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and wrong

entangled in European alliances, by him | well to govern it. Fully convinced that who founded the American policy of neu the character of the government would trality, as independent as peaceful. “I ever depend essentially upon the character want an American character, that the pow- of those who administered it, Washington ers of Europe may be convinced that we was in favor of a Wittmagemot or rule of act for ourselves, and not for others,” said Wise Men, statesmen thoroughly trained Washington, on another occasion; and in the school of learning and the school of this was the burden of his present coun- experience, and such as could not be exsels. Bui as it was not by the name of pected to spring up spontaneously out of Repudiators, that he wished his country- the earth, like demagogues and mushmen to be known among the nations, he rooms. The great importance of a pure did not fail to say to them, with his last native literature in shaping and elevating words, "cherish public credit.” Pay your the current opinions, the distinctive chardebts, even to the last half-penny, provide acter, the permanent policy and final dessufficient and permanent revenues, consent tiny of a people, was highly estimated by to taxation, were maxims with this states- Washington ; nor could his estimate have man, whose mind was sufficiently unsophis- been lower, if, from this point of time, he ticated to see a distinction between right could trace back the destructive career of

An instance is on record, French revolution to the licentious school showing that Washington could not even of writing founded by Voltaire and Rousendure the near company of a man who seau, or the happy permanence of English had dishonored his promise to pay; with institutions to the patriotic, conservative what chagrin then, it may be inferred, tone of her men of letters from the days would he have acknowledged his relation of Chaucer and Lord Bacon. Found a ship to States, to whom could be applied military academy, continued the same farwith the least degree of justice, the hyper- sighted sagacity, in order that when the bole, that they “ preferred any load of day of battle comes, the armies of the reinfamy, however great, to any burden of public may be led into the field by a skill taxation, however light.” He ever ad- which shall not be second to that taught ministered public affairs on the principles in the schools, and honored in the service of private morality. At the end of forty- of kings. I want an American characfive years in the service of the State, he ter.” Lay the foundations of a navy, to had learned no other rule. Accordingly, be gradually increased with the national in closing his career, he could teach no prosperity, that to whatever seas, civilized higher wisdom than to point to honesty, or barbarian, the flag of America may be virtue, religion, as the only living springs borne, it may float over decks on which of free institutions. “I want an American her sons traffic in security, or fight with character ;" therefore employ means for fame. To protection, to commerce, add the diffusion of knowledge among the legislative protection to agriculture, nurse people. “The time is come,” said he in of steady habits and uncorrupted hearts. 1795, “when a plan of universal educa- Add it, said Washington's last speech to tion ought to be adopted in the United Congress, to domestic manufactures, that States. Establish a national university, the United States may become an indewas a recommendation frequently repeat-pendent nation within themselves; and, ed in his speeches to Congress, in order while maintaining liberal principles of inthat the American youth, coming up from tercourse with foreign powers, may oball sections to one Alma Mater, may form serve such a wise care of native interests those bonds of early friendship which time as shall eventually build up in this broad shall transmute into bonds of the State ; | land of plains and prairies, rivers and lakes, that the patriotism of the most promising coasts and mountains, a home where one minds

may not be contaminated by learn- distinct family of mankind, secure in the ing the higher arts and sciences in foreign practice of all the arts, and happy in the lands; that there may always be perma. enjoyment of all the blessings of the most nent provision in the country for rearing perfect civilization, may dwell in perpestatesmen fitted, by the possession of lib- tuity. eral knowledge and republican principles, Washington now descended from the

was never more

elevated office which he had received, | Mr. Giles, of Virginia, opposed its adopheld and resigned in a manner that, as tion, and declared that “he did not regret has been well said, changed mankind's the President's retiring from office. He ideas of political greatness. The success believed there were a thousand men in the which attended and followed his Adminis- United States, who were capable of filling tration was as remarkable, as the wisdom the presidential chair as well as it had of its principles is enduring. “The na

The na- been filled heretofore.” And among the tion,” says Mr. Sparks,

the names of the eleven who voted with prosperous than when Washington was at him, is recorded that of a youthful soldier, its head. Credit was restored, and estab- destined afterwards to receive the highest lished on a sound basis ; the public debt honors of his country, and who thus early was secured, and its ultimate payment showed that, with all his noble qualities, provided for; commerce had increased he was capable of being misled by ignoble beyond any former example; the amount advisers, and of being made the instruof tonnage in the ports of the United ment of calling into existence a party not States had nearly doubled; the imports unlike that of which he was then a memand exports had augmented in a consider-ber. The so-called democracy of the ably larger ratio ; and the revenue was present day lays claim, indeed, to an earlier much more abundant than had been ex- origin, and avow themselves to be the pected. The war with the Indians was lineal descendants of those opponents of conducted to a successful issue; and a Washington, whose course has been curpeace was concluded, which promised sorily sketched in these pages.

