great

measure useless; and all that can be done Mrs. Willard in her preface to this history, with advantage, is to apply to the language unobserves, “ Washington Irving once said in con der consideration such principles as may have versation, 'pure truth is as difficult to be ob been established by comparative philology. The tained as pure water; though clear in appear- present grammar does not lay claim to novelty, ance, it is ever found by the chemist to contain for the author has purposely abstained from extraneons substances. In recording the por- making any material alteration in the arrangetion of my country's history, here presented to ment usually adopted in grammars for schools ; the public, I can only say, that pure truth has partly because he thinks that such alterations been my earnest aim ; for history is truth, and as have recently been introduced in school truth is history. I am not conscious of any grammars are little calculated to benefit the prejudices, or prepossessions, either as it re learner, and partly because he is of opinion spects individuals, parties, or sects, by means that sound information can be given without of which, I should incline to error or be led i obliging the teacher to abandon the order to astray. And I have spared no pains in my which he has been accustomed from his youth, power, to make myself acquainted with the and which he may, not always be able or wilftale of facts concerning which I have written. ling to abandon. But doubtless there are mistakes ; for what book ever existed which had none? There may be errors of the press ; authorities may mislead; and that mind must be clear indeed, which never misapprehends. But whenever History of Queen Elizabeth. By JACOB ABan error is found, of whatever nature, and BOTT. With engravings. New York: Harwhether pointed out by a friend to serve, or a

per & Brothers. foa to injure, that error will be corrected as sono as discovered.” Mrs. Willard writes clearly This history is one of a most valuable seand interestingly, and her book is a valuable ries—the author and the publishers are entitled addition to our American history.

to much praise. The narratives are not tales founded upon history, but history itself, without any embellishment or deviation from the strict

truth. The author has availed himself of the Grammar of the Latin Language. By LEON- best sources of information within his reach. HARD SCHWITZ, Rector of the High School, Elinburgh. Philadelphia: Lea & Blanchard. 1819.

A Grammar is a classified collection of the Manual of Ancient Geography and History. rubs or laws regulating the language of which By WILHELM Putz, Principal Tutor at the i professes to be an exposition. Every lan

Gymnasium of Düren. Translated from the
German.

Edited by the Rev. THOMAS Lage is subject to changes, either for the bethot or for the worse'; and although in the case

KIRCHEVER ARNOLD, M. A., Rector of Lynoí a dead language a grammarian must consider

don, etc. Revised and corrected from the dBlustrate it mainly as it was at the time of

London edition. New York: D. Appleton & Rs most perfect development, still he cannot Co., Broadway. Philadelphia: G. s. ApBiod taking into consideration the earlier and pleton, Chestnut street. water forins of words and expressions ; for in many instances the language, in its perfect This is a very useful book, and contains a rate, cannot be fully explained without re clear and definite outline of the history of the course being had to those forms of speech, out principal nations of antiquity; and to render it ci wbich it has arisen. Very great advantages more clear, a concise geography of each counmay also be derived, especially in the etymo- try has been added. Professor Greene furiugical part, from a comparison of the language | nishes a well-written preface.

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brandy, one, or all conjoined, as herein direct to read this history, we should read it with a ed, to check the diarrhea in its first stages, microscope. The least flaw would strike us. seems to be all that is necessary. The disease The least bedizenment, or touch of patriotic is in the organs of the circulation, and its first rouge, pearl-powder or burnt cork, would raise and principal symptom is a rapid escape of the our critical spleen. It is the author's own watery part of the blood into the intestinal fault; we cannot help it. Come on my lads, canal. To prevent this escape by the use of says he, and I will show you how to write a astringents and narcotics is, of course, the good, plain, straightforward, history. treatment indicated. We commend the pamph The most curious symptoms of our modern let especially to the attention of our Western literature is perhaps the very prevalent affectareaders. Dr. Cox is good authority in New tion of simplicity and harằness, à la CarlyleYork.

ending, for the most part, in a rattling together of the Saxon dry bones of English, in a very un

melodious fashion. Surely, grace and kindlyThe Ilistory of the United States of America, ness; a full and easy manner, are greater re

from the discovery of the Continent to the commendations of a writer, than a coarse, inOrganization of the Government under the solent, frowning style, whose very force deFederal Constitution. By RICHARD Hil- / generates into impertinent quickness and hardDRETH." 3 vols. New York: Harper & Bro- ness, and which seems adapted for the torture thers, 1819.

and exasperation, rather than for the pleasure

and consolation of readers. As far as we have examined the first volume of this History, in a cursory manner, it seems to be a plain, direct narrative, written in a sharp, and clear, but somewhat dry style, with The Hand-Book of Hydropathy, for Profesoccasionally a critical remark or a severe sional and Domestic use : with an Appendix stricture. The spirit of the author is that of a on the best mode of forming Hydropathic man fully satisfied that he is master of his sub Establishments; being the result of twelve ject and of the motives and principles of the years' experience at Graefenberg and Frei: men whose actions he describes. His advertise waldau.“ By Dr. J., Weiss, formerly Diment is perhaps the key to his sentiments and rector of the establishment at Freiwaldau. intentions. “Of centennial sermons and Fourth From the second London Edition. Philadel. of July orations, whether professedly such or phia : J. W. Moore, 139 Chestnut-street. in the guise of history, there are more than 1849. enough. It is due to our fathers and ourselves, it is due to truth and philosophy, to present for This is unquestionably the treatise of the once, on the biśloric stage, the powers of our water cure. We have seen none comparable American nation, unbeda ubed with patriotic with it for completeness and simplicity. The rouge, wrapped up in no fine-spun cloaks of ex- publishers inform us that already one large cuses and apology; without stilts, buskins, tin-edition is nearly exhausted, though it has but sel or bedizenment, in their own proper persons, 1 lately issued from the press. often rude, hard, narrow, superstitious, and mis Of all theories of medicine, we esteem the taken; but always earnest, downright, manly Hydropathic to be the most innocent. It pro-, and sincere. The result of their labors is motes cleanlinessa virtue which comes next eulogy enough; their best apology is to tell to godliness-it leads to a careful observance their story exactly as it was.'

of all the rules of diet and exercise, and it pre After a declaration of so much literary vigor; | serves the constitution from the horrid inroads we had almost said of so much moral ferocity, i of quack purgatives and pills of all descriptions. the reader is to expect nothing but a hard, plain, Next to our own theory, which is to have no and fearfully “earnest” account of the actions theory, but to consider that practice the best, of our fathers. In ourselves, indeed, it breeds which is most successful, we prefer the bya feeling of critical responsibility. Were we dropathic.

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