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brandy, one, or all conjoined, as herein direct to read this history, we should read it with a ed, to check the diarrhea in its first stages, microscope. The least flaw would strike us. seems to be all that is necessary. The disease The least bedizenment, or touch of patriotic is in the organs of the circulation, and its first rouge, pearl-powder or burnt cork, would raise and principal symptom is a rapid escape of the our critical spleen. It is the author's own watery part of the blood into the intestinal fault; we cannot help it. Come on my lads, canal. To prevent this escape by the use of says he, and I will show you how to write a astringents and narcotics is, of course, the good, plain, straightforward, history. treatment indicated. We commend the pamph The most curious symptoms of our modern let especially to the attention of our Western literature is perhaps the very prevalent affectareaders. Dr. Cox is good authority in New tion of simplicity and harằness, à la CarlyleYork.

ending, for the most part, in a rattling together of the Saxon dry bones of English, in a very un

melodious fashion. Surely, grace and kindlyThe Ilistory of the United States of America, ness; a full and easy manner, are greater re

from the discovery of the Continent to the commendations of a writer, than a coarse, inOrganization of the Government under the solent, frowning style, whose very force deFederal Constitution. By RICHARD Hil- / generates into impertinent quickness and hardDRETH." 3 vols. New York: Harper & Bro- ness, and which seems adapted for the torture thers, 1819.

and exasperation, rather than for the pleasure

and consolation of readers. As far as we have examined the first volume of this History, in a cursory manner, it seems to be a plain, direct narrative, written in a sharp, and clear, but somewhat dry style, with The Hand-Book of Hydropathy, for Profesoccasionally a critical remark or a severe sional and Domestic use : with an Appendix stricture. The spirit of the author is that of a on the best mode of forming Hydropathic man fully satisfied that he is master of his sub Establishments; being the result of twelve ject and of the motives and principles of the years' experience at Graefenberg and Frei: men whose actions he describes. His advertise waldau.“ By Dr. J., Weiss, formerly Diment is perhaps the key to his sentiments and rector of the establishment at Freiwaldau. intentions. “Of centennial sermons and Fourth From the second London Edition. Philadel. of July orations, whether professedly such or phia : J. W. Moore, 139 Chestnut-street. in the guise of history, there are more than 1849. enough. It is due to our fathers and ourselves, it is due to truth and philosophy, to present for This is unquestionably the treatise of the once, on the biśloric stage, the powers of our water cure. We have seen none comparable American nation, unbeda ubed with patriotic with it for completeness and simplicity. The rouge, wrapped up in no fine-spun cloaks of ex- publishers inform us that already one large cuses and apology; without stilts, buskins, tin-edition is nearly exhausted, though it has but sel or bedizenment, in their own proper persons, 1 lately issued from the press. often rude, hard, narrow, superstitious, and mis Of all theories of medicine, we esteem the taken; but always earnest, downright, manly Hydropathic to be the most innocent. It pro-, and sincere. The result of their labors is motes cleanlinessa virtue which comes next eulogy enough; their best apology is to tell to godliness-it leads to a careful observance their story exactly as it was.'

of all the rules of diet and exercise, and it pre After a declaration of so much literary vigor; | serves the constitution from the horrid inroads we had almost said of so much moral ferocity, i of quack purgatives and pills of all descriptions. the reader is to expect nothing but a hard, plain, Next to our own theory, which is to have no and fearfully “earnest” account of the actions theory, but to consider that practice the best, of our fathers. In ourselves, indeed, it breeds which is most successful, we prefer the bya feeling of critical responsibility. Were we dropathic.

THE

A MERICAN REVIEW,

No. XXI.

FOR SEPTEMBER, 1849.

SHORT CHAPTERS ON PUBLIC ECONOMY.

I.

It arrived only at its perfect and full deConstitutionality.

velopment within the last few ages, and It is never to be lamented when men stands immoveable, by the accumulated are driven to search into the foundation of strength of all its past existence. It came the commonwealth ; as it is necessary for into perfect being, not by revolution, not the conduct of life that the divine and ab- by a change of principles, but by the nastract principles of virtue should have a tive force of an internal life, which impellconscious existence in the intellect, and ed it to throw off a foreign incumbrance, should be frequently agitated and discuss and stand free in the vigor of independed; so, if we intend to maintain in their ant youth. It is a government of princioriginal purity and force, those ideas of ples, not of prescription, nor of forms. authority, of right, and of obedience, upon Its traditional forms are few; it did not which all government is founded, we must come down to us loaded with the corruptoften reflect, and induce others to reflect ions of former ages, to be maintained by upon them, in their simplicity. It is ne- the timid and condemned by the wise. cessary to revive and fortify the spirit of It is a government of necessity; it arose the Constitution by frequent recurrence to from necessity, and exists by necessity; it the rights and opinions upon which it is therefore not subvertible while its moral rests; tracing these to their principles, and conditions exist. But the necessity which casting an historic glance upon those con- gave it birth is not that with which the ditions of society—those exigencies of hu- mathematics are conversant, nor the wants manity—from which they took their rise, and desires of the grosser nature of man. and through which they became appa- The necessity with which our laws are in rent; rights, in our own case, derived accordance is of a moral nature, and can be from a recognition of the imperious neces- found only in the operation of moral causes. sity of freedom to the full development of In the course of history, philosophers our nature; principles, grounded in human observe series of events signifying the exnature, tested by the experience of all ) istence and operation of certain divine and time, and suggested as rules of legislation | moral laws, by which the superior destiny from an observation of the evils that arose of man is distinguished above his physical upon their absence. Ours is not an hypo- and sensuous destiny. Governments thetical government; it was not erected founded like ours upon a recognition of upon an imaginary basis ; the first fibres of of justice, of faith, of beneficence, of honits roots can be traced backward into the or, of liberty and of constancy, are imperdarkness of primeval liberty ; its growth | ishable governments; and die only with has been gradual through many centuries. I the races which gave birth to them.

. VOL. IV.

15

NO. III.

NEW SERIES.

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