Most quiet to the frontier inhabitants, and ad-cheerfully, we will add, might the honors vantages to the uncivilized tribes. Treat- of such an ancestry be allowed, if they ies had been made with foreign powers,

were really due. Indeed, we know not in which long-standing disputes were why we should be very strenuous in gainamicably settled, contending claims ad- saying the ambitious vanity which would justed, and important privileges gained to trace back its pedigree to those Democrathe United States. The relations with | tic Societies, which, fathered by Citizen France alone remained in a state of incer-Genet, approved of the excesses of the titude and perplexity; and this was owing Reign of 'Terror, and which Washington to the condition of affairs in Europe, and characterized as "a most diabolical atnot to anything that had grown out of the tempt to destroy the best fabric of human acts or policy of the American govern- government and happiness that has ever

been presented for the acceptance of manWhether the country would have been kind." They boast of their popular name; equally prosperous, if Washington had de- let them remember that, when first adoptserted his high-toned principles to take up ed in this country, the name of Democrat the time-serving expedients of the opposi- was synonymous with that of Jacobin. tion party, is a question we leave to the They claim to be the original Jeffersonidemagogues to decide, if they like. But ans. Yes; begotten when Thomas Jefas there are warnings to be taken from the ferson led the party of opposition against wicked, as well as wisdom to be learned George Washington; when he subsidized of the good, we cannot forbear noticing such libellers as the Frenchman, Freneau, the fact, that this party, while it stopped and the Scotchman, Callender; when for the most part, its abuse of the charac-scorning to descend personally into what ter and conduct of Washington, the mo- he called the “bear-garden of newspaper ment his intention of retiring from office controversy,” he nevertheless did not diswas made public, still retained its venom dain to urge upon his correspondents the and its sting to the last. When at the necessity of sustaining, as the only means close of the Administration, it was pro- of preventing their party from being “enposed in the House of Representatives to tirely browbeaten,” the calumniating colpresent to the retiring President an ad- umns of the National Gazette and the Aurodress expressive of respect for his services, ra—papers, which Washington a short time

before had declared “outrages on common * Washington's Writings, vol. i. page 519. decency," and the latter of which, charg

ment."'*

ing him with overdrawing his salary, with | President, you will leave him without exthe connivance of both the first and second cuse, you will enlighten the Americans, Secretaries of the Treasury, concluded one and decide a contrary choice at the next of its tirades with the question, “Will not election. All the wrongs of which France the world be led to conclude that the may have to complain will then be remask of political hypocrisy has been alike paired ;” and, finally, when he gave the worn by a Cæsar, a Cromwell, and a shelter of his roof to Tom Paine, from Washington ?" Yes; Jeffersonians be- patriot turned reviler, that he might begotten at Monticello when its possessor neath it prosecute those "useful labors," instead of living as was professed “ like an which subsequently induced a President of antediluvian patriarch among his children the United States to request the honor of and grandchildren, and tilling his soil," his accepting an invitation to take passage was engaged in directing the attacks of from France to America in a national the opposition newspapers, preparing ship, and among which was the penning draughts of Congressional bills, resolu- of sentences addressed to Washington, tions, and reports in counteraction of the similar to the following: “ As to you, sir, policy of the government, and conducting treacherous in private friendship and a that system of political correspondence hypocrite in public life, the world will be and consultation whereby he lost the con- puzzled to decide, whether you are an fidence and the friendship of Washington. apostate or an impostor; whether you have Heirs of Jefferson, when Jefferson was a abandoned good principles or whether politician, not a President. James Madi- you ever had any.

Edmund Randolph, son, too, is another of their fathers. Yes; let it be granted without dispute, was a when he was another of the opponents of democrat; although his predecessor in the the first Administration, leading the lead office of Secretary of State complained ers of the party by his metaphysical sub- that he was not a sufficiently thoroughtleties, and yet, with all his caution, so going one; for he not only divided the countenancing the excesses of more vulgar oyster and the shell, but he gave the latand violent partisans, that a Jacobin club ter to his friends and the former to his in South Carolina were emboldened to enemies; his professions to the one, his dishonor his name by calling themselves practice to the other. Thankful are we The Madisonian.” And does James that all these statesmen, save the last, Monroe, also, belong to the democrats? lived to render such eminent services to Yes; when, and only when, he pro- their country, as to turn the edge of the nounced the policy of Washington to be censure, which history must ever mete out "short-sighted and bad;" when, instead to them in reviewing this portion of their of presenting to the authorities at Paris career. For these labors let them to the the views of the Administration which sent latest times receive the nation's praise ; and him there, he gave to the Directory the this shall be all the more valuable for disfollowing more®“ prudent advice," as M. criminating between the good and the Thiers calls it, “By patiently enduring, on evil they did, both of which have lived the contrary, the wrongs of the present after them.

J. M. M.

THE PLEASANT DECEIT.

A PASTORAL.

Coy Janet sits under the linden tree,

The linden tree by the brook ;
And over the hill-path stealthily

Sends many a sidelong look.
She lists for a coming step breathlessly,

With a calm, unconscious air;
Still plying the needle so steadfastly,

As if it were all her care.

She glances from under her drooping lids,

And her heart beats loud and fast; For jauntily over the hill-path way

Young Colin has come at last.

He sings as he comes. At his breast a rose

Her quick, searching glance espies, And a pang in her gentle bosom glows,

Which a mocking smile denies. “What maketh so merry your voice, Colin,

Your eyes, too, so gaily shine ?” 'Tis the kisses I've had this morning, love,

And from lips as sweet as thine.”

And whence," with a rosier blush she asks,

“Whence got ye that posy gay ?" And the smile forced up to her trembling lip,

Like a zephyr, has passed away.

“Scarce lovelier deem I the blush, Janet,

Now mantling thy cheek so fair,
Than the life-like glow of the one who gave

The flower on my breast I wear.

“What form doth my Janet more beauteous see,

Than the rose-tree newly blown ?
It hath yielded its first love-flower to me,

As my Janet once gave her own.”

“ And the kisses ?” with tremulous voice she asks;

“Oh, the kisses were Zephyr's, divine ! But 'twas false”—and he pressed her yielding lip, "To say they were sweet as thine."

A. M. W.

ZEPH YR’S FANCY..

PART II.

“ What fear is this which startles in our ears ?".

SHAKSPEARE.

I had passed that most critical and God has set it. Vainly we seek to reanxious period in love's ante-matrimonial produce the idea in language of our own; existence, when the tongue repeating the the chisel, by a faithful transcript of the soft confession of the eye—that willful character, may preserve the thought, but tell-tale-requests the hand as a surety the translation is cold enough beside the for the heart; and that eventful moment breathing original. Am I heard by one was to me much more blissful in the re- whose heart still retains a yearning after trospect, than it had been in its advent. some long-lost, lovely image, and recog. It is quite as difficult to express the word nizes in that an excellence he has never “engaged,” as the word “exchange,” by seen and never expects to see? Let him any circumlocution.

But to some tech- seek for words adequate to his conception, nical terms I have an insuperable repug- and he will feel the insufficiency of his nance, and if the reader cannot infer my vocabulary. Is there another, whose relations with Emily from what precedes, slumbers have been the sea from which he must remain in ignorance or be enlight- some Venus sprung ? Have his waking ened by the sequel.

moments allowed him to recall, much less I have seen the white, staglike throat of to describe, the perfection of the appariEnglish beauty, the winning languor and tion ? I will say no more of Emily's polished cheek of the German, the beauty. thoughtful brow and flashing eye of the “I know not how much truth,” said Italian dama; the melancholy, passionate M-“may be in the saying that best Castilian, with her goddess walk, and the men are moulded out of faults.' Shakchameleon features of the Parisian belle, speare subjoins a query to the proposition. yet I know not whether, out of them all, But I sincerely hope that our friend Alfred I could have produced a combination and may become the better, for being a little a form to equal Emily's. This is not the bad.' . Well, since you are looking at boisterous language of youthful love, but Emily, instead of listening to me--but the vivid, unexaggerated reminiscence of that is the prerogative of youth, and the an aged man. It is not because I lavished fate of age. upon her the first and last offerings of I heard him, it is true, but almost as my heart, that I represent her thus beau- unconsciously as Lovel heard the motto of tiful; had she been less fair, I would not the venerable Aldobrand, or the Antithe less willingly confess my worship, but quary's learned dissertation upon the simply because I wish to describe her as devices on the turrets of Knockwinnock she was, not otherwise. Even now I can- Castle. Before I could command an aponot recall without pain her fragile form logy, he had saluted his daughter, and and exquisite loveliness. Hers was not a was proceeding directly to the mansion beauty to one thing constant ever, but like house. Nourmahal's, ever in motion, flying

Emily was not pale, and the slight glow

upon her cheek gave me assurance of her “ From the lips to the eheeks, from the cheeks to health ; but as I approached her, an air

of exhaustion and an unusual sadness beYet there is but one expression for the came too perceptible. She replied with highest female beauty—the type in which evident difficulty to my inquiries. That

the eyes."

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